Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 166,430 100.0 336,237 100.0 154,321 100.0 642
Single modes 130,616 78.5 292,552 87.0 113,206 73.4 249
Truck3 114,842 69.0 199,281 59.3 33,195 21.5 200
For-hire Truck 72,785 43.7 68,544 20.4 26,897 17.4 562
Private Truck 41,796 25.1 S S 6,164 4.0 S
Rail 5,579 3.4 53,733 16.0 34,611 22.4 884
Water 2,481 1.5 36,124 10.7 45,275 29.3 813
Shallow draft 2,260 1.4 28,641 8.5 39,437 25.6 814
Great Lakes 207 0.1 7,408 2.2 5,837 3.8 795
Deep draft S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air) 6,949 4.2 58 75 1,499
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 30,993 18.6 38,871 11.6 38,756 25.1 952
Parcel, USPS or courier 29,139 17.5 839 0.2 599 0.4 950
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,218
Truck and water S S 474 0.1 729 0.5 4,299
Rail and water 939 0.6 36,135 10.7 36,738 23.8 962
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 4,821 2.9 4,813 1.4 2,360 1.5 69

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 167
Single modes S S S S S S 167
Truck3 S S S S S S 167
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 186
Private Truck S S S S S S 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,377 100.0 27,982 100.0 36,875 100.0 S
Single modes 2,339 98.4 27,718 99.1 36,874 100.0 S
Truck3 S S S S S S 60
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 68 2.9 800 2.9 15 S
Rail 579 24.3 6,192 22.1 7,078 19.2 546
Water 1,440 60.6 17,968 64.2 29,613 80.3 1,652
Shallow draft 1,425 60.0 17,894 63.9 29,613 80.3 1,655
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 950
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 950
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 37 1.6 263 0.9 50

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,753 100.0 14,739 100.0 10,900 100.0 S
Single modes 4,271 89.9 13,411 91.0 10,394 95.4 S
Truck3 2,794 58.8 4,442 30.1 1,991 18.3 S
For-hire Truck 1,412 29.7 3,733 25.3 S S 620
Private Truck S S S S S S 45
Rail S S S S S S 1,600
Water 650 13.7 3,827 26.0 6,150 56.4 1,609
Shallow draft 650 13.7 3,827 26.0 6,150 56.4 1,609
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 329
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,094
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 661
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,102
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,314 100.0 10,913 100.0 2,839 100.0 S
Single modes 1,274 97.0 10,805 99.0 2,681 94.4 S
Truck3 1,120 85.3 9,378 85.9 1,248 43.9 S
For-hire Truck 720 54.8 6,728 61.7 1,144 40.3 167
Private Truck 400 30.5 2,650 24.3 103 3.6 29
Rail 154 11.7 1,427 13.1 1,433 50.5 1,015
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,315
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,214
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,104
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,764
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,510
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 62

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,513 100.0 3,397 100.0 2,015 100.0 S
Single modes 6,404 98.3 3,252 95.7 1,990 98.8 S
Truck3 6,391 98.1 3,234 95.2 1,953 96.9 S
For-hire Truck 5,557 85.3 2,946 86.7 1,867 92.7 556
Private Truck 834 12.8 288 8.5 86 4.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,061
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,178
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 327
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 327
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 4,100 100.0 3,748 100.0 S
Single modes S S 4,055 98.9 3,719 99.2 S
Truck3 S S 2,238 54.6 S S 215
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 716
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,424
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 324
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 324
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 518

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,295 100.0 19,422 100.0 S S S
Single modes 14,193 99.3 19,371 99.7 S S S
Truck3 12,927 90.4 13,408 69.0 5,437 47.9 S
For-hire Truck 9,934 69.5 10,029 51.6 4,774 42.1 432
Private Truck 2,951 20.6 3,371 17.4 647 5.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,003
Water S S S S S S 1,618
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,618
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 303
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 303
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 101 0.7 51 0.3 18 0.2 170

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 31
Single modes S S S S S S 31
Truck3 S S S S S S 31
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 29
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,034 100.0 10 100.0 1 100.0 54
Single modes 1,034 100.0 10 100.0 1 100.0 54
Truck3 1,034 100.0 10 100.0 1 100.0 54
For-hire Truck 530 51.3 5 46.6 76.4 118
Private Truck S S S S S S 31
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 82 100.0 S S 371
Single modes S S 82 99.8 S S 644
Truck3 S S 82 99.8 S S 644
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 916
Private Truck S S S S S S 352
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 352
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 352
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 124

