Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.4 25.3 10.5 19.8
Single modes 14.3 1.3 25.6 0.4 11.1 1.0 18.4
Truck 14.8 1.5 27.1 2.0 11.5 5.9 15.5
For-hire truck 15.4 5.3 11.0 5.6 15.2 5.2 10.5
Private truck 26.9 5.8 38.0 6.6 20.0 4.2 15.9
Rail 26.7 0.4 43.9 1.6 39.4 6.1 15.0
Water S S S S S S 28.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 28.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36.5 0.5 46.2 42.9 0.1 8.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 14.8 1.4 14.7 16.2 0.8 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 15.4 1.4 22.4 34.2 0.6 11.0
Truck and rail 36.1 36.5 39.7 0.7 29.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 44.1
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 23.0 0.7 29.2 0.4 37.9 0.4 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.3 49.0 48.2 1.4
Single modes 48.3 8.9 50.0 4.8 49.3 5.1 1.7
Truck S S 49.8 4.7 49.1 5.0 1.3
For-hire truck S S S S 49.4 4.9 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.0 8.7 S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.2 8.6 37.3 2.1 35.7 2.1 1.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.1

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.0 S S 45.7 22.3
Single modes S S S S S S 30.3
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.4 10.1 46.2 14.8 44.0 14.8 24.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.4 10.1 46.2 14.8 44.0 14.8 24.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.5 29.6 29.4 0.5
Single modes 37.5 9.8 34.5 9.4 34.4 9.3 0.9
Truck 44.8 10.9 36.6 10.0 36.3 9.8 0.8
For-hire truck 44.8 10.9 36.6 10.0 36.3 9.8 0.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 0.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 0.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 41.9 41.1 1.4
Single modes S S 44.0 15.0 43.1 14.9 10.7
Truck S S 44.0 15.0 43.1 14.9 10.7
For-hire truck S S 44.9 17.7 44.1 17.7 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 46.6 15.0 46.4 14.9 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.6 15.0 46.4 14.9 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.7 30.1 31.4 0.3
Single modes 16.3 4.4 34.4 8.1 36.0 8.3 1.0
Truck 22.5 8.1 33.1 11.5 33.1 11.8 0.5
For-hire truck 22.8 8.2 34.1 11.9 34.1 12.1 0.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.8 4.4 27.7 8.1 28.2 8.3 0.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.9 4.1 49.9 3.3 S S 0.3
Truck and rail 47.8 1.4 41.4 7.6 41.4 7.8 18.3
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.3 40.3 40.5 0.9
Single modes 29.3 12.9 43.2 13.2 43.6 13.1 10.6
Truck 38.5 13.0 43.5 13.7 44.0 13.7 10.6
For-hire truck 38.8 13.0 43.6 13.7 44.1 13.7 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.5 1.0 43.9 1.3 21.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.1 12.9 48.9 13.2 49.2 13.1 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.1 12.9 48.9 13.2 49.2 13.1 1.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.6 23.9 24.7 2.8
Single modes 44.4 6.8 24.7 2.4 25.6 2.6 5.2
Truck 44.4 6.7 24.7 2.4 25.6 2.6 2.2
For-hire truck 26.5 8.9 28.1 6.9 29.2 7.3 2.4
Private truck S S 30.1 6.1 31.3 6.6 3.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.9 6.8 49.8 2.4 S S 3.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.9 6.8 49.8 2.4 S S 3.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.4 24.2 18.8 5.3
Single modes 33.3 3.2 24.2 0.1 18.7 0.4 10.1
Truck 33.3 3.2 24.2 0.5 18.5 1.8 10.1
For-hire truck S S 32.9 8.0 25.4 7.1 16.2
Private truck 20.7 8.7 23.3 8.2 23.9 7.5 9.2
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.2 3.4 S S S S 6.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.2 3.4 S S S S 6.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.1

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.2 33.3 34.1 11.6
Single modes 21.8 1.7 33.7 1.2 34.5 1.0 11.6
Truck 21.9 1.6 31.6 9.7 28.9 7.2 11.6
For-hire truck 45.1 5.8 S S 39.6 9.7 19.2
Private truck 20.1 6.9 33.2 13.6 40.0 12.8 11.9
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.3 1.5 30.7 0.6 24.2 0.5 16.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.3 1.5 30.7 0.6 24.2 0.5 16.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.8

