Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 200,813 100.0 75,123 100.0 14,077 100.0
Less than 50 miles 55,922 27.8 54,074 72.0 1,064 7.6
50 to 99 miles 17,437 8.7 5,642 7.5 504 3.6
100 to 249 miles 34,756 17.3 6,064 8.1 1,213 8.6
250 to 499 miles 14,030 7.0 2,148 2.9 909 6.5
500 to 749 miles 11,454 5.7 1,328 1.8 1,070 7.6
750 to 999 miles 15,028 7.5 1,558 2.1 1,602 11.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,173 5.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 716 1.0 1,469 10.4
2,000 miles or more S S 791 1.1 2,350 16.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 154,344 100.0 72,404 100.0 12,829 100.0
Less than 50 miles 47,346 30.7 52,733 72.8 1,041 8.1
50 to 99 miles 14,546 9.4 5,365 7.4 477 3.7
100 to 249 miles 25,030 16.2 5,741 7.9 1,143 8.9
250 to 499 miles 10,329 6.7 2,023 2.8 858 6.7
500 to 749 miles 8,135 5.3 1,246 1.7 1,007 7.9
750 to 999 miles 9,461 6.1 1,348 1.9 1,383 10.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,226 4.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 658 0.9 1,360 10.6
2,000 miles or more S S 630 0.9 1,874 14.6

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 145,408 100.0 70,702 100.0 11,787 100.0
Less than 50 miles 47,166 32.4 51,654 73.1 1,033 8.8
50 to 99 miles 14,466 9.9 5,361 7.6 476 4.0
100 to 249 miles 22,457 15.4 5,716 8.1 1,136 9.6
250 to 499 miles 8,786 6.0 1,984 2.8 837 7.1
500 to 749 miles 7,450 5.1 1,117 1.6 877 7.4
750 to 999 miles 8,271 5.7 1,255 1.8 1,280 10.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,196 4.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 398 0.6 778 6.6
2,000 miles or more S S 586 0.8 1,727 14.7

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 80,082 100.0 25,279 100.0 9,826 100.0
Less than 50 miles 13,347 16.7 12,534 49.6 253 2.6
50 to 99 miles 5,504 6.9 1,775 7.0 162 1.7
100 to 249 miles 14,392 18.0 3,649 14.4 752 7.6
250 to 499 miles 7,465 9.3 1,599 6.3 689 7.0
500 to 749 miles 6,313 7.9 1,003 4.0 789 8.0
750 to 999 miles 7,973 10.0 1,193 4.7 1,215 12.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,062 7.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 392 1.6 766 7.8
2,000 miles or more 6,202 7.7 552 2.2 1,624 16.5

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 53,306 100.0 45,286 100.0 1,841 100.0
Less than 50 miles 33,692 63.2 39,087 86.3 778 42.3
50 to 99 miles 8,907 16.7 3,580 7.9 313 17.0
100 to 249 miles 7,873 14.8 2,043 4.5 380 20.6
250 to 499 miles 1,264 2.4 363 0.8 139 7.5
500 to 749 miles 1,128 2.1 110 0.2 84 4.6
750 to 999 miles 295 0.6 58 0.1 60 3.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 119 0.2 28 39 2.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 25 16 47 2.6

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 108 20.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 38 100.0 64 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,565 30.5 15 39.3 4 5.7
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 1 3.3 S S
750 to 999 miles S S 3 7.4 3 4.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,014 12.0 3 7.3 4 6.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 3 9.0 6 9.3
2,000 miles or more 1,012 12.0 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 40,169 100.0 1,076 100.0 740 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,365 13.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 2,716 6.8 S S 12 1.7
100 to 249 miles 9,161 22.8 162 15.0 33 4.4
250 to 499 miles 3,346 8.3 64 5.9 28 3.8
500 to 749 miles 3,185 7.9 57 5.3 43 5.8
750 to 999 miles 4,830 12.0 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,747 9.3 83 7.8 121 16.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,295 8.2 26 2.4 50 6.8
2,000 miles or more 4,524 11.3 96 9.0 295 39.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 39,801 100.0 935 100.0 517 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,365 13.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 2,716 6.8 S S 12 2.4
100 to 249 miles 9,145 23.0 155 16.6 31 6.0
250 to 499 miles 3,346 8.4 64 6.8 28 5.4
500 to 749 miles 3,181 8.0 50 5.4 40 7.7
750 to 999 miles 4,628 11.6 58 6.2 62 12.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,693 9.3 70 7.5 99 19.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,295 8.3 26 2.7 50 9.7
2,000 miles or more 4,432 11.1 62 6.6 185 35.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,300 100.0 1,643 100.0 509 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,211 51.0 1,032 62.8 13 2.6
50 to 99 miles 175 2.8 136 8.3 15 2.9
100 to 249 miles S S 161 9.8 36 7.1
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 134 2.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 201 3.2 59 3.6 89 17.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 620 9.8 65 3.9 181 35.6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.