Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 166,430 152,346 9.2 336,237 277,503 21.2 154,321 121,124 27.4 642 734 −12.5
Single modes 130,616 114,345 14.2 292,552 245,248 19.3 113,206 91,236 24.1 249 294 −15.4
Truck 114,842 100,385 14.4 199,281 156,151 27.6 33,195 25,007 32.7 200 174 14.5
Rail 5,579 7,318 −23.8 53,733 66,812 −19.6 34,611 48,033 −27.9 884 755 17.2
Water 2,481 1,661 49.4 36,124 15,132 138.7 45,275 17,924 152.6 813 1,378 −40.9
Air (including truck and air) 6,949 3,649 90.4 58 107 −45.7 75 153 −50.6 1,499 1,437 4.4
Pipeline S 1,332 S S 7,047 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 30,993 31,817 −2.6 38,871 26,438 47 38,756 24,443 58.6 952 958 −0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 29,139 27,449 6.2 839 1,100 −23.7 599 938 −36.1 950 959 −1
Truck and Rail S 3,516 S S 698 S S 1,008 S 1,218 1,430 −14.8
Other multiple modes 1,209 852 41.9 36,609 24,640 48.6 37,467 22,497 66.5 3,857 S S
Other and unknown modes 4,821 6,184 −22 4,813 5,817 −17.3 2,360 5,445 −56.7 69 219 −68.4

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 15,194 15,459 −1.7 57,262 60,847 −5.9 52,671 37,938 38.8 S 101 S
Single modes 14,527 14,951 −2.8 55,418 58,761 −5.7 51,982 35,635 45.9 S 105 S
Truck 10,865 10,817 0.4 20,843 26,209 −20.5 5,417 4,205 28.8 S 96 S
Rail 1,572 2,759 −43 12,778 22,506 −43.2 10,801 16,711 −35.4 1,132 532 112.7
Water 2,090 1,374 52.1 21,795 10,046 117 35,763 14,719 143 1,644 1,448 13.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,214
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 57 S S S S S S S 1,130 496 127.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S 17 S S 2 S S 1 S 1,038 445 133.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,119 885 26.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,510 2,551 −40.8
Other and unknown modes S 451 S 412 S S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 21,463 16,173 32.7 25,169 18,003 39.8 S 7,315 S 93 131 −28.8
Single modes 21,334 15,515 37.5 25,072 17,552 42.8 S 7,116 S 92 90 2.6
Truck 19,651 14,381 36.6 17,293 14,361 20.4 6,710 3,920 71.2 83 86 −3.6
Rail S 1,114 S S 3,154 S S 3,133 S 1,104 1,001 10.3
Water S S S S S S S S S 1,618 1,619 −0.1
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,979
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 127 S S 114 S S 155 S 322 754 −57.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 322 751 −57.1
Truck and Rail 82 109 150 1,307
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 128 S S 97 S S S 43 S 209 S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,191 2,193 −0.1 99,103 94,917 4.4 49,809 40,461 23.1 141 43 227.2
Single modes 1,215 1,462 −16.9 61,373 70,763 −13.3 12,732 18,132 −29.8 34 41 −17.9
Truck 514 676 −24 28,495 42,201 −32.5 871 1,510 −42.3 31 37 −16.6
Rail 636 648 −1.8 27,112 24,766 9.5 10,633 14,401 −26.2 636 S S
Water 65 S S 5,766 S S S S S S 607 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,237 723 209.4
Pipeline 11 71 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 959 720 33.2 36,337 24,128 50.6 36,918 22,326 65.4 626 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 624 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,822
Other multiple modes 946 715 32.3 36,337 24,127 50.6 36,917 22,325 65.4 944 913 3.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 184 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,027 6,311 −20.3 21,644 36,234 −40.3 5,910 S S 35 59 −40.9
Single modes 4,969 6,167 −19.4 19,910 35,761 −44.3 4,379 S S 34 51 −33.5
Truck 4,088 3,628 12.7 13,906 19,120 −27.3 S 1,152 S 30 37 −19.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S 768 579 32.5
Water 73 S S 2,321 S S 3,242 S S 1,376 344 300.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,314
Pipeline S 1,321 S S 6,974 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 16 S S 2 S S S S S 347 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,114 14 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 497 11 S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 19,954 13,712 45.5 3,152 8,776 −64.1 1,687 5,529 −69.5 405 481 −15.8
Single modes 14,355 10,132 41.7 3,014 8,421 −64.2 1,634 S S 369 256 44.2
Truck 14,325 9,695 47.8 3,012 5,776 −47.9 1,632 1,772 −7.9 361 218 65.5
Rail 161 S S S S 1,385
Water S S S S S S 19