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.6 36.0 35.4 1.5
Single modes 13.4 5.3 42.3 5.4 41.8 5.8 1.6
Truck 14.6 6.0 42.3 5.4 41.9 5.8 0.9
For-hire truck 13.2 7.2 28.0 6.9 28.0 7.1 0.9
Private truck S S S S S S 10.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 49.0 S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.8 5.7 41.7 5.6 43.4 6.0 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.6 5.6 28.1 3.2 26.5 3.7 1.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.5 S S S S 0.8
Single modes 19.8 5.6 S S S S 1.3
Truck 17.0 8.1 18.6 19.3 19.3 19.7 0.7
For-hire truck 18.3 9.8 19.7 19.1 20.5 19.4 0.8
Private truck S S S S S S 18.3
Rail S S S S S S 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 45.3 45.0 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 24.4 0.2 24.4 0.2 0.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.1
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 14.9 S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 27.9
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.1
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.2 26.6 26.2 1.2
Single modes 44.7 5.8 27.0 1.0 26.6 1.0 1.3
Truck S S 34.4 9.8 34.7 9.9 1.1
For-hire truck S S 35.2 9.4 35.4 9.5 1.1
Private truck 48.0 1.5 S S S S 18.6
Rail S S S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 46.5 46.8 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.7 5.6 44.7 1.0 46.4 1.0 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.6 5.7 38.3 0.9 37.9 0.9 1.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.2 46.5 49.0 2.7
Single modes 26.1 4.0 46.8 1.3 49.3 1.5 7.8
Truck 25.1 6.1 29.8 15.0 29.1 17.2 1.7
For-hire truck 25.7 5.6 30.3 13.8 29.7 15.8 1.4
Private truck 43.0 1.3 S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.0 4.0 S S S S 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.1 4.0 21.9 0.5 21.5 0.6 2.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.0
Single modes S S S S S S 4.7
Truck S S S S S S 4.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.9
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.7 13.5 S S S S 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.7 13.5 S S S S 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.3 38.3 38.9 2.0
Single modes 41.7 9.7 38.6 3.3 39.1 3.7 1.5
Truck 43.7 11.3 38.6 3.3 39.1 3.7 1.4
For-hire truck 43.9 11.7 39.0 4.3 39.5 4.6 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.1 9.7 44.8 3.3 44.8 3.7 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.1 9.7 44.8 3.3 44.8 3.7 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 39.4 36.4 1.6
Single modes S S 39.6 0.6 36.7 0.6 1.9
Truck S S 47.2 11.4 45.4 12.2 2.2
For-hire truck S S S S 48.5 12.7 1.7
Private truck S S S S S S 24.1
Rail S S S S S S 30.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.6 5.9 47.0 0.5 49.4 0.4 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.6 5.9 47.0 0.5 49.4 0.4 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 38.1 38.0 1.0
Single modes S S 39.2 8.1 39.1 8.2 1.9
Truck S S 39.2 8.1 39.1 8.2 1.3
For-hire truck S S 41.9 8.6 41.8 8.7 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.5 11.8 35.3 8.1 36.2 8.2 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.5 11.8 35.3 8.1 36.2 8.2 1.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.2 41.6 41.1 2.2
Single modes 41.9 9.9 41.6 1.8 41.1 1.9 3.6
Truck 41.9 9.9 41.6 1.8 41.1 1.9 3.6
For-hire truck 42.6 10.0 42.3 1.9 41.8 1.9 3.9
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.1 9.9 37.4 1.8 37.1 1.9 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.1 9.9 37.4 1.8 37.1 1.9 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.8 40.2 21.2 9.2
Single modes 19.8 1.7 40.7 0.7 21.2 0.3 9.7
Truck 19.9 1.8 41.0 1.0 21.8 2.4 9.6
For-hire truck 20.2 4.2 26.2 5.1 27.6 7.1 15.8
Private truck 24.6 5.1 46.4 5.8 31.3 7.5 9.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 28.4
Shallow draft S S S S S S 28.4
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.1 2.0 32.1 33.0 4.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.0 2.0 31.3 32.4 4.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 25.5 1.8 30.5 0.7 S S 16.2