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 37 100.0 5,597 100.0 426 100.0 39
Single modes 37 99.6 5,581 99.7 424 99.6 39
Truck3 22 59.2 4,344 77.6 113 26.5 23
For-hire Truck 4 11.8 S S S S 47
Private Truck 18 47.4 3,775 67.4 76 17.9 20
Rail 13 34.1 402 7.2 300 70.6 747
Water S S S S S S 12
Shallow draft S S S S S S 12
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 227

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 222 100.0 19,291 100.0 492 100.0 20
Single modes 210 94.7 18,054 93.6 455 92.5 19
Truck3 188 84.9 14,621 75.8 404 82.0 19
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 15
Private Truck 107 48.1 8,172 42.4 S S 22
Rail
Water 22 9.8 S S S S 20
Shallow draft 22 9.8 S S S S 20
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 21
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,237
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 693
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 693
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 762

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,611 100.0 64,545 100.0 48,417 100.0 649
Single modes 665 41.3 28,209 43.7 11,500 23.8 430
Truck3 S S S S S S 132
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 132
Private Truck
Rail 623 38.7 26,710 41.4 10,332 21.3 431
Water S S S S S S 780
Shallow draft
Great Lakes S S S S S S 780
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 946 58.7 36,336 56.3 36,917 76.2 962
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 892
Rail and water 939 58.3 36,135 56.0 36,738 75.9 962
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 150 100.0 4,547 100.0 5,165 100.0 1,123
Single modes 93 61.8 2,813 61.9 3,633 70.4 1,205
Truck3 19 12.9 486 10.7 385 7.5 809
For-hire Truck 19 12.9 486 10.7 385 7.5 809
Private Truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,330
Water 73 48.9 2,321 51.1 3,242 62.8 1,376
Shallow draft 73 48.9 2,321 51.1 3,242 62.8 1,376
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,114
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,114
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 848

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,354 100.0 10,739 100.0 350 100.0 31
Single modes 3,354 100.0 10,739 100.0 350 100.0 31
Truck3 3,001 89.5 9,295 86.6 329 94.0 31
For-hire Truck S S 2,463 22.9 120 34.4 49
Private Truck 2,203 65.7 6,832 63.6 209 59.7 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,454 100.0 5,952 100.0 189 100.0 22
Single modes 1,454 100.0 5,952 100.0 189 100.0 22
Truck3 1,042 71.7 4,033 67.8 S S 22
For-hire Truck S S 592 9.9 S S 45
Private Truck 882 60.6 3,441 57.8 S S 20
Rail S S S S S S 191
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 68 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 67 98.9 S S S S S
Truck3 26 38.1 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 16 23.9 S S S S 316
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 824
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,314
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 47

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S 28 53.5 S S 693
Private Truck S S S S S S 19
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,101 100.0 S S 240 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 235 98.1 S
Truck3 S S S S 235 97.9 S
For-hire Truck 1,839 18.2 199 29.4 221 92.1 689
Private Truck S S S S S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,818
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,495 44.5 17 2.6 4 1.5 352
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,495 44.5 17 2.6 4 1.5 352
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,043

