Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 166,430 100.0 336,237 100.0 154,321 100.0 642
Less than 50 lbs 27,580 16.6 610 0.2 400 0.3 748
50 to 99 lbs 7,977 4.8 301 125 433
100 to 499 lbs 19,995 12.0 1,744 0.5 491 0.3 303
500 to 749 lbs 5,457 3.3 808 0.2 211 0.1 264
750 to 999 lbs 4,162 2.5 684 0.2 204 0.1 302
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,980 18.0 11,731 3.5 2,899 1.9 268
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 55,053 33.1 132,448 39.4 22,345 14.5 158
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,675 3.4 36,544 10.9 3,246 2.1 87
100,000 lbs or more 10,550 6.3 151,367 45.0 124,400 80.6 677

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 130,616 100.0 292,552 100.0 113,206 100.0 249
Less than 50 lbs 8,152 6.2 212 68 267
50 to 99 lbs 2,729 2.1 143 40 291
100 to 499 lbs 14,571 11.2 1,441 0.5 334 0.3 237
500 to 749 lbs 5,185 4.0 752 0.3 193 0.2 259
750 to 999 lbs 3,958 3.0 631 0.2 182 0.2 291
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 27,873 21.3 11,340 3.9 2,676 2.4 259
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 53,357 40.9 130,704 44.7 20,935 18.5 151
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,588 4.3 36,186 12.4 2,972 2.6 82
100,000 lbs or more 9,204 7.0 111,145 38.0 85,805 75.8 682

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 114,842 100.0 199,281 100.0 33,195 100.0 200
Less than 50 lbs 5,213 4.5 199 0.1 50 0.1 S
50 to 99 lbs 2,387 2.1 138 33 0.1 246
100 to 499 lbs 12,522 10.9 1,422 0.7 309 0.9 218
500 to 749 lbs 4,531 3.9 748 0.4 187 0.6 253
750 to 999 lbs 3,665 3.2 628 0.3 178 0.5 287
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 27,201 23.7 11,323 5.7 2,661 8.0 258
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 52,972 46.1 130,086 65.3 20,106 60.6 147
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,532 4.8 35,912 18.0 2,809 8.5 79
100,000 lbs or more 818 0.7 18,824 9.4 S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 72,785 100.0 68,544 100.0 26,897 100.0 562
Less than 50 lbs 1,621 2.2 44 30 0.1 678
50 to 99 lbs 1,267 1.7 48 27 0.1 550
100 to 499 lbs 6,742 9.3 515 0.8 254 0.9 503
500 to 749 lbs 2,840 3.9 295 0.4 156 0.6 537
750 to 999 lbs 1,877 2.6 202 0.3 150 0.6 744
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 16,095 22.1 3,262 4.8 1,975 7.3 626
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 39,011 53.6 36,742 53.6 15,944 59.3 455
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,896 4.0 20,029 29.2 2,111 7.8 105
100,000 lbs or more 436 0.6 S S S S 532

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 41,796 100.0 S S 6,164 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 3,590 8.6 155 0.1 20 0.3 S
50 to 99 lbs 1,120 2.7 90 7 0.1 81
100 to 499 lbs 5,773 13.8 907 0.7 55 0.9 58
500 to 749 lbs 1,690 4.0 452 0.3 31 0.5 69
750 to 999 lbs 1,742 4.2 424 0.3 28 0.5 66
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 11,086 26.5 8,053 6.2 685 11.1 86
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 13,786 33.0 S S S S 45
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,636 6.3 15,813 12.2 691 11.2 45
100,000 lbs or more 372 0.9 S S 612 9.9 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,579 100.0 53,733 100.0 34,611 100.0 884
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,262
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 4 S S 916
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 339 6.1 S S S S 1,450
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 55 1.0 215 0.4 160 0.5 771
100,000 lbs or more 5,150 92.3 52,936 98.5 33,623 97.1 936

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,481 100.0 36,124 100.0 45,275 100.0 813
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 19
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 23
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 2,471 99.6 36,027 99.7 45,271 100.0 1,299

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,260 100.0 28,641 100.0 39,437 100.0 814
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 19
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 23
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 2,250 99.6 28,544 99.7 39,433 100.0 1,313

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 207 100.0 7,408 100.0 5,837 100.0 795
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 207 100.0 7,408 100.0 5,837 100.0 795

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,949 100.0 58 100.0 75 100.0 1,499
Less than 50 lbs 2,935 42.2 12 20.2 18 23.7 1,505
50 to 99 lbs 342 4.9 5 7.9 7 8.8 1,466
100 to 499 lbs 2,038 29.3 17 29.7 25 33.0 1,502
500 to 749 lbs S S 4 7.2 6 7.6 1,357
750 to 999 lbs S S 3 4.9 4 5.1 1,327
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 643 9.2 12 20.3 11 14.7 1,053
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,188
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 329

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 30,993 100.0 38,871 100.0 38,756 100.0 952
Less than 50 lbs 18,790 60.6 380 1.0 331 0.9 974
50 to 99 lbs 4,970 16.0 140 0.4 84 0.2 609
100 to 499 lbs 5,045 16.3 251 0.6 150 0.4 615
500 to 749 lbs 201 0.6 S S S S 442
750 to 999 lbs 140 0.5 S S 19 619
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 6,497
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,492
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,871
100,000 lbs or more 1,165 3.8 37,410 96.2 37,172 95.9 1,152

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 29,139 100.0 839 100.0 599 100.0 950
Less than 50 lbs 18,789 64.5 380 45.3 331 55.2 973
50 to 99 lbs 4,970 17.1 140 16.7 84 14.1 609
100 to 499 lbs 5,039 17.3 251 29.8 148 24.8 612
500 to 749 lbs 201 0.7 S S S S 442
750 to 999 lbs 140 0.5 S S 19 3.2 619
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 16
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,218
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,319
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,131
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,995
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,063

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 474 100.0 729 100.0 4,299
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,209
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,983
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 10,482
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,422
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,510
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,104

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 939 100.0 36,135 100.0 36,738 100.0 962
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 939 100.0 36,135 100.0 36,738 100.0 962

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,821 100.0 4,813 100.0 2,360 100.0 69
Less than 50 lbs 639 13.2 18 0.4 1 S
50 to 99 lbs 279 5.8 19 0.4 1 63
100 to 499 lbs 379 7.9 52 1.1 7 0.3 126
500 to 749 lbs 72 1.5 19 0.4 S S 106
750 to 999 lbs 64 1.3 21 0.4 3 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,852 38.4 379 7.9 S S 332
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 1,216 25.3 S S 437
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 277 5.7 S S 369
100,000 lbs or more 180 3.7 2,811 58.4 1,422 60.3 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.