Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 159,884 100.0 92,619 100.0 23,025 100.0 612
Single modes 126,030 78.8 89,737 96.9 21,535 93.5 233
Truck 120,711 75.5 83,080 89.7 15,950 69.3 176
For-hire truck 66,303 41.5 31,505 34.0 12,793 55.6 645
Private truck 54,064 33.8 51,391 55.5 3,017 13.1 51
Rail 2,152 1.3 5,252 5.7 4,570 19.8 1,255
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 2,880 1.8 S S S S 1,701
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 28,311 17.7 1,109 1.2 822 3.6 947
Parcel, USPS or courier 25,889 16.2 787 0.8 445 1.9 948
Truck and Rail 2,248 1.4 314 0.3 373 1.6 809
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,263
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 5,542 3.5 1,773 1.9 669 2.9 113

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 856 100.0 S S S S 1,161
Single modes 647 75.6 S S S S 1,176
Truck 626 73.2 S S S S 1,172
For-hire truck 619 72.3 S S S S 1,171
Private truck 8 0.9 S S S S 1,247
Rail 14 1.6 27 4.8 36 5.4 1,357
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,403
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 203 23.7 1 0.3 2 0.3 1,160
Parcel, USPS or courier 203 23.7 1 0.3 2 0.3 1,160
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,214

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,976
Single modes S S S S S S 4,539
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,539
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,284
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,284
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 788 100.0 S S S S 2,608
Single modes 332 42.1 S S S S 2,483
Truck S S S S S S 2,670
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,670
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,463
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,641
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,641
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,685

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 396 100.0 183 100.0 283 100.0 1,465
Single modes 346 87.2 179 97.7 276 97.5 1,469
Truck 318 80.2 96 52.6 142 50.4 1,467
For-hire truck 177 44.8 67 36.5 99 34.9 1,466
Private truck S S S S S S 1,479
Rail S S S S S S 1,609
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,502
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 11.9 4 2.0 6 2.3 1,464
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 8.4 S S S S 1,464
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,860
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,424

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,700 100.0 919 100.0 2,816 100.0 3,040
Single modes 4,664 60.6 846 92.1 2,593 92.1 2,995
Truck 4,014 52.1 748 81.4 2,313 82.2 3,029
For-hire truck 3,970 51.6 725 78.9 2,245 79.7 3,030
Private truck 44 0.6 S S S S 3,015
Rail S S S S S S 3,286
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 605 7.9 3 0.3 9 0.3 2,821
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,983 38.7 47 5.1 145 5.1 3,049
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,961 38.5 38 4.1 115 4.1 3,049
Truck and Rail 21 0.3 9 1.0 30 1.1 3,258
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,976
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 54 0.7 S S S S 3,017

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 619 100.0 50 100.0 98 100.0 2,010
Single modes 406 65.6 48 95.0 93 95.0 2,050
Truck 206 33.3 47 93.8 92 93.6 1,984
For-hire truck 183 29.6 47 93.6 92 93.4 1,984
Private truck S S S S S S 2,007
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,064
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 213 34.4 2 5.0 5 5.0 2,000
Parcel, USPS or courier 213 34.4 2 5.0 5 5.0 2,000
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,323 100.0 3,007 100.0 262 100.0 89
Single modes 6,370 87.0 2,963 98.5 258 98.4 77
Truck 6,366 86.9 2,963 98.5 258 98.4 75
For-hire truck 2,403 32.8 957 31.8 71 27.1 92
Private truck 3,963 54.1 2,006 66.7 187 71.2 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,278
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 931 12.7 26 0.9 3 1.0 106
Parcel, USPS or courier 931 12.7 26 0.9 3 1.0 106
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 21 0.3 S S S S 98

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 536 100.0 110 100.0 41 100.0 398
Single modes 446 83.2 110 99.8 41 99.8 473
Truck 444 82.8 110 99.7 41 99.7 354
For-hire truck 389 72.5 58 52.9 21 50.8 347
Private truck S S S S S S 375
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 789
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 90 16.8 0.2 0.2 349
Parcel, USPS or courier 90 16.8 0.2 0.2 349
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 278

