Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 94,897 100.0 98,720 100.0 38,333 100.0 410
Single modes 89,490 94.3 96,360 97.6 37,217 97.1 372
Truck 82,103 86.5 68,359 69.2 24,986 65.2 350
For-hire truck 57,160 60.2 36,285 36.8 21,273 55.5 675
Private truck 24,932 26.3 32,066 32.5 3,710 9.7 68
Rail 3,204 3.4 8,650 8.8 6,523 17.0 823
Water 1,960 2.1 10,460 10.6 4,808 12.5 229
Shallow draft 1,157 1.2 5,395 5.5 1,431 3.7 195
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 626
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 12 1,345
Pipeline3 1,843 1.9 8,881 9.0 S S S
Multiple modes 3,497 3.7 688 0.7 707 1.8 656
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,750 2.9 90 54 0.1 651
Truck and rail 741 0.8 585 0.6 630 1.6 1,585
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,518
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,672
Other and unknown modes 1,910 2.0 1,673 1.7 408 1.1 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,206 100.0 7,410 100.0 1,429 100.0 220
Single modes 5,038 96.8 6,718 90.7 1,263 88.4 230
Truck 4,770 91.6 5,833 78.7 1,050 73.4 205
For-hire truck 2,292 44.0 2,588 34.9 488 34.2 233
Private truck 2,477 47.6 3,246 43.8 562 39.3 159
Rail 238 4.6 773 10.4 206 14.4 279
Water S S S S S S 57
Shallow draft S S S S S S 57
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 967
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 1.5 S S S S 176
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 0.9 S S S S 175
Truck and rail S S S S S S 250
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 127

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,298
Single modes S S S S S S 3,405
Truck S S S S S S 1,891
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,891
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,986
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,973
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,973
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 391 100.0 213 100.0 343 100.0 1,501
Single modes 385 98.4 212 99.7 342 99.7 1,524
Truck 313 80.2 128 60.2 195 56.9 1,515
For-hire truck 303 77.6 118 55.3 179 52.3 1,518
Private truck S S S S S S 1,467
Rail S S S S S S 1,744
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,991
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 1.5 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,489
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 1.5 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,489
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,601

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,300 100.0 2,382 100.0 605 100.0 111
Single modes 2,211 96.1 2,335 98.0 595 98.4 98
Truck 2,140 93.0 2,083 87.4 518 85.7 97
For-hire truck 1,224 53.2 1,270 53.3 362 59.8 262
Private truck 916 39.8 812 34.1 157 25.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 327
Water S S S S S S 294
Shallow draft S S S S S S 294
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,092
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 226
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 226
Truck and rail S S S S S S 312
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 273

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,313 100.0 5,277 100.0 S S 2,024
Single modes 3,887 90.1 S S S S 2,029
Truck 3,610 83.7 S S S S 2,010
For-hire truck 3,434 79.6 S S S S 2,020
Private truck 176 4.1 53 1.0 101 0.8 1,805
Rail 253 5.9 307 5.8 657 5.5 2,037
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 25 0.6 1 2 2,579
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 401 9.3 187 3.5 396 3.3 2,006
Parcel, USPS or courier 141 3.3 4 7 2,000
Truck and rail 260 6.0 183 3.5 389 3.3 2,174
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,079

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 359 100.0 76 100.0 92 100.0 1,270
Single modes 353 98.5 75 99.1 91 99.2 1,314
Truck 350 97.6 75 99.1 91 99.1 1,251
For-hire truck 341 95.1 71 93.7 86 93.7 1,253
Private truck S S S S S S 1,183
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,838
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 1.5 S S S S 1,166
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 1.5 S S S S 1,166
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 234 100.0 67 100.0 82 100.0 1,244
Single modes 223 95.0 67 99.8 82 99.8 1,255
Truck 221 94.4 67 99.8 82 99.8 1,235
For-hire truck 211 90.3 64 94.8 77 94.7 1,235
Private truck S S S S S S 1,234
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,835
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,223
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,223
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,196

