Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 151,521 100.0 188,575 100.0 33,254 100.0 432
Single modes 127,761 84.3 183,872 97.5 29,731 89.4 194
Truck 119,729 79.0 149,546 79.3 16,257 48.9 152
For-hire truck 70,814 46.7 56,982 30.2 12,281 36.9 525
Private truck 48,720 32.2 92,375 49.0 3,884 11.7 65
Rail 5,275 3.5 32,710 17.3 13,181 39.6 945
Water 155 0.1 1,578 0.8 222 0.7 113
Shallow draft S S 1,290 0.7 105 0.3 92
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 213
Air (including truck and air) 2,603 1.7 39 S S 1,492
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18,399 12.1 2,981 1.6 S S 657
Parcel, USPS or courier 17,466 11.5 479 0.3 255 0.8 657
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 923
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S 537
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 36
Other and unknown modes 5,360 3.5 1,722 0.9 347 1.0 182

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,011 100.0 546 100.0 476 100.0 786
Single modes 802 79.4 540 98.8 470 98.8 819
Truck 651 64.4 326 59.6 259 54.5 809
For-hire truck 597 59.1 298 54.5 238 49.9 809
Private truck 53 5.2 28 5.1 21 4.5 802
Rail 150 14.8 S S S S 965
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,003
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 206 20.4 4 0.8 4 0.8 783
Parcel, USPS or courier 204 20.2 3 0.6 3 0.5 783
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,193
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 808

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 325 100.0 5 100.0 12 100.0 2,285
Single modes 188 57.9 4 66.5 8 66.5 2,285
Truck S S S S S S 2,278
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,278
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,300
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 137 42.1 2 33.5 4 33.5 2,285
Parcel, USPS or courier 137 42.1 2 33.5 4 33.5 2,285
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 574 100.0 131 100.0 149 100.0 1,067
Single modes 444 77.3 115 88.1 130 87.6 1,080
Truck 385 67.2 109 83.0 123 82.5 1,077
For-hire truck 296 51.6 90 68.7 102 68.4 1,078
Private truck S S S S S S 1,061
Rail S S S S S S 1,147
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,117
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,057
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 3.6 S S S S 1,053
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,274
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,040

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,806 100.0 877 100.0 2,403 100.0 2,683
Single modes 3,920 67.5 820 93.5 2,246 93.5 2,639
Truck 3,058 52.7 723 82.4 1,951 81.2 2,689
For-hire truck 2,254 38.8 540 61.5 1,460 60.8 2,698
Private truck S S S S S S 2,666
Rail S S S S S S 3,095
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,481
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,815 31.3 30 3.4 85 3.5 2,698
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,791 30.9 21 2.3 55 2.3 2,698
Truck and Rail 23 0.4 10 1.1 30 1.2 3,077
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 71 1.2 S S S S 2,645

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 619 100.0 52 100.0 88 100.0 1,686
Single modes 357 57.6 44 83.9 74 84.0 1,721
Truck 315 50.9 43 83.5 73 83.6 1,673
For-hire truck 297 48.0 43 83.3 73 83.5 1,674
Private truck S S S S S S 1,645
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 42 6.7 S S S S 1,735
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 213 34.4 5 8.9 8 8.8 1,682
Parcel, USPS or courier 213 34.4 5 8.9 8 8.8 1,682
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,678

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,736 100.0 299 100.0 85 100.0 256
Single modes 1,340 77.2 285 95.3 81 94.9 310
Truck 1,332 76.7 277 92.6 75 88.1 301
For-hire truck 1,086 62.5 232 77.6 63 74.3 297
Private truck 246 14.2 45 15.0 12 13.8 307
Rail S S S S S S 715
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 382 22.0 12 4.1 4 4.3 255
Parcel, USPS or courier 382 22.0 12 4.1 4 4.3 255
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 336

