Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.9 11.5 28.1 8.9
Single modes 20.9 3.5 11.8 0.6 30.0 2.3 11.7
Truck 19.2 3.5 11.4 1.3 26.5 2.6 9.0
For-hire truck 20.9 3.2 13.8 2.3 32.6 3.0 10.6
Private truck 9.3 3.9 12.3 2.9 6.4 2.6 13.5
Rail S S S S S S 33.5
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S 30.5 49.4 0.3 5.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 18.5 3.0 26.1 0.4 28.1 1.9 5.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.9 3.0 28.5 0.4 14.7 1.1 5.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 34.3
Other and unknown modes 16.9 0.8 17.6 0.5 35.1 1.2 38.8

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 40.2 39.2 1.4
Single modes S S 42.2 5.9 41.4 6.3 1.2
Truck S S 42.3 5.9 41.5 6.3 1.1
For-hire truck S S 42.3 5.9 41.6 6.3 1.1
Private truck 49.1 0.1 S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.5 12.9 30.2 3.7 31.0 3.9 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.5 12.9 30.2 3.7 31.0 3.9 1.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 14.6
Single modes S S S S S S 21.6
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.2 S S S S 0.5
Single modes S S S S S S 0.6
Truck S S S S S S 0.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 0.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 10.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.5 10.6 32.3 7.6 32.4 7.5 0.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.5 10.6 32.3 7.6 32.4 7.5 0.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 36.3 37.0 0.7
Single modes S S 41.7 3.8 42.7 4.1 1.0
Truck S S 41.7 3.9 42.7 4.1 1.1
For-hire truck S S 42.7 4.0 43.7 4.2 1.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.7 8.7 39.0 3.3 38.9 3.4 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.7 8.7 39.0 3.3 38.9 3.4 0.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.2 21.3 21.6 0.2
Single modes 20.7 6.4 25.0 4.1 25.5 4.2 0.5
Truck 23.4 6.0 25.6 4.7 26.1 4.9 0.3
For-hire truck 23.6 6.1 25.9 5.5 26.4 5.6 0.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 43.5 3.1 S S S S 1.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 14.9 5.5 40.2 4.4 41.4 4.5 0.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 15.8 5.6 15.2 2.3 15.1 2.3 0.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 37.2 2.3 37.0 2.3 14.9

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.2 15.9 15.5 1.0
Single modes 29.3 10.4 24.9 9.7 24.6 9.7 0.6
Truck 27.7 10.1 24.9 9.6 24.7 9.6 0.5
For-hire truck 27.9 10.2 26.0 10.7 25.8 10.6 0.5
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.1 9.0 29.7 5.7 29.8 5.7 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.1 9.0 29.7 5.7 29.8 5.7 1.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.4 9.1 7.6 4.4
Single modes 15.6 5.7 9.9 1.9 8.4 2.1 6.3
Truck 15.6 5.7 9.9 1.9 8.4 2.1 6.2
For-hire truck 18.5 3.3 16.1 5.2 16.9 5.2 7.2
Private truck 20.8 5.8 14.9 5.0 12.5 5.2 6.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.7 5.9 39.5 0.8 42.0 1.1 4.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.7 5.9 39.5 0.8 42.0 1.1 4.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 49.7 1.5 S S 14.5

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.8 48.6 49.8 2.4
Single modes 39.0 12.0 S S S S 2.5
Truck 40.6 12.2 S S S S 2.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.9
Private truck S S 44.4 9.1 45.3 8.9 15.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 27.6 10.2 28.0 10.1 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 27.6 10.2 28.0 10.1 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 42.3 41.1 7.2
Single modes S S 46.9 18.5 47.5 17.8 17.6
Truck S S 46.9 18.5 47.5 17.8 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 40.8 18.5 S S 7.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.8 18.5 S S 7.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.3 S S S S 0.6
Single modes 27.0 5.8 S S S S 1.4
Truck 30.8 6.6 S S S S 1.1
For-hire truck 30.8 6.5 S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 18.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46.8 5.1 S S S S 1.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.7 5.6 35.2 5.8 37.9 6.1 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.7 5.6 24.9 5.3 24.3 5.4 0.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 29.0 28.5 0.6
Single modes 14.4 12.7 19.3 5.1 19.4 4.9 0.9
Truck 13.6 12.4 19.6 5.2 19.7 5.1 1.1
For-hire truck 14.4 11.2 22.8 7.1 22.9 7.0 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 15.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 11.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 28.6 1.8 29.9 1.8 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 28.6 1.8 29.9 1.8 0.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.7