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 14.0 14.0 1.4
Single modes 28.7 4.6 14.2 0.7 14.2 0.7 2.7
Truck 28.7 4.4 14.2 0.7 14.1 0.7 1.6
For-hire truck 31.1 9.0 17.7 7.5 17.8 7.5 1.2
Private truck S S 34.5 7.1 33.9 7.1 3.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.8 4.7 48.1 0.7 47.0 0.7 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.8 4.7 48.1 0.7 47.0 0.7 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.2 32.2 31.0 2.9
Single modes 37.6 3.7 33.8 3.2 32.9 3.7 2.1
Truck 37.7 3.7 33.8 3.2 32.9 3.7 1.6
For-hire truck 38.4 4.6 34.0 3.1 33.1 3.6 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 26.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.4 3.5 S S S S 3.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.6 3.8 29.9 2.2 30.2 2.3 3.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 33.5 33.5 1.6
Single modes S S 26.8 12.6 27.1 12.6 2.3
Truck S S 26.8 12.6 27.1 12.6 2.3
For-hire truck S S 29.4 12.9 29.6 13.0 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.7 7.7 31.1 0.9 31.5 0.9 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.7 7.7 31.1 0.9 31.5 0.9 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.5 S S S S 1.3
Single modes 36.3 8.7 S S S S 2.9
Truck 36.3 16.5 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck 36.3 16.5 S S S S 10.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.5 25.8 24.5 2.8
Single modes 36.0 8.8 27.3 7.6 26.1 7.2 3.8
Truck 36.1 8.9 27.3 7.7 26.1 7.2 2.7
For-hire truck 36.2 8.9 28.7 9.8 27.7 9.6 2.6
Private truck 43.5 0.4 S S S S 26.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.8 8.8 S S S S 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.3 9.0 37.1 6.7 34.6 6.1 3.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.9 30.0 29.8 10.7
Single modes 38.8 12.9 47.4 12.7 47.6 12.7 18.3
Truck 43.8 11.7 S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck 43.8 11.7 S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 45.2 12.7 45.0 12.7 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.2 12.7 45.0 12.7 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 3.8
Single modes S S S S S S 11.1
Truck S S S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 45.4 13.6 46.5 13.6 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.4 13.6 46.5 13.6 18.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.0
Single modes 39.4 15.0 S S S S 1.0
Truck 39.9 14.8 S S S S 1.3
For-hire truck 44.4 17.7 S S S S 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 44.4 3.6 44.2 3.6 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.4 3.6 44.2 3.6 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.4 47.3 48.2 3.1
Single modes 26.6 6.6 48.8 2.8 49.5 2.9 5.3
Truck 29.2 7.8 49.0 3.0 S S 2.6
For-hire truck 31.7 8.8 S S S S 1.8
Private truck 47.0 6.1 S S S S 18.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.9 6.6 43.2 2.8 40.8 2.9 3.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.9 6.6 43.2 2.8 40.8 2.9 3.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.7 19.8 20.3 3.2
Single modes 26.1 1.6 20.3 0.8 20.9 0.9 3.7
Truck 27.3 3.4 20.4 0.9 21.0 1.0 3.0
For-hire truck 17.7 7.1 27.2 5.3 27.8 5.5 4.4
Private truck S S 16.6 5.1 17.6 5.2 3.7
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.0 1.7 33.0 0.3 29.3 0.3 4.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.6 1.7 37.5 0.3 33.5 0.3 4.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 48.5 0.6 41.0 0.6 40.5 0.7 18.7

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.1 S S S S 10.6
Single modes 43.3 17.5 S S S S 21.2
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.4 25.4 25.7 3.6
Single modes 31.6 5.5 25.9 1.5 26.4 2.3 5.7
Truck 32.3 5.5 22.3 2.6 20.9 4.0 4.7
For-hire truck 15.0 7.4 21.7 3.7 20.6 4.2 2.6
Private truck S S 22.2 2.9 20.4 2.4 7.1
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 17.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.8 5.5 26.1 1.5 35.4 2.3 3.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.4 2.5 32.7 0.9 31.9 0.7 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18.5

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.2 32.1 33.4 1.7
Single modes 17.5 4.8 31.5 0.7 31.8 1.3 2.9
Truck 17.7 4.7 31.6 0.6 31.9 1.3 2.9
For-hire truck 18.0 6.3 39.1 8.3 39.3 8.4 1.8
Private truck 34.9 6.5 S S S S 4.7
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.4 4.6 S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.1 4.6 31.6 0.6 31.8 0.6 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.3 S S S S 1.9
Single modes S S S S S S 10.6
Truck S S S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.6 32.5 32.7 2.7
Single modes 23.9 2.7 32.5 0.3 32.7 0.3 2.7
Truck 23.7 4.1 34.1 5.3 34.8 6.7 2.7
For-hire truck 24.3 4.3 31.9 6.1 33.2 7.3 2.8
Private truck 30.6 1.5 S S S S 12.3
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.0 2.6 37.6 0.2 39.0 0.2 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.0 2.6 37.6 0.2 39.0 0.2 3.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 45.1 44.5 10.6
Single modes 49.0 18.4 46.6 15.0 46.1 15.0 18.4
Truck S S 47.0 15.1 46.4 15.1 18.4
For-hire truck S S 47.0 15.1 46.4 15.1 18.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.8 22.1 22.2 0.4
Single modes S S 30.1 14.3 30.2 14.3 14.9
Truck S S 31.6 13.7 31.6 13.7 14.9
For-hire truck S S 31.6 13.7 31.6 13.7 14.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.5 1.1 S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.4 14.0 S S S S 0.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.4 14.0 S S S S 0.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.3 12.0 12.5 3.0
Single modes 31.1 1.7 12.1 0.2 12.6 0.2 5.0
Truck 32.3 2.8 13.2 3.7 13.2 3.8 3.5
For-hire truck 43.0 6.3 10.9 4.6 11.7 4.4 3.7
Private truck 23.8 5.0 31.3 5.0 33.6 5.1 5.2
Rail 37.7 1.4 43.9 3.7 42.3 3.7 19.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 40.2 41.6 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 16.6 1.6 29.5 31.1 6.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 16.6 1.6 29.5 31.1 6.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 36.9 0.2 S S S S 18.0

