Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 5.0 11.4 20.1 9.8
Single modes 5.6 1.0 11.8 0.6 21.1 1.8 20.7
Truck 6.4 2.3 7.4 3.4 7.2 7.1 21.2
For-hire truck 10.5 3.0 10.4 2.0 6.5 5.1 7.5
Private truck 5.7 1.8 6.9 2.4 17.5 2.9 19.6
Rail 42.7 2.4 34.7 2.6 37.7 7.0 7.5
Water 28.1 0.2 40.2 0.8 48.6 1.3 S
Shallow draft 28.1 0.2 40.2 0.8 48.6 1.3 S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 37.3 0.3 49.9 48.8 10.4
Pipeline 20.0 1.0 17.5 3.0 S S S
Multiple modes 8.8 1.0 39.5 0.3 S S 6.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 11.6 1.1 12.9 10.5 6.8
Truck and rail 43.6 0.5 37.1 S S 17.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water S S S S S S 29.8
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 19.7 0.4 34.0 0.5 42.1 0.5 47.6

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.8 24.5 17.8 8.7
Single modes 35.0 6.2 24.6 0.5 18.0 0.4 9.2
Truck 37.1 6.4 31.2 7.0 22.8 7.8 8.1
For-hire truck S S S S 26.6 8.1 8.7
Private truck 19.2 6.6 39.6 7.7 44.4 6.8 10.4
Rail 40.0 3.0 40.1 7.0 39.8 7.9 13.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 28.4 5.4 49.5 45.2 0.1 12.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.4 5.4 49.8 45.3 0.1 12.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.7

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.8
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.7 S S S S 10.9
Single modes S S S S S S 10.8
Truck S S S S S S 15.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.0
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.3 28.0 29.3 6.0
Single modes 22.5 6.3 32.2 8.1 33.7 8.4 4.7
Truck 23.6 6.7 32.3 10.6 31.4 11.8 4.6
For-hire truck 35.8 9.6 40.3 8.9 37.8 9.2 5.3
Private truck 23.2 6.1 20.2 5.5 21.6 5.7 2.9
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water S S S S S S 30.0
Shallow draft S S S S S S 30.0
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.2 0.1 27.4 35.8 8.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.2 0.1 27.4 35.8 8.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.5

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.0 S S S S 1.0
Single modes 38.7 9.4 S S S S 1.6
Truck 39.3 9.5 S S S S 0.9
For-hire truck 38.3 7.4 28.5 14.0 28.1 13.9 0.9
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 38.9 1.2 S S S S 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.4 9.4 S S S S 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.3 11.8 24.4 5.6 24.3 5.6 1.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.9 41.7 42.1 6.3
Single modes 17.6 7.0 42.9 4.4 43.3 4.2 5.0
Truck 26.3 9.1 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck 30.2 7.4 S S S S 15.1
Private truck 48.7 6.3 49.7 12.3 49.8 12.4 25.8
Rail 38.0 8.9 43.4 14.1 43.6 14.0 15.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.5 6.8 S S S S 11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 43.1 0.5 42.9 0.5 11.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 29.8
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.3 30.6 33.6 1.1
Single modes 28.9 10.9 31.7 8.7 34.9 8.9 2.3
Truck 31.1 11.6 32.0 12.6 31.6 13.4 1.5
For-hire truck 35.5 12.8 39.5 13.4 38.9 14.0 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.2 10.9 48.9 8.7 48.6 8.9 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.2 10.9 48.9 8.7 48.6 8.9 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 43.2 42.1 1.9
Single modes S S 43.2 14.9 42.2 14.9 15.0
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 42.8 14.9 43.0 14.9 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 42.8 14.9 43.0 14.9 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.8 26.9 29.0 4.9
Single modes 18.7 3.5 28.0 2.6 30.5 3.3 7.1
Truck 19.0 3.7 31.6 4.6 35.3 5.9 6.4
For-hire truck 23.3 5.9 39.0 7.0 41.3 7.2 6.2
Private truck 29.7 4.9 18.7 6.5 17.1 6.1 9.6
Rail 30.9 0.5 44.2 4.5 44.8 5.8 22.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 17.3 3.4 S S S S 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.3 3.4 S S S S 3.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.7

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.6 17.0 14.8 3.9
Single modes 17.4 4.8 17.4 0.7 15.2 0.7 6.5
Truck 19.6 6.4 20.2 4.5 18.7 5.6 2.4
For-hire truck 25.5 7.5 24.7 6.4 22.8 6.8 2.5
Private truck 45.4 6.3 26.5 5.7 26.3 5.3 3.3
Rail S S 34.2 4.1 30.8 5.1 19.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.4 4.6 31.9 0.5 34.9 0.5 5.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.7 4.2 26.5 0.5 24.3 0.3 5.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47.9 0.4 S S S S 18.8