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 0.7
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 0.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 0.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.4 S S S S 0.9
Single modes 42.0 12.1 S S S S 10.6
Truck S S S S S S 15.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.0
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.5 11.6 33.4 13.1 32.9 13.1 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.5 11.6 33.4 13.1 32.9 13.1 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.7 24.6 25.2 0.6
Single modes 28.2 7.3 16.9 6.0 17.4 6.1 1.3
Truck 29.7 6.8 16.6 6.4 17.1 6.5 1.4
For-hire truck 30.8 7.1 17.8 6.2 18.3 6.4 1.0
Private truck 28.0 0.9 35.7 3.7 36.8 3.9 2.2
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 33.8 34.4 10.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.0 6.9 S S S S 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 16.5 7.2 19.1 1.7 19.5 1.6 0.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 42.0 2.1 42.3 2.2 25.8

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.9 S S S S 2.1
Single modes 29.4 5.4 S S S S 3.8
Truck 32.5 7.0 S S S S 1.0
For-hire truck 33.6 7.3 S S S S 0.9
Private truck S S S S 48.7 2.6 18.3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 19.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.1 5.3 24.1 2.1 24.4 2.2 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.1 5.3 24.1 2.1 24.4 2.2 1.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 S S S S 1.6
Single modes 48.2 12.6 S S S S 1.4
Truck 49.6 12.8 S S S S 1.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 33.7 0.7 S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.5 12.0 31.8 10.3 32.0 10.3 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.5 12.0 31.8 10.3 32.0 10.3 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.5 48.2 49.0 1.2
Single modes 40.4 11.2 S S S S 1.4
Truck 47.0 10.8 S S S S 1.1
For-hire truck 47.1 10.7 S S S S 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.6 39.7 39.8 1.7
Single modes 21.4 5.2 41.3 6.8 41.5 6.8 2.6
Truck 19.6 6.2 42.7 6.8 42.8 6.7 1.4
For-hire truck 19.7 5.9 43.7 7.2 43.6 7.1 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.8 4.5 24.5 5.4 23.9 5.5 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.8 4.5 24.5 5.4 23.9 5.5 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.6 39.3 39.4 0.4
Single modes 34.6 8.8 39.5 9.1 39.8 9.0 0.9
Truck 36.1 8.8 39.7 9.1 40.0 9.0 0.9
For-hire truck 42.9 9.4 31.3 9.9 31.5 10.0 0.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.2 8.4 31.3 9.2 31.6 9.1 0.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.2 8.4 31.3 9.2 31.6 9.1 0.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.9 12.6 17.9 3.1
Single modes 14.8 5.3 11.9 4.5 14.9 5.6 4.2
Truck 14.4 5.2 11.7 4.5 15.0 5.7 4.0
For-hire truck 29.6 6.6 24.9 8.2 29.8 8.3 5.2
Private truck 17.7 8.3 19.2 8.2 16.3 7.9 5.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.2 3.3 38.2 0.9 43.0 0.9 5.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.2 3.3 38.2 0.9 43.0 0.9 5.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.9

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.4 20.1 18.5 1.0
Single modes 27.4 6.1 21.0 2.1 19.5 2.1 3.5
Truck 29.0 6.8 22.2 3.7 20.7 3.8 1.0
For-hire truck 36.2 7.0 22.9 5.3 21.4 5.4 0.8
Private truck 42.6 4.3 26.0 4.9 25.2 4.9 3.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 18.9 6.2 23.3 2.1 23.2 2.1 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.9 6.2 23.3 2.1 23.2 2.1 1.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.7

