Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,447 100.0 89,547 100.0 61,984 100.0 169
Single modes 10,909 87.6 75,072 83.8 58,967 95.1 74
Truck3 8,281 66.5 22,292 24.9 4,814 7.8 65
For-hire Truck 2,713 21.8 7,681 8.6 3,259 5.3 425
Private Truck 5,551 44.6 14,565 16.3 1,534 2.5 50
Rail 1,865 15.0 51,400 57.4 54,069 87.2 1,233
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 396 3.2 34 68 0.1 1,968
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,089 8.7 S S S S 650
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,037 8.3 39 23 650
Truck and rail S S 87 0.1 129 0.2 1,173
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,415
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,416
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 15
Other and unknown modes 450 3.6 S S 349 0.6 58

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,004
Single modes S S S S S S 1,004
Truck3 S S S S S S 1,004
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 1,004
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 424 100.0 3,248 100.0 2,922 100.0 S
Single modes 422 99.5 3,236 99.6 2,919 99.9 363
Truck3 147 34.7 1,164 35.8 302 10.3 142
For-hire Truck 127 30.1 1,012 31.1 260 8.9 255
Private Truck 20 4.6 152 4.7 S S S
Rail 275 64.8 2,072 63.8 S S 1,319
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 82
Single modes S S S S S S 82
Truck3 S S S S S S 82
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 82
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 102 100.0 70
Single modes S S S S 101 99.5 91
Truck3 S S S S S S 90
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 180
Private Truck S S S S S S 87
Rail 4 2.8 50 5.5 S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 15
Other and unknown modes S S S S 0.5 S

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 91 100.0 14 100.0 4 100.0 348
Single modes 89 97.5 14 98.9 4 95.6 S
Truck3 83 90.4 13 95.0 S S 140
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 187
Private Truck S S S S S S 134
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,295
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,018
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,018
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 252 100.0 377 100.0 270 100.0 425
Single modes 249 98.5 376 99.7 269 99.7 253
Truck3 235 93.1 322 85.5 253 93.8 252
For-hire Truck 98 38.8 247 65.5 235 87.0 1,026
Private Truck S S 75 20.0 18 6.7 155
Rail S S S S S S 1,701
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,370
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,370
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 256

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 480 100.0 769 100.0 233 100.0 75
Single modes 474 98.8 754 98.1 233 99.9 76
Truck3 417 86.8 633 82.3 74 31.6 73
For-hire Truck 34 7.0 44 5.7 30 12.9 523
Private Truck 383 79.8 589 76.6 44 18.7 71
Rail 58 12.0 121 15.8 159 68.3 1,363
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 229 100.0 177 100.0 8 100.0 38
Single modes 229 100.0 177 100.0 8 100.0 38
Truck3 229 100.0 177 100.0 8 100.0 38
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 119
Private Truck 223 97.4 172 96.8 7 91.7 38
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 69 100.0 2 100.0 100.0 47
Single modes 67 96.7 2 98.2 98.9 47
Truck3 67 96.7 2 98.2 98.9 47
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 39
Private Truck 67 96.7 2 98.1 98.8 47
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 49
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 49
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 252
Single modes S S S S S S 252
Truck3 S S S S S S 252
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 252
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 15
Single modes S S S S S S 15
Truck3 S S S S S S 15
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8 100.0 1,909 100.0 33 100.0 17
Single modes 8 100.0 1,909 100.0 33 100.0 17
Truck3 8 100.0 1,909 100.0 33 100.0 17
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 27
Private Truck 8 98.9 1,895 99.3 32 98.9 17
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 141 100.0 S S S S 633
Single modes 138 98.0 S S S S 660
Truck3 97 69.1 994 22.1 770 9.1 575
For-hire Truck S S 863 19.2 S S 881
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 41 28.8 S S S S 1,686
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,341
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,341
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 548
Single modes S S S S S S 384
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck 5 3.2 S S S S 306
Private Truck S S S S S S 97
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,998
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 994
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 994
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 584 100.0 57,578 100.0 41,508 100.0 S
Single modes 474 81.2 43,371 75.3 38,675 93.2 S
Truck3 S S S S S S 26
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 26
Rail 453 77.6 41,497 72.1 38,627 93.1 852
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,416
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,416
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,743 100.0 6,064 100.0 305 100.0 50
Single modes 1,743 100.0 6,064 100.0 305 100.0 50
Truck3 1,293 74.2 4,432 73.1 266 87.4 50
For-hire Truck 316 18.1 1,057 17.4 46 15.1 S
Private Truck 967 55.5 3,343 55.1 205 67.2 50
Rail S S S S S S 64
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 729 100.0 2,851 100.0 212 100.0 52
Single modes 729 100.0 2,851 100.0 212 100.0 52
Truck3 718 98.5 2,793 98.0 205 97.0 52
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 528 72.4 2,055 72.1 S S 54
Rail S S S S S S 109
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 421 100.0 2,453 100.0 1,528 100.0 S
Single modes 420 99.7 2,452 100.0 1,528 100.0 S
Truck3 326 77.4 1,364 55.6 S S S
For-hire Truck 47 11.1 293 11.9 49 3.2 161
Private Truck 279 66.3 1,071 43.7 164 10.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,174
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 861
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 861
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 122 100.0 353 100.0 S S S
Single modes 121 99.6 352 99.8 S S S
Truck3 117 96.6 140 39.8 S S S
For-hire Truck 100 82.2 118 33.4 S S 612
Private Truck 18 14.4 S S 3 0.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,923
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,132
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,378
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,378
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 41

