Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121,356 100.0 165,399 100.0 15,140 100.0 261
Single modes 106,783 88.0 163,542 98.9 14,658 96.8 88
Truck3 104,030 85.7 157,023 94.9 11,547 76.3 78
For-hire Truck 47,266 38.9 58,182 35.2 8,414 55.6 309
Private Truck 56,666 46.7 98,749 59.7 3,118 20.6 47
Rail 1,618 1.3 4,499 2.7 2,997 19.8 786
Water S S S S S S 59
Shallow draft S S S S S S 59
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,105 0.9 20 34 0.2 1,737
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 10,384 8.6 477 0.3 393 2.6 656
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,997 8.2 331 0.2 170 1.1 654
Truck and rail 155 0.1 87 164 1.1 1,291
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,541
Rail and water S S S S S S 7,742
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 36
Other and unknown modes 4,189 3.5 1,380 0.8 89 0.6 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42 100.0 343 100.0 35 100.0 42
Single modes 42 100.0 343 100.0 35 100.0 42
Truck3 42 99.8 343 99.8 35 99.5 42
For-hire Truck 28 66.2 290 84.4 31 89.1 111
Private Truck S S 53 15.4 S S 26
Rail S S S S S S 258
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 101
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 429
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,053
Single modes S S S S S S 62
Truck3 S S S S S S 62
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 118
Private Truck S S S S S S 62
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,172
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,172
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 655

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,069 100.0 1,120 100.0 303 100.0 S
Single modes 2,989 97.4 1,097 97.9 300 99.1 S
Truck3 2,982 97.2 1,093 97.6 288 95.2 S
For-hire Truck S S 170 15.2 S S 1,150
Private Truck 2,449 79.8 S S S S 49
Rail S S S S S S 3,160
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,777
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 500
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 500
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,719 100.0 S S S S 98
Single modes 1,707 99.3 S S S S 91
Truck3 1,707 99.3 S S S S 91
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 334
Private Truck 772 44.9 408 29.5 46 9.7 81
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 680
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 680
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,385 100.0 6,442 100.0 1,141 100.0 S
Single modes 6,150 96.3 6,122 95.0 1,117 97.9 S
Truck3 6,074 95.1 5,967 92.6 1,057 92.7 S
For-hire Truck 3,380 52.9 3,335 51.8 907 79.5 448
Private Truck 2,690 42.1 2,625 40.7 149 13.1 43
Rail S S S S S S 444
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,328
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 730
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 730
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,278 100.0 830 100.0 S S S
Single modes 1,122 87.8 766 92.3 49 44.8 S
Truck3 1,110 86.9 760 91.5 44 40.1 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 944 73.9 670 80.7 S S 32
Rail S S S S S S 838
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 559
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 404
Truck and water S S S S S S 567
Rail and water S S S S S S 7,742
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 39

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 188
Single modes S S S S S S 80
Truck3 S S S S S S 80
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 80
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 509
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 509
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 29
Private Truck S S S S S S 9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 682 100.0 26
Single modes S S S S 682 100.0 26
Truck3 S S S S S S 26
For-hire Truck 30 15.0 S S S S 74
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 21
Shallow draft S S S S S S 21
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 874 100.0 14
Single modes S S S S 874 100.0 14
Truck3 S S S S 813 92.9 14
For-hire Truck 131 34.1 18,620 34.9 368 42.1 17
Private Truck S S S S S S 13
Rail
Water S S S S S S 50
Shallow draft S S S S S S 50
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 36 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 36 100.0 S S S S S
Truck3 36 100.0 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 34 93.4 S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,125
Single modes S S S S S S 1,125
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,125
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 28
Single modes S S S S S S 28
Truck3 S S S S S S 28
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 32
Private Truck 43 33.2 1,671 31.2 29 19.6 17
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 499 100.0 1,732 100.0 48 100.0 23
Single modes 499 100.0 1,732 100.0 48 100.0 23
Truck3 499 100.0 1,732 100.0 48 100.0 23
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 28
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 85 100.0 302 100.0 7 100.0 14
Single modes 85 99.9 302 99.9 7 100.0 14
Truck3 85 99.9 302 99.9 7 100.0 14
For-hire Truck 21 24.7 88 29.0 S S 15
Private Truck 64 75.3 214 71.0 4 58.2 14
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 190 100.0 S S S S 48
Single modes 186 97.6 S S S S 36
Truck3 183 96.4 S S S S 17
For-hire Truck 22 11.6 S S S S S
Private Truck 161 84.8 S S S S 14
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,307
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 863
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 863
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 62

