Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 94,897 60,093 57.9 98,720 113,436 −13 38,333 27,937 37.2 410 238 71.9
Single modes 89,490 55,986 59.8 96,360 109,462 −12 37,217 24,979 49 372 198 87.6
Truck 82,103 49,204 66.9 68,359 79,281 −13.8 24,986 12,387 101.7 350 192 82.3
Rail 3,204 3,646 −12.1 8,650 12,739 −32.1 6,523 8,097 −19.4 823 669 23
Water 1,960 1,687 16.2 10,460 S S 4,808 S S 229 S S
Air (including truck and air) S 287 S S S S 12 S S 1,345 1,150 16.9
Pipeline 1,843 1,162 58.6 8,881 6,702 32.5 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,497 1,860 88 688 440 56.4 707 521 35.8 656 551 19.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,750 1,404 95.9 90 60 49.6 54 34 58.5 651 547 19
Truck and Rail 741 423 75.3 585 263 122.2 630 427 47.5 1,585 1,813 −12.6
Other multiple modes S 34 S S 116 S S 60 S 6,495 S S
Other and unknown modes 1,910 2,246 −15 1,673 3,535 −52.7 408 S S S 90 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,931 5,106 55.3 11,448 7,478 53.1 3,699 1,722 114.8 366 S S
Single modes 7,897 4,941 59.8 11,410 7,389 54.4 3,687 1,701 116.7 365 S S
Truck 7,752 4,529 71.2 10,274 5,723 79.5 3,113 1,073 190.1 354 S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 985 456 116.2
Water S S S S S S S S S 441 S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,258
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,309 555 316
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 656 548 19.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 578 917 −36.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,548
Other and unknown modes 22 S S S S S S S S 333 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,258 3,161 3.1 4,285 4,554 −5.9 978 1,282 −23.7 58 79 −26.3
Single modes 3,236 3,094 4.6 4,208 4,474 −5.9 861 1,203 −28.4 54 80 −33.3
Truck 3,083 2,802 10 3,742 3,548 5.5 651 757 −14 53 79 −33.7
Rail S 261 S 466 871 −46.4 210 427 −50.7 439 515 −14.8
Water S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21 S S 77 S S 117 S S 633 627 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 362 75 384.7
Truck and Rail 20 S S 76 S S 117 S S 1,493 1,562 −4.4
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 31 S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 151 301 −49.8 7,194 11,140 −35.4 846 710 19.1 S 409 S
Single modes 147 298 −50.7 6,768 11,086 −38.9 785 697 12.6 S 410 S
Truck 124 279 −55.5 6,513 10,667 −38.9 547 541 1.2 S 409 S
Rail 23 11 109.5 255 190 34.1 238 154 54.3 923 861 7.2
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2 S S 9 S S 15 S S 1,605 1,865 −13.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,656 2,009 −17.5
Truck and Rail 2 S S 9 S S 15 S S 1,601 1,840 −13
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 2 S S S S S S S 106 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,060 4,979 41.8 29,752 25,613 16.2 14,596 4,049 260.5 S 46 S
Single modes 6,992 4,940 41.5 29,563 24,112 22.6 14,554 4,034 260.7 S 45 S
Truck 3,808 2,453 55.2 13,894 10,674 30.2 S 630 S S 42 S
Rail 97 49 97.7 352 240 46.6 271 165 64.1 730 643 13.6
Water 1,381 1,348 2.4 7,141 7,250 −1.5 S 2,662 S 117 98 19.2
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 1,706 1,090 56.6 8,177 5,948 37.5 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 22 1,507 −98.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 22 402 −94.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,169
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,792 7,305 47.7 13,865 7,545 83.8 5,302 5,066 4.7 S 204 S
Single modes 9,650 6,652 45.1 13,509 6,665 102.7 5,139 2,873 78.9 S 198 S
Truck 7,702 5,345 44.1 7,443 3,913 90.2 2,412 1,607 50.1 S 190 S
Rail 1,332 1,138 17 2,914 1,911 52.5 1,899 1,205 57.6 653 744 −12.3
Water 475 S S S S S S S S 665 17 S
Air (including truck and air) S 5 S S S S S S S 1,177 1,277 −7.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 784 200 291.7 288 45 540.5 128 71 80.9 S 277 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 556 124 349.1 8 6 28.1 4 3 54.3 433 272 58.9
