Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 12,447 100.0 89,547 100.0 61,984 100.0 169
Less than 50 lbs 1,317 10.6 59 12 S
50 to 99 lbs 379 3.0 34 7 206
100 to 499 lbs 1,095 8.8 245 0.3 40 169
500 to 749 lbs 330 2.7 146 0.2 20 138
750 to 999 lbs 255 2.0 142 0.2 20 141
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,061 16.6 2,320 2.6 220 0.4 107
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,735 22.0 8,855 9.9 2,869 4.6 241
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,554 12.5 8,671 9.7 1,885 3.0 216
100,000 lbs or more 2,722 21.9 69,075 77.1 56,911 91.8 1,118

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 10,909 100.0 75,072 100.0 58,967 100.0 74
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 3 S
50 to 99 lbs 245 2.2 24 3 107
100 to 499 lbs 911 8.3 224 0.3 32 145
500 to 749 lbs 295 2.7 136 0.2 17 128
750 to 999 lbs 246 2.3 138 0.2 19 138
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,942 17.8 2,268 3.0 217 0.4 108
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,705 24.8 8,820 11.7 2,831 4.8 238
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,549 14.2 8,655 11.5 1,885 3.2 217
100,000 lbs or more 2,581 23.7 54,766 73.0 53,961 91.5 1,140

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8,281 100.0 22,292 100.0 4,814 100.0 65
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 2 S
50 to 99 lbs 163 2.0 24 0.1 3 98
100 to 499 lbs 821 9.9 223 1.0 31 0.6 137
500 to 749 lbs 295 3.6 136 0.6 17 0.4 128
750 to 999 lbs 246 3.0 138 0.6 19 0.4 138
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,942 23.4 2,268 10.2 216 4.5 108
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,698 32.6 8,795 39.5 2,787 57.9 235
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,456 17.6 8,312 37.3 1,505 31.3 182
100,000 lbs or more 246 3.0 S S 234 4.9 251

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,713 100.0 7,681 100.0 3,259 100.0 425
Less than 50 lbs 28 1.0 1 461
50 to 99 lbs 23 0.8 2 1 436
100 to 499 lbs 252 9.3 23 0.3 9 0.3 366
500 to 749 lbs 58 2.1 7 2 345
750 to 999 lbs 61 2.3 9 0.1 4 0.1 487
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 469 17.3 176 2.3 58 1.8 397
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,030 38.0 3,101 40.4 2,097 64.3 598
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 696 25.7 4,067 53.0 977 30.0 245
100,000 lbs or more 96 3.5 S S 111 3.4 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,551 100.0 14,565 100.0 1,534 100.0 50
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 33
50 to 99 lbs 139 2.5 22 0.2 2 0.1 75
100 to 499 lbs 567 10.2 200 1.4 22 1.4 111
500 to 749 lbs 236 4.3 129 0.9 15 1.0 116
750 to 999 lbs 185 3.3 129 0.9 15 1.0 114
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,472 26.5 2,091 14.4 159 10.3 87
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,655 29.8 5,649 38.8 669 43.6 92
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 760 13.7 4,245 29.1 528 34.4 124
100,000 lbs or more 150 2.7 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,865 100.0 51,400 100.0 54,069 100.0 1,233
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 15
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 518
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 7 0.4 S S S S 1,548
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 73 3.9 S S S S 1,097
100,000 lbs or more 1,785 95.7 51,034 99.3 53,650 99.2 1,246

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 396 100.0 34 100.0 68 100.0 1,968
Less than 50 lbs S S 0.5 0.6 1,930
50 to 99 lbs S S 0.5 S S 1,746
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,319
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,989
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,989

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,089 100.0 S S S S 650
Less than 50 lbs 757 69.5 15 0.8 9 0.3 654
50 to 99 lbs 105 9.7 6 0.3 4 0.2 683
100 to 499 lbs 137 12.6 12 0.6 6 0.2 534
500 to 749 lbs S S 4 0.2 2 430
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,013
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 2 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 14 0.7 19 0.7 1,437
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,183

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,037 100.0 39 100.0 23 100.0 650
Less than 50 lbs 757 73.0 15 38.0 9 41.0 654
50 to 99 lbs 105 10.1 6 16.1 4 19.6 683
100 to 499 lbs 137 13.3 12 29.5 6 27.6 536
500 to 749 lbs S S 4 10.8 2 8.3 437
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,013
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 87 100.0 129 100.0 1,173
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 13 15.2 16 12.3 1,211
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S 73 84.8 S S 1,137

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 3,415
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,534
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,322
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,416
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,416

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 15
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 15
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 15
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 15
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 15
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 450 100.0 S S 349 100.0 58
Less than 50 lbs 125 27.9 5 54
50 to 99 lbs 29 6.4 3 S
100 to 499 lbs 47 10.4 9 S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 159
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 39
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S 3 0.8 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 963
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 23
100,000 lbs or more 105 23.4 S S S S 42

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.