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,240 100.0 721 100.0 599 100.0 985
Single modes 1,199 96.7 720 99.9 598 99.9 1,128
Truck3 842 67.9 444 61.6 S S 1,103
For-hire Truck S S 439 60.9 S S 1,166
Private Truck S S S S S S 335
Rail S S S S S S 917
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,493
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 909
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 909
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 24 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 662
Private Truck S S 46 25.9 1 2.4 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,374
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 532
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 60
Single modes S S S S S S 60
Truck3 S S S S S S 60
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 146
Private Truck S S S S S S 51
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,480 100.0 4,515 100.0 1,538 100.0 S
Single modes 4,219 94.2 4,435 98.2 1,426 92.7 280
Truck3 4,151 92.6 4,433 98.2 1,423 92.5 268
For-hire Truck 3,487 77.8 3,885 86.1 1,322 85.9 612
Private Truck 664 14.8 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 504
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,586
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 246 5.5 64 1.4 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 71 1.6 S S S S 2,104
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,013 100.0 831 100.0 324 100.0 317
Single modes 1,890 93.9 818 98.5 314 96.9 277
Truck3 1,881 93.4 817 98.3 312 96.4 276
For-hire Truck 1,558 77.4 661 79.6 300 92.7 532
Private Truck 323 16.0 156 18.7 12 3.7 55
Rail S S S S S S 1,293
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,116
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 93 4.6 S S S S 551
Parcel, USPS or courier 87 4.3 5 0.6 S S 548
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,072
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 44
Single modes S S S S S S 44
Truck3 S S S S S S 44
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 117
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 530 100.0 46
Single modes S S S S 515 97.3 44
Truck3 S S S S 515 97.3 44
For-hire Truck 947 13.9 1,200 15.6 197 37.2 144
Private Truck S S S S S S 41
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 839
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 824
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,944
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 12 0.2 S S 345

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,224 100.0 1,290 100.0 428 100.0 S
Single modes 1,220 99.6 1,286 99.7 428 99.9 S
Truck3 1,152 94.1 1,143 88.7 354 82.6 S
For-hire Truck 521 42.5 690 53.5 326 76.2 383
Private Truck 629 51.4 453 35.1 27 6.4 69
Rail S S S S S S 377
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4 0.3 S S S S 135
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 0.3 S S S S 135
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,203 100.0 637 100.0 76 100.0 236
Single modes 940 78.2 608 95.4 70 91.8 42
Truck3 939 78.1 607 95.3 67 87.3 41
For-hire Truck 188 15.7 212 33.3 45 59.5 180
Private Truck 741 61.6 380 59.7 20 25.9 37
Rail S S S S S S 3,094
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,925
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 528
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 528
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 9 1.4 1 1.0 43