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 56 100.0 57 100.0 975
Single modes S S 56 100.0 57 100.0 971
Truck S S 39 70.2 38 66.6 970
For-hire truck S S S S S S 970
Private truck S S S S S S 978
Rail S S S S S S 1,152
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,090
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 993
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 993
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 887
Single modes S S S S S S 886
Truck S S S S S S 885
For-hire truck S S S S S S 885
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 991
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 900
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 900
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,364 100.0 7,053 100.0 4,254 100.0 738
Single modes 3,113 92.5 7,004 99.3 4,223 99.3 656
Truck 2,100 62.4 993 14.1 555 13.0 595
For-hire truck 1,107 32.9 505 7.2 320 7.5 607
Private truck 993 29.5 488 6.9 235 5.5 518
Rail 67 2.0 S S 189 4.4 691
Water S S S S S S 420
Shallow draft S S S S S S 151
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 659
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,417
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 244 7.3 S S 29 0.7 805
Parcel, USPS or courier 227 6.8 6 5 0.1 805
Truck and rail S S S S S S 605
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 714

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,007 100.0 2,748 100.0 1,178 100.0 412
Single modes 2,725 90.6 2,673 97.3 1,138 96.6 413
Truck 2,539 84.5 2,165 78.8 877 74.5 400
For-hire truck 2,162 71.9 1,314 47.8 526 44.6 392
Private truck 377 12.5 S S S S 442
Rail 163 5.4 403 14.7 225 19.1 560
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 920
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 221 7.4 S S S S 406
Parcel, USPS or courier 81 2.7 3 0.1 1 0.1 404
Truck and rail S S S S S S 617
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 415

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,693
Single modes S S S S S S 4,469
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,469
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,556
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,779
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,562
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6 100.0 S S S S 1,943
Single modes 4 72.6 S S S S 1,958
Truck 4 72.6 S S S S 1,939
For-hire truck 4 72.0 S S S S 1,938
Private truck S S S S S S 1,953
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,266
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,935
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,935
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,919

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,742 100.0 1,393 100.0 889 100.0 585
Single modes 2,471 90.1 1,373 98.6 882 99.2 605
Truck 2,220 81.0 763 54.8 420 47.2 568
For-hire truck 1,978 72.1 612 43.9 354 39.8 584
Private truck 242 8.8 151 10.8 66 7.4 399
Rail 184 6.7 599 43.0 451 50.7 751
Water S S S S S S 1,059
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,059
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 796
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 0.4 3 0.3 534
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.2 2 0.2 534
Truck and rail S S S S S S 598
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 448

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 993 100.0 686 100.0 463 100.0 632
Single modes 855 86.1 675 98.5 455 98.4 649
Truck 752 75.8 389 56.7 241 52.1 601
For-hire truck 670 67.5 333 48.5 207 44.7 604
Private truck S S 56 8.2 34 7.4 561
Rail 92 9.2 277 40.4 206 44.6 752
Water S S S S S S 821
Shallow draft S S S S S S 821
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 956
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 611
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 611
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 654

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 343 100.0 342 100.0 271 100.0 691
Single modes 328 95.6 341 99.9 271 99.9 695
Truck 282 82.4 127 37.2 92 33.9 677
For-hire truck 266 77.6 115 33.7 83 30.7 675
Private truck S S S S S S 765
Rail S S S S S S 844
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 847
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 682
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 682
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 813 100.0 219 100.0 159 100.0 595
Single modes 766 94.2 210 95.7 153 96.7 611
Truck 750 92.2 189 86.2 137 86.7 595
For-hire truck 732 89.9 179 81.6 S S 595
Private truck S S S S S S 632
Rail 12 1.5 21 9.5 16 10.0 754
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,025
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 518
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 518
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 603

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 935 100.0 668 100.0 310 100.0 418
Single modes 867 92.7 653 97.7 305 98.4 434
Truck 763 81.5 504 75.4 199 64.0 321
For-hire truck 541 57.8 305 45.7 140 45.2 340
Private truck 222 23.7 199 29.7 58 18.7 263
Rail S S S S S S 713
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 0.7 S S S S 2,215
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 2.4 S S S S 370
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 2.3 2 0.2 1 0.2 370
Truck and rail S S S S S S 317
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 403

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,057 100.0 6,388 100.0 1,399 100.0 229
Single modes 5,889 97.2 6,334 99.2 1,393 99.6 229
Truck 5,235 86.4 2,898 45.4 507 36.2 224
For-hire truck 2,822 46.6 1,820 28.5 326 23.3 241
Private truck 2,407 39.7 1,076 16.8 181 12.9 194
Rail 110 1.8 463 7.2 139 10.0 287
Water S S S S S S 315
Shallow draft S S S S S S 315
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 462
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 158 2.6 S S S S 227
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 0.7 2 228
Truck and rail S S S S S S 93
Truck and water S S S S S S 200
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 204

