Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 200,813 100.0 75,123 100.0 14,077 100.0 528
Less than 50 lbs 39,471 19.7 452 0.6 280 2.0 692
50 to 99 lbs 11,632 5.8 383 0.5 114 0.8 306
100 to 499 lbs 29,214 14.5 2,354 3.1 581 4.1 253
500 to 749 lbs 7,400 3.7 1,059 1.4 242 1.7 230
750 to 999 lbs 7,179 3.6 902 1.2 166 1.2 186
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 53,196 26.5 12,692 16.9 2,615 18.6 185
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 47,804 23.8 29,219 38.9 5,434 38.6 188
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,853 1.4 21,077 28.1 694 4.9 33
100,000 lbs or more 2,064 1.0 S S S S 467

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 154,344 100.0 72,404 100.0 12,829 100.0 200
Less than 50 lbs 14,016 9.1 146 0.2 28 0.2 226
50 to 99 lbs 5,415 3.5 271 0.4 38 0.3 145
100 to 499 lbs 20,734 13.4 1,880 2.6 416 3.2 216
500 to 749 lbs 6,417 4.2 1,017 1.4 222 1.7 220
750 to 999 lbs 5,982 3.9 878 1.2 148 1.2 169
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 50,888 33.0 12,174 16.8 2,422 18.9 179
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 46,260 30.0 28,206 39.0 4,964 38.7 178
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,685 1.7 20,962 29.0 650 5.1 31
100,000 lbs or more 1,947 1.3 S S S S 476

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 145,408 100.0 70,702 100.0 11,787 100.0 170
Less than 50 lbs 10,192 7.0 141 0.2 21 0.2 146
50 to 99 lbs 3,638 2.5 268 0.4 35 0.3 135
100 to 499 lbs 18,760 12.9 1,867 2.6 402 3.4 210
500 to 749 lbs 6,292 4.3 1,015 1.4 220 1.9 219
750 to 999 lbs 5,732 3.9 876 1.2 147 1.2 168
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 50,411 34.7 12,157 17.2 2,379 20.2 176
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 46,107 31.7 28,146 39.8 4,863 41.3 175
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,685 1.8 20,957 29.6 646 5.5 31
100,000 lbs or more 1,591 1.1 5,275 7.5 S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 80,082 100.0 25,279 100.0 9,826 100.0 555
Less than 50 lbs 5,996 7.5 27 0.1 15 0.2 416
50 to 99 lbs 1,298 1.6 35 0.1 27 0.3 781
100 to 499 lbs 10,539 13.2 459 1.8 317 3.2 673
500 to 749 lbs 3,401 4.2 240 1.0 166 1.7 679
750 to 999 lbs 3,917 4.9 189 0.7 116 1.2 612
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 22,023 27.5 3,030 12.0 1,821 18.5 604
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 30,817 38.5 9,600 38.0 4,054 41.3 477
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,284 1.6 9,252 36.6 344 3.5 S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 599

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 53,306 100.0 45,286 100.0 1,841 100.0 50
Less than 50 lbs 4,195 7.9 114 0.3 5 0.3 45
50 to 99 lbs 2,337 4.4 232 0.5 8 0.4 35
100 to 499 lbs 8,178 15.3 1,402 3.1 82 4.5 62
500 to 749 lbs 2,845 5.3 770 1.7 49 2.7 66
750 to 999 lbs 1,782 3.3 683 1.5 31 1.7 46
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 16,611 31.2 9,074 20.0 495 26.9 51
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 15,180 28.5 18,501 40.9 764 41.5 44
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,396 2.6 11,682 25.8 298 16.2 26
100,000 lbs or more 783 1.5 2,828 6.2 108 5.8 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,169
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 374
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 179
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 784
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,202
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 142 27.6 59 3.6 100 10.3 1,765
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 671
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,396

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 64
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 64
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 64
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 3
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 38 100.0 64 100.0 1,455
Less than 50 lbs S S 5 14.1 7 11.7 1,510
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,080
100 to 499 lbs S S 13 34.4 S S 1,089
500 to 749 lbs S S 2 4.1 S S 1,140
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 1 2.0 624
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,254
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 152
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 40,169 100.0 1,076 100.0 740 100.0 847
Less than 50 lbs 24,373 60.7 280 26.1 247 33.4 882
50 to 99 lbs 5,970 14.9 96 8.9 72 9.7 738
100 to 499 lbs 7,552 18.8 420 39.0 161 21.8 424
500 to 749 lbs 724 1.8 33 3.0 17 2.3 500
750 to 999 lbs 1,161 2.9 14 1.3 18 2.4 1,354
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 43 0.1 S S 8 1.0 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,694
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 465

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 39,801 100.0 935 100.0 517 100.0 847
Less than 50 lbs 24,373 61.2 280 30.0 247 47.8 882
50 to 99 lbs 5,970 15.0 96 10.3 72 13.9 738
100 to 499 lbs 7,551 19.0 420 44.9 161 31.1 424
500 to 749 lbs 723 1.8 32 3.5 16 3.1 480
750 to 999 lbs 1,161 2.9 14 1.4 18 3.4 1,354
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,551
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,425
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 3,259
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,142
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,694
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 567

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 6,711
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,520
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 7,920
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 248

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 877
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,992
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,300 100.0 1,643 100.0 509 100.0 218
Less than 50 lbs 1,082 17.2 25 1.5 S S 208
50 to 99 lbs 247 3.9 16 1.0 S S 338
100 to 499 lbs 928 14.7 54 3.3 4 0.9 69
500 to 749 lbs S S 10 0.6 3 0.7 333
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 24
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,265 36.0 421 25.6 185 36.4 440
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,210 19.2 886 53.9 258 50.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 66

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.