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1 100.0 S S S S 413
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 100.0 S S S S 413
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 100.0 S S S S 413
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 451

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,226 100.0 411 100.0 573 100.0 1,411
Single modes 801 36.0 377 91.8 529 92.2 1,460
Truck 700 31.4 281 68.5 390 68.1 1,457
For-hire truck 685 30.7 266 64.6 368 64.3 1,457
Private truck S S S S S S 1,462
Rail 46 2.0 96 23.3 138 24.1 1,447
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 56 2.5 1,538
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,382 62.1 7 1.7 10 1.7 1,398
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,382 62.1 7 1.7 10 1.7 1,398
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,313

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,692 100.0 672 100.0 746 100.0 1,130
Single modes 1,046 61.8 630 93.7 700 93.8 1,132
Truck 1,004 59.3 540 80.4 580 77.8 1,130
For-hire truck 901 53.2 389 57.9 422 56.6 1,086
Private truck 88 5.2 48 7.1 52 7.0 1,192
Rail 41 2.4 90 13.3 119 16.0 1,312
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.1 1,265
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 344 20.3 14 2.0 15 2.0 1,130
Parcel, USPS or courier 344 20.3 14 2.0 15 2.0 1,130
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,062

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100.0 100.0 100.0 5,518
Single modes S S S S S S 5,296
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,296
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 73.0 85.7 85.9 5,545
Parcel, USPS or courier 73.0 85.7 85.9 5,545
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 167 100.0 92 100.0 242 100.0 2,582
Single modes 124 74.1 92 99.2 240 99.2 2,582
Truck 57 34.3 38 41.2 95 39.3 2,540
For-hire truck 57 34.1 38 41.2 95 39.3 2,536
Private truck S S S S S S 2,561
Rail 30 18.1 52 56.6 142 58.6 2,708
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36 21.7 S S S S 2,583
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 23.9 1 0.7 2 0.7 2,582
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 23.9 1 0.7 2 0.7 2,582
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,477

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,711 100.0 1,113 100.0 1,172 100.0 1,017
Single modes 2,678 72.2 997 89.6 1,042 88.9 1,099
Truck 2,565 69.1 672 60.4 678 57.9 1,028
For-hire truck 1,927 51.9 538 48.3 555 47.3 1,030
Private truck S S S S S S 980
Rail S S 322 28.9 S S 1,118
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 84 2.3 S S S S 1,204
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 972 26.2 S S S S 988
Parcel, USPS or courier 912 24.6 13 1.2 13 1.1 988
Truck and Rail 61 1.6 S S S S 1,096
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,141

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,583 100.0 618 100.0 562 100.0 978
Single modes 2,187 84.7 593 95.8 538 95.7 959
Truck 2,146 83.1 480 77.6 427 76.0 951
For-hire truck 2,119 82.0 473 76.5 420 74.8 953
Private truck 27 1.1 S S S S 924
Rail S S S S S S 983
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.2 1,088
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 380 14.7 23 3.7 22 3.9 979
Parcel, USPS or courier 377 14.6 19 3.1 18 3.2 979
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 949
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 913

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 727 100.0 253 100.0 308 100.0 1,271
Single modes 672 92.5 250 99.0 305 99.0 1,245
Truck 624 85.9 153 60.7 186 60.4 1,244
For-hire truck 571 78.6 142 56.3 172 56.0 1,257
Private truck S S S S S S 1,182
Rail S S S S S S 1,223
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,256
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 55 7.5 2 1.0 3 1.0 1,278
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 7.5 2 1.0 3 1.0 1,278
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,509

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 663 100.0 126 100.0 202 100.0 1,514
Single modes 606 91.4 110 87.2 175 87.0 1,578
Truck 462 69.7 99 78.8 160 79.3 1,545
For-hire truck 455 68.7 98 77.8 158 78.4 1,550
Private truck S S S S S S 1,452
Rail 128 19.3 10 8.1 15 7.3 1,447
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,589
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 53 8.0 2 1.6 3 1.5 1,510
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 7.8 2 1.5 3 1.4 1,510
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,449
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,466

