Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 185,392 100.0 254,827 100.0 72,910 100.0 517
Single modes 157,782 85.1 247,143 97.0 67,095 92.0 233
Truck3 134,904 72.8 189,434 74.3 36,478 50.0 187
For-hire Truck 77,930 42.0 98,150 38.5 27,065 37.1 388
Private Truck 56,727 30.6 86,588 34.0 9,141 12.5 100
Rail 19,652 10.6 31,118 12.2 18,270 25.1 674
Water 1,043 0.6 S S 12,255 16.8 S
Shallow draft 1,043 0.6 S S 12,255 16.8 S
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2,170 1.2 65 92 0.1 1,347
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 23,421 12.6 5,143 2.0 4,717 6.5 833
Parcel, USPS or courier 21,588 11.6 1,042 0.4 822 1.1 832
Truck and rail 1,225 0.7 1,132 0.4 1,597 2.2 1,668
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,499
Rail and water 344 0.2 S S S S 3,927
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4,190 2.3 2,541 1.0 1,099 1.5 246

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 477
Private Truck S S S S S S 123
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,150 100.0 22,548 100.0 11,867 100.0 251
Single modes 2,107 98.0 22,102 98.0 11,410 96.2 253
Truck3 980 45.6 10,318 45.8 S S 212
For-hire Truck 885 41.2 S S S S 308
Private Truck S S S S S S 33
Rail 756 35.2 7,473 33.1 4,382 36.9 664
Water 370 17.2 4,311 19.1 4,066 34.3 902
Shallow draft 370 17.2 4,311 19.1 4,066 34.3 902
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,087 100.0 12,442 100.0 3,080 100.0 S
Single modes 3,072 99.5 12,424 99.9 3,080 100.0 S
Truck3 2,235 72.4 S S 426 13.8 S
For-hire Truck 953 30.9 3,365 27.0 301 9.8 250
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 435
Water S S S S S S 887
Shallow draft S S S S S S 887
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 714
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,839 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 1,804 98.1 S S S S S
Truck3 1,674 91.0 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 736 40.0 S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 129 7.0 790 5.5 S S 689
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 70
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Other and unknown modes S S 104 0.7 S S 123

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 271
Single modes S S S S S S 271
Truck3 S S S S S S 271
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 671
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 618
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 618
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 138

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 7,172 100.0 4,075 100.0 215
Single modes S S 7,151 99.7 4,060 99.6 217
Truck3 S S 5,938 82.8 2,788 68.4 202
For-hire Truck S S 3,948 55.1 2,183 53.6 561
Private Truck 3,389 39.0 1,990 27.7 604 14.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,154
Water S S S S S S 788
Shallow draft S S S S S S 788
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,544
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 148
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 148
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,545 100.0 12,232 100.0 4,823 100.0 S
Single modes 8,278 96.9 11,790 96.4 4,566 94.7 S
Truck3 7,801 91.3 10,117 82.7 3,616 75.0 S
For-hire Truck 4,211 49.3 4,589 37.5 2,403 49.8 633
Private Truck 3,590 42.0 S S S S S
Rail 472 5.5 1,671 13.7 948 19.7 699
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,125
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 623
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6 4 621
Truck and rail S S S S S S 853
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,556 100.0 3,069 100.0 S S 43
Single modes 2,556 100.0 3,069 100.0 S S 43
Truck3 2,399 93.9 2,834 92.3 S S 42
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 190
Private Truck S S S S S S 21
Rail S S S S S S 555
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 174
Single modes S S S S S S 174
Truck3 S S S S S S 174
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 174
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 83 100.0 S S S S 44
Single modes 83 99.6 S S S S 44
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 15
Rail 3 3.8 215 1.0 S S 650
Water S S S S S S 34
Shallow draft S S S S S S 34
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 376 100.0 67,143 100.0 12,929 100.0 41
Single modes 363 96.5 64,214 95.6 10,824 83.7 40
Truck3 287 76.5 52,468 78.1 2,084 16.1 38
For-hire Truck 109 29.1 19,829 29.5 491 3.8 23
Private Truck 159 42.2 29,208 43.5 1,463 11.3 47
Rail 48 12.8 5,012 7.5 3,976 30.8 680
Water 27 7.2 6,733 10.0 4,764 36.8 625
Shallow draft 27 7.2 6,733 10.0 4,764 36.8 625
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 891
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 802
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,016
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 442

