Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.3 10.4 16.3 14.8
Single modes 13.9 0.9 10.7 0.7 16.5 0.6 17.1
Truck 14.6 2.3 7.8 4.8 25.3 5.9 18.4
For-hire truck 20.1 3.8 9.1 3.4 28.4 6.3 10.5
Private truck 9.2 2.7 9.6 2.6 15.8 1.4 27.3
Rail 13.1 0.5 19.0 2.0 18.2 4.5 5.7
Water 37.9 0.8 42.6 3.1 47.5 4.7 26.1
Shallow draft 32.9 0.4 38.6 1.6 37.4 1.4 30.2
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 26.2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 49.5 12.6
Pipeline 37.6 0.9 36.9 2.9 S S S
Multiple modes 20.9 0.9 23.0 0.2 20.3 0.7 8.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.1 0.9 30.3 24.9 8.6
Truck and rail 31.0 0.3 27.9 0.2 23.4 0.7 6.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 25.2 0.4 37.1 0.7 32.9 0.3 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.4 18.0 16.7 9.6
Single modes 11.1 0.8 20.5 6.4 19.4 7.2 9.8
Truck 11.8 1.3 22.8 6.7 23.3 8.1 7.1
For-hire truck 18.8 7.5 24.5 5.5 20.4 4.6 5.9
Private truck 21.0 8.2 30.9 7.5 30.6 7.4 8.8
Rail 23.2 1.4 24.7 4.7 24.6 5.8 16.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.8 0.6 S S S S 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.8 0.5 S S S S 11.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.6

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 28.3
Single modes S S S S S S 28.3
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.0 33.7 34.7 0.8
Single modes 30.3 2.4 33.7 0.7 34.7 0.7 1.5
Truck 36.3 8.3 41.5 12.7 42.1 13.0 0.9
For-hire truck 37.7 8.6 44.3 12.8 44.9 13.0 0.9
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.7 2.4 45.9 0.7 47.0 0.7 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.7 2.4 45.9 0.7 47.0 0.7 1.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.7 34.2 32.6 36.8
Single modes 22.9 3.5 35.2 2.8 33.5 2.7 49.7
Truck 22.4 4.5 31.3 2.7 29.1 3.3 49.0
For-hire truck 19.2 6.4 24.2 6.2 25.5 5.9 7.8
Private truck 34.9 5.6 46.2 4.8 41.8 2.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 16.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 47.9 43.3 16.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.0

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 49.3 S S 1.6
Single modes 23.3 4.9 S S S S 2.3
Truck 24.1 5.1 S S S S 2.2
For-hire truck 25.7 6.3 S S S S 2.4
Private truck 48.1 1.8 30.9 1.6 30.6 1.5 15.1
Rail 30.6 2.3 34.0 7.1 34.3 7.5 11.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 42.2 0.2 44.2 43.6 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.0 4.9 30.4 6.1 30.2 6.4 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.5 1.9 38.2 0.1 38.7 0.1 2.0
Truck and rail 37.9 4.5 31.3 6.1 30.9 6.3 2.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.1 22.1 22.4 2.2
Single modes 28.4 1.0 22.0 0.3 22.3 0.3 3.4
Truck 28.0 1.0 22.0 0.3 22.3 0.3 2.6
For-hire truck 29.1 3.7 24.2 4.4 24.6 4.5 2.7
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.2 1.0 S S S S 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.2 1.0 S S S S 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.7 29.5 29.5 1.3
Single modes 30.3 4.5 29.6 1.6 29.6 1.5 2.0
Truck 30.3 4.6 29.6 1.6 29.6 1.6 1.3
For-hire truck 29.7 4.8 28.6 2.5 28.5 2.5 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 48.9 49.9 2.8
Single modes S S 48.9 12.7 49.9 12.6 11.0
Truck S S 49.2 12.6 49.5 12.9 11.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.7
Single modes S S S S S S 23.7
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.9 41.2 45.2 6.0
Single modes 16.2 3.2 41.6 3.0 45.6 2.4 7.9
Truck 18.4 9.6 17.9 18.0 17.2 18.2 7.8
For-hire truck 12.9 7.5 16.4 10.0 16.3 11.1 8.6
Private truck 37.5 8.8 24.2 9.9 21.1 8.3 10.8
Rail 37.8 1.3 S S 43.8 7.4 21.5
Water S S S S S S 26.0
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 26.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.1 3.3 S S 49.4 2.4 4.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.4 3.3 30.6 0.2 32.5 0.3 4.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.2
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.8

