Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 121,356 100.0 165,399 100.0 15,140 100.0 261
Less than 50 lbs 7,854 6.5 216 0.1 69 0.5 475
50 to 99 lbs 3,838 3.2 279 0.2 33 0.2 118
100 to 499 lbs 11,869 9.8 1,837 1.1 195 1.3 107
500 to 749 lbs 4,142 3.4 1,231 0.7 115 0.8 96
750 to 999 lbs 2,453 2.0 820 0.5 64 0.4 78
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 37,283 30.7 16,588 10.0 1,499 9.9 89
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 49,525 40.8 118,214 71.5 9,115 60.2 86
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,473 2.0 17,298 10.5 952 6.3 53
100,000 lbs or more 1,919 1.6 8,917 5.4 3,096 20.5 559

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 106,783 100.0 163,542 100.0 14,658 100.0 88
Less than 50 lbs 2,583 2.4 110 11 121
50 to 99 lbs 1,739 1.6 216 0.1 13 60
100 to 499 lbs 8,938 8.4 1,552 0.9 121 0.8 77
500 to 749 lbs 3,878 3.6 1,176 0.7 95 0.7 83
750 to 999 lbs 2,366 2.2 787 0.5 61 0.4 78
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 34,255 32.1 15,738 9.6 1,435 9.8 89
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 48,643 45.6 117,922 72.1 8,898 60.7 84
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,464 2.3 17,127 10.5 933 6.4 53
100,000 lbs or more 1,918 1.8 8,914 5.5 3,090 21.1 557

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 104,030 100.0 157,023 100.0 11,547 100.0 78
Less than 50 lbs 2,273 2.2 109 9 87
50 to 99 lbs 1,641 1.6 215 0.1 12 0.1 56
100 to 499 lbs 8,667 8.3 1,550 1.0 118 1.0 74
500 to 749 lbs 3,602 3.5 1,172 0.7 87 0.8 75
750 to 999 lbs 2,360 2.3 787 0.5 61 0.5 77
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 34,117 32.8 15,723 10.0 1,419 12.3 89
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 48,201 46.3 117,789 75.0 8,729 75.6 82
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,464 2.4 17,124 10.9 933 8.1 53
100,000 lbs or more 706 0.7 S S S S 122

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 47,266 100.0 58,182 100.0 8,414 100.0 309
Less than 50 lbs 285 0.6 6 2 358
50 to 99 lbs 169 0.4 8 3 435
100 to 499 lbs 2,516 5.3 117 0.2 62 0.7 560
500 to 749 lbs 1,060 2.2 111 0.2 44 0.5 416
750 to 999 lbs 708 1.5 70 0.1 31 0.4 432
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 15,546 32.9 2,448 4.2 808 9.6 352
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 24,761 52.4 43,359 74.5 6,632 78.8 172
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,635 3.5 10,359 17.8 676 8.0 62
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 181

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 56,666 100.0 98,749 100.0 3,118 100.0 47
Less than 50 lbs 1,987 3.5 104 0.1 7 0.2 66
50 to 99 lbs 1,470 2.6 207 0.2 9 0.3 42
100 to 499 lbs 6,150 10.9 1,433 1.5 56 1.8 40
500 to 749 lbs 2,541 4.5 1,060 1.1 43 1.4 41
750 to 999 lbs 1,652 2.9 716 0.7 30 1.0 42
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 18,550 32.7 13,259 13.4 610 19.5 47
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 23,367 41.2 74,358 75.3 2,084 66.8 34
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 829 1.5 6,765 6.9 257 8.2 38
100,000 lbs or more 120 0.2 848 0.9 23 0.7 39

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,618 100.0 4,499 100.0 2,997 100.0 786
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 900
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,218
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 258
100,000 lbs or more 1,199 74.1 4,360 96.9 2,822 94.2 665

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 59
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 101
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 101
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 101
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 101
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 34

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 59
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 101
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 101
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 101
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 101
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 34

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,105 100.0 20 100.0 34 100.0 1,737
Less than 50 lbs 311 28.1 1 4.2 1 4.3 1,766
50 to 99 lbs 98 8.9 1 3.6 1 2.8 1,270
100 to 499 lbs S S 2 9.1 3 8.3 1,463
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,708
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,361
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,612
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 348
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,665

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 10,384 100.0 477 100.0 393 100.0 656
Less than 50 lbs 5,086 49.0 97 20.2 58 14.9 691
50 to 99 lbs 2,036 19.6 55 11.6 20 5.1 374
100 to 499 lbs 2,606 25.1 144 30.2 S S 411
500 to 749 lbs 224 2.2 25 5.2 S S 776
750 to 999 lbs 53 0.5 11 2.2 2 0.5 204
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 320 3.1 121 25.3 196 49.8 1,573
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,309
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,946

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,997 100.0 331 100.0 170 100.0 654
Less than 50 lbs 5,083 50.8 96 29.1 58 34.1 690
50 to 99 lbs 2,034 20.3 55 16.6 20 11.6 373
100 to 499 lbs 2,601 26.0 144 43.4 S S 409
500 to 749 lbs 224 2.2 25 7.5 S S 776
750 to 999 lbs 53 0.5 11 3.2 2 1.2 205
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,095
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 155 100.0 87 100.0 164 100.0 1,291
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 60
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 138 88.8 72 83.1 144 87.7 2,079
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,309
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,946

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,541
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,780
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 510
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,419
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 982
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 7,742
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 7,742
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 36
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 36
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,189 100.0 1,380 100.0 89 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 185 4.4 9 0.6 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 63 1.5 S S 0.1 S
100 to 499 lbs 325 7.8 S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs 40 1.0 30 2.2 S S 30
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,976 71.0 838 60.7 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 561 13.4 172 12.4 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.