Truck and Rail 228 S S 280 38 645.4 122 S S 479 1,989 −75.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 7,449 7,287 2.2
Other and unknown modes S 453 S 68 S S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 22,981 11,704 96.3 20,269 24,953 −18.8 8,211 10,203 −19.5 744 516 44.2
Single modes 22,257 10,797 106.1 19,426 24,104 −19.4 7,818 9,788 −20.1 770 490 57.2
Truck 20,774 8,925 132.8 15,076 13,894 8.5 4,159 3,413 21.9 761 481 58.3
Rail 1,469 1,717 −14.5 4,348 7,347 −40.8 3,656 5,279 −30.7 839 773 8.5
Water S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 14 10 44.2 S 1 S 3 S S 2,914 1,059 175.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 420 543 −22.7 146 213 −31.6 S 250 S 752 631 19.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S 320 S S 19 S 21 10 108.6 748 625 19.8
Truck and Rail 76 200 −62.2 S 134 S S 218 S 1,924 1,863 3.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,672 363 360.9
Other and unknown modes 304 364 −16.4 S 636 S S 165 S S 128 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,960 8,114 10.4 4,413 25,261 −82.5 2,173 2,393 −9.2 312 218 43.3
Single modes 7,635 7,528 1.4 4,254 25,159 −83.1 1,981 2,342 −15.4 189 164 14.9
Truck 7,590 7,312 3.8 4,218 24,512 −82.8 1,935 2,072 −6.6 184 155 18.4
Rail S 85 S S 646 S S 268 S 1,364 594 129.5
Water S S S S S S 15
Air (including truck and air) S 130 S S 1 S S 1 S 924 1,158 −20.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,168 320 264.5 117 18 566 147 13 S 539 558 −3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S 302 S 27 11 140.2 15 6 149.8 537 557 −3.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,468 842 74.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,016
Other and unknown modes 157 266 −40.8 42 84 −50.1 S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 15,157 7,497 102.2 1,443 1,695 −14.9 559 842 −33.6 480 201 138.6
Single modes 14,017 6,882 103.7 1,388 1,640 −15.4 527 804 −34.5 409 136 199.7
Truck 13,649 6,752 102.1 1,379 1,637 −15.8 515 800 −35.6 314 123 156
Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,027 181 S
Water S S S S S S 15
Air (including truck and air) S 128 S S 3 S S S S 1,244 1,185 5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 823 389 111.4 13 18 −27.3 9 27 −66.4 734 564 30.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 820 338 142.6 S 8 S 8 3 142.5 734 562 30.7
Truck and Rail S 52 S S S S S S S 2,104 2,281 −7.8
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 225 S S 37 S 23 12 98.1 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,484 11,266 64.1 5,960 4,493 32.6 1,926 1,595 20.7 312 320 −2.5
Single modes 17,548 10,220 71.7 5,742 4,136 38.8 1,822 1,466 24.3 267 257 3.8
Truck 17,512 10,174 72.1 5,739 4,021 42.7 1,816 1,429 27.1 266 256 3.8
Rail S 38 S S S S S 29 S 1,905 1,001 90.2
Water S S S S S S 275
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,675 835 100.0.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 255 338 −24.7 S 84 S S 66 S 714 675 5.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S 299 S S 16 S S 12 S 698 673 3.7
Truck and Rail S 33 S S S S S S S 2,014 1,828 10.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,502 462 874.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S 274 S S 64 S 111 96 16.4

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 124 S S 93 703 −86.8 S 74 S 1,138 S S
Single modes 112 S S 92 697 −86.8 S 71 S 1,352 S S
Truck 108 S S S 693 S S 66 S 280 S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 141 1,021 −86.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 4,360 734 494.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 382 403 −5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S 3 S S S S S 382 393 −2.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,166
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 16 48 −67.3

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.