Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 77,779 100.0 106,481 100.0 33,118 100.0 395
Single modes 68,515 88.1 104,423 98.1 31,836 96.1 198
Truck 58,869 75.7 66,019 62.0 12,400 37.4 168
For-hire truck 35,484 45.6 33,614 31.6 8,652 26.1 496
Private truck 23,288 29.9 32,335 30.4 3,697 11.2 66
Rail 4,737 6.1 17,606 16.5 15,698 47.4 637
Water 573 0.7 3,674 3.5 1,816 5.5 S
Shallow draft 573 0.7 3,673 3.4 1,816 5.5 S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 12
Air (including truck and air) 562 0.7 13 14 1,325
Pipeline3 3,774 4.9 17,110 16.1 S S S
Multiple modes 7,461 9.6 717 0.7 S S 676
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,493 8.3 193 0.2 119 0.4 674
Truck and Rail 932 1.2 124 0.1 S S 1,901
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,177
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,838
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,802 2.3 1,341 1.3 257 0.8 352

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,931 100.0 9,495 100.0 1,589 100.0 187
Single modes 5,021 84.7 9,423 99.2 1,576 99.1 187
Truck 4,747 80.0 7,656 80.6 1,070 67.3 170
For-hire truck S S S S 571 35.9 197
Private truck 1,425 24.0 3,171 33.4 499 31.4 151
Rail 263 4.4 1,760 18.5 505 31.8 323
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,084
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 677 11.4 30 0.3 6 0.4 187
Parcel, USPS or courier 677 11.4 29 0.3 6 0.4 187
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 93
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 168

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,087
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,087
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,087
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 S S S S 1,486
Single modes S S S S S S 1,532
Truck S S S S S S 1,490
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,490
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,520
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,021
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,479
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,479
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,881 100.0 3,639 100.0 1,135 100.0 320
Single modes 3,612 93.1 3,325 91.4 1,029 90.7 289
Truck 3,472 89.5 2,485 68.3 699 61.6 287
For-hire truck 2,188 56.4 1,667 45.8 474 41.8 312
Private truck 1,285 33.1 818 22.5 225 19.8 259
Rail S S S S S S 407
Water S S S S S S 401
Shallow draft S S S S S S 401
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 913
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 1.1 2 1 387
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 1.1 2 1 387
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 335

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,883 100.0 S S S S 1,979
Single modes 1,123 59.6 S S S S 1,996
Truck 1,104 58.6 S S S S 1,892
For-hire truck 612 32.5 130 29.6 251 29.2 1,892
Private truck S S S S S S 1,872
Rail S S S S S S 2,014
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 19 1.0 S S S S 2,464
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 738 39.2 S S S S 1,986
Parcel, USPS or courier 389 20.7 7 1.5 13 1.5 1,985
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,206
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,926

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 157 100.0 3,341 100.0 6,218 100.0 1,279
Single modes 100 63.7 2,941 88.0 5,483 88.2 1,447
Truck 48 30.6 S S S S 1,196
For-hire truck 38 24.0 S S S S 1,192
Private truck 10 6.5 5 0.2 7 0.1 1,213
Rail 38 24.4 2,917 87.3 5,452 87.7 1,500
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,924
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 57 36.2 S S S S 1,270
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1 1,270
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,838
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,256

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 155 100.0 35 100.0 50 100.0 1,303
Single modes 118 76.3 33 95.6 48 96.0 1,281
Truck 102 65.9 17 48.9 22 43.7 1,280
For-hire truck 93 60.3 14 39.4 18 35.2 1,280
Private truck S S S S S S 1,282
Rail S S S S S S 1,615
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,294
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 37 23.7 2 4.4 2 4.0 1,312
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 23.7 2 4.4 2 4.0 1,312
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 75 100.0 85 100.0 1,084
Single modes S S 75 100.0 85 100.0 1,105
Truck S S S S S S 1,081
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,084
Private truck S S S S S S 1,020
Rail S S S S S S 1,230
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,315
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1,061
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1,061
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 975
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 975
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 975
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 965 100.0 474 100.0 289 100.0 759
Single modes 805 83.4 460 97.0 278 96.1 803
Truck 786 81.5 416 87.6 247 85.5 749
For-hire truck 591 61.2 319 67.2 206 71.2 813
Private truck 195 20.2 97 20.4 41 14.2 628
Rail 13 1.4 45 9.4 31 10.6 1,053
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,296
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 154 15.9 S S S S 744
Parcel, USPS or courier 154 15.9 S S S S 744
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 739

