Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 94,897 100.0 98,720 100.0 38,333 100.0 410
Less than 50 lbs 4,828 5.1 137 0.1 S S 421
50 to 99 lbs 2,590 2.7 128 0.1 S S 466
100 to 499 lbs 11,357 12.0 966 1.0 S S 453
500 to 749 lbs 3,837 4.0 419 0.4 122 0.3 294
750 to 999 lbs 2,296 2.4 349 0.4 99 0.3 285
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 18,959 20.0 6,562 6.6 2,061 5.4 275
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 39,619 41.7 38,675 39.2 13,829 36.1 347
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,420 3.6 19,139 19.4 S S 477
100,000 lbs or more 7,992 8.4 32,345 32.8 12,827 33.5 664

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 89,490 100.0 96,360 100.0 37,217 100.0 372
Less than 50 lbs 2,985 3.3 95 0.1 S S 340
50 to 99 lbs 2,056 2.3 106 0.1 S S 462
100 to 499 lbs 10,828 12.1 920 1.0 S S 457
500 to 749 lbs 3,726 4.2 400 0.4 119 0.3 300
750 to 999 lbs 2,231 2.5 336 0.3 95 0.3 283
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,579 19.6 6,246 6.5 1,894 5.1 262
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 38,989 43.6 38,119 39.6 13,324 35.8 340
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,316 3.7 18,624 19.3 S S 486
100,000 lbs or more 7,780 8.7 31,514 32.7 12,528 33.7 670

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 82,103 100.0 68,359 100.0 24,986 100.0 350
Less than 50 lbs 2,808 3.4 92 0.1 S S 291
50 to 99 lbs 2,006 2.4 104 0.2 S S 456
100 to 499 lbs 10,782 13.1 917 1.3 S S 455
500 to 749 lbs 3,710 4.5 399 0.6 117 0.5 296
750 to 999 lbs 2,230 2.7 334 0.5 93 0.4 280
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,563 21.4 6,242 9.1 1,891 7.6 262
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 38,734 47.2 37,992 55.6 13,230 53.0 339
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,269 4.0 18,512 27.1 S S 487
100,000 lbs or more 1,001 1.2 3,767 5.5 429 1.7 298

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 57,160 100.0 36,285 100.0 21,273 100.0 675
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 711
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 713
100 to 499 lbs 9,395 16.4 548 1.5 S S 759
500 to 749 lbs 3,238 5.7 240 0.7 100 0.5 419
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 79 0.4 373
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,510 21.9 2,339 6.4 1,419 6.7 527
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 24,205 42.3 21,361 58.9 10,846 51.0 534
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,093 3.7 10,462 28.8 S S 788
100,000 lbs or more 399 0.7 1,009 2.8 383 1.8 618

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 24,932 100.0 32,066 100.0 3,710 100.0 68
Less than 50 lbs 1,036 4.2 44 0.1 2 35
50 to 99 lbs 372 1.5 40 0.1 2 59
100 to 499 lbs 1,388 5.6 369 1.2 49 1.3 S
500 to 749 lbs 472 1.9 158 0.5 17 0.4 104
750 to 999 lbs 313 1.3 119 0.4 14 0.4 115
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,053 20.3 3,903 12.2 472 12.7 108
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 14,527 58.3 16,627 51.9 2,382 64.2 132
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,175 4.7 8,050 25.1 728 19.6 84
100,000 lbs or more 595 2.4 2,756 8.6 45 1.2 30

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,204 100.0 8,650 100.0 6,523 100.0 823
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,854
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,203
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 924
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 924
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,848
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 109 3.4 70 0.8 75 1.2 1,156
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 3,057 95.4 8,518 98.5 6,420 98.4 774

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,960 100.0 10,460 100.0 4,808 100.0 229
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 10
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 10
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 10
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 10
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 455
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7 0.4 26 0.2 10
100,000 lbs or more 1,947 99.3 10,400 99.4 4,790 99.6 208

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,157 100.0 5,395 100.0 1,431 100.0 195
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 10
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 10
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 10
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 10
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 455
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7 0.6 25 0.5 10
100,000 lbs or more 1,144 98.9 5,336 98.9 1,413 98.8 152

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 626
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 12
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 659

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S 12 100.0 1,345
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,396
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 786
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,068
500 to 749 lbs S S 3.6 S S 2,280
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9 2.5 S S S S 1,344
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,706
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,843 100.0 8,881 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 1,776 96.4 8,830 99.4 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,497 100.0 688 100.0 707 100.0 656
Less than 50 lbs 1,748 50.0 38 5.5 25 3.5 663
50 to 99 lbs 475 13.6 17 2.5 10 1.4 590
100 to 499 lbs 397 11.3 26 3.8 15 2.2 S
500 to 749 lbs 89 2.5 6 0.9 3 0.4 477
750 to 999 lbs 44 1.3 3 0.5 3 0.5 965
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,083
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 425 12.1 288 41.9 465 65.8 1,583
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 296
100,000 lbs or more 151 4.3 244 35.5 124 17.5 453

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,750 100.0 90 100.0 54 100.0 651
Less than 50 lbs 1,748 63.6 38 41.8 25 46.7 663
50 to 99 lbs 475 17.3 17 19.2 10 18.5 590
100 to 499 lbs 396 14.4 26 28.9 13 25.1 508
500 to 749 lbs 89 3.2 6 6.6 3 5.2 477
750 to 999 lbs 42 1.5 3 3.6 2 4.4 709
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 741 100.0 585 100.0 630 100.0 1,585
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,100
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,100
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,014
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 424 57.3 288 49.2 465 73.9 1,585
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 296
100,000 lbs or more 151 20.3 232 39.7 105 16.6 445

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 6,518
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 7,523
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 4,502
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,548
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 200
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,672
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,672

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,910 100.0 1,673 100.0 408 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 95 5.0 4 0.2 S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S 5 0.3 S
100 to 499 lbs S S 20 1.2 1 0.3 S
500 to 749 lbs 22 1.1 13 0.8 0.1 S
750 to 999 lbs 21 1.1 9 0.5 S S 89
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,269 66.4 291 17.4 117 28.7 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 206 10.8 268 16.0 39 9.7 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 47 2.5 S S S S 146
100,000 lbs or more 60 3.2 S S S S 422

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.