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 787
Single modes S S S S S S 185
Truck3 S S S S S S 185
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,813
Private Truck S S S S S S 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 982
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 982
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 477 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 477 100.0 S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S 10 8.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 786
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 162 100.0 S S 33 100.0 S
Single modes 131 81.1 S S 32 96.2 65
Truck3 131 81.1 S S 32 96.2 65
For-hire Truck 76 46.8 S S 31 92.9 S
Private Truck 56 34.4 11 6.2 1 3.4 43
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 62

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 140 100.0 24 100.0 7 100.0 226
Single modes 99 70.2 S S 5 74.2 142
Truck3 98 70.1 S S 5 74.0 140
For-hire Truck 14 10.0 4 14.9 2 32.8 384
Private Truck S S S S S S 111
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,755
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 29 20.4 2 7.1 2 21.1 609
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 20.3 2 6.9 1 19.1 608
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,534
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 13 9.4 1 6.0 S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 755
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,322
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,322
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,297 100.0 3,736 100.0 3,869 100.0 391
Single modes 1,249 96.3 3,668 98.2 3,829 99.0 449
Truck3 727 56.1 2,265 60.6 1,497 38.7 362
For-hire Truck 514 39.6 1,860 49.8 1,363 35.2 626
Private Truck 213 16.4 405 10.8 134 3.5 146
Rail 522 40.3 1,403 37.6 2,332 60.3 1,640
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,268
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 25 2.0 S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 259 100.0 569 100.0 626 100.0 439
Single modes 249 95.9 567 99.8 625 99.8 376
Truck3 74 28.6 150 26.3 125 20.0 244
For-hire Truck 60 23.2 S S 124 19.8 577
Private Truck 14 5.4 10 1.7 1 0.2 116
Rail 175 67.3 418 73.4 S S 1,200
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 450
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 450
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 987

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42 100.0 10 100.0 1 100.0 125
Single modes 33 78.5 9 91.5 1 80.2 65
Truck3 33 78.5 9 91.5 1 80.2 65
For-hire Truck 3 6.7 1 8.7 14.6 109
Private Truck 30 71.8 8 82.8 1 65.5 58
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 0.4 12