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.9
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.3 40.7 40.2 10.8
Single modes 31.2 13.2 40.9 14.9 40.4 14.9 15.2
Truck 31.4 13.3 40.9 14.9 40.4 14.9 18.4
For-hire truck 33.3 15.5 42.6 17.7 42.1 17.7 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.2 13.2 47.5 14.9 47.3 14.9 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.2 13.2 47.5 14.9 47.3 14.9 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.4 S S S S 2.8
Single modes 37.8 4.9 S S S S 2.7
Truck 29.6 9.7 23.5 11.3 26.6 11.6 2.4
For-hire truck 27.2 8.9 23.2 8.8 27.6 9.4 2.3
Private truck S S S S S S 16.3
Rail S S S S S S 15.5
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.1 3.7 31.6 0.2 33.0 0.2 3.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.1 3.7 31.6 0.2 33.0 0.2 3.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.4

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 5.3
Single modes S S S S S S 5.9
Truck S S S S S S 4.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 4.4
Private truck S S S S 47.6 4.7 14.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 33.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 48.9 4.6 45.9 4.8 7.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 48.9 4.6 45.9 4.8 7.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.8 36.1 41.4 1.9
Single modes 22.4 2.0 36.2 0.8 41.5 1.0 3.7
Truck 22.5 5.6 35.8 16.3 31.5 18.0 2.8
For-hire truck 26.6 10.6 24.6 18.6 26.4 19.1 2.7
Private truck S S S S S S 26.2
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.5 2.0 48.1 0.8 48.7 1.0 4.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.5 2.0 48.1 0.8 48.7 1.0 4.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.3 29.9 31.8 4.5
Single modes 32.6 7.2 30.1 0.4 32.0 0.4 5.7
Truck 35.9 7.5 32.4 11.8 36.5 12.5 2.6
For-hire truck 40.3 10.1 37.3 13.1 41.5 13.7 2.7
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 47.5 43.3 15.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 34.7 0.4 32.5 0.3 4.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 34.7 0.4 32.5 0.3 4.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.9 27.8 24.2 6.7
Single modes 27.8 3.6 27.9 0.4 24.3 0.4 6.7
Truck 27.9 3.6 20.5 9.6 15.8 8.7 6.9
For-hire truck 26.1 9.6 20.0 8.9 15.7 8.1 4.8
Private truck S S 34.0 4.3 29.1 4.2 22.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.0 3.4 29.1 0.2 36.0 0.2 6.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.0 3.4 29.1 0.2 36.0 0.2 6.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.3 25.4 19.5 6.5
Single modes 18.6 2.5 25.6 1.4 19.7 0.9 12.9
Truck 11.2 7.5 18.1 9.2 18.9 7.6 11.1
For-hire truck 22.0 4.7 22.1 5.2 24.3 5.0 8.6
Private truck 22.9 6.3 27.2 5.8 17.4 3.4 9.9
Rail 33.7 4.7 25.5 7.3 25.5 9.1 9.3
Water S S 49.6 3.8 S S 27.1
Shallow draft S S 49.6 3.8 S S 27.1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.3
Pipeline 44.1 11.3 43.4 15.3 S S S
Multiple modes 32.4 1.4 S S S S 6.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.4 1.4 39.2 38.8 6.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 49.5 0.9 19.5

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.8 33.6 34.1 0.9
Single modes 27.5 5.3 33.7 7.1 34.3 7.3 1.2
Truck 28.4 12.9 39.1 13.3 39.5 13.3 10.6
For-hire truck 28.4 12.9 39.1 13.3 39.5 13.3 10.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.5 S S S S 1.3
Single modes 36.3 8.7 S S S S 2.9
Truck 36.3 16.5 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck 36.3 16.5 S S S S 10.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.0 28.0 27.0 1.1
Single modes 32.4 6.6 28.4 5.6 27.4 5.3 1.6
Truck 31.6 6.4 31.1 10.1 30.7 10.1 1.1
For-hire truck 27.6 6.7 30.4 9.9 30.3 9.9 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.6 6.5 32.5 5.6 32.4 5.3 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.6 6.5 32.5 5.6 32.4 5.3 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.0 16.7 18.1 2.0
Single modes 34.3 6.9 16.2 3.6 16.4 4.3 2.4
Truck 38.7 11.0 21.2 11.5 21.9 12.2 2.6
For-hire truck 38.4 10.6 21.2 11.1 21.9 11.7 2.7
Private truck S S S S S S 21.3
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.9 3.8 32.2 0.8 29.9 0.7 2.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.0 S S S S 3.8
Single modes 30.0 10.1 S S S S 5.9
Truck 33.8 9.7 S S S S 3.3
For-hire truck 34.6 9.0 S S S S 3.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.0 5.7 S S S S 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.0 10.1 45.6 4.7 43.0 4.9 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.0 10.1 45.6 4.7 43.0 4.9 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 8.4 12.4 17.7 17.5
Single modes 8.3 1.6 12.5 0.7 17.2 0.7 17.5
Truck 9.0 3.8 12.4 6.9 11.8 9.9 17.5
For-hire truck 12.7 3.0 17.9 3.6 17.3 4.9 11.2
Private truck 10.1 2.9 12.0 5.4 8.7 6.4 14.7
Rail 24.9 0.2 22.9 0.5 28.7 1.9 19.4
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 37.7 2.8 36.8 6.0 S S S
Multiple modes 27.9 1.1 37.7 38.6 12.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.0 1.1 45.3 S S 12.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.5
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 25.4 1.2 S S S S 36.3