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 457 100.0 443 100.0 943
Single modes S S 439 96.0 425 95.8 935
Truck S S 350 76.5 324 73.0 909
For-hire truck S S 322 70.5 298 67.1 906
Private truck 17 0.8 28 6.1 26 5.9 995
Rail S S S S S S 1,194
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,200
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 333 15.9 7 1.6 7 1.7 944
Parcel, USPS or courier 330 15.7 6 1.4 6 1.4 944
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,151
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,063

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 248 100.0 253 100.0 421 100.0 1,567
Single modes 232 93.4 194 76.6 331 78.7 1,559
Truck 152 61.1 66 25.9 101 24.0 1,545
For-hire truck 152 61.1 66 25.9 101 24.0 1,545
Private truck
Rail 80 32.2 128 50.6 230 54.7 1,797
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,458
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 6.2 S S S S 1,575
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 5.7 1,575
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,654
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,510

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,796 100.0 2,425 100.0 421 100.0 158
Single modes 4,454 92.9 2,320 95.7 400 95.1 179
Truck 4,208 87.7 2,266 93.5 377 89.6 163
For-hire truck 975 20.3 1,106 45.6 233 55.5 175
Private truck 3,233 67.4 1,160 47.8 144 34.1 156
Rail S S 52 2.1 22 5.3 316
Water S S S S S S 121
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 121
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,567
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 208 4.3 8 0.3 1 0.3 151
Parcel, USPS or courier 192 4.0 6 0.2 1 0.2 151
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 132
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 139

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,688 100.0 593 100.0 240 100.0 417
Single modes 1,475 87.4 584 98.4 236 98.4 408
Truck 1,462 86.6 584 98.4 236 98.3 404
For-hire truck 897 53.2 449 75.7 182 75.9 412
Private truck S S 135 22.7 54 22.4 400
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 868
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 198 11.7 9 1.5 4 1.6 421
Parcel, USPS or courier 198 11.7 9 1.5 4 1.6 421
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 427

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 58,214 100.0 51,972 100.0 1,162 100.0 30
Single modes 49,425 84.9 50,646 97.4 1,136 97.8 27
Truck 49,175 84.5 49,563 95.4 1,128 97.0 26
For-hire truck 15,511 26.6 12,159 23.4 312 26.9 43
Private truck 33,546 57.6 37,372 71.9 814 70.0 24
Rail S S S S S S 27
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,319
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5,593 9.6 S S S S 45
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,584 9.6 S S S S 45
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 236
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 3,196 5.5 1,007 1.9 13 1.1 16

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,629 100.0 361 100.0 303 100.0 882
Single modes 1,335 50.8 270 74.9 246 81.4 897
Truck 1,170 44.5 246 68.1 224 73.9 888
For-hire truck 1,148 43.7 240 66.5 218 72.0 884
Private truck 22 0.8 S S S S 961
Rail S S S S 22 7.4 641
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,291 49.1 90 24.8 55 18.3 877
Parcel, USPS or courier 241 9.2 7 1.9 6 2.0 891
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 609
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 3 0.1 S S S S 924

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,103 100.0 302 100.0 434 100.0 1,434
Single modes 788 71.5 297 98.4 427 98.4 1,459
Truck 714 64.8 216 71.4 306 70.6 1,458
For-hire truck 682 61.9 208 68.7 295 67.9 1,459
Private truck 31 2.9 S S S S 1,410
Rail S S S S S S 1,467
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36 3.3 S S S S 1,476
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 313 28.4 5 1.5 7 1.5 1,430
Parcel, USPS or courier 313 28.4 5 1.5 7 1.5 1,430
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,395

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 487 100.0 146 100.0 207 100.0 1,341
Single modes 431 88.6 144 98.7 204 98.7 1,348
Truck 419 86.2 117 80.1 159 76.9 1,344
For-hire truck 333 68.3 108 73.7 147 70.9 1,351
Private truck S S S S S S 1,328
Rail S S S S S S 1,668
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,395
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,329
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,329
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,343

