Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 185,392 147,352 25.8 254,827 187,891 35.6 72,910 49,352 47.7 517 555 −6.7
Single modes 157,782 121,603 29.8 247,143 181,860 35.9 67,095 46,806 43.3 233 222 4.9
Truck 134,904 99,343 35.8 189,434 147,656 28.3 36,478 23,104 57.9 187 153 22.6
Rail 19,652 18,338 7.2 31,118 14,308 117.5 18,270 10,285 77.6 674 860 −21.6
Water 1,043 1,135 −8.1 S 19,786 S 12,255 13,357 −8.3 S 697 S
Air (including truck and air) 2,170 2,771 −21.7 65 52 24.7 92 60 51.7 1,347 1,320 2.1
Pipeline S 16 S S 58 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 23,421 21,000 11.5 5,143 2,111 143.6 4,717 1,975 138.8 833 825 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 21,588 18,779 15 1,042 694 50.2 822 490 67.9 832 824 0.9
Truck and Rail 1,225 2,202 −44.4 1,132 1,408 −19.6 1,597 1,419 12.5 1,668 1,188 40.4
Other multiple modes 608 S S S 10 S S S S S 1,783 S
Other and unknown modes 4,190 4,749 −11.8 2,541 3,920 −35.2 1,099 571 92.4 246 71 246.5

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 11,307 10,737 5.3 52,611 32,114 63.8 19,410 12,944 50 122 97 25.2
Single modes 11,171 10,243 9.1 52,017 30,676 69.6 18,930 12,625 49.9 122 90 35.7
Truck 9,079 8,423 7.8 34,801 19,069 82.5 7,284 3,719 95.8 116 84 38.3
Rail 1,316 853 54.3 10,794 4,922 119.3 5,566 3,055 82.2 607 660 −8
Water 759 957 −20.7 6,422 6,681 −3.9 6,080 5,850 3.9 898 870 3.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 714 1,504 −52.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 110 S S S S S S S S 803 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 S S S S 551 765 −28
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,209
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 7 4,280 −99.8
Other and unknown modes 118 384 −69.2 S 1,261 S S 106 S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 19,921 16,160 23.3 22,479 17,507 28.4 9,417 6,799 38.5 S 217 S
Single modes 19,643 15,594 26 22,017 17,391 26.6 9,146 6,755 35.4 S 100 S
Truck 18,303 14,740 24.2 18,896 14,809 27.6 6,795 4,651 46.1 S 94 S
Rail 1,255 838 49.8 3,059 2,527 21.1 2,299 2,104 9.3 876 769 13.9
Water S S S S S S 788
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,259 1,332 −5.5
Pipeline 15 55 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 32 S S 32 S 611 700 −12.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S 6 S S 4 S S 609 699 −13
Truck and Rail S 50 S S 18 S S 24 S 853 1,392 −38.7
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 181 S S 85 S S 11 S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 591 855 −30.8 88,812 65,825 34.9 13,961 9,365 49.1 43 32 33
Single modes 559 795 −29.7 85,861 64,637 32.8 11,856 8,830 34.3 42 30 40
Truck 454 625 −27.4 62,788 52,144 20.4 2,569 1,760 46 39 23 73.9
Rail 54 135 −60.4 5,244 1,692 209.9 4,147 746 455.8 674 441 53
Water S 34 S S 10,789 S 5,135 6,312 −18.6 S 645 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 799 1,023 −21.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 518 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 715
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 891
Other and unknown modes S S S 53 S S S S S S 31 S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,634 3,635 11,775 13,082 −10 553 839 −34.1 33 S S
Single modes 3,633 3,446 5.4 11,773 12,508 −5.9 553 827 −33.1 32 53 −39.9
Truck 3,548 3,446 3 11,652 12,508 −6.8 500 827 −39.5 32 53 −40.4
Rail 72 61 S S 867
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 10 S S 4 S S S S 255 367 −30.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S 9 S S 2 S S 1 S 255 366 −30.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,029
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 18 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 30,370 22,159 37.1 18,208 12,974 40.3 6,152 4,980 23.5 375 396 −5.2
Single modes 26,615 17,517 51.9 17,921 12,319 45.5 5,878 4,601 27.7 311 345 −9.8
Truck 25,245 16,020 57.6 16,534 10,411 58.8 4,745 3,012 57.5 187 170 10.1
Rail 425 S S S 1,255 S S 916 S 1,009 784 28.7
Water S S S S S S 1,029
Air (including truck and air) 945 490 93 13 10 39.2 18 11 57 1,283 1,371 −6.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,466 3,936 −11.9 S 223 S S 264 S 615 496 24
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,207 3,767 −14.8 60 89 −33.4 30 40 −24.9 612 495 23.7
Truck and Rail S 169 S S 133 S S 223 S 1,200 1,592 −24.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,564 4,593 −65.9
Other and unknown modes 289 706 −59.1 40 433 −90.7 14 115 −88.2 S 57 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 17,815 15,412 15.6 7,198 7,025 2.5 2,887 2,381 21.3 898 968 −7.3
Single modes 9,880 10,543 −6.3 5,662 6,477 −12.6 2,037 2,033 0.2 338 266 26.9
Truck 9,599 10,417 −7.8 5,180 6,403 −19.1 1,608 1,938 −17 312 196 59.2
Rail S 20 S S 68 S S 89 S 856 1,484 −42.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 107 S S 6 S S 7 S 1,422 1,154 23.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,506 4,509 66.5 701 305 129.9 819 S S 969 1,063 −8.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,273 4,486 62.1 575 296 94.4 539 S S 968 1,063 −8.9
Truck and Rail 233 S S S S S S S S 2,306 1,543 49.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 1,151 S
Other and unknown modes 429 359 19.5 S S S 31 51 −39.7 300 138 117.7