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,291 100.0 867 100.0 205 100.0 389
Single modes 2,885 87.7 834 96.2 195 94.9 326
Truck3 2,860 86.9 833 96.0 194 94.5 219
For-hire Truck 1,106 33.6 385 44.4 166 81.1 580
Private Truck 1,748 53.1 446 51.4 27 13.4 170
Rail
Water S S S S S S 101
Shallow draft S S S S S S 101
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,860
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 324 9.8 23 2.6 10 4.7 532
Parcel, USPS or courier 324 9.8 23 2.6 10 4.7 532
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 36
Other and unknown modes S S 10 1.2 1 0.4 S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 489 100.0 187 100.0 636
Single modes S S 450 92.0 163 87.1 428
Truck3 S S 450 92.0 162 87.0 415
For-hire Truck S S 250 51.2 131 70.4 761
Private Truck S S S S S S 101
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 752
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,044 5.2 38 7.8 24 12.8 676
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,044 5.2 38 7.8 24 12.8 676
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,923 100.0 11,938 100.0 1,243 100.0 S
Single modes 1,916 99.6 11,911 99.8 1,222 98.3 S
Truck3 1,886 98.1 11,910 99.8 1,222 98.3 S
For-hire Truck 766 39.9 S S 904 72.7 191
Private Truck 1,120 58.2 7,175 60.1 317 25.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 845
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 332
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 89
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 952
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,439 100.0 5,305 100.0 2,481 100.0 263
Single modes 3,355 97.5 5,278 99.5 2,479 99.9 277
Truck3 2,824 82.1 3,412 64.3 958 38.6 253
For-hire Truck 2,493 72.5 3,009 56.7 895 36.1 476
Private Truck 331 9.6 403 7.6 S S 53
Rail S S S S S S 834
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,504
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 229
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,254
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,385 100.0 346 100.0 54 100.0 S
Single modes 1,157 83.5 322 92.9 48 88.8 S
Truck3 1,132 81.8 319 92.0 40 73.6 S
For-hire Truck 345 24.9 53 15.2 31 57.5 492
Private Truck 787 56.8 S S S S 44
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,050
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 511
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 511
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,126 100.0 673 100.0 121 100.0 S
Single modes 3,670 88.9 647 96.1 116 95.4 S
Truck3 3,661 88.7 647 96.1 116 95.2 S
For-hire Truck 1,843 44.7 357 53.0 94 77.7 329
Private Truck 1,818 44.1 290 43.1 21 17.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,031
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 6 0.9 5 4.1 408
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6 0.9 5 4.1 408
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,961 100.0 315 100.0 107 100.0 632
Single modes 7,364 61.6 S S 86 80.7 211
Truck3 6,532 54.6 S S 64 60.4 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 61 57.6 419
Private Truck 1,159 9.7 33 10.6 3 2.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 3,135
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.4 2 2.2 1,826
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,296 35.9 35 11.0 19 17.9 688
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,296 35.9 35 11.0 19 17.9 688
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,556 100.0 697 100.0 S S 98
Single modes 1,997 43.8 303 43.5 S S 54
Truck3 1,997 43.8 303 43.5 S S 53
For-hire Truck 668 14.7 S S S S 141
Private Truck 1,328 29.2 141 20.2 S S 40
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 772
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 51 1.1 3 0.4 2 2.2 515
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 1.1 3 0.4 2 2.0 418
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,325
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2,507 55.0 391 56.1 1 1.4 S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 644 100.0 18 100.0 24 100.0 1,358
Single modes 507 78.7 17 96.1 23 96.0 1,234
Truck3 433 67.3 17 95.3 23 95.2 1,076
For-hire Truck 432 67.1 17 95.3 23 95.2 1,128
Private Truck S S S S S S 33
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,613
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 137 21.2 S S S S 1,408
Parcel, USPS or courier 137 21.2 S S S S 1,408
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,777 100.0 61 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 765
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 914
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 458 25.8 S S 4 10.6 310
Parcel, USPS or courier 454 25.6 S S 2 5.5 309
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,817
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 146
Single modes S S S S S S 125
Truck3 S S S S S S 125
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 263
Private Truck S S S S S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,252
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,006 100.0 405 100.0 104 100.0 796
Single modes 5,541 92.3 387 95.5 75 72.6 S
Truck3 5,486 91.4 387 95.5 75 72.2 S
For-hire Truck 3,404 56.7 151 37.3 51 48.7 424
Private Truck 2,083 34.7 236 58.2 24 23.5 36
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 2,316
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 451 7.5 15 3.6 S S 1,141
Parcel, USPS or courier 431 7.2 11 2.7 S S 1,141
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,094
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 493

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 704
Single modes S S S S S S 257
Truck3 S S S S S S 187
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 219
Private Truck S S S S 3 0.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 476
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 242
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,050
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,050
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 202

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,585 100.0 S S 690 100.0 91
Single modes 10,273 97.1 S S 683 99.0 69
Truck3 9,964 94.1 S S 554 80.3 S
For-hire Truck 2,739 25.9 1,339 22.6 S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,142
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,832
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 266 2.5 15 0.2 5 0.7 277
Parcel, USPS or courier 266 2.5 15 0.2 5 0.7 277
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 188 100.0 69 100.0 38 100.0 891
Single modes 95 50.5 62 90.1 S S S
Truck3 94 49.9 62 90.1 S S 161
For-hire Truck 80 42.4 54 78.4 S S 231
Private Truck 14 7.5 S S S S 127
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,505
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 907
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 907
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 53

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.