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.9 24.8 24.1 3.0
Single modes 16.2 3.9 26.0 3.2 25.6 4.0 3.0
Truck 16.3 3.7 26.9 4.8 27.5 5.7 2.4
For-hire truck 17.0 4.9 19.1 8.7 18.3 8.8 2.3
Private truck 31.5 2.9 S S S S 5.8
Rail 38.7 2.2 35.4 4.7 36.1 5.9 16.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 43.2 3.9 S S S S 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.0 2.3 38.7 36.3 3.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 26.1
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.9

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.8
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.0
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.2 S S S S 10.7
Single modes 43.3 12.9 S S S S 18.3
Truck 43.3 12.9 S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck 43.0 12.9 S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.4 26.7 26.9 2.7
Single modes 22.2 3.4 27.0 0.7 27.1 0.4 3.4
Truck 20.1 3.7 15.0 7.6 12.2 8.1 2.8
For-hire truck 18.5 4.1 10.9 8.1 11.4 8.1 2.8
Private truck 45.8 2.5 43.4 2.3 34.5 1.8 13.1
Rail 39.7 1.4 47.5 7.8 46.3 8.4 3.4
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.2 0.2 40.7 0.1 7.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.1 0.2 34.3 7.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.8

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.3 21.9 20.8 4.5
Single modes 19.4 5.7 22.3 1.2 21.2 1.3 2.8
Truck 20.2 7.3 17.1 9.2 16.1 9.6 3.1
For-hire truck 21.4 7.5 18.2 9.5 17.1 9.7 3.4
Private truck S S 48.0 2.7 47.2 2.4 16.6
Rail 37.1 3.3 40.2 9.7 37.3 10.2 18.7
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 6.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.2

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 46.6 48.5 2.8
Single modes 27.2 4.4 46.6 48.5 3.4
Truck 33.4 8.7 22.1 16.1 21.7 16.8 3.2
For-hire truck 35.5 8.7 25.8 14.6 25.3 15.2 3.2
Private truck S S S S S S 23.8
Rail S S S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 46.3 47.6 19.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.3 47.6 19.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.0 38.2 41.6 4.0
Single modes 34.7 6.6 40.0 4.9 43.1 5.0 6.2
Truck 35.3 7.1 45.4 7.2 49.3 8.0 2.9
For-hire truck 35.6 8.1 46.7 7.4 S S 3.9
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail 45.6 2.7 47.9 6.6 46.8 7.4 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 20.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 20.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.4

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.9 21.2 28.2 8.0
Single modes 36.6 1.8 20.5 0.8 27.6 0.4 9.2
Truck 31.5 3.9 21.6 8.5 16.5 10.3 9.8
For-hire truck 45.5 8.8 16.7 10.9 15.1 10.7 9.4
Private truck 39.4 9.1 45.4 8.2 35.2 6.7 16.2
Rail S S S S S S 24.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46.5 0.5 S S S S 28.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.1 1.1 S S S S 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.2 1.1 40.7 0.1 41.5 0.1 10.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.9

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.1 25.5 28.0 5.7
Single modes 14.1 1.0 25.7 0.6 28.1 0.4 6.7
Truck 17.1 4.7 19.2 10.8 13.3 11.6 6.1
For-hire truck 23.9 8.3 25.9 6.9 15.9 6.9 10.0
Private truck 28.0 7.6 16.1 6.4 13.8 5.3 3.7
Rail 39.9 1.2 42.1 4.4 43.6 5.9 18.6
Water S S S S S S 25.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 25.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.5 1.0 S S S S 11.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.0 0.4 37.5 35.0 11.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22.4