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 849 100.0 1,610 100.0 88 100.0 63
Single modes 749 88.2 1,592 98.9 87 98.9 65
Truck 740 87.2 1,553 96.4 86 97.5 54
For-hire truck 348 41.0 1,061 65.9 57 64.5 65
Private truck 387 45.6 484 30.1 28 32.0 52
Rail S S S S S S 63
Water S S S S S S 18
Shallow draft S S S S S S 18
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 367
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 83 9.8 S S 0.4 62
Parcel, USPS or courier 83 9.8 S S 0.4 62
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 855 100.0 99 100.0 S S 28
Single modes 837 97.9 99 99.6 S S 28
Truck 837 97.9 99 99.6 S S 28
For-hire truck 659 77.2 S S S S 35
Private truck 177 20.7 69 69.2 S S 28
Rail S S S S S S 48
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 1.9 0.3 0.2 24
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 1.9 0.3 0.2 24
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1 0.2 24

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,868 100.0 558 100.0 520 100.0 991
Single modes 1,116 59.7 515 92.3 482 92.8 1,104
Truck 779 41.7 344 61.8 334 64.3 1,008
For-hire truck 664 35.6 281 50.3 271 52.2 1,010
Private truck 60 3.2 51 9.2 50 9.7 979
Rail S S S S S S 1,151
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,428
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 724 38.8 11 2.0 11 2.2 978
Parcel, USPS or courier 724 38.8 11 2.0 11 2.2 978
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 931

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,159 100.0 1,276 100.0 883 100.0 708
Single modes 1,910 88.5 1,256 98.4 870 98.5 749
Truck 1,702 78.9 1,149 90.1 777 88.1 663
For-hire truck 1,406 65.1 960 75.3 657 74.5 666
Private truck 295 13.7 111 8.7 72 8.2 648
Rail S S 105 8.3 92 10.4 806
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 999
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 169 7.8 4 0.3 3 0.3 691
Parcel, USPS or courier 169 7.8 4 0.3 3 0.3 691
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 652

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3 100.0 S S S S 5,287
Single modes S S S S S S 5,407
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,407
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,284
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,277
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,941
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 166 100.0 71 100.0 172 100.0 2,254
Single modes 136 81.8 67 93.3 160 93.1 2,275
Truck S S 33 46.5 77 44.5 2,366
For-hire truck S S 33 46.0 76 44.1 2,366
Private truck S S S S S S 2,359
Rail S S S S S S 2,481
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,237
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,226
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,224
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,530
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,470

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,658 100.0 1,268 100.0 983 100.0 739
Single modes 2,269 62.0 1,220 96.2 945 96.1 746
Truck 1,747 47.8 845 66.6 609 62.0 734
For-hire truck 1,715 46.9 806 63.5 576 58.6 733
Private truck 32 0.9 S S S S 767
Rail S S 375 29.6 335 34.1 893
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 783
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,381 37.7 48 3.8 38 3.8 737
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,310 35.8 31 2.5 23 2.4 737
Truck and Rail 71 1.9 S S S S 837
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 790

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,706 100.0 1,550 100.0 1,100 100.0 645
Single modes 2,337 86.3 1,531 98.8 1,088 98.9 627
Truck 2,121 78.4 636 41.1 389 35.4 608
For-hire truck 1,893 69.9 587 37.9 356 32.3 608
Private truck 228 8.4 49 3.2 33 3.0 608
Rail 214 7.9 S S S S 779
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 S S S S 1,008
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 314 11.6 10 0.6 6 0.6 646
Parcel, USPS or courier 305 11.3 9 0.6 5 0.5 646
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 920
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 577

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,283 100.0 609 100.0 635 100.0 997
Single modes 2,193 96.0 603 99.1 630 99.1 1,009
Truck 2,064 90.4 346 56.8 337 53.1 1,005
For-hire truck 1,963 86.0 335 55.1 327 51.5 1,010
Private truck 102 4.4 10 1.7 S S 963
Rail 127 5.5 258 42.3 293 46.1 1,123
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,029
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 3.5 4 0.6 4 0.6 990
Parcel, USPS or courier 80 3.5 3 0.6 3 0.5 990
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,345
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,033