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,496 100.0 1,990 100.0 813 100.0 383
Single modes 2,975 85.1 1,962 98.6 802 98.7 392
Truck 2,742 78.4 1,785 89.7 693 85.3 378
For-hire truck 2,183 62.4 1,189 59.8 471 57.9 367
Private truck 518 14.8 565 28.4 211 26.0 408
Rail S S 172 8.7 105 12.9 615
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 669
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 502 14.4 19 0.9 7 0.9 379
Parcel, USPS or courier 478 13.7 16 0.8 6 0.7 379
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 603
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 19 0.5 S S S S 337

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,578
Single modes S S S S S S 5,002
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,002
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,567
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,567
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 39 100.0 73 100.0 2,085
Single modes 26 84.1 39 99.7 73 99.7 1,879
Truck 26 84.0 39 99.7 73 99.7 1,867
For-hire truck 25 81.4 38 97.2 71 97.1 1,866
Private truck S S S S S S 1,898
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,327
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 15.9 0.3 0.3 2,118
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 15.9 0.3 0.3 2,118
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,288 100.0 S S S S 706
Single modes 2,948 89.7 S S S S 692
Truck 1,624 49.4 865 20.7 517 19.9 671
For-hire truck 1,466 44.6 755 18.1 469 18.1 683
Private truck S S S S S S 563
Rail S S S S S S 612
Water S S S S S S 927
Shallow draft S S S S S S 927
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 997
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 308 9.4 15 0.4 11 0.4 714
Parcel, USPS or courier 308 9.4 15 0.4 11 0.4 714
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 874

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 606
Single modes S S S S S S 627
Truck S S S S S S 612
For-hire truck S S S S S S 618
Private truck S S S S 10 6.6 498
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,380
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 1.7 3 1.8 605
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 1.7 3 1.8 605
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 797

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 665 100.0 572 100.0 514 100.0 860
Single modes 624 93.9 569 99.5 512 99.5 859
Truck 567 85.3 232 40.7 167 32.5 821
For-hire truck 425 63.9 140 24.5 108 21.0 835
Private truck S S S S S S 725
Rail S S S S S S 1,002
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,240
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 6.1 3 0.5 2 0.5 861
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 6.1 3 0.5 2 0.5 861
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 817

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 456 100.0 266 100.0 202 100.0 805
Single modes 397 87.1 265 99.6 201 99.7 920
Truck 352 77.2 174 65.5 127 63.0 704
For-hire truck 313 68.7 154 58.2 114 56.6 704
Private truck S S S S S S 705
Rail S S S S S S 822
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,135
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.3 1 0.3 740
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.3 1 0.3 740
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 872

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,549 100.0 701 100.0 286 100.0 483
Single modes 1,511 97.5 698 99.6 285 99.5 429
Truck 1,509 97.4 500 71.4 214 74.6 424
For-hire truck 1,010 65.2 413 59.0 175 61.0 515
Private truck S S 87 12.4 39 13.6 285
Rail S S S S S S 361
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 600
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 37 2.4 2 0.3 1 0.4 546
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 2.4 2 0.3 1 0.4 546
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 523

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,011 100.0 14,659 100.0 2,369 100.0 153
Single modes 4,729 94.4 14,590 99.5 2,361 99.7 119
Truck 2,050 40.9 4,159 28.4 630 26.6 115
For-hire truck 1,156 23.1 2,981 20.3 488 20.6 180
Private truck 893 17.8 1,178 8.0 143 6.0 99
Rail 585 11.7 1,469 10.0 495 20.9 345
Water S S 635 4.3 S S 349
Shallow draft S S 635 4.3 S S 349
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 694
Pipeline3 1,947 38.8 8,327 56.8 S S S
Multiple modes 214 4.3 S S S S 195
Parcel, USPS or courier 210 4.2 10 2 195
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 155
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 4 0.2 117