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.0 16.3 11.2 5.9
Single modes 10.9 2.3 16.4 0.7 11.2 0.5 8.4
Truck 10.9 2.4 16.6 1.5 11.3 0.8 8.6
For-hire truck 15.0 2.8 24.2 3.0 22.0 3.7 7.8
Private truck 11.8 3.0 14.9 3.2 11.0 4.0 10.3
Rail S S S S S S 30.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 9.5 1.7 S S S S 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 9.5 1.7 S S S S 6.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 21.0 1.3 29.0 0.6 11.2 0.2 13.0

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.2 20.0 20.5 1.4
Single modes 29.2 7.0 22.1 4.1 22.4 3.6 2.2
Truck 31.2 7.1 22.3 3.9 22.5 3.6 1.5
For-hire truck 32.4 6.6 23.0 5.2 23.4 4.9 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 21.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 43.2 43.2 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.6 6.8 29.1 3.5 24.2 3.1 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.9 6.8 20.7 1.8 23.5 2.2 1.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.5 18.6 18.8 0.4
Single modes 25.7 7.2 19.0 2.2 19.3 2.1 0.9
Truck 26.7 6.9 16.4 5.2 16.2 5.1 1.0
For-hire truck 26.7 6.9 19.9 8.8 19.7 8.8 1.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.4 7.1 30.9 1.2 30.8 1.1 0.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.4 7.1 30.9 1.2 30.8 1.1 0.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.0 28.0 27.0 1.1
Single modes 32.4 6.6 28.4 5.6 27.4 5.3 1.6
Truck 31.6 6.4 31.1 10.1 30.7 10.1 1.1
For-hire truck 27.6 6.7 30.4 9.9 30.3 9.9 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.6 6.5 32.5 5.6 32.4 5.3 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.6 6.5 32.5 5.6 32.4 5.3 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.9 24.5 24.0 1.9
Single modes 44.5 8.5 25.2 2.3 24.5 2.1 1.6
Truck S S 25.6 2.7 24.9 2.5 1.5
For-hire truck S S 26.3 7.4 25.7 7.5 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.7 8.0 29.5 1.1 28.7 1.1 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.9 8.0 29.7 1.2 29.0 1.1 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.7
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 43.2 46.1 2.3
Single modes S S 49.3 18.3 S S 18.3
Truck S S 49.5 18.3 S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S 49.5 18.3 S S 18.3
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.2 17.9 38.4 18.3 38.7 18.6 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.2 17.9 38.4 18.3 38.7 18.6 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.4 21.7 21.8 0.7
Single modes 29.6 9.6 26.6 9.9 26.7 9.9 0.7
Truck 32.5 11.7 26.7 10.2 26.8 10.1 0.6
For-hire truck 32.5 11.7 26.7 10.1 26.8 10.1 0.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.2 8.4 49.0 7.1 48.1 7.1 0.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.2 8.4 49.0 7.1 48.1 7.1 0.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.7 27.0 24.0 3.6
Single modes 11.6 3.2 27.8 1.7 25.1 1.9 5.4
Truck 11.6 3.2 27.8 1.7 25.1 1.9 6.2
For-hire truck 30.1 4.0 S S S S 8.8
Private truck 11.5 5.1 26.6 7.4 21.3 7.8 6.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.0 3.1 47.9 1.7 S S 4.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.0 3.1 47.9 1.7 S S 4.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39.1 0.3 S S S S 17.1

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.7 24.4 21.7 1.5
Single modes 28.3 6.8 25.7 1.6 23.0 1.6 1.5
Truck 28.5 6.8 25.7 1.6 23.1 1.7 1.2
For-hire truck 34.0 8.2 29.3 5.9 27.5 6.3 1.8
Private truck 17.1 2.5 21.1 5.2 19.4 5.6 1.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36.0 0.4 S S S S 24.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.2 6.8 20.2 1.3 20.0 1.3 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.3 6.8 22.7 1.3 22.5 1.3 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 35.4 0.1 S S S S 13.5

