Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 121,356 100.0 165,399 100.0 15,140 100.0
Less than 50 miles 57,283 47.2 127,282 77.0 2,478 16.4
50 to 99 miles 13,769 11.3 13,190 8.0 1,247 8.2
100 to 249 miles 21,973 18.1 13,611 8.2 2,633 17.4
250 to 499 miles 11,354 9.4 5,974 3.6 2,595 17.1
500 to 749 miles 6,038 5.0 3,080 1.9 2,326 15.4
750 to 999 miles 4,045 3.3 1,036 0.6 1,113 7.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,668 2.2 466 0.3 662 4.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,032 0.9 83 158 1.0
2,000 miles or more 3,194 2.6 677 0.4 1,928 12.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 106,783 100.0 163,542 100.0 14,658 100.0
Less than 50 miles 50,364 47.2 125,957 77.0 2,455 16.7
50 to 99 miles 12,651 11.8 13,089 8.0 1,238 8.4
100 to 249 miles 20,561 19.3 13,481 8.2 2,603 17.8
250 to 499 miles 10,016 9.4 5,894 3.6 2,547 17.4
500 to 749 miles 5,097 4.8 3,045 1.9 2,299 15.7
750 to 999 miles 3,379 3.2 938 0.6 1,008 6.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,869 1.8 454 0.3 645 4.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 693 0.6 71 133 0.9
2,000 miles or more 2,153 2.0 611 0.4 1,729 11.8

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 104,030 100.0 157,023 100.0 11,547 100.0
Less than 50 miles 50,336 48.4 124,127 79.0 2,406 20.8
50 to 99 miles 12,453 12.0 12,275 7.8 1,130 9.8
100 to 249 miles 19,863 19.1 12,100 7.7 2,265 19.6
250 to 499 miles 9,858 9.5 5,426 3.5 2,280 19.7
500 to 749 miles 4,572 4.4 1,686 1.1 1,225 10.6
750 to 999 miles 3,181 3.1 596 0.4 606 5.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,677 1.6 386 0.2 537 4.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 577 0.6 70 133 1.1
2,000 miles or more 1,514 1.5 358 0.2 964 8.4

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 47,266 100.0 58,182 100.0 8,414 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,327 19.7 34,558 59.4 833 9.9
50 to 99 miles 8,237 17.4 7,897 13.6 734 8.7
100 to 249 miles 10,757 22.8 8,182 14.1 1,592 18.9
250 to 499 miles 7,913 16.7 4,607 7.9 1,951 23.2
500 to 749 miles 4,250 9.0 1,621 2.8 1,178 14.0
750 to 999 miles 3,074 6.5 517 0.9 526 6.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,670 3.5 384 0.7 535 6.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 573 1.2 68 0.1 129 1.5
2,000 miles or more 1,465 3.1 348 0.6 937 11.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 56,666 100.0 98,749 100.0 3,118 100.0
Less than 50 miles 40,983 72.3 89,537 90.7 1,572 50.4
50 to 99 miles 4,211 7.4 4,374 4.4 396 12.7
100 to 249 miles 9,041 16.0 3,865 3.9 662 21.2
250 to 499 miles 1,942 3.4 816 0.8 329 10.5
500 to 749 miles 322 0.6 65 46 1.5
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,618 100.0 4,499 100.0 2,997 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles 194 12.0 745 16.6 97 3.2
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 102 6.3 468 10.4 266 8.9
500 to 749 miles 442 27.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,105 100.0 20 100.0 34 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 378 34.2 S S 2 4.9
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 2.4 1 2.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1.9 1 2.3
2,000 miles or more S S 8 41.7 23 67.8

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 10,384 100.0 477 100.0 393 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,026 29.1 108 22.6 4 0.9
50 to 99 miles 1,035 10.0 50 10.5 5 1.2
100 to 249 miles 1,302 12.5 68 14.2 19 4.9
250 to 499 miles 1,307 12.6 72 15.2 44 11.2
500 to 749 miles 929 9.0 33 6.9 26 6.5
750 to 999 miles 634 6.1 60 12.6 63 15.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 793 7.6 9 1.9 13 3.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 11 2.3 23 5.8
2,000 miles or more 1,022 9.8 66 13.8 198 50.3

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,997 100.0 331 100.0 170 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,018 30.2 106 32.0 3 2.0
50 to 99 miles 1,032 10.3 49 14.7 5 2.7
100 to 249 miles 1,123 11.2 52 15.8 11 6.5
250 to 499 miles 1,298 13.0 46 13.9 20 11.4
500 to 749 miles 907 9.1 19 5.8 15 8.5
750 to 999 miles 553 5.5 14 4.4 15 8.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 790 7.9 9 2.7 13 7.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 11 3.3 23 13.3
2,000 miles or more 944 9.4 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 155 100.0 87 100.0 164 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 69 44.5 40 46.0 121 74.0

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,189 100.0 1,380 100.0 89 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,892 92.9 1,217 88.2 20 22.7
50 to 99 miles 83 2.0 51 3.7 5 5.1
100 to 249 miles 110 2.6 62 4.5 11 12.3
250 to 499 miles 31 0.7 7 0.5 3 3.6
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 32 0.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.