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.7 49.0 S S 7.0
Single modes 22.0 8.4 49.1 0.6 S S 4.9
Truck 24.0 12.5 45.8 13.0 43.1 13.7 6.1
For-hire truck 27.4 11.3 47.2 12.3 44.4 13.1 5.9
Private truck 42.2 4.3 41.2 6.1 48.6 5.5 24.9
Rail S S S S S S 23.9
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 32.3 0.6 32.7 0.8 9.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 32.3 0.6 32.7 0.8 9.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.1
Single modes S S S S S S 26.0
Truck S S S S S S 28.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 28.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.7 41.2 41.1 5.4
Single modes 32.9 12.4 41.8 12.3 41.8 12.2 10.8
Truck 34.6 13.6 49.9 12.8 S S 10.8
For-hire truck 38.3 13.8 S S S S 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.3 12.4 33.3 12.4 35.9 12.3 6.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.3 12.4 33.3 12.4 35.9 12.3 6.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.8 S S S S 3.3
Single modes S S S S S S 3.9
Truck S S S S S S 11.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 11.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.8 12.6 48.7 12.4 11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.8 12.6 48.7 12.4 11.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.4 S S S S 1.2
Single modes 42.5 12.3 S S S S 15.0
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.8 12.3 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.8 12.3 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.0 41.6 42.0 0.8
Single modes 23.4 8.6 45.3 11.1 45.8 11.2 1.3
Truck 24.3 8.9 46.1 11.8 46.7 12.1 1.1
For-hire truck 24.3 8.8 46.1 11.8 46.7 12.1 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.9 8.6 40.6 11.1 41.1 11.2 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.0 9.0 44.5 10.1 44.5 10.1 0.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.6 48.2 48.5 12.1
Single modes S S 48.3 19.6 48.6 19.2 21.9
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 43.3 12.6 S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 20.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 20.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 30.8 34.0 2.8
Single modes S S 31.3 1.4 34.6 1.5 1.9
Truck 36.8 11.8 25.9 10.1 26.1 10.9 2.0
For-hire truck 41.1 11.9 30.8 12.2 30.8 12.6 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 21.3
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.4 7.5 27.7 0.7 28.8 0.9 3.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.4 6.7 37.9 0.7 41.1 0.6 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 46.0 0.9 46.5 0.9 23.6

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.0 16.1 16.2 1.8
Single modes 20.8 3.6 16.7 1.5 16.8 1.4 2.4
Truck 20.7 3.6 16.7 1.5 16.8 1.4 2.4
For-hire truck 24.3 5.3 17.6 4.7 18.1 4.5 2.4
Private truck 36.7 5.4 22.5 4.8 22.3 4.5 2.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.9 3.5 43.9 0.4 43.4 0.5 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.9 3.5 43.9 0.4 43.4 0.5 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.2

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 47.3 S S 3.9
Single modes S S S S 49.3 15.9 21.2
Truck S S S S 49.3 15.9 21.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.8 17.8 17.4 2.0
Single modes 23.2 7.7 19.3 4.0 19.1 4.3 3.5
Truck 23.0 7.7 19.3 3.9 19.2 4.2 3.5
For-hire truck 22.7 7.9 20.6 5.6 20.8 5.9 3.2
Private truck S S S S S S 21.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.5 6.7 S S S S 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.3 5.5 40.8 0.9 41.5 0.9 1.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.1