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 32.9 33.4 0.6
Single modes 37.7 13.4 38.5 8.5 39.2 8.6 1.2
Truck 38.1 12.3 40.9 8.8 41.5 8.8 10.6
For-hire truck 38.1 12.3 40.9 8.8 41.5 8.8 10.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 29.0 8.5 28.7 8.6 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 29.0 8.5 28.7 8.6 0.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.8 15.4 14.0 3.9
Single modes 18.5 5.1 16.1 2.7 15.1 3.0 11.2
Truck 19.5 6.8 16.3 2.6 15.3 2.9 7.8
For-hire truck 14.8 5.3 23.6 5.2 21.1 5.2 4.1
Private truck 35.3 3.2 19.5 4.7 19.0 4.7 18.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 34.6 0.4 31.8 0.4 27.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.8 3.4 20.6 0.7 19.7 0.7 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.8 3.4 20.6 0.7 19.7 0.7 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15.7

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.7 27.9 33.5 1.4
Single modes 32.1 5.5 28.2 0.8 33.9 0.9 1.9
Truck 33.7 6.3 16.8 10.2 16.4 11.6 0.7
For-hire truck 31.7 6.3 19.3 10.2 18.8 11.4 0.7
Private truck S S 30.9 3.3 31.3 3.4 1.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 10.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 22.2 0.9 23.1 0.9 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 22.2 0.9 23.1 0.9 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.0 S S S S 2.4
Single modes 39.1 11.6 S S S S 18.4
Truck 39.1 11.6 S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck 39.1 11.6 S S S S 18.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.1 11.5 26.3 18.0 25.4 18.0 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.1 11.5 26.3 18.0 25.4 18.0 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.8 32.4 31.5 1.7
Single modes 32.1 7.9 34.1 3.0 33.4 3.3 3.0
Truck 35.3 8.7 31.4 4.2 31.3 4.5 1.2
For-hire truck 30.7 6.3 31.0 6.0 31.1 6.1 1.3
Private truck S S 42.8 3.7 40.0 3.5 3.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 35.7 35.5 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 18.2 7.8 19.6 3.0 20.5 3.3 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.2 7.8 19.6 3.0 20.5 3.3 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 45.4 48.4 21.3

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.7 22.2 22.4 0.6
Single modes S S 30.3 11.1 30.7 11.1 0.9
Truck 24.0 10.0 30.4 11.1 30.8 11.1 1.0
For-hire truck 24.0 10.0 30.4 11.1 30.8 11.1 1.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.3 10.3 42.0 8.7 42.2 8.8 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.3 10.3 42.0 8.7 42.2 8.8 0.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.5 27.4 27.6 0.3
Single modes 31.1 10.6 28.5 7.2 28.7 7.3 0.8
Truck 31.7 10.0 28.5 7.2 28.8 7.3 0.6
For-hire truck 31.8 10.0 28.5 7.2 28.8 7.3 0.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.4 10.7 30.1 7.3 30.0 7.4 0.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.4 10.7 30.1 7.3 30.0 7.4 0.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.7 17.1 17.3 2.1
Single modes 23.8 4.3 17.9 1.5 18.2 1.5 2.5
Truck 23.8 4.0 17.9 1.5 18.2 1.5 3.2
For-hire truck 26.7 5.0 18.8 3.7 19.2 3.5 3.1
Private truck 42.2 4.3 30.3 4.2 28.8 4.0 4.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 8.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 14.5 4.0 24.1 0.6 22.6 0.5 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 14.5 4.0 24.1 0.6 22.6 0.5 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.2

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.3 23.2 18.0 4.2
Single modes 16.8 4.0 24.0 2.9 18.8 2.9 3.9
Truck 16.8 4.1 24.0 2.9 18.8 2.9 4.0
For-hire truck 39.0 4.5 S S 29.0 6.2 7.0
Private truck 19.5 6.5 24.5 5.9 24.5 6.4 3.2
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 12.3 3.4 S S S S 6.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 12.3 3.4 S S S S 6.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 29.0 0.9 S S S S 19.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.9 S S S S 0.6
Single modes 29.5 8.0 S S S S 0.9
Truck 26.5 6.3 S S S S 1.0
For-hire truck 27.1 5.9 S S S S 1.0
Private truck S S 46.6 6.2 47.4 5.9 15.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.6 8.1 38.4 7.5 39.8 7.7 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.6 8.1 38.4 7.5 39.8 7.7 0.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 47.8 46.0 3.6
Single modes 41.7 14.4 S S S S 18.5
Truck S S S S S S 23.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.7
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.8 14.4 41.3 19.6 43.2 19.4 11.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.8 14.4 41.3 19.6 43.2 19.4 11.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.8 24.3 24.9 1.6
Single modes 24.9 8.4 24.9 1.9 25.6 2.0 1.7
Truck 25.7 7.4 25.0 1.9 25.6 2.0 1.7
For-hire truck 26.2 7.4 25.7 3.4 26.2 3.2 1.8
Private truck 46.3 0.2 S S S S 21.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 45.6 0.2 45.0 0.2 15.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.0 7.8 21.6 1.8 21.0 2.0 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.0 7.8 21.6 1.8 21.0 2.0 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.4

