Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 7.5 9.8 9.4 8.7
Single modes 8.3 2.0 10.0 0.6 10.1 0.9 17.7
Truck 9.0 2.3 10.0 2.3 13.1 3.2 17.6
For-hire truck 15.9 3.7 17.7 5.8 13.8 3.6 9.2
Private truck 11.2 3.6 17.6 5.8 15.3 2.5 22.0
Rail 27.4 0.8 14.3 1.7 15.1 2.9 10.7
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) 39.0 0.4 24.2 34.9 10.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 10.3 2.2 10.9 0.1 19.9 0.6 9.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 11.2 2.1 10.1 19.0 0.3 9.2
Truck and rail S S 33.4 31.7 0.3 20.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 35.6
Other and unknown modes 34.1 0.9 29.1 0.6 29.9 0.7 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.4 S S S S 1.8
Single modes 47.1 13.6 S S S S 10.8
Truck 47.1 13.6 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck 49.3 13.5 S S S S 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.9 13.8 S S S S 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.9 13.8 S S S S 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.8
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 35.8 36.2 18.3
Single modes S S 44.8 13.6 45.4 13.8 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.0 11.7 46.7 13.6 46.6 13.8 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.0 11.7 46.7 13.6 46.6 13.8 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 44.1 42.9 1.9
Single modes S S 44.1 11.0 43.0 11.0 10.7
Truck S S 48.3 13.1 46.9 13.0 10.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.9 49.2 48.9 0.6
Single modes 47.3 12.0 S S S S 1.2
Truck S S S S S S 0.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 0.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.1 12.0 S S S S 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.1 12.0 S S S S 0.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.2 S S S S 1.6
Single modes S S S S S S 11.0
Truck S S S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.4 9.8 S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.4 9.8 S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.3 28.6 25.2 2.6
Single modes 25.4 9.2 31.3 9.7 28.1 9.7 18.4
Truck 25.8 9.3 33.2 9.6 29.8 9.7 3.9
For-hire truck 35.3 10.1 31.8 7.8 28.7 8.3 5.9
Private truck S S S S S S 4.3
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.2 8.0 43.9 4.0 43.6 2.9 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.2 8.0 43.9 4.0 43.6 2.9 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.4 41.1 43.8 3.4
Single modes 34.2 8.4 41.3 0.6 44.1 0.8 5.6
Truck 37.3 11.4 31.6 12.2 30.4 13.4 3.9
For-hire truck 39.3 11.7 28.9 13.8 28.2 14.5 4.2
Private truck 38.8 4.7 44.2 8.2 43.6 8.4 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 33.7 0.6 39.7 0.8 11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 33.7 0.6 39.7 0.8 11.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.5 34.9 34.8 2.3
Single modes 49.4 11.1 34.4 12.2 34.2 12.1 2.9
Truck S S 34.4 12.2 34.2 12.0 3.0
For-hire truck 25.3 10.5 38.7 13.3 38.9 13.3 3.0
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.7 10.9 25.4 12.9 25.1 12.7 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.7 10.9 25.4 12.9 25.1 12.7 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.2 33.4 34.6 1.7
Single modes 27.8 9.1 34.7 5.1 35.8 4.8 2.1
Truck 30.9 8.9 24.1 15.8 23.4 16.3 1.8
For-hire truck 33.9 9.8 29.8 11.9 28.9 12.5 2.1
Private truck S S 43.9 9.3 43.6 9.0 23.6
Rail 41.3 4.9 45.3 18.2 45.8 18.6 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.2 3.6 S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.2 3.6 S S 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.0 34.1 36.2 1.7
Single modes 32.7 9.9 38.0 13.2 39.4 13.2 1.6
Truck 32.6 9.8 38.9 12.4 40.5 12.4 1.6
For-hire truck 32.6 9.8 38.9 12.4 40.5 12.4 1.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.2 9.9 S S S S 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.4 8.8 S S S S 1.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.6 33.9 34.6 2.9
