Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 388,571 100.0 331,190 100.0 68,679 100.0
Less than 50 miles 139,443 35.9 169,746 51.3 3,933 5.7
50 to 99 miles 40,856 10.5 40,643 12.3 3,566 5.2
100 to 249 miles 59,448 15.3 55,194 16.7 12,560 18.3
250 to 499 miles 52,962 13.6 41,669 12.6 21,505 31.3
500 to 749 miles 50,153 12.9 13,444 4.1 10,060 14.6
750 to 999 miles 10,114 2.6 2,855 0.9 3,054 4.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 19,425 5.0 4,466 1.3 6,726 9.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 14,302 3.7 2,928 0.9 6,628 9.7
2,000 miles or more 1,868 0.5 243 646 0.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 326,952 100.0 308,826 100.0 56,131 100.0
Less than 50 miles 129,710 39.7 164,328 53.2 3,844 6.8
50 to 99 miles 37,232 11.4 40,086 13.0 3,518 6.3
100 to 249 miles 51,441 15.7 53,347 17.3 11,836 21.1
250 to 499 miles 42,717 13.1 29,671 9.6 13,488 24.0
500 to 749 miles 37,995 11.6 12,479 4.0 9,292 16.6
750 to 999 miles 7,353 2.2 2,620 0.8 2,772 4.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,771 3.0 3,681 1.2 5,504 9.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 10,078 3.1 2,456 0.8 5,495 9.8
2,000 miles or more 656 0.2 157 382 0.7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 303,640 100.0 245,249 100.0 37,503 100.0
Less than 50 miles 126,264 41.6 147,977 60.3 3,731 9.9
50 to 99 miles 36,804 12.1 34,994 14.3 3,163 8.4
100 to 249 miles 49,012 16.1 32,540 13.3 6,507 17.4
250 to 499 miles 38,276 12.6 12,909 5.3 5,748 15.3
500 to 749 miles 29,580 9.7 9,521 3.9 6,906 18.4
750 to 999 miles 6,630 2.2 2,227 0.9 2,306 6.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,098 2.7 2,822 1.2 4,125 11.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,438 2.8 2,144 0.9 4,743 12.6
2,000 miles or more 537 0.2 115 273 0.7

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 193,899 100.0 98,087 100.0 28,245 100.0
Less than 50 miles 59,464 30.7 40,365 41.2 1,175 4.2
50 to 99 miles 20,039 10.3 10,892 11.1 1,057 3.7
100 to 249 miles 32,695 16.9 20,364 20.8 4,283 15.2
250 to 499 miles 32,809 16.9 11,257 11.5 5,013 17.7
500 to 749 miles 27,028 13.9 8,524 8.7 6,181 21.9
750 to 999 miles 6,059 3.1 2,090 2.1 2,161 7.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,410 3.8 2,494 2.5 3,705 13.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,876 4.1 1,987 2.0 4,398 15.6
2,000 miles or more 520 0.3 114 0.1 272 1.0

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 109,656 100.0 147,004 100.0 9,190 100.0
Less than 50 miles 66,778 60.9 107,595 73.2 2,556 27.8
50 to 99 miles 16,764 15.3 24,100 16.4 2,106 22.9
100 to 249 miles 16,289 14.9 12,119 8.2 2,215 24.1
250 to 499 miles 5,463 5.0 1,646 1.1 732 8.0
500 to 749 miles 2,527 2.3 922 0.6 671 7.3
750 to 999 miles 570 0.5 137 144 1.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S 419 4.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 561 0.5 157 0.1 345 3.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,881 100.0 22,399 100.0 10,362 100.0
Less than 50 miles 700 4.1 392 1.7 9
50 to 99 miles 210 1.2 4,240 18.9 294 2.8
100 to 249 miles 1,501 8.9 8,419 37.6 2,439 23.5
250 to 499 miles 3,873 22.9 4,866 21.7 2,631 25.4
500 to 749 miles 7,371 43.7 2,926 13.1 2,357 22.7
750 to 999 miles 593 3.5 390 1.7 462 4.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,212 7.2 821 3.7 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 305 1.4 735 7.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 503 100.0 27,980 100.0 7,908 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 4,133 14.8 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 289 57.4 11,866 42.4 2,794 35.3
250 to 499 miles S S 11,872 42.4 5,093 64.4
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 422 100.0 27,034 100.0 7,788 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10 2.4 3,573 13.2 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 288 68.2 11,658 43.1 2,755 35.4
250 to 499 miles 124 29.3 11,694 43.3 5,013 64.4
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,931 100.0 109 100.0 106 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S 0.2
100 to 249 miles 504 17.2 28 25.8 16 14.9
250 to 499 miles 442 15.1 24 22.0 16 15.2
500 to 749 miles 1,043 35.6 31 28.6 29 27.8
750 to 999 miles 130 4.5 3 3.0 4 3.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 450 15.4 14 12.8 21 19.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 314 10.7 7 6.6 17 15.7
2,000 miles or more 24 0.8 1 0.9 3 3.0

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,997 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 48,542 100.0 15,202 100.0 11,788 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,698 9.7 168 1.1 7
50 to 99 miles 2,891 6.0 73 0.5 7
100 to 249 miles 7,115 14.7 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 9,435 19.4 11,749 77.3 7,904 67.1
500 to 749 miles 9,062 18.7 756 5.0 599 5.1
750 to 999 miles 2,644 5.4 212 1.4 256 2.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,388 15.2 703 4.6 1,109 9.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,135 8.5 458 3.0 1,104 9.4
2,000 miles or more 1,173 2.4 S S 262 2.2

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 28,909 100.0 845 100.0 480 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,646 16.1 129 15.2 5 1.0
50 to 99 miles 2,879 10.0 65 7.7 6 1.3
100 to 249 miles 6,835 23.6 200 23.7 43 9.0
250 to 499 miles 4,954 17.1 215 25.4 115 23.9
500 to 749 miles 4,011 13.9 104 12.3 78 16.3
750 to 999 miles 915 3.2 25 3.0 27 5.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,357 8.2 46 5.4 65 13.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,963 6.8 51 6.0 112 23.4
2,000 miles or more 349 1.2 11 1.3 29 5.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 19,114 100.0 2,358 100.0 2,835 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 4,143 21.7 714 30.3 460 16.2
500 to 749 miles 5,035 26.3 406 17.2 309 10.9
750 to 999 miles 1,725 9.0 187 7.9 229 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,015 26.2 473 20.1 711 25.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,163 11.3 371 15.8 909 32.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 63 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 344 100.0 10,843 100.0 7,530 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 338 98.1 10,621 97.9 7,232 96.1
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 13,077 100.0 7,162 100.0 760 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,035 38.5 5,250 73.3 82 10.8
50 to 99 miles 733 5.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 893 6.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 809 6.2 249 3.5 114 14.9
500 to 749 miles S S 209 2.9 169 22.2
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 13 0.2 29 3.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.