Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,447 100.0 89,547 100.0 61,984 100.0 169
Single modes 10,909 87.6 75,072 83.8 58,967 95.1 74
Truck 8,281 66.5 22,292 24.9 4,814 7.8 65
For-hire truck 2,713 21.8 7,681 8.6 3,259 5.3 425
Private truck 5,551 44.6 14,565 16.3 1,534 2.5 50
Rail 1,865 15.0 51,400 57.4 54,069 87.2 1,233
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 396 3.2 34 68 0.1 1,968
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,089 8.7 S S S S 650
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,037 8.3 39 23 650
Truck and rail S S 87 0.1 129 0.2 1,173
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,415
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,416
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 15
Other and unknown modes 450 3.6 S S 349 0.6 58

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,031
Single modes S S S S S S 2,044
Truck S S S S S S 2,008
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,011
Private truck S S S S S S 1,974
Rail S S S S S S 2,249
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 7.7 2,028
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 7.7 2,028
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,901

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 S S 1,526
Single modes S S S S S S 3,285
Truck S S S S S S 709
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 709
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,505
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 47.7 S S S S 1,053
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,018
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,534
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 654

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 74 100.0 353 100.0 636 100.0 1,286
Single modes 64 86.0 352 99.9 636 99.9 1,603
Truck 13 18.0 28 7.9 33 5.2 1,174
For-hire truck 10 13.7 24 6.7 27 4.3 1,164
Private truck S S S S S S 1,370
Rail 50 67.7 324 92.0 602 94.7 1,851
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,792
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 14.0 1,211
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 14.0 1,211
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 35 100.0 63 100.0 1,691
Single modes 14 42.4 24 70.0 44 70.4 1,718
Truck 8 25.0 S S S S 1,702
For-hire truck 8 24.4 S S S S 1,719
Private truck S S S S S S 1,578
Rail 6 17.4 S S S S 2,031
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 25.7 1.1 1 1.0 1,687
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 25.7 1.1 1 1.0 1,687
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,771

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 637 100.0 1,606 100.0 2,453 100.0 1,124
Single modes 536 84.2 1,594 99.3 2,438 99.4 1,393
Truck 221 34.7 438 27.2 521 21.3 1,157
For-hire truck 149 23.4 332 20.7 387 15.8 1,141
Private truck S S S S S S 1,238
Rail 280 44.1 1,152 71.7 S S 1,637
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,172
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 99 15.6 S S S S 1,085
Parcel, USPS or courier 98 15.4 2 0.1 2 0.1 1,084
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,214
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,217

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 177 100.0 303 100.0 280 100.0 841
Single modes 150 85.0 302 99.7 279 99.7 796
Truck 117 66.0 175 57.9 151 53.9 765
For-hire truck 78 44.1 158 52.2 138 49.5 776
Private truck S S 17 5.6 12 4.4 711
Rail 34 19.0 127 41.8 S S 1,022
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,833
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 13.2 1 0.3 1 0.3 857
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 13.2 1 0.3 1 0.3 857
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 695

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11 100.0 14 100.0 36 100.0 2,319
Single modes S S S S S S 2,567
Truck S S S S S S 2,572
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,572
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,392
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,311
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,311
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,283
Single modes S S S S S S 2,309
Truck S S S S S S 2,309
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,309
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,282
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,282
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,112
Single modes S S S S S S 2,480
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,480
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,110
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,110
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 51 100.0 S S S S 2,480
Single modes 32 63.0 S S S S 2,308
Truck S S S S S S 2,289
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,274
Private truck S S S S S S 2,618
Rail S S S S S S 2,423
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,265
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 37.0 0.2 1 0.2 2,519
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 37.0 0.2 1 0.2 2,519
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 29 100.0 S S S S 2,106
Single modes 23 77.5 S S S S 2,231
Truck S S S S S S 2,188
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,197
Private truck S S S S S S 2,100
Rail S S S S S S 2,355
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,408
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 21.2 S S S S 2,082
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 14.0 2,078
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,734
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,850