Single modes S S 36.2 7.4 36.8 7.4 2.7
Truck S S 44.1 11.0 44.5 10.8 2.3
For-hire truck S S 45.4 10.3 43.1 10.3 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.1 14.0 50.0 6.7 S S 3.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.9 34.4 37.4 1.7
Single modes 30.4 12.3 36.1 11.3 39.8 11.3 11.3
Truck 34.8 9.8 S S S S 10.9
For-hire truck 35.6 9.6 S S S S 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail 36.8 6.6 41.4 17.0 S S 25.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.5 8.4 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.5 8.4 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.9 43.9 45.8 2.4
Single modes 45.2 15.9 46.2 18.3 48.0 18.3 15.1
Truck 45.3 16.0 46.2 18.3 48.0 18.3 15.0
For-hire truck 45.7 15.8 46.2 18.2 48.0 18.3 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.1 15.9 S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.5 15.4 S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.4 47.6 43.9 2.6
Single modes 36.0 9.3 48.6 4.2 44.7 4.7 3.5
Truck 36.0 9.2 48.6 4.2 44.7 4.7 3.6
For-hire truck 35.4 9.4 49.1 9.1 45.0 9.2 3.7
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.3 9.3 45.7 4.2 45.0 4.7 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.5 9.4 S S S S 2.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.1 S S S S 1.7
Single modes 44.8 15.1 S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck 48.6 13.8 S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.1 15.1 S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.1 15.1 S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.6 16.2 14.5 21.7
Single modes 10.5 2.4 16.3 0.6 14.9 0.7 15.4
Truck 10.9 2.6 15.4 3.1 15.7 3.4 15.4
For-hire truck 14.3 2.8 35.7 7.6 33.8 8.0 9.0
Private truck 12.5 2.9 19.8 8.3 17.2 8.8 17.3
Rail 20.5 0.7 29.9 2.4 27.5 3.3 15.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 18.2 0.6 29.3 48.6 11.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.1 0.6 21.3 21.2 11.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 35.6
Other and unknown modes S S 44.8 0.5 30.0 0.7 S

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.2 41.6 41.1 2.2
Single modes 41.9 9.9 41.6 1.8 41.1 1.9 3.6
Truck 41.9 9.9 41.6 1.8 41.1 1.9 3.6
For-hire truck 42.6 10.0 42.3 1.9 41.8 1.9 3.9
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.1 9.9 37.4 1.8 37.1 1.9 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.1 9.9 37.4 1.8 37.1 1.9 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.9 12.6 17.9 3.1
Single modes 14.8 5.3 11.9 4.5 14.9 5.6 4.2
Truck 14.4 5.2 11.7 4.5 15.0 5.7 4.0
For-hire truck 29.6 6.6 24.9 8.2 29.8 8.3 5.2
Private truck 17.7 8.3 19.2 8.2 16.3 7.9 5.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.2 3.3 38.2 0.9 43.0 0.9 5.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.2 3.3 38.2 0.9 43.0 0.9 5.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.9

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 45.4 47.0 3.2
Single modes 26.5 9.2 S S S S 6.6
Truck 27.2 9.4 S S S S 2.2
For-hire truck 29.7 9.6 S S S S 2.6
Private truck S S S S S S 23.9
Rail S S S S S S 33.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.4 8.4 26.6 2.0 25.3 2.2 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.4 8.4 26.6 2.0 25.3 2.2 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.1 S S S S 1.2
Single modes S S S S S S 2.8
Truck S S S S S S 1.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.8 38.8 39.8 10.8
Single modes 39.3 10.5 38.9 10.5 39.9 10.5 15.0
Truck 42.2 10.6 35.3 16.7 35.1 17.0 14.9
For-hire truck 42.5 11.5 37.9 14.7 37.4 14.9 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.8 10.5 45.6 10.5 45.0 10.5 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.8 10.5 45.6 10.5 45.0 10.5 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.1 38.9 34.8 2.2
Single modes 31.0 10.8 46.7 12.7 41.6 12.8 3.0
