Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 388,571 100.0 331,190 100.0 68,679 100.0 408
Less than 50 lbs 24,799 6.4 547 0.2 240 0.3 515
50 to 99 lbs 8,465 2.2 448 0.1 123 0.2 271
100 to 499 lbs 25,775 6.6 2,759 0.8 615 0.9 248
500 to 749 lbs 8,345 2.1 1,372 0.4 317 0.5 223
750 to 999 lbs 8,056 2.1 1,444 0.4 311 0.5 211
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 111,762 28.8 28,916 8.7 7,126 10.4 243
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 156,728 40.3 100,237 30.3 24,651 35.9 230
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 31,845 8.2 80,233 24.2 6,887 10.0 88
100,000 lbs or more 12,795 3.3 115,233 34.8 28,409 41.4 151

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 326,952 100.0 308,826 100.0 56,131 100.0 284
Less than 50 lbs 6,974 2.1 210 50 430
50 to 99 lbs 3,957 1.2 263 42 161
100 to 499 lbs 19,607 6.0 2,479 0.8 472 0.8 195
500 to 749 lbs 7,604 2.3 1,307 0.4 296 0.5 219
750 to 999 lbs 6,610 2.0 1,332 0.4 253 0.5 188
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 99,142 30.3 27,746 9.0 6,080 10.8 217
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 140,793 43.1 96,696 31.3 22,323 39.8 220
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 30,683 9.4 76,377 24.7 6,702 11.9 90
100,000 lbs or more 11,582 3.5 102,415 33.2 19,912 35.5 145

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 303,640 100.0 245,249 100.0 37,503 100.0 165
Less than 50 lbs 5,973 2.0 187 21 120
50 to 99 lbs 3,600 1.2 252 0.1 32 127
100 to 499 lbs 18,981 6.3 2,469 1.0 461 1.2 191
500 to 749 lbs 7,519 2.5 1,305 0.5 294 0.8 218
750 to 999 lbs 6,479 2.1 1,329 0.5 250 0.7 186
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 94,092 31.0 27,344 11.1 5,590 14.9 204
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 138,683 45.7 95,674 39.0 21,707 57.9 216
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 24,391 8.0 72,392 29.5 5,041 13.4 71
100,000 lbs or more 3,922 1.3 44,297 18.1 4,107 11.0 59

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 193,899 100.0 98,087 100.0 28,245 100.0 454
Less than 50 lbs 2,137 1.1 23 12 482
50 to 99 lbs 1,215 0.6 38 21 565
100 to 499 lbs 8,496 4.4 607 0.6 334 1.2 573
500 to 749 lbs 3,951 2.0 407 0.4 208 0.7 497
750 to 999 lbs 3,901 2.0 385 0.4 190 0.7 492
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 64,139 33.1 11,391 11.6 4,258 15.1 386
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 93,862 48.4 44,308 45.2 17,690 62.6 408
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 14,065 7.3 24,773 25.3 2,621 9.3 110
100,000 lbs or more 2,134 1.1 16,153 16.5 2,910 10.3 95

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 109,656 100.0 147,004 100.0 9,190 100.0 64
Less than 50 lbs 3,814 3.5 162 0.1 8 53
50 to 99 lbs 2,385 2.2 214 0.1 11 0.1 52
100 to 499 lbs 10,477 9.6 1,859 1.3 127 1.4 66
500 to 749 lbs 3,568 3.3 898 0.6 86 0.9 92
750 to 999 lbs 2,568 2.3 939 0.6 60 0.6 64
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,945 27.3 15,950 10.8 1,331 14.5 86
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 44,807 40.9 51,333 34.9 4,008 43.6 72
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 10,325 9.4 47,577 32.4 2,414 26.3 52
100,000 lbs or more 1,768 1.6 28,073 19.1 1,145 12.5 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,881 100.0 22,399 100.0 10,362 100.0 977
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,785
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 700
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 312
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,290
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,617 9.6 748 3.3 574 5.5 774
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,455 32.3 2,001 8.9 1,581 15.3 799
100,000 lbs or more 5,092 30.2 19,262 86.0 7,730 74.6 605

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 503 100.0 27,980 100.0 7,908 100.0 182
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 557
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,494
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
100,000 lbs or more 500 99.3 27,975 100.0 7,907 100.0 263

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 422 100.0 27,034 100.0 7,788 100.0 363
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 557
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
100,000 lbs or more 421 99.9 27,030 100.0 7,788 100.0 270

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,494
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 65

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,931 100.0 109 100.0 106 100.0 1,336
Less than 50 lbs 1,000 34.1 23 21.4 29 27.5 1,351
50 to 99 lbs 356 12.1 S S S S 935
100 to 499 lbs 625 21.3 9 8.6 11 10.0 1,151
500 to 749 lbs S S 2 1.5 2 2.0 1,199
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,187
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 16 14.2 13 12.6 940
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 45 41.1 37 35.1 763
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 453

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,997 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 100 3.3 229 1.7 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 836 27.9 1,980 15.1 S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 48,542 100.0 15,202 100.0 11,788 100.0 592
Less than 50 lbs 16,946 34.9 308 2.0 189 1.6 594
50 to 99 lbs 4,189 8.6 173 1.1 79 0.7 458
100 to 499 lbs 5,721 11.8 219 1.4 137 1.2 681
500 to 749 lbs 610 1.3 44 0.3 20 0.2 421
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 549
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 10,293 21.2 741 4.9 917 7.8 1,218
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 1,339 8.8 1,876 15.9 1,452
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 67 0.4 S S 473
100,000 lbs or more 1,210 2.5 12,209 80.3 8,481 71.9 684

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 28,909 100.0 845 100.0 480 100.0 587
Less than 50 lbs 16,938 58.6 308 36.5 189 39.3 593
50 to 99 lbs 4,188 14.5 173 20.4 79 16.5 457
100 to 499 lbs 5,718 19.8 219 25.9 136 28.4 681
500 to 749 lbs 606 2.1 43 5.1 18 3.7 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 548
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 371
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 19,114 100.0 2,358 100.0 2,835 100.0 1,228
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,921
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,223
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,446
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,037
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 10,208 53.4 729 30.9 892 31.5 1,204
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 1,226 52.0 1,670 58.9 1,405
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 337
100,000 lbs or more S S 361 15.3 S S 569

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 63 100.0 S S S S 2,743
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,537
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,699
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,400
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,182
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 9,138
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 709
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 742

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 344 100.0 10,843 100.0 7,530 100.0 908
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,993
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 342 99.3 10,842 100.0 7,525 99.9 717

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 492
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 111
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,609
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 843

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 13,077 100.0 7,162 100.0 760 100.0 78
Less than 50 lbs 878 6.7 29 0.4 1 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 320 2.4 13 0.2 1 0.1 S
100 to 499 lbs 447 3.4 60 0.8 6 0.8 113
500 to 749 lbs 131 1.0 21 0.3 1 0.1 S
750 to 999 lbs 24 0.2 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,328 17.8 429 6.0 129 17.0 299
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 2,202 30.7 451 59.4 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 3 S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.