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 83 100.0 49 100.0 75 100.0 1,511
Single modes 78 94.7 49 99.8 75 99.8 1,512
Truck 45 54.4 36 73.4 55 72.8 1,517
For-hire truck 45 54.4 36 73.4 55 72.8 1,517
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,575
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,503
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,510
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,510
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,431

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 237 100.0 S S S S 1,023
Single modes 213 90.1 S S S S 1,047
Truck 97 41.2 S S S S 997
For-hire truck 97 41.2 S S S S 997
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,176
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,248
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,015
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,015
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 287 100.0 43 100.0 58 100.0 1,377
Single modes 197 68.5 41 95.5 56 95.4 1,352
Truck 189 65.7 39 90.8 52 89.6 1,345
For-hire truck 159 55.2 34 79.0 45 78.2 1,344
Private truck S S S S S S 1,342
Rail S S S S S S 1,680
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,435
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 90 31.4 2 4.5 3 4.6 1,380
Parcel, USPS or courier 90 31.4 2 4.5 3 4.6 1,380
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,324

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,012 100.0 182 100.0 167 100.0 918
Single modes 827 81.7 170 93.2 152 90.9 924
Truck 683 67.5 134 73.7 116 69.2 877
For-hire truck 661 65.3 125 68.7 109 65.3 878
Private truck S S S S S S 858
Rail S S S S S S 1,014
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 955
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 908
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 4.8 2 0.9 1 0.8 907
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,280
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 236 100.0 S S S S 988
Single modes 135 57.3 S S S S 1,123
Truck 124 52.8 S S S S 1,002
For-hire truck 122 51.9 S S S S 1,001
Private truck S S S S S S 1,136
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 4.5 S S S S 1,421
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 100 42.7 5 5.3 5 5.5 971
Parcel, USPS or courier 100 42.7 5 5.3 5 5.5 971
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22,058 100.0 45,970 100.0 3,039 100.0 37
Single modes 20,266 91.9 45,192 98.3 2,973 97.8 31
Truck 17,961 81.4 34,521 75.1 1,735 57.1 31
For-hire truck 4,539 20.6 12,394 27.0 826 27.2 92
Private truck 13,419 60.8 22,125 48.1 909 29.9 27
Rail 228 1.0 872 1.9 139 4.6 158
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 12
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 1,826 8.3 8,776 19.1 S S S
Multiple modes 917 4.2 21 3 0.1 111
Parcel, USPS or courier 914 4.1 18 S S 111
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 280
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 875 4.0 S S S S 22

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,180 100.0 1,859 100.0 S S 526
Single modes 957 81.2 1,855 99.7 S S 592
Truck 538 45.6 948 51.0 498 48.2 589
For-hire truck 503 42.7 916 49.3 481 46.5 596
Private truck 34 2.9 32 1.7 17 1.6 357
Rail S S S S S S 749
Water S S S S S S 582
Shallow draft S S S S S S 582
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 863
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 0.3 2 0.2 503
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.3 2 0.2 503
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,946
Single modes S S S S S S 1,906
Truck S S S S S S 1,877
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,877
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,364
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,955
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,955
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,891

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 153 100.0 72 100.0 67 100.0 977
Single modes 146 95.2 72 98.9 66 98.7 931
Truck 142 92.4 49 67.2 S S 931
For-hire truck 93 60.8 S S S S 938
Private truck S S S S S S 876
Rail S S S S S S 894
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 4.7 0.6 0.6 993
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 4.7 0.6 0.6 993
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,145

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 139 100.0 S S S S 1,931
Single modes S S S S S S 2,124
Truck S S S S S S 2,101
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,091
Private truck S S S S S S 2,211
Rail S S S S S S 2,444
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,531
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 5.8 1 5.1 1,796
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 5.8 1 5.1 1,796
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,640