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 6 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 6 100.0 S
Truck3 S S S S 6 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 11 23.3 72 27.4 4 72.7 54
Private Truck S S S S 2 27.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,796 100.0 926 100.0 S S 621
Single modes 3,460 91.1 S S S S 695
Truck3 3,447 90.8 S S S S 687
For-hire Truck 2,414 63.6 631 68.1 S S 847
Private Truck 1,033 27.2 S S S S 300
Rail
Water S S S S S S 19
Shallow draft S S S S S S 19
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,610
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 283 7.5 S S S S 563
Parcel, USPS or courier 283 7.5 S S S S 563
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,823 100.0 1,234 100.0 763 100.0 472
Single modes 5,058 86.8 1,164 94.3 735 96.4 477
Truck3 5,042 86.6 1,163 94.2 734 96.3 465
For-hire Truck 4,661 80.0 1,048 84.9 691 90.6 578
Private Truck 380 6.5 115 9.4 S S 103
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 16 0.3 1 1 0.1 1,618
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 600 10.3 24 1.9 12 1.6 517
Parcel, USPS or courier 600 10.3 24 1.9 12 1.5 517
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,328
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 166 2.8 S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30 100.0 S S 10 100.0 104
Single modes 30 100.0 S S 10 100.0 104
Truck3 30 100.0 S S 10 100.0 104
For-hire Truck 28 92.5 46 41.1 10 94.7 187
Private Truck S S S S S S 8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,524 100.0 4,488 100.0 2,247 100.0 260
Single modes 4,469 98.8 4,460 99.4 2,241 99.7 209
Truck3 4,298 95.0 3,590 80.0 1,015 45.2 196
For-hire Truck 2,531 56.0 1,295 28.9 721 32.1 441
Private Truck 1,722 38.1 2,264 50.4 293 13.0 86
Rail 171 3.8 871 19.4 1,226 54.6 1,393
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 9 0.2 S S 629
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 0.2 S S 629
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 27 0.6 S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,024 100.0 3,630 100.0 2,404 100.0 186
Single modes 2,781 92.0 3,558 98.0 2,348 97.7 200
Truck3 1,795 59.4 1,963 54.1 724 30.1 176
For-hire Truck 1,190 39.3 1,351 37.2 621 25.8 401
Private Truck 604 20.0 611 16.8 103 4.3 43
Rail 987 32.6 1,595 43.9 1,624 67.6 993
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 3 0.1 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,451
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,604 100.0 1,751 100.0 354 100.0 378
Single modes 1,932 74.2 1,314 75.0 254 71.7 254
Truck3 1,910 73.3 1,313 74.9 252 71.2 191
For-hire Truck 1,413 54.3 975 55.7 230 64.9 274
Private Truck 496 19.1 338 19.3 23 6.4 55
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,412
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 399 15.3 S S S S 542
Parcel, USPS or courier 399 15.3 S S S S 542
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 208

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,520 100.0 1,010 100.0 652 100.0 1,161
Single modes 2,792 61.8 913 90.4 562 86.2 1,058
Truck3 2,735 60.5 908 89.9 554 84.9 936
For-hire Truck 1,802 39.9 789 78.1 539 82.6 1,108
Private Truck 933 20.6 119 11.8 S S 826
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,719
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,495 33.1 85 8.4 86 13.2 1,182
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,491 33.0 82 8.2 83 12.7 1,177
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,295
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,209
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,681 100.0 192 100.0 S S 859
Single modes 634 37.7 S S S S 771
Truck3 633 37.6 S S S S 740
For-hire Truck 481 28.6 S S S S 860
Private Truck 152 9.0 23 12.0 S S 658
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.1 1,333
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 894 53.2 26 13.5 23 17.1 891
Parcel, USPS or courier 887 52.7 25 13.1 21 16.0 891
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,665
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 153 9.1 S S 4 3.0 S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 392
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,867
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 155 2.7 S S S S 1,107
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 2.6 9 10 1,100
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,995
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,440
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,310 100.0 9,497 100.0 5,523 100.0 287
Single modes 3,184 96.2 9,411 99.1 5,506 99.7 111
Truck3 2,958 89.4 3,212 33.8 S S 110
For-hire Truck 1,595 48.2 2,060 21.7 451 8.2 261
Private Truck 1,339 40.4 1,139 12.0 126 2.3 72
Rail S S S S S S 919
Water 208 6.3 6,132 64.6 S S 822
Shallow draft S S S S S S 888
Great Lakes 166 5.0 5,911 62.2 S S 797
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 937
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 59 1.8 S S S S 894
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 1.8 S S S S 894
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,609 100.0 1,441 100.0 558 100.0 410
Single modes 3,895 84.5 1,389 96.4 522 93.4 302
Truck3 3,866 83.9 1,383 96.0 517 92.5 253
For-hire Truck 3,117 67.6 991 68.8 450 80.5 454
Private Truck 749 16.2 393 27.2 67 12.0 81
Rail S S S S S S 2,262
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 27 0.6 S S S S 1,387
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 543 11.8 22 1.5 25 4.5 549
Parcel, USPS or courier 521 11.3 20 1.4 19 3.5 547
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,333
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,167
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 30 2.1 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,072 100.0 1,143 100.0 766 100.0 426
Single modes 7,712 76.6 1,081 94.5 734 95.7 367
Truck3 7,369 73.2 1,029 90.0 648 84.6 271
For-hire Truck 5,020 49.8 684 59.8 566 73.8 490
Private Truck 2,341 23.2 342 29.9 82 10.7 158
Rail 137 1.4 S S S S 1,690
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 207 2.1 5 0.4 S S 1,396
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,962 19.5 45 4.0 20 2.6 515
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,960 19.5 45 3.9 20 2.6 515
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,189
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,234 100.0 459 100.0 388 100.0 994
Single modes 9,590 59.1 313 68.4 235 60.6 418
Truck3 6,853 42.2 300 65.4 217 56.0 291
For-hire Truck 4,892 30.1 227 49.6 208 53.8 497
Private Truck 1,953 12.0 72 15.8 9 2.2 87
Rail S S S S S S 453
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2,734 16.8 13 2.9 18 4.6 1,460
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 6,494 40.0 135 29.4 147 37.9 1,066
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,386 39.3 129 28.1 138 35.6 1,066
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,506
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 150 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,358 100.0 725 100.0 319 100.0 495
Single modes 3,922 61.7 391 53.9 211 66.1 S
Truck3 3,841 60.4 387 53.3 205 64.1 S
For-hire Truck 2,828 44.5 252 34.8 185 58.0 494
Private Truck 989 15.6 122 16.9 17 5.4 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 81 1.3 S S S S 1,407
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 700 11.0 S S 72 22.6 787
Parcel, USPS or courier 700 11.0 S S 72 22.6 787
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 36 11.3 S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,560 100.0 35 100.0 17 100.0 1,169
Single modes S S 27 77.6 14 83.6 481
Truck3 1,327 51.8 27 77.3 14 82.9 322
For-hire Truck S S 6 18.2 S S 906
Private Truck 333 13.0 21 59.1 8 45.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,272
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,367
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,367
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 200