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 973 100.0 159 100.0 204 100.0 1,291
Single modes 545 56.0 125 78.6 161 78.9 1,239
Truck 412 42.3 101 63.6 131 64.2 1,283
For-hire truck 381 39.2 90 56.6 117 57.0 1,280
Private truck S S S S S S 1,356
Rail S S S S S S 1,266
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 0.1 1,216
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 421 43.2 33 21.0 42 20.7 1,296
Parcel, USPS or courier 403 41.4 23 14.4 30 14.5 1,296
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,201
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,361
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,320

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41 100.0 42 100.0 108 100.0 2,409
Single modes 26 63.1 42 99.8 107 99.8 2,537
Truck 8 19.4 S S S S 2,522
For-hire truck 8 18.7 S S S S 2,551
Private truck S S S S S S 2,318
Rail 18 43.7 32 75.4 82 76.0 2,564
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.2 2,403
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.2 2,403
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,405

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 427 100.0 264 100.0 402 100.0 1,639
Single modes 396 92.7 262 99.2 399 99.2 1,573
Truck 365 85.4 107 40.6 161 40.0 1,525
For-hire truck 359 84.0 107 40.4 160 39.9 1,535
Private truck S S S S S S 1,463
Rail S S S S S S 1,629
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,688
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,646
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,646
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 660 100.0 41 100.0 112 100.0 2,887
Single modes 604 91.5 41 99.2 111 99.2 2,886
Truck 342 51.8 41 98.9 111 98.9 2,806
For-hire truck 340 51.5 40 97.9 109 97.8 2,806
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,978
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,958
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.8 1 0.8 2,887
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.8 1 0.8 2,887
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,613 100.0 4,584 100.0 339 100.0 74
Single modes 4,120 73.4 4,522 98.6 334 98.6 61
Truck 4,062 72.4 3,655 79.7 238 70.2 59
For-hire truck 1,979 35.3 1,297 28.3 103 30.5 66
Private truck 2,076 37.0 2,356 51.4 134 39.6 56
Rail S S S S S S 111
Water S S S S S S 97
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 97
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,047
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,266 22.5 27 0.6 2 0.5 83
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,266 22.5 27 0.6 2 0.5 83
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 227 4.1 36 0.8 3 0.9 56

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,014 100.0 3,321 100.0 897 100.0 248
Single modes 5,519 78.7 3,166 95.3 857 95.6 255
Truck 5,210 74.3 1,901 57.2 474 52.9 221
For-hire truck 3,485 49.7 1,455 43.8 360 40.1 219
Private truck 1,574 22.4 440 13.2 113 12.6 225
Rail S S 157 4.7 65 7.2 412
Water S S S S S S 287
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 287
Air (including truck and air) 77 1.1 S S S S 521
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,395 19.9 39 1.2 11 1.3 246
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,223 17.4 33 1.0 9 0.9 246
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 505
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 100 1.4 S S S S 230

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 2,364
Single modes 6 41.4 S S S S 2,464
Truck S S S S S S 2,333
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,224
Private truck S S S S S S 2,363
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 9.8 0.5 0.6 2,475
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 58.6 S S S S 2,283
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 58.6 S S S S 2,283
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,106 100.0 4,147 100.0 981 100.0 254
Single modes 7,056 77.5 4,045 97.5 955 97.4 271
Truck 6,769 74.3 3,883 93.6 887 90.4 220
For-hire truck 5,181 56.9 2,253 54.3 502 51.2 238
Private truck 1,575 17.3 1,612 38.9 378 38.5 199
Rail S S S S S S 443
Water S S S S S S 255
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 255
Air (including truck and air) 267 2.9 S S S S 617
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,910 21.0 50 1.2 11 1.2 250
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,907 20.9 47 1.1 11 1.1 250
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 280
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 14 1.4 234