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 38.0 40.7 0.6
Single modes S S 38.0 1.8 40.9 1.6 0.9
Truck S S 24.3 11.8 23.7 12.6 0.8
For-hire truck S S 24.6 11.7 23.9 12.5 0.8
Private truck S S S S S S 21.3
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.7 0.6 43.4 0.5 1.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.5 6.0 18.0 1.1 17.8 1.1 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.5 6.0 18.0 1.1 17.8 1.1 0.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10.9

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.7 47.4 47.0 0.4
Single modes 47.6 10.8 37.3 11.4 37.8 11.3 0.8
Truck 43.1 7.3 40.1 11.7 40.5 11.6 0.5
For-hire truck 43.2 7.4 40.2 11.5 40.6 11.4 0.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.4 11.1 31.9 7.3 31.8 7.4 0.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.4 11.1 31.9 7.3 31.8 7.4 0.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.4 26.5 23.4 6.2
Single modes 47.5 4.8 27.8 2.3 25.2 3.2 9.4
Truck 47.5 4.8 27.8 2.3 25.2 3.2 9.4
For-hire truck 48.8 10.4 35.3 9.1 37.7 9.4 4.1
Private truck S S 33.1 8.7 25.3 9.2 25.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.3 4.6 31.1 0.7 28.3 0.9 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.3 4.6 31.1 0.7 28.3 0.9 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11.4

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.4 20.8 21.3 2.8
Single modes 47.8 7.8 20.9 1.5 21.5 1.4 5.2
Truck 22.4 8.3 21.6 2.9 22.4 3.4 1.5
For-hire truck 24.4 7.8 21.4 3.5 22.3 3.9 1.3
Private truck 45.3 2.0 S S S S 12.4
Rail S S S S S S 30.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.5 7.6 33.5 1.6 31.3 1.5 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.5 7.6 33.5 1.6 31.3 1.5 3.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.3

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 41.4 41.4 0.4
Single modes S S 44.6 8.6 44.9 8.6 1.1
Truck S S 45.1 9.2 45.5 9.3 0.5
For-hire truck S S 44.2 11.1 44.7 11.1 0.6
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.5 17.3 46.9 8.2 46.8 8.2 0.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.5 17.3 46.9 8.2 46.8 8.2 0.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.5 41.2 42.9 3.2
Single modes 42.7 14.2 45.7 14.9 48.0 15.2 14.3
Truck 49.8 14.5 45.7 15.7 48.1 16.2 12.9
For-hire truck 42.7 11.5 S S S S 16.4
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.2 13.2 44.3 11.8 44.1 12.2 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.2 13.2 44.3 11.8 44.1 12.2 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.4 21.8 21.9 0.5
Single modes 21.1 8.5 22.8 2.7 23.0 2.7 0.7
Truck 22.6 8.0 25.1 6.8 25.1 6.9 0.8
For-hire truck 23.5 7.1 26.5 7.9 26.5 7.9 0.7
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 47.2 45.9 21.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.5 7.7 28.7 1.3 28.8 1.3 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.5 7.7 28.7 1.3 28.8 1.3 0.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 40.9 41.0 15.2
Single modes S S 44.9 12.7 44.3 12.7 21.2
Truck S S 45.0 12.7 44.4 12.6 21.1
For-hire truck S S 45.0 12.7 44.4 12.6 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 47.7 12.7 48.4 12.7 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 47.7 12.7 48.4 12.7 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.