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,674 100.0 87 100.0 84 100.0 1,064
Single modes 4,975 51.4 70 80.8 67 79.8 979
Truck3 1,882 19.5 63 72.9 60 70.9 472
For-hire Truck 1,724 17.8 53 60.4 56 66.9 1,053
Private Truck 100 1.0 S S S S 28
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3,092 32.0 7 7.9 7 8.9 1,415
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,686 48.4 16 18.6 17 19.9 1,090
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,686 48.4 16 18.6 17 19.9 1,090
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 13 0.1 S S 0.3 S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,870 100.0 480 100.0 160 100.0 941
Single modes 2,555 89.0 451 94.1 S S 363
Truck3 2,536 88.3 451 93.9 S S 344
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 714
Private Truck 963 33.5 S S 8 5.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,383
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 273 9.5 24 5.0 24 14.8 1,193
Parcel, USPS or courier 273 9.5 24 5.0 24 14.8 1,193
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 4 0.9 S S 29

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,448 100.0 1,274 100.0 890 100.0 725
Single modes 7,288 58.6 1,058 83.1 703 79.0 509
Truck3 7,010 56.3 1,047 82.2 689 77.4 417
For-hire Truck 4,787 38.5 845 66.4 655 73.6 607
Private Truck 2,179 17.5 200 15.7 34 3.8 124
Rail S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 279 2.2 11 0.9 15 1.6 1,474
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,624 37.1 172 13.5 184 20.7 811
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,391 35.3 164 12.9 101 11.3 809
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 9,227
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 535 4.3 S S 3 0.3 S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 233
Single modes S S S S S S 233
Truck3 S S S S S S 132
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 326
Private Truck S S S S S S 51
Rail S S S S S S 496
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 271

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,546 100.0 5,374 100.0 798 100.0 391
Single modes 10,483 90.8 5,327 99.1 771 96.7 179
Truck3 10,415 90.2 5,326 99.1 769 96.4 132
For-hire Truck 4,644 40.2 999 18.6 326 40.8 284
Private Truck 5,770 50.0 4,326 80.5 444 55.6 82
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 68 0.6 2 2 0.3 1,399
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 899 7.8 28 0.5 19 2.3 705
Parcel, USPS or courier 899 7.8 28 0.5 19 2.3 705
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 165 1.4 19 0.4 S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 251 100.0 S S S S 1,015
Single modes 221 88.3 S S S S 830
Truck3 145 57.9 S S S S 814
For-hire Truck 98 39.0 S S S S 922
Private Truck S S 25 5.8 S S 649
Rail S S S S S S 530
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,535
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 12 4.8 S S S S 1,198
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 4.3 S S S S 1,198
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,379
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.