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 50 100.0 42 100.0 65 100.0 1,580
Single modes 49 99.0 42 99.9 65 99.9 1,458
Truck 39 78.5 13 31.6 20 29.9 1,454
For-hire truck 39 78.0 11 27.3 17 25.6 1,454
Private truck S S S S S S 1,548
Rail S S S S S S 1,615
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,651
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1.0 0.1 0.1 1,703
Parcel, USPS or courier 1.0 0.1 0.1 1,703
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 750 100.0 176 100.0 170 100.0 903
Single modes 737 98.3 175 99.6 169 99.6 906
Truck 736 98.2 173 98.4 167 98.1 906
For-hire truck 717 95.7 164 93.0 158 92.8 909
Private truck S S S S S S 867
Rail S S S S S S 1,245
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 1.6 S S S S 897
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 1.6 S S S S 897
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 931

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 487 100.0 146 100.0 207 100.0 1,341
Single modes 431 88.6 144 98.7 204 98.7 1,348
Truck 419 86.2 117 80.1 159 76.9 1,344
For-hire truck 333 68.3 108 73.7 147 70.9 1,351
Private truck S S S S S S 1,328
Rail S S S S S S 1,668
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,395
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,329
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,329
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,343

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,271 100.0 813 100.0 772 100.0 793
Single modes 1,177 92.6 776 95.4 738 95.5 795
Truck 1,011 79.5 316 38.9 267 34.6 786
For-hire truck 967 76.1 288 35.4 245 31.7 784
Private truck 44 3.4 28 3.4 23 2.9 889
Rail 164 12.9 460 56.6 470 60.9 961
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.1 867
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 787
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 787
Truck and rail S S S S S S 945
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 795

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,378 100.0 273 100.0 277 100.0 945
Single modes 1,358 98.6 272 99.7 276 99.8 953
Truck 1,342 97.4 244 89.4 237 85.8 934
For-hire truck 1,180 85.6 209 76.4 204 73.8 934
Private truck S S S S S S 959
Rail S S S S S S 1,355
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,343
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.3 1 0.2 897
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.3 1 0.2 897
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 894

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22,058 100.0 45,970 100.0 3,039 100.0 37
Single modes 20,266 91.9 45,192 98.3 2,973 97.8 31
Truck 17,961 81.4 34,521 75.1 1,735 57.1 31
For-hire truck 4,539 20.6 12,394 27.0 826 27.2 92
Private truck 13,419 60.8 22,125 48.1 909 29.9 27
Rail 228 1.0 872 1.9 139 4.6 158
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 12
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 1,826 8.3 8,776 19.1 S S S
Multiple modes 917 4.2 21 3 0.1 111
Parcel, USPS or courier 914 4.1 18 S S 111
Truck and rail S S S S S S 280
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 875 4.0 S S S S 22

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,663 100.0 1,011 100.0 484 100.0 369
Single modes 2,418 90.8 963 95.2 469 96.8 353
Truck 2,343 88.0 750 74.2 321 66.3 332
For-hire truck 2,114 79.4 566 56.0 261 53.9 373
Private truck 229 8.6 184 18.2 60 12.4 240
Rail 72 2.7 212 21.0 148 30.5 711
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 949
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 0.3 1 0.3 417
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.3 1 0.3 417
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 337

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 37 100.0 S S S S 1,811
Single modes 26 70.8 S S S S 1,856
Truck 26 70.8 S S S S 1,856
For-hire truck 26 69.3 S S S S 1,837
Private truck S S S S S S 1,991
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.2 1,749
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.2 1,749
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,091

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 123 100.0 108 100.0 100 100.0 796
Single modes 120 97.5 107 98.6 99 99.0 766
Truck 111 90.3 54 49.6 53 53.0 764
For-hire truck 109 88.5 52 47.9 52 51.5 769
Private truck S S S S S S 738
Rail S S S S S S 861
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 1.5 S S S S 893
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 1.5 S S S S 893
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 665

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 122 100.0 S S S S 1,911
Single modes 111 91.1 S S S S 1,813
Truck 111 91.1 S S S S 1,813
For-hire truck 111 91.1 S S S S 1,813
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,986
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,986
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 126 100.0 53 100.0 68 100.0 1,347
Single modes 104 82.9 52 98.9 67 98.7 1,339
Truck 95 75.5 21 39.8 29 43.5 1,339
For-hire truck 85 67.9 16 30.2 22 32.5 1,338
Private truck S S S S S S 1,513
Rail S S S S S S 1,193
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,376
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,376
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,426

