Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121,356 100.0 165,399 100.0 15,140 100.0 261
Single modes 106,783 88.0 163,542 98.9 14,658 96.8 88
Truck 104,030 85.7 157,023 94.9 11,547 76.3 78
For-hire truck 47,266 38.9 58,182 35.2 8,414 55.6 309
Private truck 56,666 46.7 98,749 59.7 3,118 20.6 47
Rail 1,618 1.3 4,499 2.7 2,997 19.8 786
Water S S S S S S 59
Shallow draft S S S S S S 59
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,105 0.9 20 34 0.2 1,737
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10,384 8.6 477 0.3 393 2.6 656
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,997 8.2 331 0.2 170 1.1 654
Truck and rail 155 0.1 87 164 1.1 1,291
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,541
Rail and water S S S S S S 7,742
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 36
Other and unknown modes 4,189 3.5 1,380 0.8 89 0.6 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 529 100.0 178 100.0 145 100.0 833
Single modes 441 83.4 175 98.3 142 98.1 817
Truck S S 175 97.8 142 97.5 808
For-hire truck S S S S 139 95.9 806
Private truck S S S S S S 857
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,103
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 85 16.0 S S S S 835
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 14.9 2 0.9 1 0.9 835
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,013
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 788

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3 100.0 S S 100.0 2,669
Single modes S S S S S S 3,213
Truck S S S S S S 1,815
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,815
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,929
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 75.5 31.8 32.5 2,384
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 75.5 31.8 32.5 2,384
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 377 100.0 20 100.0 46 100.0 2,307
Single modes 263 70.0 14 71.5 33 72.1 2,328
Truck 221 58.7 14 68.4 32 69.3 2,324
For-hire truck 221 58.7 14 68.4 32 69.3 2,324
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,357
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,306
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,306
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 28 100.0 30 100.0 1,080
Single modes S S 26 94.8 28 94.8 1,118
Truck S S 26 94.8 28 94.8 1,084
For-hire truck S S 26 93.5 28 93.5 1,080
Private truck S S S S S S 1,123
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,246
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 5.2 2 5.2 1,076
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 5.2 2 5.2 1,076
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,056 100.0 515 100.0 1,459 100.0 2,720
Single modes 1,355 65.9 466 90.5 1,316 90.2 2,653
Truck 954 46.4 282 54.7 763 52.3 2,726
For-hire truck 949 46.1 276 53.7 749 51.3 2,726
Private truck S S S S S S 2,699
Rail S S S S S S 3,018
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,507
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 700 34.1 49 9.5 143 9.8 2,728
Parcel, USPS or courier 637 31.0 16 3.2 S S 2,728
Truck and rail 63 3.1 33 6.4 99 6.8 3,037
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,687

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 206 100.0 23 100.0 38 100.0 1,721
Single modes 170 82.6 22 94.7 36 94.5 1,751
Truck 109 52.8 22 94.1 36 93.8 1,693
For-hire truck 108 52.5 22 94.0 36 93.7 1,694
Private truck S S S S S S 1,685
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.5 0.7 1,996
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 36 17.4 1 5.3 2 5.5 1,717
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 17.4 1 5.3 2 5.5 1,717
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,052 100.0 250 100.0 76 100.0 299
Single modes 873 83.0 243 97.4 74 97.4 309
Truck 871 82.8 243 97.4 74 97.4 300
For-hire truck 386 36.7 207 82.9 62 82.4 302
Private truck S S 36 14.5 11 15.0 299
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 669
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 179 17.0 6 2.6 S S 296
Parcel, USPS or courier 179 17.0 6 2.6 S S 296
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 250

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,120 100.0 5,210 100.0 211 100.0 74
Single modes 1,934 91.2 5,182 99.5 208 98.8 63
Truck 1,934 91.2 5,147 98.8 202 96.1 63
For-hire truck S S 3,055 58.6 110 52.4 50
Private truck 996 47.0 2,092 40.2 92 43.7 67
Rail
Water S S S S S S 167
Shallow draft S S S S S S 167
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 168 7.9 S S S S 92
Parcel, USPS or courier 168 7.9 S S S S 92
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 43