Truck 27.7 10.6 32.8 17.1 32.4 15.7 3.2
For-hire truck 30.2 10.6 35.8 16.3 35.4 15.1 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.6 11.1 S S S S 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.9 10.2 45.4 11.3 42.4 11.5 2.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 46.9 11.8 S S S S 25.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.3 16.9 S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.3 16.9 S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.7 48.1 47.8 11.0
Single modes 47.9 18.8 48.4 18.4 48.1 18.4 21.2
Truck 47.9 18.8 48.4 18.4 48.1 18.4 21.2
For-hire truck 47.2 17.5 S S 49.7 18.0 23.7
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 35.3 18.4 33.6 18.4 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 35.3 18.4 33.6 18.4 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.6 22.7 23.4 7.6
Single modes 28.3 5.5 23.1 0.9 23.6 0.8 11.2
Truck 28.3 5.5 23.1 0.9 23.6 0.8 11.4
For-hire truck 15.3 6.0 26.7 8.1 31.4 7.8 6.9
Private truck 37.8 7.1 35.6 8.1 40.0 7.8 14.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 44.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.8 5.2 39.1 0.5 40.6 0.7 5.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.8 5.2 39.1 0.5 40.6 0.7 5.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39.2 1.0 S S S S 24.1

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.6 30.7 31.7 3.4
Single modes 42.2 5.4 30.8 0.6 31.9 0.6 3.2
Truck 43.0 5.1 30.8 5.8 30.4 4.9 3.3
For-hire truck S S 37.5 7.2 37.5 7.0 2.8
Private truck 42.1 9.0 27.7 8.4 27.1 8.5 6.9
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.2 5.6 26.4 0.6 26.7 0.6 4.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.2 5.6 26.4 0.6 26.7 0.6 4.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 37.9

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.9 32.9 33.2 10.8
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.9 14.2 37.4 11.0 38.4 11.2 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.9 14.2 37.4 11.0 38.4 11.2 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 23.6 21.9 15.2
Single modes S S 24.7 3.7 22.8 3.3 4.8
Truck S S 24.7 3.7 22.9 3.3 4.1
For-hire truck S S 30.7 10.5 26.8 9.9 5.0
Private truck 23.1 7.4 42.0 11.5 39.7 10.7 8.6
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 36.5 0.2 S S S S 35.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.0 5.6 46.9 1.0 45.2 1.1 15.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.6 5.5 S S S S 15.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.3

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.9 35.4 33.4 2.5
Single modes 27.2 6.1 36.2 1.7 34.3 1.8 1.8
Truck 28.3 8.1 43.5 9.3 41.1 9.3 1.3
For-hire truck 34.0 10.2 47.7 11.6 45.1 11.5 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.0 5.3 31.2 1.7 30.0 1.8 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.0 5.3 31.2 1.7 30.0 1.8 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.3 S S S S 2.5
Single modes 26.3 3.3 S S S S 3.2
Truck 26.5 8.4 17.0 16.4 18.6 16.5 3.3
For-hire truck 32.2 9.2 23.4 14.8 25.3 14.7 3.7
Private truck 49.0 6.9 48.3 10.0 48.7 10.2 16.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.9 0.5 38.9 40.9 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.7 3.3 23.8 0.6 24.6 0.6 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.7 3.3 23.8 0.6 24.6 0.6 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.6 15.7 S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.6 15.7 S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 0.9
Single modes S S S S S S 1.8
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 47.0 2.3 S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.9 17.6 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.5 16.3 31.7 18.9 32.3 18.9 10.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.4 22.5 24.4 8.7
Single modes 29.8 5.8 22.6 1.4 24.3 1.3 5.4
Truck 29.8 5.8 22.7 1.8 24.7 2.2 4.4