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,562 100.0 S S S S 1,178
Single modes 1,470 94.1 S S S S 1,167
Truck 910 58.3 S S S S 1,200
For-hire truck 851 54.5 S S S S 1,197
Private truck S S S S S S 1,257
Rail S S S S S S 1,451
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,147
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 86 5.5 S S S S 1,180
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 5.5 S S S S 1,180
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,118

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,691 100.0 S S S S 585
Single modes 1,402 82.9 S S S S 561
Truck 1,117 66.1 308 29.9 179 24.6 558
For-hire truck 1,050 62.1 280 27.2 160 22.0 569
Private truck S S 28 2.8 19 2.6 550
Rail S S S S S S 900
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 533
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 255 15.1 7 0.7 4 0.6 597
Parcel, USPS or courier 255 15.1 7 0.7 4 0.6 597
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 746

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 285 100.0 S S S S 1,163
Single modes 209 73.3 S S S S 1,184
Truck 182 64.0 S S S S 1,176
For-hire truck 151 52.8 S S S S 1,173
Private truck S S S S S S 1,205
Rail S S S S S S 1,354
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,301
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,169
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,164
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,236
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,992
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,139

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 297 100.0 269 100.0 170 100.0 561
Single modes 238 80.2 266 99.2 169 99.1 551
Truck 187 63.0 245 91.2 149 87.5 549
For-hire truck 182 61.1 240 89.3 146 85.7 549
Private truck S S S S S S 551
Rail 6 1.9 21 8.0 20 11.7 925
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 536
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.6 1 0.5 562
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.6 1 0.5 562
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 509

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 46,222 100.0 110,460 100.0 2,260 100.0 26
Single modes 39,757 86.0 109,339 99.0 2,242 99.2 25
Truck 39,580 85.6 108,675 98.4 2,185 96.7 25
For-hire truck 8,592 18.6 27,385 24.8 836 37.0 29
Private truck 30,963 67.0 81,260 73.6 1,347 59.6 25
Rail S S S S S S 219
Water S S S S S S 91
Shallow draft S S S S S S 91
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 862
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,623 5.7 98 4 0.2 40
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,615 5.7 96 4 0.2 40
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 30
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 36
Other and unknown modes 3,842 8.3 1,023 0.9 S S 13

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,028 100.0 362 100.0 143 100.0 426
Single modes 1,492 73.6 349 96.4 137 96.3 458
Truck 1,431 70.6 339 93.7 133 93.3 415
For-hire truck 1,099 54.2 232 64.1 92 64.8 420
Private truck 330 16.3 106 29.4 40 28.3 408
Rail S S S S S S 418
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 770
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 521 25.7 12 3.3 5 3.5 419
Parcel, USPS or courier 521 25.7 12 3.3 5 3.5 419
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 457

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,413 100.0 S S S S 648
Single modes 1,970 81.7 S S S S 699
Truck 1,781 73.8 351 51.5 215 48.0 599
For-hire truck 1,493 61.9 315 46.1 194 43.4 598
Private truck 288 12.0 36 5.3 21 4.6 623
Rail S S S S S S 691
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 963
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 629
Parcel, USPS or courier 134 5.5 5 0.7 3 0.6 628
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 812
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 561

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 830 100.0 241 100.0 317 100.0 1,148
Single modes 620 74.6 143 59.3 171 54.0 1,129
Truck 458 55.1 124 51.5 144 45.5 1,122
For-hire truck 419 50.4 118 49.1 138 43.4 1,122
Private truck S S S S S S 1,122
Rail S S S S S S 1,340
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 140 16.8 S S S S 1,184
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 202 24.3 S S S S 1,152
Parcel, USPS or courier 189 22.8 5 2.0 6 1.7 1,151
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,510
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,114

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 750 100.0 176 100.0 170 100.0 903
Single modes 737 98.3 175 99.6 169 99.6 906
Truck 736 98.2 173 98.4 167 98.1 906
For-hire truck 717 95.7 164 93.0 158 92.8 909
Private truck S S S S S S 867
Rail S S S S S S 1,245
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 1.6 S S S S 897
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 1.6 S S S S 897
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 931