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 640
Private Truck S S S S S S 46
Rail S S S S S S 749
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1 3.5 0.6 627
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 3.5 0.6 627
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 95 100.0 352 100.0 55 100.0 118
Single modes 94 98.5 352 100.0 55 100.0 191
Truck3 91 96.1 338 96.0 45 81.0 180
For-hire Truck 54 57.2 314 89.1 34 60.6 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 537
Rail S S S S S S 719
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 799
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 62
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 62
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,867 100.0 6,380 100.0 254 100.0 30
Single modes 1,867 100.0 6,380 100.0 254 100.0 30
Truck3 1,867 100.0 6,380 100.0 254 100.0 30
For-hire Truck 555 29.7 1,896 29.7 38 15.0 15
Private Truck 1,265 67.7 4,331 67.9 144 56.6 26
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,090 100.0 4,283 100.0 139 100.0 29
Single modes 1,089 100.0 4,282 100.0 138 100.0 29
Truck3 1,076 98.8 4,221 98.5 138 99.8 29
For-hire Truck 164 15.1 719 16.8 10 7.2 12
Private Truck 894 82.0 3,436 80.2 S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 677 100.0 S S 161 100.0 S
Single modes 676 99.9 S S 161 100.0 S
Truck3 605 89.3 S S 108 67.1 S
For-hire Truck 230 34.0 S S 65 40.4 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 72 10.6 61 5.5 S S 867
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 255
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 255
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,570 100.0 S S S S 875
Single modes 2,434 94.7 S S S S 857
Truck3 2,082 81.0 7,801 88.6 S S 221
For-hire Truck 1,552 60.4 S S S S 344
Private Truck 530 20.6 S S S S 59
Rail S S S S S S 729
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 6 10 0.3 1,271
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 922
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 922
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 481

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,315 100.0 433 100.0 203 100.0 318
Single modes 13,989 85.7 409 94.5 191 94.1 232
Truck3 13,342 81.8 403 93.0 185 91.0 195
For-hire Truck 12,395 76.0 338 78.0 174 85.5 205
Private Truck 944 5.8 65 14.9 S S 37
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 647 4.0 S S S S 1,184
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,276 14.0 18 4.0 10 4.8 784
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,263 13.9 17 4.0 10 4.7 774
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,423
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 50 0.3 6 1.5 2 1.1 347

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 302 100.0 S S 208 100.0 S
Single modes 298 98.7 S S 208 100.0 S
Truck3 S S S S 124 59.5 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 105 50.4 112
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 17 5.5 S S S S 536
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 774
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 54
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 54
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,898 100.0 5,762 100.0 2,372 100.0 S
Single modes 5,182 87.9 5,552 96.4 2,138 90.1 S
Truck3 4,843 82.1 5,325 92.4 1,832 77.2 143
For-hire Truck 3,273 55.5 3,970 68.9 1,608 67.8 336
Private Truck 1,570 26.6 1,355 23.5 224 9.5 47
Rail 328 5.6 227 3.9 305 12.9 1,352
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,377
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,200
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,284 100.0 1,550 100.0 511 100.0 296
Single modes 4,712 89.2 1,504 97.1 488 95.5 203
Truck3 4,708 89.1 1,504 97.0 488 95.4 199
For-hire Truck 1,945 36.8 570 36.8 299 58.5 520
Private Truck S S 933 60.2 S S 126
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 1,659
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 423 8.0 22 1.4 15 2.9 698
Parcel, USPS or courier 421 8.0 22 1.4 15 2.9 699
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 835
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Other and unknown modes 149 2.8 23 1.5 8 1.5 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 200 100.0 S S 557
Single modes 39 55.4 133 66.8 S S 248
Truck3 38 54.1 128 64.2 S S 243
For-hire Truck 33 47.7 117 58.6 31 18.3 231
Private Truck 4 6.3 11 5.6 S S 253
Rail S S S S S S 1,681
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,141
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,141
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 249

