Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 388,571 100.0 331,190 100.0 68,679 100.0 408
Single modes 326,952 84.1 308,826 93.2 56,131 81.7 284
Truck3 303,640 78.1 245,249 74.1 37,503 54.6 165
For-hire Truck 193,899 49.9 98,087 29.6 28,245 41.1 454
Private Truck 109,656 28.2 147,004 44.4 9,190 13.4 64
Rail 16,881 4.3 22,399 6.8 10,362 15.1 977
Water 503 0.1 27,980 8.4 7,908 11.5 182
Shallow draft
Great Lakes 422 0.1 27,034 8.2 7,788 11.3 363
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 2,931 0.8 109 106 0.2 1,336
Pipeline4 2,997 0.8 S S S S S
Multiple modes 48,542 12.5 15,202 4.6 11,788 17.2 592
Parcel, USPS or courier 28,909 7.4 845 0.3 480 0.7 587
Truck and rail 19,114 4.9 2,358 0.7 2,835 4.1 1,228
Truck and water 63 S S S S 2,743
Rail and water 344 10,843 3.3 7,530 11.0 908
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 492
Other and unknown modes 13,077 3.4 7,162 2.2 760 1.1 78

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 106
Single modes S S S S S S 106
Truck3 S S S S S S 105
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 152
Private Truck S S S S S S 93
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 326
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,773 100.0 9,637 100.0 S S 129
Single modes 4,698 98.4 9,520 98.8 S S 132
Truck3 4,493 94.1 S S S S 128
For-hire Truck 2,364 49.5 S S S S 210
Private Truck S S 3,509 36.4 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,707
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 326
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 328
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 63

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 214 100.0 632
Single modes S S S S 161 75.2 S
Truck3 S S S S 117 54.7 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 292
Private Truck S S S S 100 46.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 833
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 722
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 722
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,352 100.0 707 100.0 278 100.0 S
Single modes 2,351 99.9 707 100.0 278 99.9 153
Truck3 2,351 99.9 707 100.0 278 99.9 153
For-hire Truck 1,529 65.0 434 61.3 240 86.3 502
Private Truck 821 34.9 273 38.7 38 13.6 98
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,379
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,379
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,087 100.0 1,503 100.0 775 100.0 206
Single modes 3,031 98.2 1,496 99.5 773 99.8 S
Truck3 3,031 98.2 1,496 99.5 773 99.8 S
For-hire Truck 2,247 72.8 1,190 79.2 661 85.2 485
Private Truck 784 25.4 S S S S 54
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 34 1.1 2 0.1 1 0.1 604
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 1.1 2 0.1 1 0.1 604
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 5 0.3 S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,764 100.0 22,306 100.0 3,994 100.0 328
Single modes 9,824 91.3 22,146 99.3 3,810 95.4 S
Truck3 9,608 89.3 21,951 98.4 3,575 89.5 S
For-hire Truck 5,907 54.9 6,185 27.7 2,347 58.8 528
Private Truck 3,701 34.4 S S 1,228 30.8 61
Rail 216 2.0 196 0.9 235 5.9 1,250
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 170 4.2 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 19 0.5 584
Truck and rail S S S S 131 3.3 1,683
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,358
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 292

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,118 100.0 2,433 100.0 67 100.0 29
Single modes 3,118 100.0 2,433 100.0 67 100.0 29
Truck3 3,118 100.0 2,433 100.0 67 100.0 29
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 3,118 100.0 2,433 100.0 67 100.0 29
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 505 100.0 77 100.0 2 100.0 102
Single modes 366 72.6 53 68.5 2 78.4 106
Truck3 366 72.6 53 68.5 2 78.4 106
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 366 72.6 53 68.5 2 78.4 106
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 139 27.4 24 31.5 S S 50

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 23,348 100.0 1,454 100.0 43
Single modes S S 22,185 95.0 1,441 99.1 44
Truck3 S S 21,556 92.3 S S 41
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 162
Private Truck S S 17,242 73.8 S S 21
Rail 8 3.0 619 2.7 217 14.9 348
Water S S S S S S 236
Shallow draft
Great Lakes S S S S S S 236
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 211 100.0 45,636 100.0 6,861 100.0 26
Single modes 202 95.6 43,232 94.7 6,129 89.3 27
Truck3 138 65.4 25,191 55.2 742 10.8 26
For-hire Truck 46 21.9 8,230 18.0 335 4.9 37
Private Truck 92 43.4 16,924 37.1 S S 22
Rail S S S S S S 257
Water 63 30.0 17,932 39.3 5,359 78.1 271
Shallow draft
Great Lakes 62 29.4 17,546 38.4 5,241 76.4 272
Deep draft S S S S S S 252
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 535
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 394
Rail and water S S S S S S 576
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 8 0.1 9