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,749 100.0 221 100.0 230 100.0 934
Single modes 1,494 85.4 196 88.5 204 88.6 924
Truck 322 18.4 123 55.6 112 48.9 903
For-hire truck 298 17.0 102 46.1 94 41.0 918
Private truck 24 1.4 S S S S 841
Rail S S S S S S 1,274
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 66 3.7 S S S S 955
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 255 14.6 S S S S 937
Parcel, USPS or courier 230 13.1 S S S S 936
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,077
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14 100.0 9 100.0 22 100.0 2,076
Single modes S S S S S S 2,327
Truck S S S S S S 2,284
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,337
Private truck S S S S S S 2,218
Rail S S S S S S 2,513
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 49.5 S S S S 2,073
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 49.5 S S S S 2,073
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,005

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 268 100.0 57 100.0 70 100.0 1,199
Single modes 254 94.6 56 99.1 69 99.1 1,218
Truck 254 94.6 56 99.1 69 99.1 1,218
For-hire truck 192 71.6 32 56.7 41 59.1 1,219
Private truck S S S S S S 1,168
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,268
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 5.3 S S S S 1,189
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 5.3 S S S S 1,189
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,263

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 12 100.0 30 100.0 2,585
Single modes 76 27.4 S S S S 2,616
Truck 40 14.6 S S S S 2,581
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,579
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,691
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,581
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,578
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3.2 1 3.2 2,578
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,839
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 379 100.0 76 100.0 36 100.0 500
Single modes 243 64.1 69 90.8 33 90.8 524
Truck 162 42.7 69 90.8 33 90.8 480
For-hire truck 141 37.1 67 88.1 32 88.2 481
Private truck S S S S S S 465
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,042
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 110 28.9 3 3.7 1 3.6 497
Parcel, USPS or courier 110 28.9 3 3.7 1 3.6 497
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 468

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,871 100.0 3,189 100.0 542 100.0 195
Single modes 8,472 85.8 3,070 96.3 518 95.5 222
Truck 8,333 84.4 2,129 66.7 335 61.7 165
For-hire truck 7,259 73.5 1,421 44.5 224 41.3 164
Private truck 1,074 10.9 708 22.2 110 20.4 168
Rail S S S S S S 141
Water S S 941 29.5 S S 179
Shallow draft S S S S S S 105
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 502
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,208
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,009 10.2 40 1.3 7 1.4 187
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,009 10.2 40 1.3 7 1.4 187
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 203

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 1 100.0 2 100.0 1,947
Single modes 5 33.5 1 82.1 1 83.2 2,250
Truck 4 25.9 S S S S 2,018
For-hire truck 4 25.9 S S S S 2,018
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,405
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 66.2 17.8 16.7 1,881
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 66.2 17.8 16.7 1,881
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,864

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,341 100.0 1,579 100.0 497 100.0 321
Single modes 3,196 73.6 1,540 97.5 487 98.1 392
Truck 3,015 69.5 1,415 89.6 423 85.2 289
For-hire truck 2,638 60.8 1,038 65.8 317 63.9 294
Private truck 378 8.7 377 23.9 106 21.3 275
Rail S S S S S S 521
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 101 2.3 S S 907
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,052 24.2 30 1.9 7 1.5 302
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,050 24.2 26 1.7 6 1.2 302
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 290
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 9 0.6 2 0.5 253

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,116 100.0 1,473 100.0 533 100.0 387
Single modes 2,837 91.0 1,459 99.0 528 99.0 369
Truck 2,793 89.6 1,347 91.4 477 89.5 363
For-hire truck 2,403 77.1 1,158 78.6 410 76.8 370
Private truck 390 12.5 189 12.8 67 12.6 330
Rail 38 1.2 112 7.6 S S 552
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 0.2 S S S S 853
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 245 7.9 11 0.7 4 0.8 392
Parcel, USPS or courier 243 7.8 10 0.7 4 0.8 392
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 536
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34 1.1 3 0.2 1 0.2 384