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,706
Single modes S S S S S S 4,177
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,177
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,635
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,641
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,322
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 279 100.0 858 100.0 393 100.0 389
Single modes 245 87.7 857 99.9 392 99.9 381
Truck 234 83.8 816 95.0 376 95.7 354
For-hire truck 90 32.2 504 58.8 221 56.2 418
Private truck 144 51.6 312 36.3 155 39.5 324
Rail S S S S S S 654
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 793
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 12.2 1 0.1 1 0.1 392
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 12.2 1 0.1 1 0.1 392
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 555

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 300 100.0 6,171 100.0 7,704 100.0 1,543
Single modes 246 82.0 6,170 100.0 7,703 100.0 1,588
Truck 57 19.2 98 1.6 149 1.9 1,426
For-hire truck 55 18.2 94 1.5 143 1.9 1,492
Private truck S S S S S S 1,198
Rail 185 61.7 6,072 98.4 7,554 98.0 1,670
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,882
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 53 17.6 1 1,545
Parcel, USPS or courier 53 17.6 1 1,545
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,258

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 77 100.0 1,309 100.0 1,718 100.0 1,686
Single modes 64 82.4 1,309 100.0 1,717 100.0 1,722
Truck 16 20.9 40 3.1 69 4.0 1,716
For-hire truck 15 19.7 35 2.7 61 3.5 1,701
Private truck S S S S S S 1,732
Rail 47 60.2 1,268 96.9 1,648 96.0 1,642
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,977
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 17.6 1,681
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 17.6 1,681
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 151 100.0 182 100.0 1,146
Single modes 33 84.3 151 99.8 181 99.8 1,056
Truck 17 41.8 47 31.3 53 29.3 1,017
For-hire truck 11 28.0 37 24.6 41 22.6 997
Private truck S S S S S S 1,120
Rail 17 42.2 104 68.5 128 70.6 1,126
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,380
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 14.5 0.2 0.2 1,160
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 14.5 0.2 0.2 1,160
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,306

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 14 100.0 19 100.0 1,175
Single modes 22 85.6 14 99.4 19 99.5 1,223
Truck 20 78.5 11 74.2 13 68.0 1,189
For-hire truck 20 75.5 10 73.1 13 67.3 1,203
Private truck S S S S S S 1,055
Rail S S S S S S 1,709
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,329
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 13.9 0.6 0.5 1,164
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 13.9 0.6 0.5 1,164
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,110

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,775
Single modes S S S S S S 1,749
Truck S S S S S S 1,702
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,694
Private truck S S S S S S 1,817
Rail S S S S S S 1,831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,822
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 15.7 0.1 0.1 1,779
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 15.7 0.1 0.1 1,779
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,846

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16 100.0 S S S S 2,008
Single modes 9 57.2 S S S S 2,030
Truck S S S S S S 2,024
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,007
Private truck S S S S S S 2,160
Rail S S S S S S 2,111
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 42.8 0.5 S S 2,005
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 42.8 0.5 S S 2,005
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,556
Single modes S S S S S S 2,456
Truck S S S S S S 2,675
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,839
Private truck S S S S S S 2,461
Rail 5 58.8 S S S S 2,334
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 7.7 S S S S 2,577
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 7.7 S S S S 2,577
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14 100.0 9 100.0 22 100.0 2,076
Single modes S S S S S S 2,327
Truck S S S S S S 2,284
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,337
Private truck S S S S S S 2,218
Rail S S S S S S 2,513
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 49.5 S S S S 2,073
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 49.5 S S S S 2,073
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,005

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41 100.0 42 100.0 108 100.0 2,409
Single modes 26 63.1 42 99.8 107 99.8 2,537
Truck 8 19.4 S S S S 2,522
For-hire truck 8 18.7 S S S S 2,551
Private truck S S S S S S 2,318
Rail 18 43.7 32 75.4 82 76.0 2,564
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.2 2,403
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.2 2,403
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,405

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 105 100.0 S S S S 1,696
Single modes S S S S S S 1,839
Truck S S S S S S 1,859
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,888
Private truck S S S S S S 1,730
Rail 16 15.0 S S S S 1,671
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,810
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 23.1 S S S S 1,638
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 13.2 1 1,639
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,416
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,568