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,908 100.0 4,239 100.0 957 100.0 248
Single modes 1,720 90.2 3,490 82.3 913 95.4 120
Truck3 1,584 83.0 3,033 71.6 532 55.6 114
For-hire Truck 610 32.0 S S S S 354
Private Truck 974 51.1 1,609 38.0 102 10.7 76
Rail S S S S S S 827
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 28 0.7 S S 820
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 826
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,289
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 525 100.0 S S S S 118
Single modes 514 97.9 S S S S 103
Truck3 514 97.9 S S S S 103
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 699
Private Truck 296 56.3 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 507
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 507
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,881 100.0 1,394 100.0 712 100.0 495
Single modes 2,563 89.0 1,325 95.1 570 80.2 S
Truck3 2,559 88.8 1,321 94.8 563 79.1 S
For-hire Truck 2,101 72.9 1,032 74.0 521 73.2 436
Private Truck 445 15.4 267 19.2 39 5.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,635
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 775
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 286 9.9 S S S S 900
Parcel, USPS or courier 99 3.4 11 0.8 9 1.2 896
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,698
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,196 100.0 850 100.0 707 100.0 1,008
Single modes 2,185 30.4 326 38.3 262 37.1 796
Truck3 2,061 28.6 310 36.5 230 32.5 746
For-hire Truck 1,835 25.5 290 34.1 228 32.2 1,068
Private Truck S S 20 2.3 S S 312
Rail S S S S S S 715
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,461
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,759 66.1 S S S S 1,020
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,759 66.1 S S S S 1,020
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,361
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 252 3.5 S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,236 100.0 399 100.0 317 100.0 816
Single modes 2,859 54.6 274 68.9 225 71.1 591
Truck3 2,844 54.3 274 68.7 225 70.8 555
For-hire Truck 2,514 48.0 221 55.4 204 64.2 688
Private Truck 330 6.3 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 16 0.3 0.1 1 0.2 1,374
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,304 44.0 120 30.1 87 27.4 835
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,304 44.0 120 30.1 87 27.4 835
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 72 1.4 4 1.1 S S 743

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,087 100.0 12,472 100.0 3,544 100.0 355
Single modes 2,988 96.8 12,311 98.7 3,522 99.4 207
Truck3 2,765 89.6 8,871 71.1 1,906 53.8 204
For-hire Truck 1,537 49.8 3,961 31.8 1,381 39.0 336
Private Truck 1,228 39.8 4,910 39.4 S S 113
Rail 68 2.2 1,276 10.2 620 17.5 499
Water 154 5.0 2,165 17.4 996 28.1 453
Shallow draft 154 5.0 2,165 17.4 996 28.1 453
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 3 877
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 3 877
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 449

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,079 100.0 3,145 100.0 973 100.0 208
Single modes 3,958 97.0 3,094 98.4 966 99.3 214
Truck3 3,883 95.2 2,971 94.5 850 87.4 213
For-hire Truck 2,109 51.7 1,561 49.6 701 72.1 435
Private Truck 1,774 43.5 1,410 44.8 149 15.3 100
Rail 73 1.8 123 3.9 116 11.9 943
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 S S S S 1,205
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 53 1.3 S S S S 301
Parcel, USPS or courier 53 1.3 S S S S 301
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,885 100.0 4,948 100.0 1,641 100.0 218
Single modes 5,624 81.7 4,854 98.1 1,602 97.6 S
Truck3 5,618 81.6 4,852 98.1 1,598 97.4 S
For-hire Truck 3,067 44.5 3,209 64.8 S S S
Private Truck 2,505 36.4 S S 116 7.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,921
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 1,560
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,070 15.5 77 1.6 37 2.2 575
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,058 15.4 68 1.4 22 1.4 575
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,471
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 17 0.3 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,994 100.0 1,934 100.0 1,097 100.0 527
Single modes 8,383 83.9 1,865 96.4 S S 563
Truck3 7,893 79.0 1,840 95.2 S S 331
For-hire Truck 5,727 57.3 S S S S 627
Private Truck S S S S S S 52
Rail 66 0.7 11 0.6 16 1.5 1,466
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,401
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,017 10.2 S S S S 514
Parcel, USPS or courier 825 8.3 30 1.6 21 1.9 510
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,529
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,422 100.0 986 100.0 596 100.0 472
Single modes 6,910 60.5 832 84.4 528 88.4 375
Truck3 6,357 55.7 818 83.0 510 85.5 369
For-hire Truck 3,896 34.1 480 48.7 341 57.1 651
Private Truck 2,427 21.3 335 34.0 165 27.7 315
Rail 16 0.1 5 0.5 10 1.7 2,009
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 538 4.7 S S 8 1.3 1,069
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,012 35.1 94 9.5 55 9.2 635
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,006 35.1 93 9.4 54 9.0 635
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,485
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 499 4.4 60 6.1 14 2.3 S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23,940 100.0 3,119 100.0 1,975 100.0 506
Single modes 21,834 91.2 2,747 88.1 1,673 84.7 266
Truck3 6,777 28.3 1,623 52.0 774 39.2 224
For-hire Truck 5,060 21.1 1,278 41.0 721 36.5 510
Private Truck 1,717 7.2 345 11.1 53 2.7 49
Rail S S S S 898 45.5 819
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,490
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,134 4.7 76 2.4 47 2.4 626
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,042 4.4 S S 41 2.1 626
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,209
Truck and water S S S S S S 979
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 709

