Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 388,571 319,548 21.6 331,190 368,500 −10.1 68,679 69,579 −1.3 408 407 0.3
Single modes 326,952 267,813 22.1 308,826 341,478 −9.6 56,131 57,907 −3.1 284 145 96.1
Truck 303,640 226,822 33.9 245,249 276,067 −11.2 37,503 33,743 11.1 165 132 24.8
Rail 16,881 36,743 −54.1 22,399 30,578 −26.7 10,362 13,765 −24.7 977 829 17.8
Water 503 433 16.3 27,980 29,979 −6.7 7,908 9,779 −19.1 182 307 −40.7
Air (including truck and air) 2,931 2,700 8.5 109 289 −62.2 106 204 −48.1 1,336 1,152 16
Pipeline 2,997 1,115 168.7 S 4,565 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 48,542 33,146 46.5 15,202 16,770 −9.4 11,788 10,050 17.3 592 670 −11.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 28,909 19,564 47.8 845 632 33.7 480 335 43.5 587 667 −12
Truck and Rail 19,114 13,358 43.1 2,358 2,118 11.3 2,835 2,881 −1.6 1,228 1,468 −16.4
Other multiple modes 519 223 132.9 12,000 14,020 −14.4 8,473 6,834 24 1,771 1,819 −2.6
Other and unknown modes 13,077 18,589 −29.7 7,162 10,252 −30.1 760 1,622 −53.1 78 55 42.7

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,636 12,374 −30.2 13,541 14,708 −7.9 S 5,583 S 263 693 −62.1
Single modes 7,447 11,393 −34.6 13,334 14,070 −5.2 S 4,757 S 131 87 49.4
Truck 7,240 10,793 −32.9 12,760 11,515 10.8 2,255 2,308 −2.3 127 84 50.1
Rail S 569 S S 2,550 S S 2,445 S 1,652 873 89.2
Water S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 326 893 −63.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 768 S S S S S S S 741 753 −1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 745 753 −1.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,511
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 328 3,056 −89.3
Other and unknown modes S 213 S S 288 S S S S 63 21 205.8

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 17,474 16,631 5.1 26,319 16,065 63.8 4,838 3,822 26.6 225 66 243.3
Single modes 16,339 16,185 0.9 26,127 15,831 65 4,652 3,613 28.8 76 63 20.3
Truck 16,123 16,011 0.7 25,932 15,596 66.3 4,417 3,332 32.5 75 63 20.5
Rail 216 167 29.5 196 235 −16.8 235 280 −16 1,250 1,287 −2.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,160
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 232 S 130 119 9.8 170 182 −6.2 591 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 20 S S 586 235 149.2
Truck and Rail S 148 S S 111 S 131 180 −27.2 1,683 1,848 −9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8,358
Other and unknown modes S 213 S 61 115 −46.6 S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,522 1,560 61.7 101,537 123,369 −17.7 19,271 18,404 4.7 64 46 38.2
Single modes 1,951 1,293 50.9 87,726 104,000 −15.6 11,139 12,016 −7.3 59 42 39.6
Truck 1,591 773 105.8 56,018 65,900 −15 3,094 2,282 35.6 57 38 50.5
Rail 279 373 −25.2 9,400 12,687 −25.9 1,584 1,397 13.4 258 361 −28.6
Water 82 147 −44.5 22,308 25,413 −12.2 6,461 8,337 −22.5 268 318 −15.5
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 561 178 214.4 11,542 13,687 −15.7 8,110 6,227 30.2 672 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 61 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,273 41 S
Other multiple modes 366 173 110.8 11,364 13,686 −17 7,953 6,227 27.7 1,096 557 96.9
Other and unknown modes 10 S S S S S 21 S S 13 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 16,899 16,493 2.5 60,669 59,460 2 4,881 4,136 18 50 70 −28.6
Single modes 16,794 16,426 2.2 60,027 59,272 1.3 S 4,132 S 49 72 −31.4
Truck 12,990 14,998 −13.4 42,653 53,132 −19.7 2,276 2,967 −23.3 46 67 −31.1
Rail S 263 S S 1,030 S S 661 S 612 647 −5.3
Water S S S S S S S S S 268 146 83.1
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,438
Pipeline 2,996 1,098 172.8 S 4,432 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S 102 274 −62.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 101 274 −63.1
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 710
Other and unknown modes 23 S S S S S S S S 17 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 41,385 25,897 59.8 12,999 12,259 6 4,960 3,857 28.6 529 227 133.2
Single modes 34,840 22,315 56.1 12,610 11,523 9.4 4,635 3,181 45.7 371 131 183.5
Truck 33,219 21,488 54.6 12,058 10,990 9.7 4,136 2,916 41.8 356 119 200.6
Rail 599 429 39.8 529 459 15.1 475 261 82 1,048 709 47.9
Water S S S S S S 2,494
Air (including truck and air) S 395 S S 4 S S 3 S 1,369 1,098 24.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,569 3,018 84.5 243 398 −38.9 291 584 −50.2 660 465 42