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 219 100.0 12,701 100.0 11,428 100.0 1,088
Single modes 207 94.6 12,700 100.0 11,427 100.0 1,135
Truck 68 31.1 147 1.2 161 1.4 1,031
For-hire truck 56 25.6 132 1.0 144 1.3 1,028
Private truck 12 5.5 15 0.1 S S 1,035
Rail 136 62.1 12,553 98.8 11,266 98.6 1,006
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,268
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 4.9 S S S S 1,073
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 4.9 S S S S 1,073
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 877

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,946
Single modes S S S S S S 1,906
Truck S S S S S S 1,877
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,877
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,364
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,955
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,955
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,891

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 101 100.0 151 100.0 1,425
Single modes 64 90.8 100 98.8 149 98.7 1,462
Truck S S S S S S 1,395
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,487
Private truck S S S S S S 1,213
Rail 33 46.3 54 53.6 83 55.1 1,525
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,187
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 8.3 S S S S 1,423
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 7.4 1,422
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,734
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,177

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,033 100.0 37,076 100.0 1,529 100.0 47
Single modes 6,267 89.1 24,463 66.0 1,191 77.9 38
Truck 5,716 81.3 17,205 46.4 932 61.0 38
For-hire truck 1,200 17.1 4,297 11.6 346 22.7 100
Private truck 4,512 64.2 12,907 34.8 586 38.3 36
Rail 181 2.6 S S 243 15.9 161
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 344
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 375 5.3 51 0.1 S S 144
Parcel, USPS or courier 356 5.1 20 3 0.2 145
Truck and rail S S S S S S 320
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 15
Other and unknown modes 391 5.6 S S S S 28

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 92 100.0 92 100.0 676
Single modes 43 79.4 92 99.8 92 99.7 559
Truck 37 68.5 50 54.5 46 49.6 549
For-hire truck S S 45 48.8 43 46.9 924
Private truck 11 20.1 S S 3 2.7 457
Rail S S S S S S 1,107
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 S S 887
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 S S 887
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 963

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 87 100.0 S S S S 1,150
Single modes 58 67.6 S S S S 1,405
Truck 35 39.9 S S 107 30.3 863
For-hire truck 34 39.7 S S 106 29.9 864
Private truck S S S S S S 825
Rail S S S S S S 1,314
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,603
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 25.5 S S S S 975
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 21.3 975
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,076
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,199

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,405
Single modes S S S S S S 2,433
Truck S S S S S S 2,420
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,420
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,609
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,401
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,401
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 340 100.0 87 100.0 191 100.0 2,213
Single modes 336 99.0 87 99.9 191 99.9 2,164
Truck 11 3.3 S S S S 2,161
For-hire truck 9 2.7 S S S S 2,225
Private truck S S S S S S 2,092
Rail 16 4.7 36 41.3 82 42.8 2,340
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 29 33.1 57 29.9 2,057
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 1.0 2,228
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 1.0 2,228
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,219

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19 100.0 21 100.0 27 100.0 1,185
Single modes 12 66.3 21 99.2 27 99.3 1,090
Truck 7 36.9 8 38.5 9 32.0 1,032
For-hire truck 7 36.9 8 38.5 9 32.0 1,032
Private truck
Rail S S 13 60.7 18 67.4 1,467
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 33.7 0.8 0.7 1,189
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 33.7 0.8 0.7 1,189
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 72 100.0 S S S S 2,195
Single modes 58 80.0 S S S S 2,050
Truck S S 13 0.8 29 0.8 2,097
For-hire truck S S 11 0.7 23 0.6 2,076
Private truck S S S S S S 2,174
Rail 26 36.4 S S S S 2,060
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,002
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 19.3 1 1 2,210
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 19.3 1 1 2,210
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,058

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 58 100.0 138 100.0 2,184
Single modes 46 83.6 58 99.7 138 99.8 2,151
Truck S S S S S S 2,151
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,288
Private truck S S S S S S 2,080
Rail S S 32 54.2 79 57.0 2,492
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,984
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 15.0 0.3 0.2 2,197
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 15.0 0.3 0.2 2,197
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,129