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 86
Single modes S S S S S S 77
Truck3 S S S S 265 15.9 72
For-hire Truck S S 1,184 12.7 145 8.7 130
Private Truck S S S S S S 35
Rail S S 697 7.5 S S 217
Water S S S S S S 255
Shallow draft
Great Lakes S S S S S S 255
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 253
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 61
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 743
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 68

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,054 100.0 19,005 100.0 9,202 100.0 531
Single modes 501 47.5 8,957 47.1 1,960 21.3 458
Truck3 S S S S S S 468
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 681
Private Truck S S S S S S 71
Rail 258 24.5 7,975 42.0 1,180 12.8 170
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 551 52.3 10,046 52.9 7,242 78.7 1,238
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,273
Truck and water
Rail and water 338 32.1 9,761 51.4 6,904 75.0 718
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,683
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 106

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 7
Single modes S S S S S S 7
Truck3 S S S S S S 7
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 7
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,727 100.0 37,588 100.0 1,184 100.0 41
Single modes 9,718 99.9 37,555 99.9 1,183 100.0 41
Truck3 7,117 73.2 26,167 69.6 1,057 89.3 42
For-hire Truck 917 9.4 3,248 8.6 161 13.6 45
Private Truck 6,200 63.7 22,919 61.0 897 75.7 41
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,980 100.0 8,526 100.0 373 100.0 45
Single modes 1,976 99.8 8,508 99.8 372 99.9 44
Truck3 1,658 83.8 7,244 85.0 255 68.5 44
For-hire Truck 286 14.4 1,183 13.9 S S 25
Private Truck 1,373 69.3 6,061 71.1 224 60.2 46
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 269
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 269
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,191 100.0 14,555 100.0 S S 53
Single modes 5,100 98.2 S S S S 52
Truck3 4,214 81.2 S S S S 47
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 4,114 79.2 S S S S 46
Rail S S S S S S 612
Water S S S S S S 268
Shallow draft
Great Lakes S S S S S S 323
Deep draft S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 710
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,967 100.0 4,937 100.0 993 100.0 S
Single modes 2,894 97.5 4,855 98.3 872 87.8 S
Truck3 2,677 90.2 4,622 93.6 641 64.5 S
For-hire Truck 1,501 50.6 850 17.2 454 45.7 401
Private Truck 1,176 39.6 3,772 76.4 187 18.8 49
Rail S S S S S S 989
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,745
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 649
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,152
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 80

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,821 100.0 S S S S 659
Single modes 8,355 70.7 S S S S 503
Truck3 7,846 66.4 S S S S 459
For-hire Truck 7,069 59.8 S S S S 528
Private Truck S S S S S S 69
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 510 4.3 S S S S 1,923
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,249 27.5 24 4.4 S S 747
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,237 27.4 23 4.3 S S 733
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,042
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,942
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 685

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 31
Single modes S S S S S S 26
Truck3 S S S S S S 26
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 27
Private Truck S S S S S S 26
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 128

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2,071 100.0 1,038 100.0 482
Single modes S S 1,917 92.6 971 93.5 506
Truck3 S S 1,778 85.8 860 82.9 506
For-hire Truck S S 1,595 77.0 774 74.5 586
Private Truck 462 4.5 180 8.7 S S 365
Rail S S S S S S 795
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 530
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 695 6.8 65 3.1 S S 481
Parcel, USPS or courier 690 6.8 63 3.0 29 2.8 481
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 10,080
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 286 2.8 S S S S 95

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,381 100.0 5,142 100.0 S S 572
Single modes 14,356 87.6 5,014 97.5 S S 370
Truck3 13,543 82.7 4,849 94.3 S S 357
For-hire Truck 9,987 61.0 S S S S 571
Private Truck 3,556 21.7 1,007 19.6 132 5.0 86
Rail 313 1.9 157 3.0 134 5.1 1,079
Water S S S S S S 2,494
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,494
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,069
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,558 9.5 99 1.9 114 4.3 848
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,500 9.2 76 1.5 64 2.4 847
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,895
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,993
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 28 0.5 S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 242
Single modes S S S S S S 220
Truck3 S S S S S S 220
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 493
Private Truck S S S S S S 164
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 323
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 323
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 407

