Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 12,447 100.0 89,547 100.0 61,984 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,500 36.2 32,181 35.9 690 1.1
50 to 99 miles 921 7.4 2,341 2.6 220 0.4
100 to 249 miles 2,007 16.1 3,085 3.4 695 1.1
250 to 499 miles 1,220 9.8 2,666 3.0 1,301 2.1
500 to 749 miles 996 8.0 26,787 29.9 25,594 41.3
750 to 999 miles 928 7.5 14,926 16.7 18,544 29.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 944 7.6 4,142 4.6 6,883 11.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 817 6.6 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 114 0.9 179 0.2 457 0.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 10,909 100.0 75,072 100.0 58,967 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,072 37.3 19,633 26.2 367 0.6
50 to 99 miles 784 7.2 2,321 3.1 218 0.4
100 to 249 miles 1,750 16.0 3,044 4.1 685 1.2
250 to 499 miles 1,067 9.8 2,654 3.5 1,295 2.2
500 to 749 miles 903 8.3 26,779 35.7 25,586 43.4
750 to 999 miles 792 7.3 13,508 18.0 16,632 28.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 751 6.9 3,751 5.0 6,225 10.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 708 6.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 81 0.7 178 0.2 453 0.8

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8,281 100.0 22,292 100.0 4,814 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,625 43.8 13,076 58.7 271 5.6
50 to 99 miles 717 8.7 2,070 9.3 190 4.0
100 to 249 miles 1,695 20.5 2,602 11.7 555 11.5
250 to 499 miles 1,009 12.2 2,260 10.1 1,036 21.5
500 to 749 miles 388 4.7 896 4.0 687 14.3
750 to 999 miles 304 3.7 551 2.5 626 13.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 273 3.3 539 2.4 797 16.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 239 2.9 235 1.1 492 10.2
2,000 miles or more 31 0.4 63 0.3 160 3.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,713 100.0 7,681 100.0 3,259 100.0
Less than 50 miles 610 22.5 2,401 31.3 56 1.7
50 to 99 miles 180 6.6 984 12.8 82 2.5
100 to 249 miles 491 18.1 1,077 14.0 228 7.0
250 to 499 miles 468 17.3 1,309 17.0 615 18.9
500 to 749 miles 258 9.5 765 10.0 594 18.2
750 to 999 miles 227 8.4 434 5.6 482 14.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 247 9.1 477 6.2 700 21.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 204 7.5 197 2.6 410 12.6
2,000 miles or more 28 1.0 36 0.5 93 2.8

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,551 100.0 14,565 100.0 1,534 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,015 54.3 10,675 73.3 215 14.0
50 to 99 miles 536 9.7 1,086 7.5 108 7.0
100 to 249 miles 1,202 21.7 1,523 10.5 327 21.3
250 to 499 miles 528 9.5 906 6.2 401 26.1
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 25 0.5 62 0.4 98 6.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 35 0.6 38 0.3 82 5.3
2,000 miles or more 2 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,865 100.0 51,400 100.0 54,069 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 55 2.9 443 0.9 131 0.2
250 to 499 miles 57 3.1 394 0.8 259 0.5
500 to 749 miles 513 27.5 25,883 50.4 24,899 46.1
750 to 999 miles 452 24.3 12,952 25.2 15,996 29.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 469 25.1 3,211 6.2 5,427 10.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 126 6.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 49 2.6 115 0.2 293 0.5

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 396 100.0 34 100.0 68 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10 2.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 342 86.5 29 85.0 57 84.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,089 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 103 9.5 5 0.2
50 to 99 miles 87 8.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 236 21.7 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 138 12.7 11 0.6 5 0.2
500 to 749 miles 89 8.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 124 11.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 172 15.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 107 9.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 32 3.0 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,037 100.0 39 100.0 23 100.0
Less than 50 miles 103 9.9 4 10.8 0.3
50 to 99 miles 87 8.4 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 218 21.0 11 27.6 2 9.9
250 to 499 miles 138 13.3 6 15.9 3 14.0
500 to 749 miles 89 8.6 2 6.3 2 10.9
750 to 999 miles 111 10.7 2 5.8 3 12.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 163 15.7 3 8.9 5 24.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 104 10.1 2 6.3 5 23.0
2,000 miles or more 23 2.3 0.6 1 2.7

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 87 100.0 129 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 450 100.0 S S 349 100.0
Less than 50 miles 326 72.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 50 11.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 21 4.6 4 1 0.2
250 to 499 miles S S 2 1 0.3
500 to 749 miles 4 0.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.