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 43 100.0 S S S S 1,421
Single modes 25 57.9 S S S S 1,429
Truck S S S S S S 1,436
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,432
Private truck S S S S S S 1,504
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,408
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 42.1 S S S S 1,420
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 42.1 S S S S 1,420
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 583 100.0 166 100.0 197 100.0 1,150
Single modes 305 52.4 156 93.6 184 93.4 1,150
Truck 277 47.5 153 92.2 181 92.0 1,147
For-hire truck 276 47.3 153 92.1 181 91.9 1,147
Private truck S S S S S S 1,158
Rail S S S S S S 1,170
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,219
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 278 47.6 11 6.4 13 6.6 1,150
Parcel, USPS or courier 272 46.7 8 4.6 9 4.5 1,150
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,302
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 62 100.0 111 100.0 150 100.0 1,191
Single modes S S 111 99.9 150 99.9 1,241
Truck S S S S S S 990
For-hire truck S S S S S S 993
Private truck S S S S S S 907
Rail 15 23.7 S S S S 1,413
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,838
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,133
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,133
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 274 100.0 337 100.0 1,173
Single modes S S 265 96.7 326 96.5 1,192
Truck 733 38.9 189 68.9 219 64.9 1,186
For-hire truck 676 35.9 150 54.8 177 52.3 1,192
Private truck S S S S S S 1,121
Rail S S S S S S 1,180
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,275
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 189 10.0 7 2.5 9 2.7 1,168
Parcel, USPS or courier 158 8.4 5 1.9 6 1.8 1,155
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,177
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 2 0.8 3 0.8 1,173

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,348 100.0 534 100.0 345 100.0 686
Single modes 1,213 90.0 524 98.0 338 98.0 671
Truck 1,212 89.9 524 98.0 338 98.0 667
For-hire truck 975 72.3 405 75.9 264 76.5 676
Private truck 228 16.9 111 20.8 70 20.4 635
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,090
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 113 8.4 3 0.7 2 0.7 695
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 8.4 3 0.7 2 0.7 695
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 625

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 18 100.0 S S 1,260
Single modes S S S S 13 55.0 1,177
Truck S S S S 13 55.0 1,177
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,164
Private truck S S S S S S 1,254
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,359
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,350
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,568
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,349

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,091 100.0 374 100.0 268 100.0 783
Single modes 819 75.1 343 91.6 244 91.0 802
Truck 815 74.7 340 90.9 241 90.2 794
For-hire truck 714 65.5 318 84.9 223 83.4 765
Private truck S S S S S S 899
Rail S S S S S S 903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,213
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 215 19.8 S S S S 769
Parcel, USPS or courier 138 12.6 5 1.3 4 1.4 769
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 839
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 863

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 359 100.0 333 100.0 169 100.0 583
Single modes 330 91.9 327 98.2 166 98.0 562
Truck 269 75.0 231 69.4 112 66.2 552
For-hire truck 199 55.4 93 27.9 48 28.4 560
Private truck 70 19.5 S S S S 542
Rail S S S S S S 679
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 828
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 25 6.9 1 0.3 1 0.3 590
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 6.9 1 0.3 1 0.3 590
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 575

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,556
Single modes S S S S S S 2,678
Truck S S S S S S 2,473
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,473
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,572
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,710
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 33.7 2 4.7 5 4.7 2,514
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 30.2 S S S S 2,487
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,781
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 860 100.0 S S S S 1,076
Single modes 693 80.6 S S S S 1,020
Truck 528 61.5 S S S S 1,013
For-hire truck 503 58.5 S S S S 1,001
Private truck S S S S S S 1,070
Rail S S S S S S 1,062
Water S S S S S S 1,723
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,723
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,134
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 164 19.1 3 3 1,083
Parcel, USPS or courier 164 19.1 3 3 1,083
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 995

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57 100.0 S S S S 1,360
Single modes S S S S S S 1,395
Truck S S S S S S 1,373
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,380
Private truck S S 1.7 1.5 1,335
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,418
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 42.6 S S S S 1,357
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 42.6 S S S S 1,357
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,387