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 665
Single modes S S S S S S 575
Truck3 S S S S S S 471
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 757
Private Truck S S S S S S 460
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,392
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 736
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 736
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 189

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 931 100.0 S S 23 100.0 519
Single modes 478 51.3 S S 21 91.7 669
Truck3 456 49.0 S S 21 91.2 553
For-hire Truck 382 41.1 19 13.9 S S 654
Private Truck S S S S S S 286
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,518
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 490
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 488
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,804
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 495

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,596 100.0 762 100.0 431 100.0 652
Single modes 2,317 89.3 731 96.0 407 94.3 443
Truck3 2,303 88.7 719 94.4 395 91.6 443
For-hire Truck 1,137 43.8 469 61.5 374 86.8 758
Private Truck S S S S 20 4.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 948
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 868
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 868
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 902

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,177 100.0 2,888 100.0 1,522 100.0 766
Single modes 13,425 83.0 2,585 89.5 1,284 84.3 439
Truck3 13,321 82.3 2,464 85.3 1,176 77.3 396
For-hire Truck 5,878 36.3 1,853 64.2 944 62.0 629
Private Truck S S 610 21.1 232 15.3 105
Rail S S S S S S 694
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 21 0.1 1 1 1,535
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,377 14.7 86 3.0 73 4.8 903
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,368 14.6 85 3.0 72 4.7 903
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,199
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 332

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,888 100.0 13,342 100.0 5,168 100.0 393
Single modes 2,568 88.9 12,959 97.1 4,476 86.6 323
Truck3 1,976 68.4 S S 1,683 32.6 304
For-hire Truck 1,320 45.7 S S S S 301
Private Truck S S S S S S 317
Rail S S S S S S 381
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,842
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 791
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,848
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 535

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,213 100.0 5,930 100.0 1,778 100.0 350
Single modes 16,520 90.7 5,715 96.4 1,413 79.4 132
Truck3 16,094 88.4 5,640 95.1 1,311 73.7 119
For-hire Truck 4,667 25.6 1,982 33.4 849 47.7 287
Private Truck 11,427 62.7 3,658 61.7 462 26.0 84
Rail 407 2.2 74 1.3 101 5.7 1,527
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,334
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,314 7.2 137 2.3 329 18.5 731
Parcel, USPS or courier 727 4.0 29 0.5 18 1.0 725
Truck and rail 114 0.6 70 1.2 112 6.3 1,608
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,351
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,114
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 280 100.0 177 100.0 65 100.0 809
Single modes 255 91.0 176 99.4 65 99.2 1,082
Truck3 228 81.3 168 95.0 50 76.6 298
For-hire Truck 86 30.8 104 58.9 30 45.4 224
Private Truck S S S S S S 356
Rail S S S S S S 1,903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,194
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.6 S S 631
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.6 S S 631
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 244

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.