Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 94,897 100.0 98,720 100.0 38,333 100.0 410
Single modes 89,490 94.3 96,360 97.6 37,217 97.1 372
Truck3 82,103 86.5 68,359 69.2 24,986 65.2 350
For-hire Truck 57,160 60.2 36,285 36.8 21,273 55.5 675
Private Truck 24,932 26.3 32,066 32.5 3,710 9.7 68
Rail 3,204 3.4 8,650 8.8 6,523 17.0 823
Water 1,960 2.1 10,460 10.6 4,808 12.5 229
Shallow draft 1,157 1.2 5,395 5.5 1,431 3.7 195
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 626
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 12 1,345
Pipeline4 1,843 1.9 8,881 9.0 S S S
Multiple modes 3,497 3.7 688 0.7 707 1.8 656
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,750 2.9 90 54 0.1 651
Truck and rail 741 0.8 585 0.6 630 1.6 1,585
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,518
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,672
Other and unknown modes 1,910 2.0 1,673 1.7 408 1.1 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 482 100.0 268 100.0 215 100.0 776
Single modes 482 100.0 268 100.0 215 100.0 776
Truck3 482 100.0 268 100.0 215 100.0 776
For-hire Truck 482 100.0 268 100.0 215 100.0 776
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 273 100.0 2,779 100.0 499 100.0 94
Single modes 271 99.6 2,761 99.4 498 99.8 94
Truck3 218 79.8 2,158 77.6 243 48.7 93
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 66
Rail S S S S S S 25
Water S S S S S S 440
Shallow draft S S S S S S 440
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 64

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,473 100.0 3,219 100.0 1,525 100.0 489
Single modes 2,454 99.2 3,208 99.7 1,518 99.5 482
Truck3 2,363 95.5 2,676 83.1 1,199 78.6 451
For-hire Truck S S 2,163 67.2 1,170 76.7 592
Private Truck 150 6.1 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,009
Water S S S S S S 441
Shallow draft S S S S S S 441
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 426
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 426
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 693

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 27
Single modes S S S S S S 27
Truck3 S S S S S S 27
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,258 100.0 2,604 100.0 1,389 100.0 530
Single modes 4,245 99.7 2,598 99.8 1,385 99.7 536
Truck3 4,245 99.7 2,598 99.8 1,385 99.7 536
For-hire Truck 3,029 71.1 1,924 73.9 1,203 86.6 715
Private Truck 1,216 28.6 675 25.9 182 13.1 223
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,623
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 656
Truck and rail S S S S S S 684
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,548
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 738 100.0 463 100.0 593
Single modes S S 662 89.7 347 74.9 469
Truck3 S S 568 77.0 253 54.6 449
For-hire Truck S S 568 77.0 253 54.6 449
Private Truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,005
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 20 3.9 76 10.3 117 25.1 1,493
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail 20 3.9 76 10.3 117 25.1 1,493
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,940 100.0 3,167 100.0 502 100.0 53
Single modes 1,939 99.9 3,167 100.0 502 100.0 50
Truck3 1,864 96.1 2,794 88.2 385 76.7 49
For-hire Truck 144 7.4 608 19.2 142 28.3 241
Private Truck 1,719 88.6 2,186 69.0 S S 47
Rail 75 3.9 373 11.8 S S 311
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 362
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 362
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 617 100.0 366 100.0 12 100.0 41
Single modes 617 100.0 366 100.0 12 100.0 41
Truck3 617 100.0 366 100.0 12 100.0 41
For-hire Truck 255 41.3 66 18.1 7 58.7 111
Private Truck 362 58.7 299 81.9 5 41.3 19
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 56
Single modes S S S S S S 56
Truck3 S S S S S S 56
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 56
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 42
Single modes S S S S S S 35
Truck3 S S S S S S 35
For-hire Truck 1 15.7 163 10.9 6 9.7 37
Private Truck S S S S S S 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 111

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 34 100.0 4,218 100.0 215 100.0 50
Single modes 32 94.6 3,928 93.1 183 85.0 46
Truck3 32 94.6 3,928 93.1 183 85.0 46
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 55
Private Truck S S 3,044 72.2 134 62.4 43
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 106

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 111 100.0 S S 569 100.0 331
Single modes 109 98.2 S S 554 97.3 322
Truck3 86 77.5 S S 316 55.6 290
For-hire Truck 73 66.0 S S 282 49.6 330
Private Truck S S S S 34 6.0 S
Rail 23 20.7 255 17.2 238 41.8 923
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2 1.7 9 0.6 15 2.6 1,605
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,656
Truck and rail 2 1.7 9 0.6 15 2.6 1,601
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 351