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,317 100.0 3,351 100.0 100 100.0 29
Single modes 3,021 91.1 3,325 99.2 99 99.0 28
Truck 3,013 90.9 2,461 73.5 79 79.3 28
For-hire truck 709 21.4 S S 41 41.3 39
Private truck 2,305 69.5 1,285 38.3 38 38.0 27
Rail
Water S S S S S S 23
Shallow draft S S S S S S 23
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 342
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 272 8.2 9 0.3 0.3 32
Parcel, USPS or courier 272 8.2 9 0.3 0.3 32
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,275 100.0 356 100.0 353 100.0 974
Single modes 773 60.6 293 82.3 289 81.8 1,038
Truck 706 55.4 292 82.2 289 81.7 1,006
For-hire truck 619 48.6 218 61.2 215 60.8 1,008
Private truck S S S S S S 1,000
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 S S 1,421
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 484 37.9 54 15.1 55 15.5 967
Parcel, USPS or courier 413 32.4 11 3.1 10 3.0 967
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,006
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,081
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,033

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,113 100.0 S S S S 671
Single modes 862 77.4 S S S S 678
Truck 669 60.1 318 27.5 219 25.5 660
For-hire truck 558 50.2 293 25.4 202 23.5 669
Private truck S S S S S S 649
Rail S S S S S S 770
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,019
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 667
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.2 2 0.2 667
Truck and rail S S S S S S 750
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 735

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,265
Single modes S S S S S S 4,953
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,953
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 24.6 S S S S 5,321
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,319
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,318
Rail and water S S S S S S 7,742
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,314
Single modes S S S S S S 2,316
Truck S S S S S S 2,316
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,316
Private truck S S S S S S 2,452
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,313
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,313
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,270

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,643 100.0 656 100.0 483 100.0 745
Single modes 1,418 86.3 647 98.7 477 98.6 724
Truck S S 481 73.3 352 72.9 720
For-hire truck S S 472 71.9 346 71.5 723
Private truck 36 2.2 S S S S 706
Rail S S S S S S 820
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 721
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 219 13.3 9 1.3 7 1.4 749
Parcel, USPS or courier 208 12.7 5 0.8 4 0.8 749
Truck and rail S S S S S S 829
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 790

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 671 100.0 760 100.0 534 100.0 599
Single modes 577 85.9 756 99.5 531 99.5 640
Truck 492 73.4 333 43.8 189 35.4 589
For-hire truck 483 72.0 330 43.4 187 35.0 585
Private truck 9 1.3 S S S S 670
Rail S S S S S S 810
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,946
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 94 14.1 S S S S 591
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 13.7 1 0.2 1 0.1 591
Truck and rail S S S S S S 815
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 996
Single modes S S S S S S 984
Truck S S S S S S 970
For-hire truck S S S S S S 963
Private truck S S S S S S 1,091
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,251
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 36 16.5 S S S S 998
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 16.5 S S S S 998
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 995

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 478 100.0 98 100.0 115 100.0 1,230
Single modes 416 87.0 97 99.1 114 99.0 1,183
Truck 403 84.2 97 99.0 114 99.0 1,184
For-hire truck 402 84.0 96 98.4 113 98.3 1,183
Private truck S S S S S S 1,259
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,142
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 13.0 1 0.9 1 1.0 1,240
Parcel, USPS or courier 62 13.0 1 0.9 1 1.0 1,240
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 430 100.0 258 100.0 599
Single modes S S 427 99.5 256 99.5 579
Truck S S 291 67.8 169 65.5 582
For-hire truck S S S S 160 62.1 578
Private truck S S S S S S 623
Rail S S S S S S 661
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 491
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 8.2 2 0.5 1 0.5 602
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 8.2 2 0.5 1 0.5 602
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 620