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,434 100.0 4,290 100.0 1,366 100.0 221
Single modes 3,308 96.3 4,228 98.5 1,321 96.7 165
Truck3 3,202 93.2 3,948 92.0 1,053 77.1 161
For-hire Truck 1,581 46.0 2,557 59.6 895 65.5 415
Private Truck 1,621 47.2 1,391 32.4 158 11.6 55
Rail 105 3.1 278 6.5 266 19.5 1,062
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 933
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 447
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,242
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 21 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,348 100.0 4,254 100.0 2,231 100.0 143
Single modes 3,205 95.7 3,991 93.8 2,102 94.3 115
Truck3 2,519 75.3 2,854 67.1 1,265 56.7 104
For-hire Truck 1,812 54.1 2,201 51.7 1,184 53.1 493
Private Truck 704 21.0 649 15.3 78 3.5 41
Rail 686 20.5 1,137 26.7 837 37.5 808
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,205
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 116 3.5 S S S S 370
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 0.8 3 1 386
Truck and rail S S S S S S 433
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 26 0.8 31 0.7 S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,314 100.0 S S S S 252
Single modes 2,093 90.4 S S S S S
Truck3 2,091 90.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 1,364 58.9 S S S S 373
Private Truck 727 31.4 S S 23 2.8 37
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,313
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 214 9.2 S S S S 466
Parcel, USPS or courier 178 7.7 31 1.9 S S 463
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,411
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,883 100.0 476 100.0 242 100.0 537
Single modes 2,076 72.0 442 92.8 230 95.1 S
Truck3 2,033 70.5 440 92.4 228 93.9 S
For-hire Truck 1,129 39.2 329 69.1 225 92.8 686
Private Truck 904 31.3 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,241
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 731 25.3 14 2.9 9 3.9 689
Parcel, USPS or courier 731 25.3 14 2.9 9 3.9 689
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 76 2.6 S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 581 100.0 447 100.0 725
Single modes S S S S S S 461
Truck3 S S S S S S 431
For-hire Truck 1,025 11.0 S S S S 777
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 36
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 23 0.2 S S S S 1,368
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,960 21.0 113 19.5 56 12.6 760
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,956 20.9 113 19.5 56 12.4 760
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,449
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,552 100.0 19,521 100.0 3,452 100.0 129
Single modes 3,490 98.2 19,402 99.4 3,359 97.3 S
Truck3 3,211 90.4 13,878 71.1 1,405 40.7 S
For-hire Truck 1,571 44.2 4,365 22.4 991 28.7 341
Private Truck 1,639 46.2 9,513 48.7 S S 33
Rail S S S S S S 459
Water S S S S S S 241
Shallow draft
Great Lakes S S S S S S 241
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 428
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 710
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 710
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 184
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,270
Other and unknown modes S S 62 0.3 S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,957 100.0 21,120 100.0 3,389 100.0 176
Single modes 14,021 87.9 18,363 86.9 3,092 91.2 125
Truck3 13,470 84.4 17,937 84.9 2,804 82.7 124
For-hire Truck 9,063 56.8 14,351 68.0 2,294 67.7 219
Private Truck 4,379 27.4 3,490 16.5 455 13.4 66
Rail S S S S S S 715
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 971
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 517 3.2 26 0.1 23 0.7 507
Parcel, USPS or courier 511 3.2 22 0.1 12 0.4 506
Truck and rail 6 4 9 0.3 2,514
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,009
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,735 100.0 5,043 100.0 1,167 100.0 327
Single modes 11,445 77.7 4,936 97.9 1,127 96.5 232
Truck3 11,413 77.5 4,935 97.9 1,126 96.5 220
For-hire Truck 7,208 48.9 2,855 56.6 932 79.8 459
Private Truck 4,205 28.5 2,079 41.2 194 16.6 87
Rail S S S S S S 272
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 1 1,535
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,862 19.4 58 1.1 32 2.7 456
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,861 19.4 57 1.1 26 2.3 456
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,108
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 428 2.9 49 1.0 8 0.7 S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 37,197 100.0 4,585 100.0 1,641 100.0 364
Single modes 31,941 85.9 4,271 93.2 1,464 89.2 275
Truck3 29,547 79.4 3,969 86.6 1,231 75.0 162
For-hire Truck 22,476 60.4 2,918 63.6 1,080 65.8 464
Private Truck 7,067 19.0 1,046 22.8 148 9.0 49
Rail 1,784 4.8 289 6.3 220 13.4 1,053
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 610 1.6 13 0.3 12 0.8 1,448
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,517 12.1 257 5.6 166 10.1 556
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,673 9.9 91 2.0 58 3.5 556
Truck and rail S S S S S S 742
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 57 1.2 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,537 100.0 S S S S 393
Single modes 9,097 62.6 S S S S 170
Truck3 9,015 62.0 S S S S 158
For-hire Truck 7,637 52.5 S S S S 614
Private Truck 1,369 9.4 243 10.6 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,280
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,233
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5,307 36.5 104 4.5 52 5.2 491
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,306 36.5 104 4.5 52 5.2 491
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,178
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,699
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 133 0.9 8 0.4 S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 137,519 100.0 21,377 100.0 9,316 100.0 571
Single modes 117,196 85.2 19,614 91.7 7,391 79.3 580
Truck3 104,910 76.3 16,663 77.9 5,087 54.6 177
For-hire Truck 81,441 59.2 13,327 62.3 4,630 49.7 397
Private Truck 23,448 17.1 3,332 15.6 456 4.9 S
Rail 11,494 8.4 2,890 13.5 2,248 24.1 1,112
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 792 0.6 60 0.3 56 0.6 1,328
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 18,406 13.4 1,482 6.9 1,816 19.5 592
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,079 0.8 37 0.2 20 0.2 560
Truck and rail 17,325 12.6 1,443 6.7 1,795 19.3 1,203
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 1,917 1.4 282 1.3 109 1.2 S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,463 100.0 S S S S 1,160
Single modes S S S S S S 1,190
Truck3 S S S S S S 1,132
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,161
Private Truck S S S S S S 59
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 203 13.8 5.6 6.8 1,300
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 660 45.1 15.0 1 15.4 1,132
Parcel, USPS or courier 660 45.1 15.0 1 15.4 1,132
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,704 100.0 49 100.0 S S 372
Single modes S S 36 74.4 S S 464
Truck3 S S 34 70.6 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 588
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 51 1.1 S S S S 1,514
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,841 60.4 12 25.0 9 22.5 367
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,841 60.4 12 25.0 9 22.5 367
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 394