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.8 38.8 39.8 10.8
Single modes 39.3 10.5 38.9 10.5 39.9 10.5 15.0
Truck 42.2 10.6 35.3 16.7 35.1 17.0 14.9
For-hire truck 42.5 11.5 37.9 14.7 37.4 14.9 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.8 10.5 45.6 10.5 45.0 10.5 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.8 10.5 45.6 10.5 45.0 10.5 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.2 23.9 24.2 1.3
Single modes 35.5 1.2 23.9 0.2 24.2 0.2 1.6
Truck 35.5 1.1 24.0 0.9 24.3 1.1 1.6
For-hire truck 36.9 5.2 26.6 6.3 26.7 6.1 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.4 1.2 S S S S 2.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.4 1.2 S S S S 2.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.3 19.9 20.8 0.5
Single modes 21.5 6.7 20.5 2.0 21.4 2.0 0.5
Truck 21.1 6.5 20.5 7.3 20.7 7.9 0.6
For-hire truck 22.2 10.0 22.0 8.7 22.1 9.0 0.7
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.4 9.4 10.6 2.8
Single modes 17.5 3.6 10.5 3.8 11.7 3.9 2.8
Truck 20.5 4.4 11.6 4.3 12.4 4.5 2.9
For-hire truck 22.2 5.6 12.1 3.8 12.9 4.0 2.8
Private truck 36.4 2.3 30.7 1.1 29.5 1.0 15.4
Rail 16.0 3.5 14.1 5.5 15.5 5.8 2.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40.5 40.0 40.5 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 6.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.5 35.1 36.5 1.1
Single modes 40.8 1.0 35.1 36.5 1.4
Truck 41.1 2.2 33.7 4.7 34.6 5.7 1.6
For-hire truck 45.2 5.7 38.1 7.2 38.9 7.5 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.4 46.8 11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.4 46.8 11.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 8.4 12.4 17.7 17.5
Single modes 8.3 1.6 12.5 0.7 17.2 0.7 17.5
Truck 9.0 3.8 12.4 6.9 11.8 9.9 17.5
For-hire truck 12.7 3.0 17.9 3.6 17.3 4.9 11.2
Private truck 10.1 2.9 12.0 5.4 8.7 6.4 14.7
Rail 24.9 0.2 22.9 0.5 28.7 1.9 19.4
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 37.7 2.8 36.8 6.0 S S S
Multiple modes 27.9 1.1 37.7 38.6 12.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.0 1.1 45.3 S S 12.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.5
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 25.4 1.2 S S S S 36.3

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.3 15.8 16.7 6.1
Single modes 34.1 5.3 13.7 2.2 15.3 1.4 10.1
Truck 34.8 6.3 15.6 5.4 15.2 6.3 10.7
For-hire truck 37.9 6.3 15.0 4.3 16.7 4.2 8.8
Private truck 31.5 3.8 34.6 5.3 23.9 4.4 27.5
Rail 25.8 2.6 23.5 5.4 25.4 6.3 12.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.7 40.4 9.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.7 40.4 9.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.6