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,097 100.0 860 100.0 537 100.0 575
Single modes 3,065 99.0 859 99.9 536 99.9 564
Truck 3,024 97.6 725 84.3 430 80.2 560
For-hire truck 2,968 95.8 700 81.4 415 77.2 556
Private truck 56 1.8 25 2.9 16 2.9 604
Rail S S S S S S 793
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,058
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 31 1.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 582
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 1.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 582
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 525

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27 100.0 9 100.0 9 100.0 1,205
Single modes 21 76.5 9 99.0 9 98.9 1,136
Truck 19 72.3 9 98.9 9 98.8 1,073
For-hire truck 19 72.3 9 98.9 9 98.8 1,073
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,392
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,211
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,211
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,031 100.0 6,736 100.0 1,139 100.0 204
Single modes 6,040 85.9 6,630 98.4 1,120 98.3 166
Truck 5,859 83.3 6,084 90.3 916 80.4 157
For-hire truck 3,538 50.3 3,471 51.5 527 46.2 193
Private truck 2,316 32.9 2,613 38.8 389 34.2 131
Rail S S S S S S 370
Water S S S S S S 16
Shallow draft S S S S S S 16
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 805
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 16 0.2 5 0.4 288
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 16 0.2 5 0.4 288
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 15 1.3 92

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,864 100.0 2,404 100.0 1,252 100.0 542
Single modes 3,554 92.0 2,370 98.6 1,236 98.7 560
Truck 3,398 87.9 2,039 84.8 1,019 81.4 500
For-hire truck 2,380 61.6 1,313 54.6 693 55.4 521
Private truck 1,004 26.0 S S S S 442
Rail 125 3.2 286 11.9 200 16.0 659
Water S S S S S S 386
Shallow draft S S S S S S 386
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,540
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 305 7.9 9 0.4 5 0.4 532
Parcel, USPS or courier 305 7.9 9 0.4 5 0.4 532
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 390

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38 100.0 S S S S 1,723
Single modes 20 52.9 S S S S 1,734
Truck 18 47.5 40 42.5 67 39.2 1,703
For-hire truck 18 46.8 40 42.4 67 39.2 1,703
Private truck S S S S S S 1,665
Rail S S S S S S 1,908
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,222
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 47.1 S S S S 1,721
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 34.8 S S S S 1,721
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,771
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 34 100.0 36 100.0 47 100.0 1,413
Single modes 26 78.1 S S S S 1,374
Truck 26 76.2 S S S S 1,364
For-hire truck 26 76.2 S S S S 1,364
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,479
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 21.7 S S S S 1,417
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 21.7 S S S S 1,417
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,307

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 367 100.0 196 100.0 177 100.0 867
Single modes 322 87.8 195 99.4 176 99.4 833
Truck 300 81.7 99 50.6 80 44.9 822
For-hire truck 285 77.5 88 45.1 70 39.7 825
Private truck 15 4.2 S S S S 806
Rail S S S S S S 1,010
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,144
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 44 12.0 1 0.6 1 0.6 880
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 12.0 1 0.6 1 0.6 880
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 834

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30 100.0 13 100.0 36 100.0 2,404
Single modes 14 47.1 13 99.0 35 99.1 2,641
Truck S S S S S S 2,407
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,399
Private truck S S S S S S 2,431
Rail S S S S S S 2,788
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,984
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.9 0.8 2,366
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.9 0.8 2,366
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,548

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57 100.0 S S S S 876
Single modes 55 96.7 S S S S 875
Truck 41 72.8 S S S S 864
For-hire truck 40 70.7 S S S S 863
Private truck S S S S S S 876
Rail S S S S S S 1,062
Water S S S S S S 1,594
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,594
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 877
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 877
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,077 100.0 S S S S 928
Single modes 645 59.9 S S S S 856
Truck 628 58.3 S S S S 855
For-hire truck 494 45.9 S S S S 880
Private truck 134 12.4 22 7.6 19 7.6 817
Rail S S S S S S 926
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,161
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 936
Parcel, USPS or courier 109 10.1 3 1.2 3 1.2 938
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 740
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2 100.0 S S S S 1,378
Single modes S S S S S S 1,816
Truck S S S S S S 1,672
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,672
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,191
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 73.6 S S S S 1,369
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 73.6 S S S S 1,369
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.