Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 94,897 100.0 98,720 100.0 38,333 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,541 19.5 29,653 30.0 694 1.8
50 to 99 miles 6,456 6.8 9,319 9.4 906 2.4
100 to 249 miles 18,082 19.1 26,280 26.6 4,935 12.9
250 to 499 miles 20,878 22.0 14,032 14.2 6,664 17.4
500 to 749 miles 12,228 12.9 9,592 9.7 7,493 19.5
750 to 999 miles 10,351 10.9 2,934 3.0 3,063 8.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,154 3.3 1,347 1.4 1,916 5.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,026 5.3 5,449 5.5 12,364 32.3
2,000 miles or more 182 0.2 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 89,490 100.0 96,360 100.0 37,217 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,637 19.7 29,280 30.4 686 1.8
50 to 99 miles 5,913 6.6 9,034 9.4 879 2.4
100 to 249 miles 16,978 19.0 25,317 26.3 4,712 12.7
250 to 499 miles 19,655 22.0 13,725 14.2 6,517 17.5
500 to 749 miles 11,583 12.9 9,484 9.8 7,390 19.9
750 to 999 miles 10,053 11.2 2,875 3.0 3,000 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,995 3.3 1,307 1.4 1,860 5.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,506 5.0 5,225 5.4 11,883 31.9
2,000 miles or more 169 0.2 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 82,103 100.0 68,359 100.0 24,986 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,273 21.0 27,752 40.6 663 2.7
50 to 99 miles 5,709 7.0 7,874 11.5 742 3.0
100 to 249 miles 14,116 17.2 12,091 17.7 2,382 9.5
250 to 499 miles 18,143 22.1 8,416 12.3 3,637 14.6
500 to 749 miles 10,217 12.4 4,604 6.7 3,346 13.4
750 to 999 miles 9,574 11.7 1,899 2.8 1,887 7.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,761 3.4 818 1.2 1,148 4.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,148 5.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 162 0.2 S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 57,160 100.0 36,285 100.0 21,273 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 8,834 24.3 244 1.1
50 to 99 miles 1,843 3.2 3,620 10.0 337 1.6
100 to 249 miles 6,471 11.3 6,354 17.5 1,247 5.9
250 to 499 miles 15,658 27.4 6,241 17.2 2,762 13.0
500 to 749 miles 9,272 16.2 3,897 10.7 2,839 13.3
750 to 999 miles 9,086 15.9 1,737 4.8 1,726 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,609 4.6 767 2.1 1,075 5.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,968 6.9 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 118 0.2 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 24,932 100.0 32,066 100.0 3,710 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,134 36.6 18,915 59.0 419 11.3
50 to 99 miles 3,866 15.5 4,254 13.3 405 10.9
100 to 249 miles 7,638 30.6 5,735 17.9 1,134 30.6
250 to 499 miles 2,485 10.0 2,175 6.8 875 23.6
500 to 749 miles 944 3.8 704 2.2 504 13.6
750 to 999 miles 489 2.0 162 0.5 161 4.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 152 0.6 52 0.2 73 2.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 180 0.7 66 0.2 131 3.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,204 100.0 8,650 100.0 6,523 100.0
Less than 50 miles 100 3.1 272 3.1 S S
50 to 99 miles 127 4.0 424 4.9 56 0.9
100 to 249 miles 369 11.5 1,486 17.2 422 6.5
250 to 499 miles 757 23.6 2,061 23.8 1,144 17.5
500 to 749 miles 913 28.5 2,562 29.6 2,158 33.1
750 to 999 miles 396 12.4 926 10.7 1,038 15.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 226 7.1 488 5.6 711 10.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 312 9.7 421 4.9 958 14.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,960 100.0 10,460 100.0 4,808 100.0
Less than 50 miles 127 6.5 552 5.3 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 776 39.6 3,668 35.1 1,063 22.1
250 to 499 miles S S 3,139 30.0 1,697 35.3
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,157 100.0 5,395 100.0 1,431 100.0
Less than 50 miles 127 11.0 551 10.2 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 776 67.1 3,668 68.0 1,063 74.3
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S 2,765 54.6 1,510 44.7
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S 12 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8 2.1 1.2 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 46 12.2 1 10.7 3 23.0
2,000 miles or more S S 1.5 1 5.1

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,843 100.0 8,881 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles 1,689 91.7 8,072 90.9 S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,497 100.0 688 100.0 707 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 5 0.8
50 to 99 miles 386 11.0 67 9.8 8 1.2
100 to 249 miles 606 17.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 829 23.7 110 16.0 63 8.9
500 to 749 miles 531 15.2 92 13.3 91 12.9
750 to 999 miles 222 6.3 24 3.6 26 3.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 100 2.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 474 13.6 202 29.4 436 61.7
2,000 miles or more S S 1 0.2 S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,750 100.0 90 100.0 54 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 5 5.1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 243 8.8 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 571 20.8 17 18.8 3 6.3
250 to 499 miles 670 24.4 23 25.9 10 18.6
500 to 749 miles 489 17.8 19 21.6 14 26.1
750 to 999 miles 164 6.0 10 11.0 10 19.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 94 3.4 3 3.3 4 7.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 177 6.4 5 5.4 10 18.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 741 100.0 585 100.0 630 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 59 10.2 7 1.2
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 87 14.8 53 8.4
500 to 749 miles 42 5.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 15 2.5 16 2.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 297 40.1 197 33.7 426 67.7
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,910 100.0 1,673 100.0 408 100.0
Less than 50 miles 565 29.6 368 22.0 8 2.0
50 to 99 miles 157 8.2 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 394 20.6 197 11.8 84 20.6
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.