Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 200,813 100.0 75,123 100.0 14,077 100.0 528
Single modes 154,344 76.9 72,404 96.4 12,829 91.1 200
Truck3 145,408 72.4 70,702 94.1 11,787 83.7 170
For-hire Truck 80,082 39.9 25,279 33.7 9,826 69.8 555
Private Truck 53,306 26.5 45,286 60.3 1,841 13.1 50
Rail S S S S S S 1,169
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 64
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) S S 38 64 0.5 1,455
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 40,169 20.0 1,076 1.4 740 5.3 847
Parcel, USPS or courier 39,801 19.8 935 1.2 517 3.7 847
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,551
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,711
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 877
Other and unknown modes 6,300 3.1 1,643 2.2 509 3.6 218

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 23
Single modes S S S S S S 23
Truck3 S S S S S S 23
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,604 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 1,529 95.3 S S S S S
Truck3 1,529 95.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 76
Private Truck 1,503 93.7 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 820
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 820
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 47

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 148 100.0 84 100.0 S S 481
Single modes 141 95.1 79 93.8 S S 485
Truck3 141 95.1 79 93.8 S S 485
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 2,205
Private Truck 138 92.9 78 92.2 S S 426
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 248
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 248
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,738 100.0 903 100.0 513 100.0 174
Single modes 4,713 99.5 898 99.4 506 98.6 174
Truck3 4,685 98.9 890 98.6 470 91.7 160
For-hire Truck 2,808 59.3 520 57.6 386 75.3 421
Private Truck 1,820 38.4 307 33.9 15 2.9 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 28 0.6 S S S S 2,503
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1,089
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1,089
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 99

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,867 100.0 1,320 100.0 S S 565
Single modes 1,661 88.9 1,290 97.7 S S 176
Truck3 1,661 88.9 1,290 97.7 S S 176
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 470
Private Truck 961 51.5 799 60.5 S S 93
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 694
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 694
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,271

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,532 100.0 2,503 100.0 609 100.0 S
Single modes 2,422 95.7 2,430 97.1 597 98.1 S
Truck3 2,422 95.7 2,430 97.1 597 98.1 S
For-hire Truck 676 26.7 701 28.0 459 75.4 715
Private Truck 1,441 56.9 1,694 67.7 131 21.6 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 244
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 104

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,280 100.0 1,716 100.0 49 100.0 28
Single modes 3,198 97.5 1,694 98.8 47 97.1 28
Truck3 3,198 97.5 1,694 98.8 47 97.1 28
For-hire Truck 72 2.2 22 1.3 S S S
Private Truck 3,123 95.2 1,672 97.4 41 84.0 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 44