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 161 100.0 87 100.0 128 100.0 1,417
Single modes 141 87.3 86 99.4 127 99.4 1,428
Truck S S S S S S 1,415
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,344
Private truck S S S S S S 1,424
Rail 65 40.4 S S S S 1,505
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,445
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 12.7 S S 1 0.6 1,415
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 12.7 S S 1 0.6 1,415
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,440 100.0 2,368 100.0 1,050 100.0 445
Single modes 3,414 76.9 2,219 93.7 989 94.2 438
Truck 3,215 72.4 1,835 77.5 776 73.8 416
For-hire truck 2,642 59.5 1,324 55.9 554 52.7 421
Private truck 569 12.8 S S S S 402
Rail 133 3.0 382 16.1 213 20.3 514
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 586
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 896 20.2 27 1.1 12 1.2 450
Parcel, USPS or courier 844 19.0 21 0.9 9 0.8 449
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 519
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 129 2.9 S S S S 430

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 597 100.0 140 100.0 190 100.0 1,319
Single modes 573 96.0 134 95.8 182 95.9 1,284
Truck 283 47.4 104 74.7 135 71.1 1,278
For-hire truck 281 47.1 104 74.5 135 71.0 1,279
Private truck S S S S S S 1,255
Rail S S S S S S 1,587
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,294
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 3.8 1 0.9 2 0.9 1,334
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 3.8 1 0.9 2 0.9 1,334
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,285

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 370 100.0 219 100.0 685 100.0 2,817
Single modes 279 75.4 202 92.5 633 92.4 2,693
Truck 223 60.3 21 9.5 59 8.6 2,831
For-hire truck 223 60.3 21 9.5 59 8.6 2,831
Private truck
Rail 49 13.3 S S S S 3,163
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,593
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 90 24.4 S S S S 2,863
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 19.1 2 0.9 6 0.8 2,862
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,212
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,766

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,666 100.0 17,275 100.0 3,973 100.0 135
Single modes 10,897 86.0 16,968 98.2 3,908 98.4 127
Truck 10,586 83.6 8,968 51.9 1,067 26.9 124
For-hire truck 5,540 43.7 5,234 30.3 635 16.0 144
Private truck 5,027 39.7 3,712 21.5 430 10.8 116
Rail 293 2.3 8,000 46.3 2,841 71.5 135
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 772
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,656 13.1 69 0.4 9 0.2 140
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,656 13.1 69 0.4 9 0.2 140
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 113 0.9 S S S S 109

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 208 100.0 S S S S 385
Single modes 114 54.8 S S S S 389
Truck 112 53.7 S S S S 386
For-hire truck 106 51.3 S S S S 398
Private truck S S S S S S 373
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 460
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 91 43.7 2 9.0 1 9.6 385
Parcel, USPS or courier 91 43.7 2 9.0 1 9.6 385
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 398

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,267 100.0 1,076 100.0 556 100.0 527
Single modes 2,154 95.0 1,073 99.7 555 99.7 535
Truck 1,984 87.5 857 79.6 432 77.7 513
For-hire truck 1,855 81.8 793 73.7 398 71.6 514
Private truck S S 46 4.3 24 4.4 498
Rail 105 4.6 215 20.0 122 21.9 568
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 817
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 112 5.0 3 0.2 1 0.3 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 112 5.0 3 0.2 1 0.3 522
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 504

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 207 100.0 14 100.0 18 100.0 1,339
Single modes S S S S S S 1,293
Truck S S S S S S 1,293
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,293
Private truck S S S S S S 1,280
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,290
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,362
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,362
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,217