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 238
Single modes S S S S S S 796
Truck3 S S S S S S 796
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 796
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,381 100.0 18,015 100.0 9,210 100.0 630
Single modes 4,335 99.0 17,875 99.2 9,171 99.6 643
Truck3 1,989 45.4 6,759 37.5 S S 644
For-hire Truck 1,268 28.9 4,541 25.2 S S 1,357
Private Truck 721 16.5 2,218 12.3 36 0.4 18
Rail
Water S S 4,143 23.0 S S 394
Shallow draft 234 5.3 994 5.5 S S 262
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 607
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 1,473 33.6 6,973 38.7 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 160

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,637 100.0 7,904 100.0 4,566 100.0 S
Single modes 1,626 99.3 7,864 99.5 4,563 99.9 S
Truck3 1,014 62.0 4,236 53.6 S S S
For-hire Truck 434 26.5 2,098 26.5 S S 1,523
Private Truck 580 35.4 2,138 27.0 46 1.0 36
Rail
Water 379 23.1 S S S S S
Shallow draft 224 13.7 1,417 17.9 S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 980
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,041 100.0 3,833 100.0 820 100.0 S
Single modes 1,031 99.0 3,824 99.8 820 100.0 S
Truck3 804 77.2 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 155 14.9 310 8.1 48 5.8 S
Rail 97 9.3 352 9.2 271 33.1 730
Water S S S S S S 383
Shallow draft S S S S S S 383
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 22
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 22
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,447 100.0 6,724 100.0 2,494 100.0 S
Single modes 2,260 92.4 6,575 97.8 2,440 97.8 S
Truck3 1,148 46.9 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 852 34.8 435 6.5 361 14.5 749
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 544 22.2 S S 740 29.7 690
Water 472 19.3 S S S S 346
Shallow draft 463 18.9 S S 378 15.1 334
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 381
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 240
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 226
Truck and rail S S S S S S 353
Truck and water S S S S S S 200
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,905 100.0 S S S S 266
Single modes S S S S S S 249
Truck3 S S S S S S 248
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 254
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 941
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 447 23.5 5 5.2 S S 419
Parcel, USPS or courier 447 23.5 5 5.2 S S 419
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 13 14.0 3 6.0 190

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 423 100.0 3,219 100.0 511 100.0 108
Single modes 422 99.9 3,211 99.7 510 99.8 108
Truck3 297 70.3 1,863 57.9 138 27.0 69
For-hire Truck 69 16.4 676 21.0 33 6.5 S
Private Truck S S S S 105 20.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 409
Water S S S S S S 940
Shallow draft S S S S S S 940
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 72

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,551 100.0 1,192 100.0 665 100.0 S
Single modes 2,319 90.9 1,079 90.5 629 94.5 S
Truck3 2,316 90.8 1,078 90.5 629 94.5 S
For-hire Truck 1,166 45.7 798 67.0 574 86.2 810
Private Truck 1,150 45.1 280 23.5 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,073
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 375
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,523
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,466 100.0 2,637 100.0 1,589 100.0 501
Single modes 3,384 97.6 2,570 97.5 1,522 95.8 381
Truck3 2,677 77.2 1,578 59.8 712 44.8 360
For-hire Truck 1,964 56.7 1,128 42.8 558 35.1 550
Private Truck 713 20.6 450 17.1 154 9.7 175
Rail 707 20.4 992 37.6 811 51.0 809
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,564
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 948
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 S S 947
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,196
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 299
Single modes S S S S S S 293
Truck3 S S S S S S 293
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 421
Private Truck S S S S S S 290
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,672
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,672
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,407 100.0 14,119 100.0 4,287 100.0 140
Single modes 3,268 95.9 13,477 95.4 4,131 96.4 175
Truck3 2,799 82.1 11,705 82.9 2,379 55.5 150
For-hire Truck 1,503 44.1 6,706 47.5 1,724 40.2 279
Private Truck 1,296 38.0 4,999 35.4 655 15.3 79
Rail 470 13.8 S S 1,752 40.9 989
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 259
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,429
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 129 3.8 S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,691 100.0 3,686 100.0 2,641 100.0 S
Single modes 1,638 96.9 3,576 97.0 2,465 93.4 S
Truck3 639 37.8 999 27.1 561 21.2 S
For-hire Truck 509 30.1 939 25.5 546 20.7 580
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 999 59.1 2,576 69.9 1,904 72.1 741
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,932
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,932
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,147 100.0 956 100.0 193 100.0 S
Single modes 1,134 98.8 951 99.4 189 97.8 249
Truck3 1,131 98.6 950 99.4 188 97.4 244
For-hire Truck S S S S 151 78.1 579
Private Truck S S S S 37 19.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,703
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 632
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 632
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 10 0.9 4 0.4 S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 597 100.0 293 100.0 197 100.0 699
Single modes 478 80.0 269 92.0 179 91.0 446
Truck3 478 80.0 269 92.0 179 91.0 441
For-hire Truck 472 79.0 265 90.4 179 91.0 452
Private Truck S S S S S S 140
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 996
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 744
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 744
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,605
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,135 100.0 1,146 100.0 858 100.0 907
Single modes 15,735 97.5 1,096 95.6 838 97.7 926
Truck3 15,724 97.4 1,094 95.5 835 97.4 917
For-hire Truck S S 950 82.9 794 92.5 925
Private Truck 700 4.3 144 12.6 42 4.9 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 12 S S S S 2,966
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 13 1.5 757
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 757
Truck and rail S S S S S S 894
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 727