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 48
Single modes S S S S S S 48
Truck3 S S S S S S 48
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 2,997
Private Truck S S S S S S 38
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 77
Single modes S S S S S S 77
Truck3 S S S S S S 77
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 117
Private Truck S S 573 45.6 23 22.6 36
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42 100.0 3,371 100.0 51 100.0 18
Single modes 39 91.3 3,272 97.1 51 99.2 19
Truck3 39 91.3 3,272 97.1 51 99.2 19
For-hire Truck 4 9.8 S S S S 48
Private Truck 34 81.5 2,972 88.2 43 83.3 16
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 204 100.0 14,708 100.0 S S 28
Single modes 201 98.1 14,306 97.3 S S 30
Truck3 195 95.5 14,254 96.9 S S 29
For-hire Truck S S 5,688 38.7 S S 51
Private Truck 96 47.0 8,552 58.1 172 35.3 17
Rail S S S S S S 570
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8 100.0 S S 26 100.0 S
Single modes 8 99.7 S S 26 100.0 S
Truck3 8 99.7 S S 26 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 4 50.0 78 15.7 S S 305
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 86
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 86
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,805 100.0 5,667 100.0 S S 27
Single modes 1,805 100.0 5,667 100.0 S S 27
Truck3 1,805 100.0 5,667 100.0 S S 27
For-hire Truck 519 28.7 1,726 30.4 S S 33
Private Truck 1,287 71.3 3,941 69.6 102 61.0 24
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 9
Single modes S S S S S S 9
Truck3 S S S S S S 9
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 15
Private Truck S S S S S S 8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 83 100.0 185 100.0 14 100.0 S
Single modes 59 71.8 149 80.7 5 37.0 S
Truck3 59 71.8 149 80.7 5 37.0 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 592
Private Truck S S S S 2 16.9 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,204
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,204
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,607 100.0 1,011 100.0 392 100.0 559
Single modes S S 862 85.3 S S S
Truck3 S S 855 84.6 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 915
Private Truck 277 17.2 349 34.5 16 4.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 3,182
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 319
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,153
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,153
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,425
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,925 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 7,330 67.1 S S S S S
Truck3 6,377 58.4 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 110
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 953 8.7 1 0.7 3 3.2 1,756
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,387 31.0 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,387 31.0 S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5
Single modes S S S S S S 5
Truck3 S S S S S S 5
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,157 100.0 1,823 100.0 642 100.0 348
Single modes S S 1,277 70.0 390 60.7 465
Truck3 S S 1,265 69.4 374 58.3 463
For-hire Truck S S 1,050 57.6 349 54.3 541
Private Truck S S S S S S 74
Rail S S S S S S 1,371
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 539
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 333
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 331
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,708
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,190 100.0 2,563 100.0 1,308 100.0 373
Single modes 7,079 86.4 2,460 96.0 1,257 96.1 271
Truck3 6,919 84.5 2,287 89.2 1,146 87.6 267
For-hire Truck 4,132 50.5 1,394 54.4 1,067 81.6 652
Private Truck 2,787 34.0 893 34.8 79 6.0 77
Rail S S S S S S 643
Water S S S S S S 64
Shallow draft S S S S S S 64
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 964
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 900 11.0 39 1.5 19 1.4 596
Parcel, USPS or courier 897 10.9 32 1.3 15 1.2 596
Truck and rail S S S S S S 567
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 211 2.6 64 2.5 32 2.5 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,560 100.0 2,265 100.0 209 100.0 302
Single modes 3,374 94.8 2,235 98.7 194 92.6 103
Truck3 3,374 94.8 2,235 98.7 194 92.6 103
For-hire Truck 1,131 31.8 S S S S 207
Private Truck 2,243 63.0 1,344 59.4 67 32.1 68
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,322
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,322
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 29 0.8 17 0.7 S S 52

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,484 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 3,321 95.3 S S S S S
Truck3 3,151 90.4 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 2,440 70.0 S S S S 752
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,894
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,407
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 441
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 441
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,588 100.0 1,329 100.0 310 100.0 487
Single modes 2,192 84.7 1,253 94.3 247 79.9 S
Truck3 2,192 84.7 1,253 94.3 247 79.9 S
For-hire Truck 878 33.9 410 30.9 202 65.2 722
Private Truck 1,314 50.8 843 63.4 45 14.6 40
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,118
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 236 9.1 27 2.0 25 7.9 800
Parcel, USPS or courier 236 9.1 27 2.0 25 7.9 800
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,474 100.0 679 100.0 358 100.0 476
Single modes 2,207 63.5 551 81.2 235 65.8 S
Truck3 2,130 61.3 532 78.3 201 56.2 S
For-hire Truck 1,286 37.0 378 55.7 193 53.9 709
Private Truck 843 24.3 153 22.6 9 2.4 19
Rail S S S S S S 899
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,794
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 815 23.5 38 5.6 27 7.5 806
Parcel, USPS or courier 804 23.1 36 5.4 25 7.1 806
Truck and rail S S S S S S S
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 89 13.2 S S 293