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.4 S S S S 11.1
Single modes 37.3 10.3 S S S S 15.1
Truck 37.3 10.3 S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck 38.7 11.7 S S S S 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 42.8 10.5 41.0 10.5 21.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 42.8 10.5 41.0 10.5 21.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.9 34.6 34.1 5.1
Single modes 20.9 1.1 34.8 0.8 34.2 0.5 7.1
Truck 22.2 5.3 30.5 14.8 31.9 14.2 7.1
For-hire truck 22.9 5.5 31.7 14.1 32.9 13.7 6.9
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.3 0.6 S S S S 21.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.3 0.6 S S S S 21.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.2 S S S S 11.1
Single modes 42.4 3.0 S S S S 11.0
Truck 42.4 3.0 S S S S 11.0
For-hire truck 42.4 3.0 S S S S 11.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.3 39.5 37.0 1.9
Single modes 41.0 12.8 40.2 12.1 37.8 12.1 10.8
Truck 46.1 14.9 43.9 17.0 44.1 16.4 15.1
For-hire truck 48.4 13.7 39.9 15.9 39.8 15.6 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 18.8 18.0 1.9
Single modes S S 20.7 5.3 20.1 5.9 2.2
Truck S S 22.5 5.2 22.2 5.8 2.3
For-hire truck S S 24.6 6.0 24.3 6.3 2.4
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail 41.3 1.0 41.9 4.4 42.3 5.0 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.4 0.9 S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.7 4.7 S S S S 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.5 0.7 49.3 0.7 10.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 21.4
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.2 40.7 44.5 4.3
Single modes 38.8 15.0 41.1 14.8 44.8 14.8 15.6
Truck 43.7 15.8 30.6 15.5 30.7 16.0 15.3
For-hire truck 48.1 15.2 33.5 14.7 33.5 15.1 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.6 19.3 20.4 1.7
Single modes 34.1 5.5 19.3 0.3 20.5 0.3 1.9
Truck 36.4 6.2 15.5 10.1 15.3 10.7 2.4
For-hire truck 37.4 6.6 15.5 9.7 15.4 10.2 2.4
Private truck S S 35.0 1.2 35.6 1.1 21.2
Rail 36.0 3.0 37.1 10.2 37.4 10.8 14.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 19.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.4 3.2 S S S S 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.4 3.2 S S S S 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.6 22.4 22.5 2.6
Single modes 19.3 3.6 22.8 0.9 22.9 1.0 3.9
Truck 19.9 3.5 21.8 3.6 22.0 4.0 2.8
For-hire truck 19.2 3.1 22.5 5.7 23.0 6.0 3.0
Private truck 38.5 1.4 33.8 3.0 33.5 2.9 11.1
Rail 29.3 1.3 32.5 3.3 30.7 3.7 18.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.8 1.4 S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.8 1.4 S S S S 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.4 29.0 29.9 15.1
Single modes 34.5 1.0 29.0 0.1 29.9 0.2 15.0
Truck 37.7 7.2 35.6 11.8 34.4 12.3 15.0
For-hire truck 39.3 8.3 34.2 11.6 32.1 12.1 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 26.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.8 37.2 39.5 2.5
Single modes 30.9 0.8 37.7 1.5 40.5 2.7 2.6
Truck 31.0 3.1 30.7 10.5 30.2 11.2 2.3
For-hire truck 32.9 5.1 34.3 9.4 33.8 9.7 2.6
Private truck 36.2 3.7 32.2 3.3 32.1 3.2 12.0
Rail 39.7 3.0 S S S S 15.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.8 0.8 S S S S 6.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.1 0.8 36.2 33.9 6.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.7 17.7 17.0 7.1
Single modes 17.9 2.7 16.7 1.0 16.3 0.7 8.0
Truck 17.8 3.7 23.3 8.0 23.1 8.4 1.9
For-hire truck 19.6 3.5 22.9 7.2 23.1 7.5 3.5
Private truck 23.6 3.5 33.0 3.8 32.4 3.4 10.9
Rail 46.7 2.2 46.6 8.1 49.7 8.5 19.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 19.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 19.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.8 27.0 27.3 0.7
Single modes 29.0 4.5 27.7 7.2 28.0 7.5 1.0
Truck 31.9 6.2 36.1 11.4 36.4 11.7 1.3
For-hire truck 27.9 8.5 38.8 10.0 39.2 10.1 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S 41.7 12.6 41.6 13.1 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.6 1.0 S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.5 4.5 34.2 7.2 34.1 7.5 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.5 0.9 45.3 0.8 18.3
Truck and rail S S 34.9 6.5 34.9 6.9 21.1
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 12.9 13.1 1.3
Single modes 21.5 1.5 12.9 0.2 13.2 0.2 1.3
Truck 24.0 4.2 13.1 7.8 12.2 8.2 1.4
For-hire truck 27.1 6.2 13.8 8.3 14.3 8.6 1.3
Private truck 48.4 3.7 S S 47.1 3.6 15.3
Rail 33.5 3.6 26.0 7.8 24.9 8.1 10.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.8 1.5 42.0 0.3 43.4 0.2 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.0 1.2 S S S S 1.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 18.6
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.9 21.9 19.3 6.3
Single modes 25.6 3.0 23.4 2.7 21.0 3.3 6.4
Truck 28.9 8.2 31.7 10.2 31.4 11.0 5.7
For-hire truck 29.5 7.3 33.8 10.0 33.5 10.4 5.7
Private truck 31.8 3.2 31.3 4.1 30.7 4.0 11.5
Rail 32.3 5.7 33.6 8.7 32.4 9.2 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 3.0 S S S S 7.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 16.5
Single modes S S S S S S 17.4
Truck S S S S S S 17.3
For-hire truck S S 49.5 3.2 S S 17.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 17.8 11.4 45.5
Single modes S S 17.9 0.2 11.4 0.1 50.0
Truck S S 20.3 3.9 14.5 4.9 S
For-hire truck S S 34.5 9.4 18.6 6.8 S
Private truck 32.8 10.2 32.8 9.0 36.0 5.8 19.1
Rail 16.5 1.7 21.5 4.0 18.1 5.0 7.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.1 2.6 44.6 46.5 8.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.7 2.4 S S S S 9.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 46.5 40.8