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 219
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 135
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 520
Private Truck S S S S S S 47
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 826
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 735
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 730
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,577
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 294
Single modes S S S S S S 291
Truck3 S S S S S S 285
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 538
Private Truck 393 24.1 591 32.1 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,326
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 892
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 407
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 382
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,462
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,056 100.0 1,185 100.0 424 100.0 512
Single modes 2,343 76.7 1,148 96.8 372 87.7 331
Truck3 2,334 76.4 1,148 96.8 372 87.7 329
For-hire Truck 1,282 41.9 598 50.4 220 52.0 478
Private Truck 1,052 34.4 550 46.4 151 35.7 265
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,209
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 643
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 643
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,241

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,816 100.0 662 100.0 438 100.0 204
Single modes 3,298 86.4 569 85.9 329 75.1 S
Truck3 3,285 86.1 567 85.6 326 74.4 S
For-hire Truck 2,228 58.4 435 65.8 277 63.2 661
Private Truck 1,050 27.5 130 19.6 49 11.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,906
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,578
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 402 10.5 S S S S 421
Parcel, USPS or courier 168 4.4 S S 5 1.1 417
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,433
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 0.3 S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 308 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 298 96.7 S
Truck3 S S S S 292 95.0 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 271 87.9 S
Private Truck 260 3.0 51 5.1 22 7.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,027
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,529
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 561 6.5 6 0.6 4 1.4 444
Parcel, USPS or courier 558 6.5 6 0.6 S S 444
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,104
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 448 100.0 246 100.0 670
Single modes S S 407 90.8 225 91.5 596
Truck3 S S 401 89.5 220 89.1 464
For-hire Truck S S 305 68.0 211 85.7 653
Private Truck 574 9.2 96 21.5 8 3.4 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,234
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 896
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 896
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,382
Single modes S S S S S S 1,356
Truck3 S S S S S S 838
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 858
Private Truck S S S S S S 380
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,474
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,593
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,593
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,412

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 166 100.0 5 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,658
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 505
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 505
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,375 100.0 1,132 100.0 778 100.0 706
Single modes 4,167 95.3 1,084 95.7 718 92.3 696
Truck3 4,165 95.2 1,083 95.7 717 92.2 693
For-hire Truck 3,182 72.7 666 58.9 572 73.6 829
Private Truck 983 22.5 417 36.8 145 18.6 490
Rail S S S S S S 1,854
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,335
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 0.1 S S S S 1,078
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,014
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,502
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 342

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 593 100.0 287 100.0 581
Single modes 911 57.7 428 72.2 243 84.9 363
Truck3 879 55.6 426 71.8 237 82.7 357
For-hire Truck 568 35.9 248 41.8 177 61.6 739
Private Truck 311 19.6 178 30.0 S S 103
Rail S S S S S S 2,470
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,675
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 734
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 734
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 178

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 494
Single modes S S S S S S 494
Truck3 S S S S S S 494
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 568
Private Truck S S S S S S 280
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,528 100.0 4,228 100.0 858 100.0 160
Single modes 12,468 99.5 4,223 99.9 858 100.0 162
Truck3 12,468 99.5 4,223 99.9 858 100.0 162
For-hire Truck 2,936 23.4 989 23.4 325 37.9 623
Private Truck 9,532 76.1 3,234 76.5 533 62.1 81
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 266
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 266
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 124 100.0 93 100.0 S S 1,138
Single modes 112 90.1 92 99.0 S S 1,352
Truck3 108 87.3 S S S S 280
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 728
Private Truck 48 38.5 27 29.0 S S 110
Rail S S S S S S 141
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,360
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 382
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 382
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.