Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 185,392 100.0 254,827 100.0 72,910 100.0 517
Less than 50 lbs 20,750 11.2 594 0.2 327 0.4 583
50 to 99 lbs 9,425 5.1 636 0.2 S S 733
100 to 499 lbs 18,743 10.1 1,767 0.7 451 0.6 271
500 to 749 lbs 5,027 2.7 912 0.4 166 0.2 179
750 to 999 lbs 2,946 1.6 806 0.3 113 0.2 141
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 30,958 16.7 11,600 4.6 2,399 3.3 200
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 85,676 46.2 114,484 44.9 29,670 40.7 253
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,951 3.7 57,114 22.4 6,991 9.6 125
100,000 lbs or more 4,916 2.7 66,914 26.3 32,357 44.4 436

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 157,782 100.0 247,143 100.0 67,095 100.0 233
Less than 50 lbs 8,068 5.1 228 53 270
50 to 99 lbs 4,895 3.1 234 51 229
100 to 499 lbs 13,927 8.8 1,461 0.6 295 0.4 205
500 to 749 lbs 4,680 3.0 861 0.3 146 0.2 167
750 to 999 lbs 2,449 1.6 769 0.3 97 0.1 127
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,257 18.5 11,296 4.6 2,244 3.3 192
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 82,856 52.5 112,850 45.7 27,669 41.2 237
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,920 4.4 56,890 23.0 6,960 10.4 125
100,000 lbs or more 4,729 3.0 62,552 25.3 29,580 44.1 442

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 134,904 100.0 189,434 100.0 36,478 100.0 187
Less than 50 lbs 7,154 5.3 216 0.1 36 0.1 181
50 to 99 lbs 4,672 3.5 228 0.1 43 0.1 202
100 to 499 lbs 13,340 9.9 1,449 0.8 283 0.8 197
500 to 749 lbs 4,566 3.4 859 0.5 141 0.4 162
750 to 999 lbs 2,385 1.8 768 0.4 95 0.3 124
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 28,456 21.1 11,265 5.9 2,188 6.0 190
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 67,627 50.1 111,125 58.7 26,000 71.3 227
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,000 4.4 56,496 29.8 6,658 18.3 121
100,000 lbs or more 704 0.5 7,028 3.7 1,034 2.8 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 77,930 100.0 98,150 100.0 27,065 100.0 388
Less than 50 lbs 4,491 5.8 62 18 331
50 to 99 lbs 2,882 3.7 57 30 0.1 560
100 to 499 lbs 7,521 9.7 378 0.4 196 0.7 515
500 to 749 lbs 2,176 2.8 246 0.3 98 0.4 401
750 to 999 lbs 987 1.3 130 0.1 53 0.2 401
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 15,441 19.8 2,885 2.9 1,496 5.5 505
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 41,057 52.7 57,324 58.4 19,227 71.0 344
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,075 3.9 33,333 34.0 5,217 19.3 159
100,000 lbs or more 301 0.4 3,734 3.8 S S 188

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 56,727 100.0 86,588 100.0 9,141 100.0 100
Less than 50 lbs 2,645 4.7 151 0.2 17 0.2 120
50 to 99 lbs 1,787 3.1 171 0.2 14 0.1 80
100 to 499 lbs 5,807 10.2 1,068 1.2 87 0.9 84
500 to 749 lbs 2,357 4.2 572 0.7 42 0.5 73
750 to 999 lbs 1,396 2.5 637 0.7 41 0.5 66
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,968 22.9 8,338 9.6 680 7.4 85
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 26,488 46.7 50,966 58.9 6,595 72.2 119
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,877 5.1 21,390 24.7 1,361 14.9 65
100,000 lbs or more 403 0.7 3,293 3.8 305 3.3 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 19,652 100.0 31,118 100.0 18,270 100.0 674
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 310
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,253
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,504
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 1,718 5.5 1,658 9.1 982
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S 236 1.3 800
100,000 lbs or more 3,050 15.5 29,077 93.4 16,352 89.5 538

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,043 100.0 S S 12,255 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 782
100,000 lbs or more 962 92.2 S S 12,193 99.5 S

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,043 100.0 S S 12,255 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 782
100,000 lbs or more 962 92.2 S S 12,193 99.5 S

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,170 100.0 65 100.0 92 100.0 1,347
Less than 50 lbs 914 42.1 S S S S 1,364
50 to 99 lbs 223 10.3 S S S S 1,302
100 to 499 lbs 566 26.1 12 17.8 11 12.6 1,038
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,657
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,129
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 281 12.9 S S S S 1,467
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,380
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 799
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 23,421 100.0 5,143 100.0 4,717 100.0 833
Less than 50 lbs 12,035 51.4 343 6.7 268 5.7 802
50 to 99 lbs 4,385 18.7 S S S S 1,012
100 to 499 lbs 4,388 18.7 251 4.9 148 3.1 594
500 to 749 lbs 317 1.4 39 0.8 19 0.4 502
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 477
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,312
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,559 6.7 837 16.3 1,544 32.7 1,904
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,647
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 861

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 21,588 100.0 1,042 100.0 822 100.0 832
Less than 50 lbs 12,022 55.7 342 32.9 268 32.5 802
50 to 99 lbs 4,383 20.3 S S S S 1,012
100 to 499 lbs 4,385 20.3 249 23.9 147 17.9 595
500 to 749 lbs 316 1.5 37 3.5 19 2.3 539
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 462
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 762
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,225 100.0 1,132 100.0 1,597 100.0 1,668
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,105
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,105
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,368
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 4,716
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,354
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 983 80.2 770 68.0 1,340 83.9 1,760
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,890
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 853

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 3,499
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,423
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 764
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,554
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 4,335
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,257
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 344 100.0 S S S S 3,927
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,114
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 802

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 6
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 7
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 7
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 15
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 7
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,217

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,190 100.0 2,541 100.0 1,099 100.0 246
Less than 50 lbs 647 15.4 23 0.9 S S 213
50 to 99 lbs 146 3.5 20 0.8 S S 539
100 to 499 lbs 428 10.2 55 2.2 8 0.7 134
500 to 749 lbs 30 0.7 11 0.4 1 S
750 to 999 lbs 34 0.8 5 0.2 S S 180
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,536 36.7 285 11.2 S S 492
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,261 30.1 797 31.3 S S 680
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 217 8.5 21 1.9 95
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.