Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 200,813 138,895 44.6 75,123 89,758 −16.3 14,077 13,032 8 528 445 18.7
Single modes 154,344 99,776 54.7 72,404 88,178 −17.9 12,829 11,929 7.5 200 215 −7.2
Truck 145,408 90,493 60.7 70,702 82,068 −13.8 11,787 8,301 42 170 147 15.8
Rail S 260 S S S S S S S 1,169 947 23.5
Water S S S S 1 S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) S 8,458 S 38 S S 64 S S 1,455 1,392 4.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 40,169 34,370 16.9 1,076 795 35.3 740 801 −7.7 847 711 19.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 39,801 33,733 18 935 623 50 517 511 1.1 847 711 19.1
Truck and Rail S S S S 81 S S 216 S 1,551 1,918 −19.2
Other multiple modes S 165 S S 91 S S 74 S 2,232 S S
Other and unknown modes 6,300 4,749 32.7 1,643 784 109.5 509 302 68.6 218 S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,537 5,656 15.6 2,296 3,718 −38.3 630 719 −12.4 175 130 35.3
Single modes 6,430 5,415 18.7 2,279 3,625 −37.1 616 567 8.6 130 127 1.8
Truck 6,401 5,372 19.2 2,271 3,621 −37.3 580 561 3.4 120 118 2.2
Rail S S S S S S 3,307
Water S S S S S S 58
Air (including truck and air) 28 S S S S S S S S 2,503 1,230 103.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 193 S S 77 S S 142 S 822 1,308 −37.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 822 1,054 −22
Truck and Rail 87 40 132 3,227
Other multiple modes S 105 S S 37 S S 10 S 248 280 −11.5
Other and unknown modes S 48 S S 16 S S S S 84 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,964 10,100 −11.3 5,732 7,789 −26.4 1,065 973 9.5 191 73 162.3
Single modes 8,567 9,942 −13.8 5,608 7,734 −27.5 1,027 960 7 58 47 25.5
Truck 8,567 9,926 −13.7 5,608 7,726 −27.4 1,027 952 7.9 58 46 25.7
Rail S S S S S S 1,057
Water S S S S S S 297
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 244 444 −45
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 637 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 637 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 271
Other and unknown modes 198 S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 405 436 −7.1 19,833 27,571 −28.1 667 536 24.5 33 54 −39.1
Single modes 397 415 −4.4 19,333 27,542 −29.8 665 533 24.7 35 53 −34.2
Truck 392 414 −5.3 19,281 27,280 −29.3 637 532 19.7 34 53 −35.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S 570 5 S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 848
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 86 173 −50.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 86 172 −50
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 205
Other and unknown modes S S S S 17 S S S S 4 25 −82.8

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,218 2,909 45 16,713 17,553 −4.8 337 740 −54.4 S 42 S
Single modes 4,195 2,903 44.5 16,677 17,491 −4.7 328 739 −55.6 S 36 S
Truck 4,195 2,343 79.1 16,677 14,793 12.7 328 S S S 36 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 995
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,204 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,204 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 180 S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 26,885 24,099 11.6 5,618 3,742 50.1 2,424 1,617 49.9 357 393 −9.3
Single modes 19,932 16,767 18.9 4,766 3,372 41.4 2,001 1,436 39.3 251 348 −27.7
Truck 18,785 15,896 18.2 4,573 3,238 41.2 1,850 1,361 36 225 191 17.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,161 1,090 6.5
Water S S S S S S S S S 64 7 797.2
Air (including truck and air) 990 780 26.8 4 18 −79.5 4 24 −83.7 1,563 1,438 8.7
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,457 6,887 −6.2 S 196 S S 141 S 477 470 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,119 6,825 −10.3 S 162 S 74 77 −3.8 476 470 1.3
Truck and Rail S 59 S S 33 S S 63 S 1,679 1,246 34.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,569
Other and unknown modes 495 445 11.4 308 175 76.3 S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 34,897 19,199 81.8 9,405 6,011 56.5 S 2,362 S 663 490 35.5
Single modes 29,813 15,071 97.8 9,046 5,742 57.5 S 2,150 S 221 325 −31.9
Truck 29,540 14,715 100.0.7 8,618 5,632 53 S 1,847 S 213 253 −15.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,253 3,216 −61
Water
Air (including truck and air) 28 S S 1 S S 2 S S 1,054 1,472 −28.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,304 2,434 76.8 166 131 26.5 150 163 −7.6 922 654 41
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,293 2,406 78.4 164 103 58.9 149 98 52.4 922 654 41.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S S 3,444 S
Other multiple modes 27 27 S S S S
Other and unknown modes 780 S S 193 138 39.9 S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 13,748 13,493 1.9 6,086 18,315 −66.8 735 S S 516 264 95.9
Single modes 11,215 10,407 7.8 5,896 17,956 −67.2 613 S S 286 160 78.2
Truck 10,517 9,913 6.1 4,894 15,146 −67.7 589 1,296 −54.6 262 137 90.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S 175 1,026 −82.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 388 S 5 14 −62.2 5 19 −71.6 1,263 1,354 −6.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,144 2,535 −15.4 42 123 −65.7 33 S S 811 403 101.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,139 2,520 −15.1 42 116 −64.2 31 S S 811 403 101
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,260
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 20
Other and unknown modes 389 551 −29.4 S 236 S S 113 S 142 S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 71,987 46,252 55.6 856 1,374 −37.7 660 734 −10.1 634 504 25.7
Single modes S 27,285 S 650 1,187 −45.3 550 582 −5.5 667 209 218.6
Truck S 20,543 S 632 1,141 −44.5 535 535 −0.1 398 114 248.4
Rail S S S S S S 1,252
Water S S S S S S S S S 3 86 −97.1
Air (including truck and air) S 6,738 S 17 46 −62.9 S 46 S 1,477 1,284 15
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 22,394 17,334 29.2 119 119 85 92 −7.8 728 795 −8.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 22,392 17,334 29.2 119 119 −0.1 84 92 −8.6 728 795 −8.5
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,824
Other and unknown modes 2,920 1,632 78.9 S 67 S 25 S S 277 S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 32,893 15,962 106.1 8,487 3,312 156.2 1,589 802 98.1 676 760 −11.1
Single modes 26,862 10,931 145.7 8,052 3,161 154.7 1,348 651 107 172 221 −22.3
Truck 26,767 10,731 149.4 8,050 3,124 157.7 1,347 614 119.4 169 200 −15.6
Rail S S S S 27 1,017
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 193 S S 8 S S 10 S 1,497 1,531 −2.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,556 4,779 −4.7 160 121 32.2 155 129 20.4 1,085 1,056 2.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,551 4,445 2.4 160 105 52 154 112 37.3 1,085 1,056 2.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,111 2,581 −56.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 53 S
Other and unknown modes 1,475 252 484.6 274 30 826.7 S 22 S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 791 S S 372 S 8 62 −86.5 479 S S
Single modes S 640 S S 367 S 8 60 −86.5 S S S
Truck S 640 S S 367 S 8 60 −87.3 S S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,451
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16 S S S 3 S S 2 S 972 1,013 −4
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 S S S 3 S S 2 S 972 1,013 −4
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 464 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.