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 24,044 18,416 30.6 22,499 25,778 −12.7 7,254 5,069 43.1 312 258 21.2
Single modes 20,952 15,572 34.6 22,125 25,120 −11.9 7,114 4,851 46.6 238 185 28.4
Truck 20,159 14,844 35.8 18,534 22,615 −18 5,344 3,400 57.2 169 161 4.7
Rail 210 474 −55.7 1,412 915 54.3 756 S S 634 1,108 −42.8
Water 154 S S 2,165 S S 996 S S 453 316 43.4
Air (including truck and air) S 152 S S 6 S S 7 S 1,403 1,066 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,219 2,094 6 151 96 57.2 113 71 58.7 567 437 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,015 2,033 −0.9 111 73 52.7 48 30 59.4 566 437 29.6
Truck and Rail S 58 S S 22 S S 36 S 1,526 1,423 7.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,477
Other and unknown modes S 751 S 223 561 −60.2 28 S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 37,557 41,300 −9.1 8,145 5,518 47.6 4,311 4,110 4.9 490 369 32.8
Single modes 30,243 33,456 −9.6 S 4,859 S 3,937 3,600 9.4 349 316 10.3
Truck 14,594 17,074 −14.5 S 3,202 S S 1,733 S 329 201 64.1
Rail S 14,553 S S 1,644 S 908 1,850 −50.9 830 1,104 −24.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) 584 1,830 −68.1 10 14 −25.5 10 17 −43 1,337 1,346 −0.7
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,828 5,976 −2.5 174 420 −58.5 105 420 −75 629 482 30.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,730 4,249 34.8 162 110 47.8 98 55 78.6 628 478 31.6
Truck and Rail S 1,724 S S 311 S S 366 S 1,380 1,182 16.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 746 S
Other and unknown modes 1,485 1,867 −20.5 S 239 S S 90 S 370 87 327.3

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 39,874 17,556 127.1 22,923 7,599 201.6 8,900 2,791 218.9 539 586 −8.1
Single modes 34,831 13,778 152.8 21,991 7,414 196.6 7,579 2,613 190 248 320 −22.5
Truck 33,694 13,170 155.8 14,419 6,089 136.8 4,565 2,004 127.8 225 279 −19.1
Rail 1,096 481 128.1 S 1,235 S S 564 S S 646 S
Water S S S S S S 387
Air (including truck and air) 40 116 −65.6 1 3 −68.8 1 4 −60.7 1,458 1,344 8.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,187 3,492 19.9 605 136 343.2 1,098 156 604.4 836 705 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,272 3,437 −4.8 127 104 22.2 102 68 50.4 832 705 18.1
Truck and Rail 441 42 946.3 S 25 S S S S 1,821 1,366 33.3
Other multiple modes 473 S S 39 S S 199 S S 5,198 2,510 107.1
Other and unknown modes 856 285 199.9 S 49 S S 22 S S 150 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 280 1,121 −75 177 469 −62.3 65 74 −12.2 809 710 13.9
Single modes 255 658 −61.3 176 459 −61.8 65 71 −8.7 1,082 S S
Truck 228 S S 168 408 −58.8 50 60 −16.8 298 S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,903 385 393.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,194 2,411 −9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S 1 S S S S S 631 974 −35.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S 1 S S S S S 631 974 −35.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 244 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.