Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 185,392 100.0 254,827 100.0 72,910 100.0
Less than 50 miles 43,575 23.5 107,320 42.1 2,147 2.9
50 to 99 miles 10,509 5.7 20,343 8.0 1,920 2.6
100 to 249 miles 34,134 18.4 52,463 20.6 12,491 17.1
250 to 499 miles 33,359 18.0 38,946 15.3 19,611 26.9
500 to 749 miles 31,807 17.2 23,571 9.2 20,191 27.7
750 to 999 miles 14,045 7.6 6,553 2.6 7,155 9.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,876 6.4 3,881 1.5 5,675 7.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,441 2.9 1,691 0.7 3,423 4.7
2,000 miles or more 648 0.3 61 296 0.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 157,782 100.0 247,143 100.0 67,095 100.0
Less than 50 miles 40,172 25.5 106,053 42.9 2,133 3.2
50 to 99 miles 9,527 6.0 20,132 8.1 1,900 2.8
100 to 249 miles 30,576 19.4 50,141 20.3 11,658 17.4
250 to 499 miles 27,629 17.5 38,440 15.6 19,373 28.9
500 to 749 miles 27,295 17.3 21,823 8.8 18,217 27.2
750 to 999 miles 10,156 6.4 6,062 2.5 6,600 9.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,708 5.5 3,314 1.3 4,852 7.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,711 2.4 1,177 0.5 2,360 3.5
2,000 miles or more 8 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 134,904 100.0 189,434 100.0 36,478 100.0
Less than 50 miles 39,861 29.5 93,009 49.1 1,614 4.4
50 to 99 miles 9,481 7.0 19,763 10.4 1,837 5.0
100 to 249 miles 29,190 21.6 37,947 20.0 7,772 21.3
250 to 499 miles 25,733 19.1 23,322 12.3 10,504 28.8
500 to 749 miles 13,586 10.1 8,542 4.5 6,104 16.7
750 to 999 miles 7,907 5.9 3,670 1.9 3,697 10.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,659 4.9 2,326 1.2 3,275 9.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,484 1.8 854 0.5 1,674 4.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 77,930 100.0 98,150 100.0 27,065 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,567 13.6 36,374 37.1 637 2.4
50 to 99 miles 4,012 5.1 5,878 6.0 579 2.1
100 to 249 miles 17,124 22.0 25,511 26.0 5,348 19.8
250 to 499 miles 20,098 25.8 17,884 18.2 8,281 30.6
500 to 749 miles 11,027 14.2 6,582 6.7 4,681 17.3
750 to 999 miles 6,870 8.8 3,128 3.2 3,153 11.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,977 7.7 2,019 2.1 2,869 10.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,250 2.9 774 0.8 1,516 5.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 56,727 100.0 86,588 100.0 9,141 100.0
Less than 50 miles 29,225 51.5 53,045 61.3 939 10.3
50 to 99 miles 5,468 9.6 13,884 16.0 1,258 13.8
100 to 249 miles 12,018 21.2 11,580 13.4 2,299 25.2
250 to 499 miles 5,541 9.8 5,224 6.0 2,154 23.6
500 to 749 miles 2,546 4.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,035 1.8 541 0.6 543 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 672 1.2 280 0.3 373 4.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 223 0.4 78 155 1.7
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 19,652 100.0 31,118 100.0 18,270 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 369 1.2 S S
100 to 249 miles 970 4.9 8,536 27.4 2,711 14.8
250 to 499 miles 1,074 5.5 10,872 34.9 5,595 30.6
500 to 749 miles S S 5,843 18.8 4,642 25.4
750 to 999 miles 1,870 9.5 2,384 7.7 2,894 15.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,749 8.9 986 3.2 1,571 8.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 916 4.7 309 1.0 649 3.6
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,043 100.0 S S 12,255 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 157 15.1 3,652 13.8 1,167 9.5
250 to 499 miles S S 4,223 16.0 3,258 26.6
500 to 749 miles 649 62.2 7,426 28.1 7,456 60.8
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,043 100.0 S S 12,255 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 157 15.1 3,652 13.8 1,167 9.5
250 to 499 miles S S 4,223 16.0 3,258 26.6
500 to 749 miles 649 62.2 7,426 28.1 7,456 60.8
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,170 100.0 65 100.0 92 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 259 11.9 5 7.4 S S
250 to 499 miles 609 28.1 22 34.6 17 18.2
500 to 749 miles 307 14.1 12 18.4 15 16.2
750 to 999 miles 379 17.5 8 11.7 9 9.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 300 13.8 3 4.8 6 6.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 311 14.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 23,421 100.0 5,143 100.0 4,717 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,809 7.7 113 2.2 1
50 to 99 miles 860 3.7 54 1.0 5 0.1
100 to 249 miles 3,078 13.1 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 5,288 22.6 329 6.4 161 3.4
500 to 749 miles 4,270 18.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 3,071 13.1 432 8.4 496 10.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,770 11.8 300 5.8 490 10.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,647 7.0 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 628 2.7 60 1.2 294 6.2

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 21,588 100.0 1,042 100.0 822 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,733 8.0 84 8.1 1 0.2
50 to 99 miles 850 3.9 31 2.9 3 0.4
100 to 249 miles 3,016 14.0 106 10.1 22 2.6
250 to 499 miles 5,284 24.5 259 24.8 118 14.3
500 to 749 miles 4,029 18.7 192 18.4 144 17.5
750 to 999 miles 2,789 12.9 162 15.5 165 20.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,633 12.2 123 11.8 171 20.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,145 5.3 73 7.0 140 17.0
2,000 miles or more 108 0.5 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,225 100.0 1,132 100.0 1,597 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 250 20.4 174 15.4 216 13.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 137 11.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 501 40.9 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 344 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,190 100.0 2,541 100.0 1,099 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,594 38.0 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 157 6.2 15 1.4
100 to 249 miles 480 11.4 178 7.0 37 3.4
250 to 499 miles 442 10.5 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 241 5.8 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 59 2.3 59 5.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.