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 49 100.0 55 100.0 1,167
Single modes S S 48 97.1 54 97.0 1,167
Truck S S 48 97.1 54 97.0 1,156
For-hire truck S S 44 90.2 50 90.3 1,157
Private truck S S S S S S 1,095
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,354
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 14.9 1 2.9 2 3.0 1,167
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 14.9 1 2.9 2 3.0 1,167
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 371 100.0 110 100.0 61 100.0 570
Single modes 299 80.5 109 99.5 61 99.5 582
Truck 299 80.5 109 99.5 61 99.5 547
For-hire truck 290 78.2 107 97.8 60 97.9 548
Private truck S S S S S S 540
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,349
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 72 19.5 1 0.5 0.5 568
Parcel, USPS or courier 72 19.5 1 0.5 0.5 568
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 46,222 100.0 110,460 100.0 2,260 100.0 26
Single modes 39,757 86.0 109,339 99.0 2,242 99.2 25
Truck 39,580 85.6 108,675 98.4 2,185 96.7 25
For-hire truck 8,592 18.6 27,385 24.8 836 37.0 29
Private truck 30,963 67.0 81,260 73.6 1,347 59.6 25
Rail S S S S S S 219
Water S S S S S S 91
Shallow draft S S S S S S 91
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 862
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,623 5.7 98 4 0.2 40
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,615 5.7 96 4 0.2 40
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 36
Other and unknown modes 3,842 8.3 1,023 0.9 S S 13

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,688 100.0 593 100.0 240 100.0 417
Single modes 1,475 87.4 584 98.4 236 98.4 408
Truck 1,462 86.6 584 98.4 236 98.3 404
For-hire truck 897 53.2 449 75.7 182 75.9 412
Private truck S S 135 22.7 54 22.4 400
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 868
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 198 11.7 9 1.5 4 1.6 421
Parcel, USPS or courier 198 11.7 9 1.5 4 1.6 421
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 427

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 818 100.0 241 100.0 139 100.0 614
Single modes 686 83.9 230 95.4 131 94.5 587
Truck 685 83.7 230 95.4 131 94.5 578
For-hire truck 677 82.7 227 94.2 129 93.3 588
Private truck S S S S S S 465
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 899
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 129 15.8 S S S S 618
Parcel, USPS or courier 124 15.2 4 1.5 2 1.6 618
Truck and rail S S S S S S 821
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 582

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 80 100.0 91 100.0 1,180
Single modes S S 51 63.1 58 63.1 1,144
Truck S S 51 63.1 58 63.1 1,143
For-hire truck S S 48 60.0 55 60.0 1,182
Private truck S S S S S S 1,021
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,245
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 49 7.2 1 1.2 1 1.3 1,191
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 7.2 1 1.2 1 1.3 1,191
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,137

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 237 100.0 S S S S 1,023
Single modes 213 90.1 S S S S 1,047
Truck 97 41.2 S S S S 997
For-hire truck 97 41.2 S S S S 997
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,176
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,248
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,015
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,015
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 773 100.0 163 100.0 145 100.0 910
Single modes 697 90.2 156 95.9 138 95.3 911
Truck 696 90.1 156 95.9 138 95.3 909
For-hire truck 693 89.7 153 93.6 134 92.6 910
Private truck 3 0.4 S S S S 906
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,023
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 76 9.8 S S S S 910
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 8.4 2 1.3 2 1.3 909
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,058
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 2 100.0 3 100.0 2,159
Single modes 7 33.4 1 34.4 1 34.7 2,097
Truck 7 30.8 S S S S 2,109
For-hire truck 7 30.8 S S S S 2,109
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,085
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 65.6 2 65.3 2,162
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 65.6 2 65.3 2,162
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,311
Single modes S S S S S S 1,298
Truck S S S S S S 1,228
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,228
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,756
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4.0 4.3 1,313
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4.0 4.3 1,313
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,448
Single modes 111 45.0 S S S S 2,491
Truck 110 44.6 S S S S 2,500
For-hire truck 71 28.6 S S S S 2,503
Private truck S S S S S S 2,445
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,487
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 2.6 1 2.5 2,408
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 2.6 1 2.5 2,408
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 329 100.0 107 100.0 51 100.0 490
Single modes 261 79.2 103 96.5 49 96.6 506
Truck 241 73.3 103 96.1 S S 489
For-hire truck 202 61.3 S S S S 469
Private truck 39 11.9 S S S S 496
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,176
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 68 20.8 4 3.5 2 3.4 488
Parcel, USPS or courier 68 20.8 4 3.5 2 3.4 488
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,428 100.0 2,508 100.0 423 100.0 173
Single modes 7,114 95.8 2,463 98.2 415 98.1 178
Truck 6,896 92.8 2,453 97.8 413 97.8 173
For-hire truck 4,192 56.4 1,812 72.2 304 71.8 165
Private truck S S 640 25.5 109 25.9 182
Rail S S S S S S 128
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 400
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 270 3.6 16 0.6 3 0.6 169
Parcel, USPS or courier 268 3.6 14 0.6 2 0.5 169
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 155
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 44 0.6 30 1.2 5 1.3 175

