Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 166,430 100.0 336,237 100.0 154,321 100.0
Less than 50 miles 49,956 30.0 165,845 49.3 3,857 2.5
50 to 99 miles 13,803 8.3 23,701 7.0 2,310 1.5
100 to 249 miles 17,554 10.5 20,237 6.0 4,399 2.9
250 to 499 miles 22,313 13.4 33,493 10.0 23,496 15.2
500 to 749 miles 15,130 9.1 35,731 10.6 31,545 20.4
750 to 999 miles 17,533 10.5 21,218 6.3 27,935 18.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 24,100 14.5 33,028 9.8 54,750 35.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,632 3.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 130,616 100.0 292,552 100.0 113,206 100.0
Less than 50 miles 41,663 31.9 162,511 55.5 3,784 3.3
50 to 99 miles 11,880 9.1 23,528 8.0 2,296 2.0
100 to 249 miles 13,906 10.6 19,916 6.8 4,291 3.8
250 to 499 miles 18,295 14.0 15,809 5.4 7,536 6.7
500 to 749 miles 10,899 8.3 23,762 8.1 20,684 18.3
750 to 999 miles 12,577 9.6 11,864 4.1 15,451 13.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 17,828 13.6 32,318 11.0 53,583 47.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,507 2.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 62 3 7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 114,842 100.0 199,281 100.0 33,195 100.0
Less than 50 miles 39,995 34.8 140,158 70.3 S S
50 to 99 miles 11,645 10.1 16,414 8.2 1,481 4.5
100 to 249 miles 13,474 11.7 16,876 8.5 3,396 10.2
250 to 499 miles 15,295 13.3 8,487 4.3 3,610 10.9
500 to 749 miles 9,166 8.0 5,127 2.6 4,075 12.3
750 to 999 miles 9,705 8.5 4,632 2.3 5,138 15.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 12,716 11.1 5,143 2.6 7,728 23.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,835 2.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 72,785 100.0 68,544 100.0 26,897 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,457 15.7 24,266 35.4 576 2.1
50 to 99 miles 7,089 9.7 9,921 14.5 905 3.4
100 to 249 miles 9,382 12.9 11,247 16.4 2,364 8.8
250 to 499 miles 13,450 18.5 7,247 10.6 3,136 11.7
500 to 749 miles 8,139 11.2 4,766 7.0 3,822 14.2
750 to 999 miles 8,777 12.1 3,902 5.7 4,318 16.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,796 16.2 4,789 7.0 7,185 26.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,686 3.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 41,796 100.0 S S 6,164 100.0
Less than 50 miles 28,422 68.0 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 4,535 10.9 6,483 5.0 575 9.3
100 to 249 miles 4,081 9.8 5,621 4.3 1,030 16.7
250 to 499 miles 1,783 4.3 1,231 1.0 472 7.7
500 to 749 miles 1,024 2.4 361 0.3 253 4.1
750 to 999 miles 925 2.2 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 877 2.1 346 0.3 527 8.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 149 0.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,579 100.0 53,733 100.0 34,611 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 14,653 27.3 573 1.7
50 to 99 miles 203 3.6 7,114 13.2 814 2.4
100 to 249 miles 353 6.3 3,037 5.7 894 2.6
250 to 499 miles 1,144 20.5 7,194 13.4 S S
500 to 749 miles 693 12.4 8,615 16.0 7,197 20.8
750 to 999 miles 447 8.0 2,047 3.8 2,314 6.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,727 31.0 10,679 19.9 18,061 52.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 155 2.8 395 0.7 899 2.6
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,481 100.0 36,124 100.0 45,275 100.0
Less than 50 miles 47 1.9 4,343 12.0 62 0.1
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 329 13.2 10,012 27.7 9,403 20.8
750 to 999 miles 545 22.0 5,175 14.3 7,984 17.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,553 62.6 16,481 45.6 27,769 61.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,260 100.0 28,641 100.0 39,437 100.0
Less than 50 miles 33 1.4 4,269 14.9 62 0.2
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 122 5.4 2,603 9.1 3,566 9.0
750 to 999 miles 545 24.1 5,175 18.1 7,984 20.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,553 68.7 16,481 57.5 27,769 70.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 207 100.0 7,408 100.0 5,837 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles 207 100.0 7,408 100.0 5,837 100.0
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,949 100.0 58 100.0 75 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 78 1.1 S S 1 2.0
250 to 499 miles 1,848 26.6 16 27.6 9 11.9
500 to 749 miles 711 10.2 9 15.2 8 11.0
750 to 999 miles 1,879 27.0 10 17.2 14 18.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,832 26.4 14 24.6 25 33.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 518 7.4 4 7.6 11 15.1
2,000 miles or more 51 0.7 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 30,993 100.0 38,871 100.0 38,756 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,554 17.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 1,670 5.4 59 0.2 5
100 to 249 miles 3,316 10.7 141 0.4 S S
250 to 499 miles 3,566 11.5 17,574 45.2 15,914 41.1
500 to 749 miles 4,091 13.2 10,323 26.6 9,458 24.4
750 to 999 miles 4,634 15.0 9,244 23.8 12,348 31.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,719 18.5 324 0.8 523 1.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,097 6.8 79 0.2 168 0.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 29,139 100.0 839 100.0 599 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,345 18.3 175 20.8 4 0.7
50 to 99 miles 1,670 5.7 59 7.1 5 0.9
100 to 249 miles 3,311 11.4 97 11.5 20 3.3
250 to 499 miles 3,162 10.9 94 11.2 41 6.9
500 to 749 miles 3,809 13.1 106 12.6 82 13.7
750 to 999 miles 4,076 14.0 110 13.1 122 20.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,572 19.1 154 18.3 232 38.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,088 7.2 44 5.2 88 14.6
2,000 miles or more 104 0.4 2 0.2 5 0.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 474 100.0 729 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 939 100.0 36,135 100.0 36,738 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles 402 42.8 17,444 48.3 15,838 43.1
500 to 749 miles 273 29.0 9,961 27.6 9,114 24.8
750 to 999 miles 264 28.1 8,730 24.2 11,786 32.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,821 100.0 4,813 100.0 2,360 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,739 56.8 2,253 46.8 53 2.2
50 to 99 miles 253 5.2 114 2.4 9 0.4
100 to 249 miles S S 180 3.7 41 1.7
250 to 499 miles 452 9.4 110 2.3 47 2.0
500 to 749 miles 140 2.9 1,646 34.2 1,404 59.5
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 553 11.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.