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 26.5 24.3 3.1
Single modes S S 26.8 0.9 24.5 0.8 7.9
Truck S S 26.8 0.9 24.5 0.8 2.2
For-hire truck 38.7 17.0 34.6 9.4 31.8 9.4 2.9
Private truck S S 42.8 9.1 43.1 9.1 21.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.2 31.5 32.1 1.4
Single modes 34.5 4.0 31.6 1.0 32.2 1.0 2.6
Truck 34.5 4.0 31.6 1.0 32.2 1.0 2.6
For-hire truck 41.2 12.5 32.3 9.4 32.7 9.4 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.3 4.0 40.5 1.0 42.0 1.0 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.3 4.0 40.5 1.0 42.0 1.0 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.9 S S S S 2.7
Single modes S S S S S S 23.9
Truck S S S S S S 26.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.2 27.9 26.2 2.5
Single modes 32.4 5.6 28.5 1.4 26.9 1.5 2.9
Truck 33.2 7.4 29.7 4.7 28.4 5.5 2.9
For-hire truck 32.8 7.1 30.3 4.7 29.0 5.5 2.8
Private truck S S S S S S 21.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.2 5.5 46.6 1.4 48.5 1.5 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.2 5.5 46.6 1.4 48.5 1.5 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.4 26.7 26.1 1.1
Single modes 25.9 5.5 27.2 2.1 26.6 2.1 1.5
Truck 28.3 6.0 35.1 8.6 34.8 8.8 1.7
For-hire truck 28.4 6.0 35.0 8.6 34.6 8.7 1.6
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.7 5.4 18.3 1.6 18.7 1.6 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.3 5.6 19.4 1.6 19.9 1.6 1.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.8 30.6 30.5 1.3
Single modes S S 38.0 13.7 37.8 13.6 10.7
Truck S S 39.9 15.3 39.6 15.3 15.0
For-hire truck S S 39.9 15.3 39.6 15.3 15.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.3 13.6 31.1 13.9 30.9 13.8 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.3 13.6 31.1 13.9 30.9 13.8 1.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.7 38.6 38.2 2.2
Single modes 33.1 10.4 41.5 8.0 41.0 7.9 2.7
Truck 33.1 10.4 41.5 8.0 41.0 7.9 2.7
For-hire truck 34.2 11.4 43.5 8.2 42.7 8.1 2.4
Private truck S S S S S S 23.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.1 27.5 28.8 8.9
Single modes 30.6 2.6 27.6 0.4 28.9 0.2 9.1
Truck 30.4 2.5 27.7 3.8 30.5 7.6 9.0
For-hire truck 28.3 5.1 28.2 8.6 25.4 9.4 7.9
Private truck 34.2 6.0 38.9 7.2 47.2 6.1 6.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 42.1 42.4 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.4 2.3 42.7 0.1 36.9 0.1 8.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.4 2.3 42.7 0.1 36.9 0.1 8.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34.7 0.5 S S S S 36.1

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.8 S S S S 0.4
Single modes 27.8 4.9 S S S S 1.0
Truck 28.4 11.5 34.5 16.4 35.1 16.8 0.5
For-hire truck 29.4 11.3 36.2 15.8 37.0 16.1 0.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.3 4.1 S S S S 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.2 4.1 S S S S 0.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.9 S S 49.0 21.5
Single modes 25.1 6.2 S S S S 31.4
Truck 25.6 6.0 S S S S 31.4
For-hire truck 43.6 6.9 S S S S S
Private truck 26.1 8.4 40.9 13.4 37.3 11.7 29.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.0 6.3 29.0 0.5 28.2 1.6 14.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.0 6.3 29.0 0.5 28.2 1.6 14.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.3 25.8 27.9 1.2
Single modes 36.2 3.1 26.0 1.6 28.1 1.5 1.7
Truck 38.4 5.2 21.8 4.3 21.8 5.0 1.8
For-hire truck 38.4 5.2 21.9 4.3 21.8 5.0 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.5 3.1 27.0 1.6 27.8 1.5 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.5 3.1 27.0 1.6 27.8 1.5 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.8
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.