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 151 100.0 S S S S 1,879
Single modes 121 80.2 S S S S 1,909
Truck S S S S S S 1,893
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,890
Private truck S S S S S S 1,900
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,118
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,878
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,878
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,259 100.0 2,164 100.0 656 100.0 294
Single modes 4,478 85.2 2,115 97.7 640 97.4 269
Truck 4,389 83.5 1,959 90.5 565 86.0 261
For-hire truck 2,560 48.7 1,489 68.8 458 69.7 294
Private truck S S 417 19.3 95 14.5 238
Rail S S S S S S 477
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 982
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 753 14.3 40 1.9 14 2.2 300
Parcel, USPS or courier 573 10.9 25 1.1 6 1.0 298
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 512
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 288

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,670 100.0 1,436 100.0 537 100.0 367
Single modes 1,473 88.2 1,407 97.9 514 95.6 359
Truck 1,465 87.7 1,401 97.5 511 95.1 359
For-hire truck 931 55.7 1,065 74.1 382 71.2 362
Private truck 535 32.0 S S S S 357
Rail S S S S S S 493
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 784
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 190 11.4 S S S S 373
Parcel, USPS or courier 186 11.1 7 0.5 3 0.5 371
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 952
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 353

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 S S S S 1,606
Single modes S S S S S S 1,688
Truck S S S S S S 1,688
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,688
Private truck S S S S S S 1,656
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,580
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,580
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,716

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,702 100.0 1,368 100.0 584 100.0 418
Single modes 1,560 91.7 1,362 99.5 581 99.6 407
Truck 1,510 88.7 1,245 91.0 509 87.3 404
For-hire truck 1,453 85.4 1,090 79.7 446 76.4 405
Private truck 56 3.3 S S S S 395
Rail S S S S S S 620
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 498
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 139 8.2 4 0.3 2 0.3 422
Parcel, USPS or courier 139 8.2 4 0.3 2 0.3 422
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 363

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 28 100.0 36 100.0 1,305
Single modes 93 26.4 27 97.6 35 97.6 1,277
Truck S S 27 97.1 35 97.1 1,282
For-hire truck S S 27 97.1 35 97.1 1,282
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,197
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,309
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,309
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 240 100.0 12 100.0 34 100.0 2,812
Single modes S S 9 73.7 25 74.2 2,809
Truck S S 8 65.8 22 65.3 2,816
For-hire truck S S 8 65.8 22 65.3 2,816
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,263
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 0.6 S S S S 2,659
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 85 35.3 S S S S 2,812
Parcel, USPS or courier 85 35.3 S S S S 2,812
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,695 100.0 9,917 100.0 1,183 100.0 132
Single modes 12,107 95.4 9,869 99.5 1,177 99.5 130
Truck 11,761 92.6 9,038 91.1 1,062 89.8 125
For-hire truck 8,755 69.0 5,852 59.0 731 61.8 133
Private truck 3,002 23.6 3,180 32.1 331 28.0 122
Rail 240 1.9 831 8.4 114 9.6 140
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 936
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 556 4.4 21 0.2 3 0.2 135
Parcel, USPS or courier 556 4.4 21 0.2 3 0.2 135
Truck and rail S S S S S S 60
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 33 0.3 S S S S 144

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 108 100.0 41 100.0 375
Single modes S S 107 98.6 40 98.6 368
Truck S S 107 98.6 40 98.6 367
For-hire truck 141 31.5 84 77.3 31 76.8 359
Private truck S S 23 21.3 9 21.8 373
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,106
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 382
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 382
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 522