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,586 100.0 730 100.0 568 100.0 833
Single modes 3,086 86.0 696 95.4 541 95.2 826
Truck 2,994 83.5 623 85.4 477 84.0 813
For-hire truck 2,713 75.6 544 74.5 414 73.0 810
Private truck S S 79 10.8 S S 846
Rail S S S S S S 860
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 67 1.9 S S S S 1,174
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 444 12.4 16 2.2 13 2.2 835
Parcel, USPS or courier 444 12.4 16 2.2 13 2.2 835
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 56 1.6 18 2.5 14 2.5 808

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,718
Single modes S S S S S S 1,767
Truck S S 22 13.2 39 13.5 1,779
For-hire truck 15 12.2 S S S S 1,741
Private truck S S S S S S 1,802
Rail S S S S S S 1,704
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,707
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,707
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,693

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,368 100.0 1,766 100.0 1,328 100.0 747
Single modes 3,421 78.3 1,696 96.1 1,276 96.1 772
Truck 3,193 73.1 1,133 64.1 869 65.4 720
For-hire truck 2,701 61.8 1,016 57.5 784 59.1 714
Private truck 492 11.3 S S S S 740
Rail S S S S S S 719
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 60 1.4 S S S S 1,127
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 938 21.5 53 3.0 40 3.0 741
Parcel, USPS or courier 806 18.5 31 1.8 23 1.8 740
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 787
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 821

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 458 100.0 S S S S 1,661
Single modes 386 84.2 61 35.9 102 35.9 1,608
Truck 172 37.5 36 21.4 59 20.6 1,618
For-hire truck 161 35.1 31 18.6 51 17.9 1,618
Private truck S S S S S S 1,618
Rail S S S S S S 1,781
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,513
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 7.5 S S S S 1,677
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 7.5 S S S S 1,677
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,623

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 644 100.0 440 100.0 1,402 100.0 3,156
Single modes 457 70.9 433 98.4 1,380 98.4 2,963
Truck 245 38.1 S S S S 3,091
For-hire truck 243 37.6 S S S S 3,090
Private truck S S S S S S 3,123
Rail S S S S S S 3,368
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,924
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 187 29.0 S S S S 3,180
Parcel, USPS or courier 187 29.0 S S S S 3,180
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,187

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,450 100.0 2,334 100.0 891 100.0 373
Single modes 7,397 87.5 2,274 97.5 869 97.6 367
Truck 7,318 86.6 2,213 94.8 833 93.6 354
For-hire truck 5,399 63.9 1,786 76.5 684 76.8 361
Private truck 1,917 22.7 425 18.2 149 16.7 329
Rail S S 60 2.6 35 3.9 573
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 59 0.7 1 738
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,006 11.9 45 1.9 16 1.8 375
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,006 11.9 45 1.9 16 1.8 375
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 336

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,963 100.0 6,204 100.0 290 100.0 60
Single modes 3,419 86.3 6,183 99.7 289 99.7 54
Truck 3,404 85.9 6,182 99.6 289 99.6 51
For-hire truck 1,049 26.5 1,397 22.5 67 23.1 52
Private truck 2,353 59.4 4,784 77.1 221 76.5 51
Rail
Water S S S S S S 109
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 109
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 491
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 473 11.9 10 0.2 1 0.2 67
Parcel, USPS or courier 472 11.9 10 0.2 1 0.2 67
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 196
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 71 1.8 11 0.2 0.1 64

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,397 100.0 469 100.0 440 100.0 931
Single modes 1,331 95.3 462 98.6 433 98.5 938
Truck 1,278 91.5 405 86.4 376 85.6 929
For-hire truck 1,250 89.5 391 83.5 363 82.5 929
Private truck 13 0.9 S S S S 933
Rail 30 2.1 57 12.1 57 12.8 1,014
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,163
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 4.7 S S S S 927
Parcel, USPS or courier 61 4.4 2 0.4 2 0.4 927
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 981
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 923

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 299 100.0 18 100.0 30 100.0 1,620
Single modes 64 21.3 12 66.2 20 67.5 1,677
Truck 49 16.3 12 65.5 20 66.7 1,614
For-hire truck 48 16.1 12 64.0 19 65.3 1,616
Private truck S S S S S S 1,562
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,783
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,653
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,653
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,509