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.1 13.1 17.1 2.5
Single modes 21.4 1.3 13.8 1.9 17.6 1.4 2.6
Truck 22.5 2.2 11.2 4.6 15.5 4.5 2.2
For-hire truck 24.5 4.7 14.7 4.3 18.8 4.4 2.3
Private truck 17.9 2.8 25.1 4.0 18.2 3.3 6.8
Rail 32.3 1.9 42.0 4.2 38.4 4.0 7.7
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.5 1.4 29.2 0.1 28.7 0.1 4.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.2 1.4 31.2 0.1 28.0 0.1 4.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 38.5 0.5 S S S S 17.2

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.8 24.0 23.8 3.3
Single modes 24.7 1.7 24.0 23.8 3.3
Truck 25.4 1.9 26.2 5.0 26.4 5.4 1.4
For-hire truck 25.7 1.9 22.7 5.1 22.6 5.5 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.5
Single modes S S S S S S 21.2
Truck S S S S S S 21.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.2
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 18.4 19.6 3.1
Single modes S S 18.6 0.6 19.8 0.6 4.2
Truck S S 20.8 10.0 22.2 10.4 4.6
For-hire truck S S 23.3 10.8 25.2 11.1 5.4
Private truck 38.5 2.6 S S S S 21.2
Rail 34.8 8.5 38.3 9.7 38.5 10.1 18.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.0 1.0 32.1 31.8 15.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.6 32.5 32.9 1.1
Single modes S S 33.5 6.6 34.0 6.7 1.3
Truck S S 24.0 13.1 24.1 13.2 1.5
For-hire truck S S 25.7 12.7 25.8 12.7 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 41.3 5.0 S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.4 4.5 S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.2 44.6 S S 11.8
Single modes 35.1 13.6 44.7 10.6 S S 15.4
Truck 46.9 13.4 41.0 18.3 S S 15.5
For-hire truck 49.1 12.6 43.5 16.5 39.6 18.1 16.1
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.1 19.9 20.2 4.7
Single modes 15.6 2.3 17.2 3.8 17.6 4.6 4.0
Truck 16.2 7.4 20.2 10.5 20.3 11.3 1.7
For-hire truck 18.0 8.0 18.0 10.4 19.0 11.0 1.7
Private truck 40.4 3.9 S S 48.4 4.0 18.5
Rail 30.4 7.6 30.5 9.9 31.7 10.2 18.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.6 0.8 S S S S 11.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.1 0.8 31.8 33.0 0.1 15.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.6

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.3
Single modes S S S S S S 21.2
Truck S S S S S S 21.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.2
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.