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,457 100.0 290 100.0 148 100.0 537
Single modes 1,388 95.3 287 99.2 147 99.2 550
Truck 1,388 95.2 287 99.2 147 99.2 550
For-hire truck 1,218 83.6 242 83.7 123 83.1 505
Private truck S S S S S S 570
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 970
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 69 4.7 2 0.8 1 0.8 531
Parcel, USPS or courier 69 4.7 2 0.8 1 0.8 531
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16 100.0 S S S S 1,412
Single modes S S S S S S 1,361
Truck S S S S S S 1,405
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,364
Private truck S S S S S S 1,667
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,284
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,413
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,413
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 630 100.0 254 100.0 152 100.0 687
Single modes 559 88.8 251 98.7 149 98.4 693
Truck 552 87.6 245 96.5 145 95.6 692
For-hire truck 537 85.3 238 93.5 140 92.0 694
Private truck S S S S S S 649
Rail S S S S S S 766
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 924
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 10.0 3 1.2 2 1.4 685
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 10.0 3 1.2 2 1.4 685
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 882

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,202 100.0 362 100.0 545 100.0 1,541
Single modes 1,635 74.2 353 97.7 533 97.7 1,526
Truck 1,458 66.2 285 78.8 425 78.0 1,522
For-hire truck 1,453 66.0 284 78.6 424 77.8 1,524
Private truck S S S S S S 1,444
Rail S S S S S S 1,680
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,531
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 563 25.6 7 1.8 10 1.9 1,543
Parcel, USPS or courier 558 25.3 6 1.8 10 1.8 1,543
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,768
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,461

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 68 100.0 5 100.0 10 100.0 2,059
Single modes S S 4 76.2 8 75.8 2,006
Truck S S 4 73.2 8 73.0 2,022
For-hire truck S S 4 73.2 8 73.0 2,022
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,944
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 17.6 7.8 1 7.7 2,075
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 17.6 7.8 1 7.7 2,075
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,153

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 261 100.0 79 100.0 39 100.0 487
Single modes 249 95.3 75 95.0 37 95.1 497
Truck 249 95.3 75 95.0 37 95.1 497
For-hire truck 238 91.1 70 88.5 35 89.7 493
Private truck S S S S S S 498
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 482
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 482
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,440 100.0 16,853 100.0 1,680 100.0 76
Single modes 15,491 94.2 16,768 99.5 1,673 99.6 66
Truck 15,380 93.6 15,163 90.0 1,386 82.5 64
For-hire truck 3,272 19.9 6,604 39.2 769 45.8 130
Private truck 12,106 73.6 8,557 50.8 617 36.7 58
Rail S S S S S S 252
Water S S S S S S 38
Shallow draft S S S S S S 38
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 816
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 855 5.2 29 0.2 3 0.2 127
Parcel, USPS or courier 855 5.2 29 0.2 3 0.2 127
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 95 0.6 S S S S 60

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 397 100.0 S S S S 2,782
Single modes 329 82.9 S S S S 2,792
Truck 183 46.2 37 32.2 105 30.4 2,791
For-hire truck 179 45.1 34 28.9 94 27.3 2,791
Private truck S S S S S S 2,801
Rail S S S S S S 3,077
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,781
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 12.6 S S S S 2,779
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 11.0 S S S S 2,779
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,061
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,801

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 498 100.0 S S 168 100.0 118
Single modes 432 86.8 S S S S 89
Truck 427 85.8 S S S S 89
For-hire truck 140 28.2 S S S S S
Private truck 287 57.7 398 9.1 25 15.2 108
Rail S S S S S S 504
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 12.4 1 0.2 241
Parcel, USPS or courier 62 12.4 1 0.2 241
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 835 100.0 256 100.0 230 100.0 899
Single modes 765 91.6 254 99.1 229 99.2 854
Truck 723 86.6 222 86.9 193 84.0 845
For-hire truck 722 86.6 222 86.8 193 83.9 846
Private truck S S S S S S 820
Rail S S S S S S 1,013
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 862
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 70 8.4 2 0.9 2 0.8 911
Parcel, USPS or courier 70 8.4 2 0.9 2 0.8 911
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,002
Single modes S S S S S S 1,685
Truck S S S S S S 1,685
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,685
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,005
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,005
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.