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,432 1,892 187.1 164 110 50 106 52 104.6 656 461 42.2
Truck and Rail 130 1,126 −88.4 S 288 S S 531 S 2,022 1,793 12.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,057 10,063 −49.7
Other and unknown modes 976 564 73 146 337 −56.8 35 S S 195 S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 22,462 19,522 15.1 11,916 13,813 −13.7 5,339 5,080 5.1 530 426 24.4
Single modes 14,707 15,987 −8 11,215 13,305 −15.7 4,837 4,646 4.1 181 163 10.9
Truck 13,847 14,939 −7.3 9,795 11,790 −16.9 3,728 3,398 9.7 156 158 −1.3
Rail 791 1,000 −20.9 1,415 1,450 −2.4 1,103 1,244 −11.3 850 894 −5
Water
Air (including truck and air) 68 S S 5 2 138.4 6 S S 1,273 1,176 8.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,126 2,796 11.8 455 278 63.9 297 354 −15.9 701 681 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,935 2,652 10.7 166 139 19.5 79 76 2.9 701 681 3
Truck and Rail 187 S S S S S S S S 925 1,870 −50.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2 2,769 −99.9
Other and unknown modes S 739 S S 230 S S S S S 85 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 71,441 66,340 7.7 50,268 82,928 −39.4 9,650 12,995 −25.7 309 262 17.9
Single modes 60,897 58,710 3.7 46,971 81,205 −42.2 9,042 12,358 −26.8 204 198 3
Truck 57,641 56,295 2.4 40,718 74,427 −45.3 6,567 9,628 −31.8 160 187 −14.6
Rail 2,393 1,716 39.4 S 2,772 S S 1,325 S 885 561 57.7
Water S S S S S S S S S 241 353 −31.8
Air (including truck and air) 692 479 44.5 15 S S 14 S S 1,447 1,096 32.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,936 5,928 33.9 398 454 −12.4 291 285 2 513 407 26.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,073 5,549 27.5 173 143 20.6 98 61 59.8 513 406 26.3
Truck and Rail S 368 S S 155 S S 165 S 830 1,160 −28.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,774 4,554 −39.1
Other and unknown modes 2,608 1,703 53.1 S 1,269 S S 353 S S 79 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 158,222 127,000 24.6 23,734 25,515 −7 10,365 10,546 −1.7 503 282 78.8
Single modes 128,935 98,067 31.5 21,845 23,254 −6.1 8,375 8,484 −1.3 524 144 262.9
Truck 116,314 65,030 78.9 18,886 16,712 13 6,059 3,699 63.8 175 114 54.2
Rail 11,525 31,648 −63.6 2,896 6,400 −54.8 2,255 4,698 −52 1,113 942 18.2
Water S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air) 1,096 1,390 −21.1 64 142 −55.2 60 87 −31.6 1,328 1,240 7.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 27,215 16,720 62.8 1,598 1,191 34.2 1,877 1,320 42.2 504 628 −19.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,887 5,863 68.6 154 100 53.5 82 58 40.9 492 591 −16.8
Truck and Rail 17,325 10,856 59.6 1,443 1,091 32.3 1,795 1,262 42.3 1,203 1,449 −17
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,558 1,341 90.8
Other and unknown modes 2,072 12,213 −83 290 1,070 −72.9 114 S S S 39 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 48,756 33,179 46.9 29,893 19,868 50.5 6,023 5,042 19.5 364 335 8.7
Single modes 44,592 26,969 65.3 28,674 18,535 54.7 5,712 4,614 23.8 171 188 −8.9
Truck 44,269 26,060 69.9 26,152 15,613 67.5 4,920 3,153 56 167 176 −5.3
Rail S 545 S S 2,905 S S 1,406 S 342 483 −29.2
Water S S S S S S 557
Air (including truck and air) 55 S S 2 S S 3 S S 1,172 1,105 6.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,867 3,418 −45.4 156 264 −41 264 313 −15.4 737 606 21.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,760 3,057 −42.5 59 94 −36.7 43 59 −26.9 734 604 21.6
Truck and Rail 103 360 −71.5 96 170 −43.3 221 253 −12.7 2,217 1,823 21.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,210 S S
Other and unknown modes S 2,791 S S 1,069 S S 116 S 327 S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 775 552 40.4 313 517 −39.4 94 S S 341 498 −31.4
Single modes 450 467 −3.7 296 482 −38.5 63 S S 201 601 −66.6
Truck 407 434 −6.2 277 392 −29.3 51 59 −14.1 196 601 −67.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S 644 571 12.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,503 836 199.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 82 S S S S S S S 730 365 99.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 S S 1 S 495 366 35.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,853 206 797.9
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 2 S S S S S S S 45 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.