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.0 36.9 35.8 3.0
Single modes 21.9 3.9 38.0 4.9 36.9 4.6 3.8
Truck 26.1 8.2 46.7 10.5 42.9 11.0 3.4
For-hire truck 38.2 11.3 30.0 15.2 27.6 15.0 2.8
Private truck 35.7 10.2 S S S S 15.8
Rail S S S S S S 30.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.8 2.7 31.6 0.3 32.0 0.4 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.8 2.7 31.6 0.3 32.0 0.4 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.2 13.7 49.8 16.9 49.7 16.9 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.2 12.6 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.2 S S S S 1.5
Single modes 29.9 7.4 S S S S 2.3
Truck 25.2 7.9 S S S S 2.5
For-hire truck 26.2 8.6 S S S S 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.4 7.5 31.8 0.7 31.9 0.8 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.4 7.5 31.8 0.7 31.9 0.8 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.5 S S S S 1.0
Single modes S S S S S S 1.4
Truck S S S S S S 1.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.4
Private truck S S 48.1 4.7 48.1 4.5 21.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.4 12.0 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.4 12.0 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.7 40.2 41.2 1.9
Single modes 35.0 1.9 40.2 0.1 41.3 0.1 3.2
Truck 35.6 2.5 38.3 5.8 38.5 6.6 3.2
For-hire truck 36.3 7.2 39.7 6.5 40.0 7.0 3.4
Private truck 38.4 5.1 36.4 1.8 38.4 1.7 15.2
Rail S S S S S S 25.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.1 1.9 23.3 0.1 24.9 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.1 1.9 23.3 0.1 24.9 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.5 46.8 45.2 3.8
Single modes 45.2 15.2 47.5 18.7 45.9 18.8 18.6
Truck 48.3 15.4 47.5 19.1 45.9 19.2 18.4
For-hire truck 48.3 15.4 47.5 19.1 45.9 19.2 18.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 7.1 23.2 30.6 8.0
Single modes 6.9 4.7 23.7 1.1 31.2 1.0 10.9
Truck 7.7 5.6 20.4 3.0 19.4 5.3 8.7
For-hire truck 12.1 6.0 16.5 4.4 12.3 6.1 6.2
Private truck 16.4 5.8 26.9 2.5 31.9 3.3 13.9
Rail S S S S S S 26.4
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 34.8 0.1 39.8 0.2 7.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 34.8 0.1 39.8 0.2 7.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 41.6 0.9 40.7

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.9 20.5 19.5 3.3
Single modes 22.1 1.9 20.8 1.0 19.8 0.9 4.8
Truck 22.3 2.2 19.7 4.2 17.0 4.9 3.9
For-hire truck 33.7 6.6 17.9 8.2 17.6 8.5 3.8
Private truck 26.4 5.9 S S S S 4.6
Rail 34.2 0.9 40.9 3.5 44.0 4.4 19.1
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.5 1.9 36.3 0.1 38.7 0.2 4.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.5 1.9 36.3 0.1 38.7 0.2 4.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.7 S S S S 1.3
Single modes 30.1 11.8 S S S S 15.0
Truck 35.4 12.2 45.5 15.9 45.6 16.4 18.3
For-hire truck 36.2 12.0 45.6 15.6 45.7 16.0 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.0 11.8 S S S S 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.1 12.9 S S S S 1.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.5 47.0 45.9 1.4
Single modes 46.5 13.5 S S S S 10.7
Truck 47.3 13.3 S S S S 15.0
For-hire truck 47.3 13.3 S S S S 15.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.3 13.5 S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.3 13.5 S S S S 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.6 45.1 49.6 2.2
Single modes 28.6 8.7 45.3 0.6 49.9 0.6 2.7
Truck 28.0 8.0 23.1 15.0 22.6 16.5 3.2
For-hire truck 30.4 9.2 25.9 13.9 25.6 15.1 3.2
Private truck 43.8 5.1 S S S S 18.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.1 8.7 21.6 0.6 20.6 0.6 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.1 8.7 21.6 0.6 20.6 0.6 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.3 48.5 49.5 10.9
Single modes 47.4 13.0 49.1 16.6 50.0 16.5 15.2
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 48.3 13.5 48.4 13.3 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 48.3 13.5 48.4 13.3 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.7 S S S S 3.1
Single modes 27.3 10.4 S S S S 11.1
Truck 35.8 12.7 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck 35.4 12.3 S S S S 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 19.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 19.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.6 S S S S 2.2
Single modes 22.7 9.5 S S S S 2.3
Truck 24.1 10.0 S S S S 2.2
For-hire truck 31.6 9.4 S S S S 2.0
Private truck 33.2 8.0 45.8 8.7 45.7 9.2 4.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.9 4.5 42.3 1.4 43.9 1.6 3.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.0 S S S S 12.1
Single modes S S S S S S 28.0
Truck S S S S S S 28.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 28.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.1 9.2 S S S S 12.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.1 9.2 S S S S 12.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.