For-hire truck 31.9 7.3 25.0 6.3 28.0 7.1 4.7
Private truck 30.0 4.9 38.9 6.1 S S 5.7
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.7 5.8 31.6 1.4 25.2 1.4 9.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.7 5.8 31.6 1.4 25.2 1.4 9.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.0 23.8 24.2 5.1
Single modes 28.8 8.6 24.1 0.8 24.6 1.0 6.7
Truck 28.8 8.6 24.1 0.8 24.6 1.0 6.7
For-hire truck 28.2 6.7 21.8 8.5 20.5 7.6 9.9
Private truck 33.9 8.3 40.1 8.7 40.2 8.0 12.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.5 8.1 29.9 0.9 32.4 1.0 7.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.5 8.1 29.9 0.9 32.4 1.0 7.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.9 S S S S 3.2
Single modes 49.6 7.6 S S S S 2.3
Truck S S S S S S 2.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.3 7.6 S S S S 4.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.0 7.1 46.9 0.7 46.7 0.6 4.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.9
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.8 26.3 26.5 2.8
Single modes 36.6 10.1 29.8 7.4 30.0 7.2 3.0
Truck 37.8 9.6 33.9 9.8 34.3 10.0 3.4
For-hire truck 37.9 9.7 34.2 10.0 34.6 10.2 3.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 48.8 2.4 S S 3.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 45.8 49.3 2.4
Single modes 36.3 11.9 S S S S 1.7
Truck 36.7 11.7 S S S S 1.7
For-hire truck 43.5 12.0 S S S S 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 45.5 13.2 44.8 13.3 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.5 13.2 44.8 13.3 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.2 S S S S 10.6
Single modes 34.3 10.2 S S S S 15.0
Truck 39.8 10.3 S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck 39.8 10.3 S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.2 10.2 22.5 17.4 22.7 17.4 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.2 10.2 22.5 17.4 22.7 17.4 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.1 30.3 36.9 8.4
Single modes 27.9 5.7 32.6 5.1 38.5 3.4 8.1
Truck 29.2 6.3 27.5 8.5 28.1 9.7 6.4
For-hire truck 14.5 8.6 32.8 9.0 32.9 9.6 8.2
Private truck S S 32.5 11.5 34.2 11.7 5.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.7 4.7 27.9 0.4 30.1 0.4 10.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.7 4.7 27.9 0.4 30.1 0.4 10.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.5

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.6 49.7 S S 5.0
Single modes 23.7 3.9 S S S S 8.2
Truck 22.9 4.8 28.1 11.7 26.5 12.6 1.9
For-hire truck 23.6 5.3 29.6 11.6 28.1 12.5 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.1 3.8 27.8 1.9 27.9 1.8 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.1 3.8 27.8 1.9 27.9 1.8 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.4 42.3 42.8 2.2
Single modes 44.0 11.3 43.3 6.3 43.8 6.2 2.1
Truck 45.9 13.5 44.5 11.7 44.6 11.7 10.6
For-hire truck S S 43.1 11.8 43.3 11.7 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.9 10.5 45.4 10.5 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.6 11.0 44.1 6.3 44.3 6.2 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.6 11.0 44.1 6.3 44.3 6.2 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.7 38.5 43.8 6.9
Single modes 40.0 16.2 42.9 13.8 49.2 13.8 12.5
Truck 46.4 16.5 36.3 13.1 36.3 13.8 12.4
For-hire truck 44.3 14.7 35.6 13.5 36.3 14.0 16.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.9 34.9 38.9 3.1
Single modes 32.6 6.3 36.2 2.1 40.4 2.2 2.6
Truck 33.2 6.5 36.3 2.1 40.5 2.2 2.6
For-hire truck 30.1 7.9 46.0 10.7 49.6 10.7 2.7
Private truck S S 49.2 7.8 48.2 7.6 10.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 29.6 1.5 32.2 1.5 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 31.1 1.5 33.4 1.5 3.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.3
Single modes S S S S S S 28.0
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 26.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.