Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 121,356 87,181 39.2 165,399 123,793 33.6 15,140 10,239 47.9 261 249 5.1
Single modes 106,783 74,904 42.6 163,542 119,998 36.3 14,658 9,146 60.3 88 90 −1.6
Truck 104,030 71,080 46.4 157,023 118,430 32.6 11,547 8,358 38.1 78 74 5.9
Rail 1,618 S S 4,499 1,543 191.5 2,997 763 292.5 786 405 94.1
Water S S S S S S 59
Air (including truck and air) 1,105 1,183 −6.6 20 24 −17.5 34 24 39.9 1,737 1,095 58.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 10,384 9,371 10.8 477 1,554 −69.3 393 864 −54.5 656 685 −4.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,997 8,549 16.9 331 208 59.2 170 115 48.1 654 684 −4.4
Truck and Rail 155 537 −71.1 87 630 −86.2 164 731 −77.5 1,291 1,383 −6.7
Other multiple modes S 285 S S 716 S S 18 S 1,543 S S
Other and unknown modes 4,189 2,905 44.2 1,380 2,242 −38.4 89 229 −60.9 S 48 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 4,317 S S 6,732 S S 1,416 S S 297 S
Single modes S 4,208 S S 6,580 S S 1,407 S S 167 S
Truck S 4,068 S S 6,547 S S 1,394 S S 81 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,121 226 395.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,777 1,607 10.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 906 1,448 −37.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 906 1,449 −37.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 36
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 47 S S S S S S S S 16 S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 9,395 9,354 0.4 8,659 9,029 −4.1 1,729 1,314 31.6 75 47 59.1
Single modes 8,993 9,232 −2.6 8,272 8,980 −7.9 1,645 1,274 29.1 75 46 62.6
Truck 8,904 9,105 −2.2 8,110 8,669 −6.4 1,580 1,129 39.9 74 46 61.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S 463 448 3.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,328 1,139 16.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 633 746 −15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S 3 S S 1 S S S 687 623 10.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 404 2,315 −82.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S 90 S S 36 S S 11 S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,031 606 70.2 S 41,951 S 1,692 1,061 59.5 19 S S
Single modes 1,031 548 88.2 S 41,636 S 1,692 1,047 61.6 19 37 −50.4
Truck 1,016 548 85.5 S 41,600 S 1,612 1,035 55.7 18 34 −45.8
Rail S S S S S S 328
Water S S S S S S 34
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,125 2,417 −53.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 952
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 944
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7,723
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 7 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 905 3,603 −74.9 10,664 21,525 −50.5 248 640 −61.3 35 31 11.7
Single modes 896 3,298 −72.8 10,510 20,010 −47.5 243 600 −59.6 29 31 −7
Truck 894 3,298 −72.9 10,508 20,010 −47.5 240 600 −60 19 31 −38.3
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,307
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 284 S S 716 S S 18 S 863 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 863 821 5.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 284 716 18 25
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 51 25 103.9

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 11,501 7,640 50.5 6,300 3,632 73.5 2,488 1,752 42 234 225 4
Single modes 8,988 6,056 48.4 6,127 3,048 101 2,357 1,101 114.1 278 148 87.7
Truck 8,505 5,755 47.8 5,843 2,804 108.4 2,094 905 131.4 260 117 122.4
Rail S 169 S S 241 S S 193 S 937 931 0.7
Water
Air (including truck and air) 137 131 3.9 S 3 S S S S 1,648 1,236 33.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 1,187 S 152 414 −63.3 129 625 −79.4 S 475 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 742 S S 25 S 14 15 −7.2 S 466 S
Truck and Rail 77 446 −82.7 S 389 S S 610 S 2,192 1,565 40.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 532
Other and unknown modes 46 397 −88.3 S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 32,599 11,795 176.4 11,348 6,008 88.9 1,448 1,041 39.1 267 431 −38
Single modes 30,836 9,486 225.1 11,227 5,644 98.9 1,393 931 49.5 113 115 −2.5
Truck 30,737 9,423 226.2 11,082 5,639 96.5 1,314 928 41.6 90 113 −20.6
Rail S S S S S S 639
Water S S S S S S 101
Air (including truck and air) 12 63 −81.2 1 S S S S S 1,760 929 89.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,524 1,782 −14.5 88 73 20.9 51 45 12.4 609 796 −23.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,522 1,776 −14.3 84 69 23 40 36 11 609 796 −23.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,944 2,207 33.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 36
Other and unknown modes 239 527 −54.7 32 291 −89 5 65 −92.4 S 183 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,873 8,564 27 18,262 22,239 −17.9 3,900 1,723 126.3 168 221 −24.2
Single modes 10,097 7,414 36.2 18,158 21,817 −16.8 3,865 1,591 143 114 119 −4.2
Truck 9,504 7,318 29.9 16,288 21,606 −24.6 2,335 1,536 52.1 98 109 −10
Rail S 64 S S 211 S S 54 S 834 253 230
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 32 S S 1 S S 1 S 1,759 1,315 33.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 443 806 −45 47 243 −80.8 S 82 S 454 508 −10.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 439 774 −43.3 24 29 −16 11 12 −13.6 453 507 −10.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,303 7,693 −83.1
Other and unknown modes S 344 S 58 179 −67.5 2 50 −95.2 S 58 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,938 22,966 −17.5 1,091 1,518 −28.1 244 545 −55.1 489 211 131.4
Single modes 11,128 18,158 −38.7 640 1,354 −52.7 217 497 −56.4 S 107 S
Truck 10,222 15,143 −32.5 632 1,154 −45.2 195 212 −8.3 S 62 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,135 551 468.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 806 S 1 13 −89.1 3 9 −73.4 1,707 880 93.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,942 3,749 31.8 49 50 −2.8 25 36 −30.6 669 515 30
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,936 3,725 32.5 48 46 5.4 23 24 −0.6 666 515 29.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,817 2,953 −38.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,325
Other and unknown modes 2,868 1,059 170.9 403 S S 3 S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,337 17,998 1.9 9,366 11,006 −14.9 S 731 S 368 353 4.2
Single modes 17,525 16,189 8.3 9,304 10,778 −13.7 S 681 S 83 64 29.5
Truck 16,974 16,108 5.4 7,288 10,250 −28.9 853 603 41.3 76 63 20.3
Rail S S S S S S S 78 S 734 222 231.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 12 S S S S S S S 1,599 726 120.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 737 1,441 −48.9 30 35 −13.6 30 22 35.5 955 767 24.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 713 1,441 −50.5 26 35 −25.3 17 22 −22.9 954 767 24.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,094
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,252
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 25 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 188 S S 69 154 −55.2 38 S S 891 156 470.3
Single modes 95 S S 62 151 −59 S S S S S S
Truck 94 S S 62 151 −59 S S S 161 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 3,505 193 S
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 907 699 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 907 699 29.8
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 53 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.