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 372 100.0 426 100.0 1,074
Single modes S S 335 89.9 376 88.3 1,062
Truck S S 296 79.6 326 76.5 1,058
For-hire truck S S 274 73.5 301 70.7 1,058
Private truck S S S S S S 1,088
Rail 13 0.8 38 10.1 50 11.7 1,334
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 8 0.5 S S S S 1,107
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 73 4.6 S S S S 1,105
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.4 2 0.4 1,103
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,200
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,081

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 158 100.0 73 100.0 84 100.0 1,154
Single modes 140 88.6 73 99.2 84 99.3 1,282
Truck 127 80.8 41 55.9 44 52.0 1,236
For-hire truck 115 73.0 36 49.6 39 46.4 1,244
Private truck S S S S S S 1,049
Rail S S S S S S 1,252
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,582
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,032
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,032
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,094

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,030 100.0 420 100.0 522 100.0 1,102
Single modes 951 92.3 418 99.4 519 99.5 1,115
Truck 872 84.6 244 58.1 286 54.8 1,114
For-hire truck 851 82.6 232 55.3 272 52.2 1,114
Private truck S S 12 2.8 14 2.7 1,171
Rail 74 7.1 173 41.2 233 44.6 1,331
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,108
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 45 4.3 S S S S 1,084
Parcel, USPS or courier 45 4.3 S S S S 1,084
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,120

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,334 100.0 861 100.0 606 100.0 669
Single modes 1,228 92.0 847 98.4 595 98.2 654
Truck 1,151 86.2 707 82.1 483 79.6 642
For-hire truck 1,072 80.3 604 70.1 412 68.0 642
Private truck 79 5.9 103 12.0 71 11.7 640
Rail 70 5.2 140 16.2 112 18.5 807
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 967
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 3.8 S S S S 684
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 3.8 S S S S 684
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 813

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41 100.0 28 100.0 41 100.0 1,388
Single modes 40 97.4 28 99.7 40 99.7 1,360
Truck 36 86.2 16 58.1 22 54.2 1,358
For-hire truck 31 75.8 14 52.1 20 48.6 1,356
Private truck S S S S S S 1,401
Rail S S S S S S 1,601
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,482
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,482
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,757 100.0 1,255 100.0 1,027 100.0 637
Single modes 1,723 98.1 1,243 99.0 1,007 98.1 638
Truck 1,547 88.0 581 46.3 408 39.7 637
For-hire truck 1,457 82.9 535 42.7 375 36.5 636
Private truck 90 5.1 45 3.6 33 3.2 687
Rail 170 9.7 S S S S 908
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 533
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 1.9 S S S S 628
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 1.9 1 628
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,672
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 674

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 476 100.0 355 100.0 218 100.0 603
Single modes 438 91.9 347 97.8 215 98.5 705
Truck 403 84.6 282 79.4 166 76.1 556
For-hire truck 336 70.5 237 66.7 142 65.1 548
Private truck 67 14.0 45 12.7 24 10.9 572
Rail 30 6.4 65 18.3 49 22.4 724
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,103
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 482
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 482
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 415

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 273 100.0 132 100.0 342 100.0 2,415
Single modes 238 87.4 127 96.3 330 96.3 2,450
Truck 198 72.6 74 55.8 182 53.1 2,386
For-hire truck 151 55.3 62 46.8 152 44.5 2,386
Private truck S S S S S S 2,384
Rail S S 53 40.4 147 43.1 2,760
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.9 S S S S 2,659
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 8.4 5 3.6 12 3.6 2,391
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.7 2 0.7 2,390
Truck and rail S S 4 2.9 10 2.9 2,618
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,465

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,202 100.0 572 100.0 628 100.0 995
Single modes 1,172 97.5 569 99.5 625 99.5 996
Truck 1,039 86.4 314 54.8 310 49.4 998
For-hire truck 924 76.9 259 45.3 261 41.6 1,004
Private truck 115 9.5 S S 49 7.8 936
Rail 107 8.9 254 44.4 314 49.9 1,234
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 916
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 29 2.4 3 0.5 3 0.5 994
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 2.1 S S S S 994
Truck and rail S S S S S S 968
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 851