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 4 100.0 1 100.0 866
Single modes 25 44.8 2 53.1 35.6 S
Truck3 25 44.6 2 53.1 35.4 S
For-hire Truck 13 23.2 1 36.5 34.3 393
Private Truck 12 21.5 1 16.5 1.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,638
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 22 39.1 1 26.8 1 57.5 1,187
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 39.1 1 26.8 1 57.5 1,187
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 9 16.1 1 20.1 S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 172 100.0 S S 4 100.0 957
Single modes 37 21.7 2 27.0 1 30.7 1,076
Truck3 32 18.7 2 26.0 1 27.2 1,040
For-hire Truck 20 11.6 1 5.9 S S 1,377
Private Truck S S 2 20.0 S S 54
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,664
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 131 76.5 S S 2 68.0 974
Parcel, USPS or courier 131 76.5 S S 2 68.0 974
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 3 1.8 S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 154 100.0 1,604 100.0 435 100.0 S
Single modes 151 98.0 1,600 99.8 435 99.9 106
Truck3 121 78.4 1,110 69.2 173 39.8 S
For-hire Truck 24 15.8 343 21.4 89 20.4 229
Private Truck 97 62.6 768 47.9 85 19.4 S
Rail 30 19.6 490 30.6 S S 531
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,061
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,061
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 205 100.0 132 100.0 S S S
Single modes 190 92.8 131 98.8 S S S
Truck3 94 45.8 S S S S 75
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,501
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,662
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2 1.1 0.1 S S 635
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 1.1 0.1 S S 635
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 292 100.0 160 100.0 87 100.0 S
Single modes 248 84.9 156 97.8 87 99.3 S
Truck3 248 84.9 156 97.7 87 99.2 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 552
Private Truck 77 26.2 37 23.1 9 10.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 361
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 34 11.5 1 0.5 S S 483
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 11.5 1 0.5 S S 483
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 509 100.0 69 100.0 14 100.0 S
Single modes 329 64.5 59 86.6 12 84.2 S
Truck3 323 63.4 59 86.4 12 83.1 S
For-hire Truck 100 19.5 S S S S 493
Private Truck 223 43.8 42 61.8 2 14.9 26
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,224
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 98 19.3 5 6.9 1 10.5 438
Parcel, USPS or courier 98 19.3 5 6.9 1 10.5 438
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 83 16.2 4 6.5 S S 69

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 363 100.0 46 100.0 6 100.0 S
Single modes 238 65.5 39 85.0 5 80.3 S
Truck3 237 65.3 39 85.0 5 80.0 S
For-hire Truck 66 18.1 9 19.2 2 24.8 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,836
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 96 26.5 3 6.5 1 16.6 720
Parcel, USPS or courier 96 26.5 3 6.5 1 16.6 720
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 473 100.0 78 100.0 10 100.0 S
Single modes 320 67.7 65 83.7 8 82.0 S
Truck3 320 67.7 65 83.6 8 81.6 S
For-hire Truck 86 18.2 10 12.3 3 31.1 324
Private Truck 234 49.5 56 71.3 5 50.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,142
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 42 8.8 2 3.0 1 7.9 412
Parcel, USPS or courier 42 8.8 2 3.0 1 7.9 412
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 10.0 S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 238 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 817
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 22
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 22
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,891
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 219 92.1 1 77.7 1 98.9 868
Parcel, USPS or courier 219 92.1 1 77.7 1 98.9 868
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 588
Single modes S S S S S S 420
Truck3 S S S S S S 420
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 407
Private Truck S S S S S S 423
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 872
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 872
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 59

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 958 100.0 49 100.0 64 100.0 637
Single modes 714 74.6 41 82.5 58 89.7 624
Truck3 432 45.1 21 42.4 19 28.7 471
For-hire Truck 338 35.3 16 32.0 17 26.5 797
Private Truck 94 9.8 5 10.4 1 2.2 165
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,403
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 235 24.5 8 17.0 7 10.2 645
Parcel, USPS or courier 235 24.5 8 17.0 7 10.2 645
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 0.4 S S 284

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 541
Single modes S S S S S S 541
Truck3 S S S S S S 541
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 541
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,123 100.0 507 100.0 139 100.0 231
Single modes 1,093 97.4 505 99.8 139 99.6 180
Truck3 1,093 97.4 505 99.8 139 99.6 180
For-hire Truck 63 5.6 S S S S 228
Private Truck 1,028 91.6 471 93.0 111 79.7 178
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 231
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 25 2.2 1 0.2 1 0.4 705
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 2.2 1 0.2 1 0.4 705
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 4 0.4 S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 16 100.0 S S 229
Single modes 14 82.8 16 99.2 S S 116
Truck3 14 82.8 16 99.2 S S 116
For-hire Truck 9 49.8 10 59.8 S S 334
Private Truck S S 6 39.4 S S 62
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 479
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 479
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.