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,586 100.0 427 100.0 310 100.0 794
Single modes 13,113 96.5 395 92.6 279 89.9 653
Truck 12,798 94.2 367 86.0 255 82.2 584
For-hire truck 12,733 93.7 327 76.7 230 74.3 584
Private truck 65 0.5 40 9.3 24 7.8 598
Rail S S S S S S 929
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 310 2.3 S S S S 950
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 831
Parcel, USPS or courier 233 1.7 10 2.3 8 2.6 830
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,106
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 812

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,903 100.0 1,303 100.0 1,932 100.0 1,446
Single modes 2,176 75.0 1,272 97.7 1,888 97.7 1,468
Truck 1,870 64.4 S S S S 1,457
For-hire truck 1,796 61.9 S S S S 1,468
Private truck 74 2.6 37 2.8 53 2.7 1,404
Rail S S S S S S 1,693
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 113 3.9 S S S S 1,464
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 676 23.3 10 0.8 15 0.8 1,438
Parcel, USPS or courier 671 23.1 7 0.5 10 0.5 1,438
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,602
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,400

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 246 100.0 S S S S 2,112
Single modes S S S S S S 2,155
Truck S S S S S S 2,090
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,090
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,173
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 102 41.4 2 5.8 5 5.8 2,102
Parcel, USPS or courier 102 41.4 2 5.8 5 5.8 2,102
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,160

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 88 100.0 S S S S 470
Single modes 61 68.8 S S S S 539
Truck 42 47.6 S S S S 512
For-hire truck 38 43.3 34 14.0 S S 513
Private truck 4 4.4 S S S S 507
Rail S S S S S S 643
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,054
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 31.2 1 0.4 0.3 463
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 31.2 1 0.4 0.3 463
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 459

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,177 100.0 9,352 100.0 1,223 100.0 107
Single modes 9,413 92.5 9,128 97.6 1,166 95.4 82
Truck 9,367 92.0 8,922 95.4 1,116 91.3 79
For-hire truck 3,022 29.7 5,177 55.4 S S 140
Private truck 6,343 62.3 3,744 40.0 416 34.1 68
Rail 23 0.2 S S S S 269
Water S S S S S S 148
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 148
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 930
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 613 6.0 S S S S 177
Parcel, USPS or courier 599 5.9 13 0.1 2 0.2 177
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 85
Truck and water S S S S S S 229
Rail and water S S S S S S 447
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 151 1.5 59 0.6 5 0.4 119

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 535 100.0 50 100.0 136 100.0 2,817
Single modes 221 41.4 41 81.8 108 79.9 2,944
Truck 201 37.6 39 79.2 105 77.3 2,737
For-hire truck 192 35.9 39 79.2 105 77.2 2,736
Private truck S S S S S S 2,762
Rail S S S S S S 2,945
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,021
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 308 57.6 S S S S 2,782
Parcel, USPS or courier 302 56.4 3 5.6 8 5.8 2,782
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,005
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,810

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 843 100.0 25,361 100.0 6,151 100.0 125
Single modes 772 91.6 24,107 95.1 5,400 87.8 111
Truck 425 50.5 4,865 19.2 417 6.8 107
For-hire truck 334 39.6 4,555 18.0 392 6.4 110
Private truck 92 10.9 310 1.2 25 0.4 100
Rail 347 41.1 19,243 75.9 4,983 81.0 227
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 859
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 155
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 2.4 1 154
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 441
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 598
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 136

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,481 100.0 337 100.0 300 100.0 875
Single modes 1,093 73.8 322 95.6 287 95.5 880
Truck 1,056 71.3 319 94.6 284 94.6 877
For-hire truck 896 60.5 266 79.0 235 78.4 877
Private truck 118 8.0 37 10.9 34 11.4 876
Rail S S S S S S 965
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 912
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 386 26.1 14 4.2 13 4.3 875
Parcel, USPS or courier 361 24.4 10 2.9 9 2.8 875
Truck and Rail 25 1.7 S S S S 928
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 918

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20 100.0 S S S S 1,720
Single modes S S S S S S 1,799
Truck S S S S S S 1,716
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,826
Private truck S S S S S S 1,655
Rail S S S S S S 2,092
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,713
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,713
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,724

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.