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21,790 100.0 867 100.0 657 100.0 982
Single modes S S 788 90.9 571 86.9 1,035
Truck3 S S 787 90.8 569 86.7 1,035
For-hire Truck S S 621 71.6 535 81.4 1,124
Private Truck 1,918 8.8 S S S S 188
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 26 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.2 1,037
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,988 13.7 74 8.6 83 12.6 987
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,988 13.7 74 8.6 83 12.6 987
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,274
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 84 0.4 5 0.5 4 0.5 S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 937 100.0 3,006 100.0 116 100.0 520
Single modes 823 87.8 2,984 99.3 98 84.8 79
Truck3 819 87.4 2,983 99.2 98 84.5 70
For-hire Truck 218 23.3 S S 30 25.5 S
Private Truck 601 64.1 2,551 84.9 S S 37
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,024
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 92 9.8 9 0.3 S S 1,094
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 9.8 9 0.3 S S 1,094
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 13 0.4 12 10.5 S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,530 100.0 2,157 100.0 289 100.0 358
Single modes 2,199 86.9 2,027 94.0 209 72.4 S
Truck3 2,088 82.5 1,031 47.8 190 65.9 191
For-hire Truck 896 35.4 174 8.1 103 35.7 578
Private Truck 1,192 47.1 857 39.7 87 30.3 87
Rail S S S S S S 175
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,071
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 101 4.0 7 0.3 5 1.9 744
Parcel, USPS or courier 96 3.8 6 0.3 4 1.2 741
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,260
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,530 100.0 691 100.0 207 100.0 624
Single modes 2,837 80.4 668 96.7 190 91.6 414
Truck3 2,828 80.1 667 96.6 188 90.9 394
For-hire Truck 1,517 43.0 S S 169 81.4 1,001
Private Truck 1,310 37.1 332 48.1 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 0.3 S S S S 1,285
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 601 17.0 14 2.0 16 7.7 949
Parcel, USPS or courier 601 17.0 14 2.0 16 7.7 949
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 92 2.6 9 1.3 2 0.7 S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,750 100.0 232 100.0 123 100.0 460
Single modes 5,356 79.3 217 93.5 116 94.2 343
Truck3 4,783 70.9 213 91.9 112 91.4 290
For-hire Truck 2,581 38.2 139 60.0 110 89.4 648
Private Truck 2,202 32.6 74 31.9 2 2.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 4 1.6 S S 1,201
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,350 20.0 12 5.4 7 5.3 551
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,350 20.0 12 5.4 7 5.3 551
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 574 100.0 549 100.0 812
Single modes S S 485 84.6 474 86.4 769
Truck3 S S 473 82.5 463 84.3 455
For-hire Truck S S 331 57.7 397 72.4 805
Private Truck S S 130 22.6 S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,611
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 15,817 29.8 71 12.4 54 9.9 837
Parcel, USPS or courier 15,815 29.8 71 12.4 53 9.7 836
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,920
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,992
Other and unknown modes 1,303 2.5 17 3.0 S S 748

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,298 100.0 178 100.0 44 100.0 S
Single modes 1,008 43.9 99 55.6 S S S
Truck3 989 43.0 98 55.3 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 35 19.9 S S 770
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,010
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 496 21.6 13 7.4 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 496 21.6 13 7.4 S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 18 100.0 10 100.0 762
Single modes S S 17 93.4 9 91.1 646
Truck3 S S 16 92.6 9 89.3 552
For-hire Truck 849 36.2 14 78.1 7 73.4 660
Private Truck S S S S S S 243
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,248
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,252
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,252
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 554

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,231 100.0 87 100.0 57 100.0 727
Single modes 7,697 54.1 49 56.4 31 54.8 925
Truck3 5,022 35.3 44 50.9 28 48.3 708
For-hire Truck 4,660 32.7 42 48.5 27 48.1 1,159
Private Truck S S S S 0.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 5 5.5 4 6.5 1,216
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5,786 40.7 34 39.8 24 41.5 704
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,786 40.7 34 39.8 24 41.5 704
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,549 100.0 220 100.0 67 100.0 268
Single modes 1,433 92.5 209 94.8 65 96.8 276
Truck3 1,433 92.5 209 94.8 65 96.8 276
For-hire Truck 569 36.8 105 47.6 60 89.2 590
Private Truck 863 55.8 104 47.2 5 7.6 112
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,157 100.0 682 100.0 538 100.0 1,069
Single modes 6,005 53.8 457 67.0 326 60.6 511
Truck3 5,912 53.0 455 66.7 325 60.4 495
For-hire Truck 4,631 41.5 325 47.7 309 57.3 787
Private Truck 1,198 10.7 122 17.9 16 3.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,506
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,058 36.4 123 18.0 131 24.4 1,155
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,053 36.3 122 17.9 130 24.2 1,155
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,111
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,520
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 237
Single modes S S S S S S 246
Truck3 S S S S S S 245
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 558
Private Truck S S S S S S 41
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,684
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19,434 100.0 6,636 100.0 626 100.0 162
Single modes 18,747 96.5 6,497 97.9 599 95.7 102
Truck3 18,747 96.5 6,497 97.9 599 95.7 102
For-hire Truck 3,662 18.8 669 10.1 191 30.5 320
Private Truck 15,085 77.6 5,828 87.8 408 65.2 63
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 583
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 392 2.0 29 0.4 S S 570
Parcel, USPS or courier 392 2.0 29 0.4 S S 570
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 295 1.5 S S S S 12

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 8 100.0 479
Single modes S S S S 8 95.8 S
Truck3 S S S S 8 90.4 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 832
Private Truck S S S S S S 63
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,451
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 16 5.8 S S S S 972
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 5.8 S S S S 972
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 464

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.