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,761 100.0 373 100.0 422 100.0 1,201
Single modes 1,231 44.6 300 80.4 330 78.2 1,075
Truck 965 34.9 234 62.9 240 56.9 1,065
For-hire truck 941 34.1 222 59.5 227 53.7 1,062
Private truck S S S S S S 1,198
Rail S S S S S S 1,352
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 127 4.6 S S S S 1,086
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,509 54.6 S S S S 1,220
Parcel, USPS or courier 623 22.6 S S S S 1,220
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,333
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,243

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,769 100.0 446 100.0 841 100.0 1,862
Single modes 868 49.1 428 96.1 808 96.2 1,939
Truck 603 34.1 215 48.3 394 46.9 1,836
For-hire truck 510 28.8 188 42.3 347 41.2 1,841
Private truck S S 24 5.4 43 5.1 1,775
Rail 183 10.3 211 47.4 410 48.8 1,947
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 82 4.6 S S S S 2,088
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 871 49.2 13 2.9 24 2.9 1,839
Parcel, USPS or courier 867 49.0 8 1.7 14 1.7 1,839
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,955
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,809

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 177 100.0 11 100.0 25 100.0 2,379
Single modes S S 8 76.3 19 76.3 2,356
Truck 10 5.7 8 74.7 19 74.7 2,357
For-hire truck 10 5.7 8 74.7 19 74.7 2,357
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,356
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 109 61.8 2 22.6 6 22.7 2,381
Parcel, USPS or courier 109 61.8 2 22.6 6 22.7 2,381
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,395

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,149 100.0 817 100.0 157 100.0 185
Single modes 1,994 92.8 784 96.0 153 97.6 180
Truck 1,986 92.4 783 95.9 153 97.5 168
For-hire truck S S 452 55.3 96 61.2 205
Private truck 677 31.5 331 40.6 57 36.3 154
Rail S S S S S S 189
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,269
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 134 6.2 S S S S 189
Parcel, USPS or courier 134 6.2 S S S S 189
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 123

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,324 100.0 820 100.0 467 100.0 631
Single modes 1,097 82.9 811 98.9 461 98.9 587
Truck 1,039 78.5 742 90.4 410 87.8 553
For-hire truck 928 70.1 670 81.6 370 79.2 564
Private truck 111 8.4 72 8.8 40 8.7 528
Rail S S 69 8.4 51 11.0 740
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 26 1.9 S S 690
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 211 15.9 7 0.9 4 1.0 640
Parcel, USPS or courier 211 15.9 7 0.9 4 1.0 640
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 709

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 445 100.0 95 100.0 290 100.0 3,032
Single modes 134 30.1 74 78.2 224 77.2 2,972
Truck 102 23.0 41 43.3 124 42.7 3,030
For-hire truck 102 23.0 41 43.3 124 42.7 3,030
Private truck
Rail 15 3.3 33 34.7 99 34.3 3,068
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 17 3.8 S S S S 2,830
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,034
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 2.3 7 2.3 3,034
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,242
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,079

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 177 100.0 83 100.0 47 100.0 552
Single modes 164 92.5 82 99.2 47 99.2 575
Truck 164 92.5 82 99.1 47 99.1 577
For-hire truck 135 75.9 75 90.9 43 91.5 587
Private truck 29 16.5 7 8.2 4 7.6 528
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 488
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 5.3 0.6 0.6 543
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 5.3 0.6 0.6 543
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 671

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,642 100.0 471 100.0 542 100.0 1,165
Single modes 1,304 49.4 405 86.0 467 86.1 1,128
Truck 1,234 46.7 404 85.7 465 85.7 1,115
For-hire truck 1,054 39.9 351 74.6 407 75.0 1,123
Private truck S S S S S S 1,085
Rail S S S S S S 1,375
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,197
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 633 24.0 23 4.8 26 4.9 1,167
Parcel, USPS or courier 622 23.5 20 4.2 23 4.2 1,167
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,152
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,137

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,988
Single modes S S S S S S 2,197
Truck S S S S S S 2,196
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,196
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,201
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,986
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,986
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,408

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.