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,286
Single modes S S S S S S 1,304
Truck S S S S S S 1,280
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,281
Private truck S S S S S S 1,278
Rail S S S S S S 1,734
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,282
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,282
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,002 100.0 713 100.0 450 100.0 530
Single modes 950 94.8 685 96.0 424 94.3 528
Truck 881 87.9 563 79.0 331 73.5 519
For-hire truck 789 78.7 476 66.7 278 61.7 515
Private truck 92 9.2 87 12.2 53 11.8 624
Rail 66 6.6 121 17.0 93 20.8 784
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 965
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 5.1 S S S S 537
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 532
Truck and rail S S S S S S 964
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 563

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 938
Single modes S S S S S S 920
Truck S S S S S S 909
For-hire truck S S 4 86.5 S S 907
Private truck S S S S S S 1,353
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,476
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 969
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 969
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,244

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 4,353 100.0 899 100.0 95
Single modes S S 4,333 99.6 895 99.6 86
Truck S S 3,783 86.9 638 70.9 S
For-hire truck S S 2,183 50.1 447 49.7 S
Private truck 1,547 14.5 1,600 36.8 191 21.2 130
Rail 198 1.9 550 12.6 257 28.6 455
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 785
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 191 1.8 7 0.2 1 0.2 254
Parcel, USPS or courier 171 1.6 S S S S 255
Truck and rail S S S S S S 83
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 0.2 139

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,971 100.0 4,588 100.0 2,694 100.0 609
Single modes 8,712 97.1 4,467 97.4 2,640 98.0 620
Truck 8,132 90.6 3,331 72.6 1,940 72.0 609
For-hire truck 7,382 82.3 2,717 59.2 1,656 61.5 613
Private truck 751 8.4 615 13.4 284 10.5 572
Rail 352 3.9 761 16.6 512 19.0 654
Water S S S S S S 498
Shallow draft S S S S S S 498
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,082
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 123 1.4 8 0.2 5 0.2 567
Parcel, USPS or courier 121 1.4 7 0.1 4 0.1 567
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,022
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 136 1.5 S S S S 511

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 307 100.0 94 100.0 160 100.0 1,750
Single modes 296 96.4 94 99.9 160 99.9 1,754
Truck 289 94.3 87 92.2 145 90.6 1,668
For-hire truck 284 92.4 80 85.5 135 84.0 1,668
Private truck S S S S S S 1,636
Rail S S S S S S 2,040
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,198
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,664
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,664
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,611

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,312
Single modes S S S S S S 1,312
Truck S S S S S S 1,273
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,273
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,332
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,500
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,317
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,317
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 502 100.0 454 100.0 782
Single modes S S 499 99.4 451 99.3 777
Truck S S 319 63.6 271 59.7 760
For-hire truck S S 282 56.1 238 52.5 753
Private truck 36 1.5 S S S S 812
Rail 91 3.7 179 35.8 180 39.7 979
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,038
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 795
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 0.5 1 0.1 1 0.1 794
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,057
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 976

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 512 100.0 164 100.0 421 100.0 2,482
Single modes S S 153 93.1 391 92.8 2,489
Truck S S 82 49.9 207 49.1 2,488
For-hire truck S S 79 48.1 199 47.3 2,488
Private truck S S S S S S 2,514
Rail 24 4.7 S S S S 2,638
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,513
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,375
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 2.0 S S S S 2,353
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,703
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,461

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 86 100.0 S S 702
Single modes 100 96.9 86 99.8 S S 707
Truck 55 53.4 18 20.9 S S 704
For-hire truck 52 50.8 17 19.6 13 11.8 676
Private truck S S S S S S 790
Rail S S S S S S 1,075
Water S S S S S S 1,513
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,513
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 696
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 696
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 635 100.0 404 100.0 376 100.0 801
Single modes 588 92.5 363 89.6 329 87.5 799
Truck 530 83.4 240 59.3 198 52.5 769
For-hire truck 474 74.5 200 49.4 166 44.2 770
Private truck 56 8.8 S S 31 8.3 713
Rail 49 7.8 123 30.3 132 35.0 1,064
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,034
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 3.0 S S S S 808
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 2.5 1 0.2 1 0.2 808
Truck and rail S S S S S S 894
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 845

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,302
Single modes S S S S S S 1,441
Truck S S S S S S 1,441
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,441
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,439
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,291
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,291
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.