Air (including truck and air) 22 275 −92.2 1 S S 2 S S 1,644 1,389 18.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,378 3,066 75.4 77 132 −42 35 83 −57.4 511 625 −18.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,378 3,056 76 77 124 −38 35 71 −50.2 511 625 −18.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 872
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,328 2,240 93.2
Other and unknown modes 220 514 −57.2 S 222 S 17 52 −66.6 S 115 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 16,383 19,030 −13.9 11,185 12,312 −9.2 5,800 6,416 −9.6 996 788 26.4
Single modes 12,638 14,858 −14.9 10,514 11,294 −6.9 5,521 5,198 6.2 684 316 116.3
Truck 11,400 13,683 −16.7 8,041 9,656 −16.7 2,661 2,988 −11 580 132 340.1
Rail 1,157 984 17.5 2,466 1,607 53.4 2,850 2,158 32.1 1,126 1,365 −17.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 191 S S S S S S S 1,664 1,420 17.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,933 3,374 −13.1 236 333 −29.2 150 382 −60.8 1,089 914 19.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,920 3,197 −8.7 228 199 14.9 135 176 −23.4 1,085 914 18.7
Truck and Rail 12 177 −93.4 S 133 S S 200 S 1,493 1,547 −3.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,209 4,453 −5.5
Other and unknown modes 812 798 1.7 S S S S S S 129 82 57.1

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 23,710 18,933 25.2 S 26,524 S 18,550 8,733 112.4 355 614 −42.2
Single modes 20,315 15,352 32.3 S 23,971 S 17,649 6,216 184 176 282 −37.7
Truck 19,716 14,787 33.3 S 21,808 S S 3,722 S 144 237 −39.3
Rail 157 246 −36.5 114 S S 139 S S 1,721 606 184
Water 208 6,132 4,866 822
Air (including truck and air) 234 319 −26.5 S 24 S S 29 S 1,390 1,227 13.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,719 3,110 −12.6 179 247 −27.7 S 263 S 630 776 −18.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,687 2,925 −8.1 80 172 −53.6 56 126 −55.8 628 776 −19.1
Truck and Rail S 185 S S S S S S S 1,691 1,793 −5.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,330 4,487 −3.5
Other and unknown modes 675 471 43.5 S S S S S S S 334 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 34,826 42,844 −18.7 1,306 2,237 −41.6 808 1,559 −48.2 908 809 12.3
Single modes 20,147 23,526 −14.4 802 1,535 −47.8 527 796 −33.7 464 490 −5.4
Truck 13,904 20,940 −33.6 777 1,505 −48.4 495 758 −34.6 255 217 17.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S 453 S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) 6,240 2,514 148.2 24 21 14 32 30 6.8 1,424 1,444 −1.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12,667 16,745 −24.4 241 562 −57.1 237 670 −64.6 1,036 971 6.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 12,560 13,788 −8.9 236 268 −12.1 229 239 −4.5 1,036 971 6.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,506 1,328 13.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S 2,573 S S 140 S 44 S S S 85 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 27,432 16,747 63.8 12,295 17,305 −28.9 3,575 6,198 −42.3 659 1,014 −35
Single modes 20,893 11,582 80.4 12,004 16,855 −28.8 3,338 5,795 −42.4 304 463 −34.4
Truck 20,234 10,978 84.3 9,015 15,186 −40.6 1,816 S S 242 312 −22.3
Rail S 228 S S S S S S S 380 816 −53.4
Water S S S S S S 987
Air (including truck and air) 365 346 5.5 13 12 14 18 17 3.2 1,440 1,503 −4.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,796 4,376 32.5 224 326 −31.3 226 331 −31.6 831 1,147 −27.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,562 4,298 29.4 216 321 −32.6 143 318 −55 830 1,147 −27.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,757
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 9,227 10,150 −9.1
Other and unknown modes 743 789 −5.8 67 124 −45.7 S 72 S S 485 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 251 944 −73.5 S 349 S S 128 S 1,015 486 108.8
Single modes 221 800 −72.3 S 336 S S 122 S 830 S S
Truck 145 799 −81.8 S 329 S S 112 S 814 S S
Rail S S S S S S 530
Water S S S S S S 1,478
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,535 1,550 −0.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12 106 −88.6 S 7 S S S S 1,198 792 51.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 106 −89.7 S 7 S S S S 1,198 792 51.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,379
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,529
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 6 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.