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,921 100.0 7,297 100.0 2,169 100.0 866
Single modes 15,820 88.3 6,687 91.6 2,128 98.1 598
Truck3 15,775 88.0 6,684 91.6 2,124 97.9 588
For-hire Truck 8,559 47.8 1,549 21.2 1,444 66.6 878
Private Truck S S S S 680 31.4 364
Rail S S S S S S 2,573
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2 3 0.1 1,398
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 130 0.7 13 0.2 S S 1,574
Parcel, USPS or courier 109 0.6 7 0.1 10 0.5 1,574
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,521
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,820 100.0 1,051 100.0 393 100.0 639
Single modes 3,346 69.4 1,004 95.6 362 92.1 287
Truck3 3,329 69.1 991 94.3 354 90.0 271
For-hire Truck 2,010 41.7 378 36.0 259 65.9 676
Private Truck 1,319 27.4 612 58.3 95 24.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 597
Water S S S S S S 557
Shallow draft
Great Lakes S S S S S S 557
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 13 0.3 1 1 0.1 1,081
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,224 25.4 37 3.5 28 7.1 790
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,219 25.3 37 3.5 28 7.0 789
Truck and rail S S S S S S 939
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,221
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 195
Other and unknown modes 250 5.2 9 0.9 S S 471

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,536 100.0 12,892 100.0 2,643 100.0 212
Single modes 2,423 95.5 12,354 95.8 2,428 91.8 202
Truck3 S S 9,849 76.4 S S 194
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 227
Private Truck 372 14.7 S S S S 82
Rail S S S S S S 332
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 54 2.1 83 0.6 190 7.2 2,276
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail 54 2.1 83 0.6 190 7.2 2,276
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 53

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23,478 100.0 8,654 100.0 818 100.0 105
Single modes 23,003 98.0 8,629 99.7 794 97.1 73
Truck3 23,001 98.0 8,628 99.7 794 97.1 72
For-hire Truck 2,027 8.6 828 9.6 169 20.7 348
Private Truck 20,963 89.3 7,796 90.1 625 76.4 66
Rail S S S S S S 1,436
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 869
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 22 0.3 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 15 0.2 5 0.6 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,553
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 775 100.0 313 100.0 94 100.0 341
Single modes 450 58.1 296 94.6 63 67.0 201
Truck3 407 52.5 277 88.5 51 54.0 196
For-hire Truck 237 30.6 94 30.1 46 49.3 477
Private Truck S S S S S S 44
Rail S S S S S S 644
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,503
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 730
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 495
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,853
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 45

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.