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 136 100.0 590 100.0 332 100.0 437
Single modes 130 95.6 590 99.9 332 99.9 396
Truck 100 73.4 285 48.2 91 27.3 378
For-hire truck 55 40.3 S S S S 401
Private truck 45 33.1 114 19.3 33 9.8 370
Rail 30 22.2 305 51.7 241 72.6 831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 3.5 S S 547
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 3.5 S S 547
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 146

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 52 100.0 82 100.0 155 100.0 1,772
Single modes 43 82.2 81 99.7 155 99.8 1,854
Truck 30 58.0 S S S S 1,872
For-hire truck 30 56.7 S S S S 1,878
Private truck S S S S S S 1,814
Rail 12 23.1 S S S S 1,957
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,663
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 17.4 0.2 0.2 1,758
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 17.4 0.2 0.2 1,758
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,729

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 15 100.0 25 100.0 1,359
Single modes 9 59.0 15 99.0 25 99.2 1,332
Truck 5 29.9 6 42.7 10 39.1 1,292
For-hire truck 5 29.9 6 42.7 10 39.1 1,292
Private truck
Rail 4 29.1 9 56.4 15 60.1 1,755
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 40.9 1.0 0.8 1,361
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 40.9 1.0 0.8 1,361
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,252

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 321 100.0 3,446 100.0 3,611 100.0 924
Single modes 295 91.8 3,445 100.0 3,610 100.0 1,116
Truck 68 21.1 S S S S 674
For-hire truck 53 16.6 S S S S 705
Private truck S S S S S S 599
Rail 225 70.1 3,189 92.5 3,454 95.6 912
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 7.0 1 1 828
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 7.0 1 1 828
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1,025

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 60 100.0 S S S S 2,077
Single modes 52 85.8 S S S S 2,155
Truck 31 51.4 S S S S 2,137
For-hire truck 22 36.6 S S S S 2,100
Private truck S S S S S S 2,240
Rail 21 34.4 S S S S 2,425
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 13.9 1 2,055
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 13.9 1 2,055
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,889

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,395
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,395
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,395
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 17 100.0 40 100.0 2,180
Single modes S S 17 99.3 40 99.4 2,149
Truck 8 20.2 17 99.3 40 99.4 2,148
For-hire truck 4 8.9 S S S S 2,339
Private truck 5 11.3 S S S S 2,119
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,227
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 7.4 0.7 0.6 2,240
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 7.4 0.7 0.6 2,240
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,160

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 224 100.0 336 100.0 201 100.0 447
Single modes 202 90.2 335 99.8 201 99.8 387
Truck 187 83.4 238 70.9 111 55.2 369
For-hire truck 79 35.2 172 51.2 87 43.3 440
Private truck 108 48.2 66 19.7 24 11.9 358
Rail S S S S S S 887
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,459
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.2 0.1 568
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.2 0.1 568
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 454

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 37 100.0 74 100.0 1,856
Single modes 26 80.0 37 99.8 74 99.9 1,865
Truck 17 53.3 13 35.4 24 32.5 1,846
For-hire truck 17 50.4 11 29.6 20 27.1 1,847
Private truck S S S S S S 1,843
Rail 9 26.7 S S S S 2,048
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 19.3 0.2 0.1 1,855
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 19.3 0.2 0.1 1,855
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,800

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 151 100.0 S S S S 1,679
Single modes 100 66.2 S S S S 1,660
Truck 27 17.6 35 4.2 56 3.8 1,573
For-hire truck 25 16.7 S S S S 1,564
Private truck S S S S S S 1,711
Rail 73 48.7 S S S S 1,905
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,646
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 46 30.2 S S S S 1,682
Parcel, USPS or courier 39 26.0 1 0.1 2 0.1 1,682
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,783
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,670

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 195 100.0 565 100.0 361 100.0 595
Single modes 184 94.7 564 99.8 361 99.9 607
Truck 177 90.7 528 93.5 332 91.8 603
For-hire truck 140 72.0 S S S S 620
Private truck 36 18.7 S S S S 545
Rail S S S S S S 805
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 5.2 S S S S 586
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 5.2 S S S S 586
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 633

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,452
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,452
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,452
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 S S S S 2,108
Single modes S S S S S S 2,162
Truck S S 18 20.9 41 19.7 2,156
For-hire truck S S 16 18.5 36 17.4 2,156
Private truck S S S S S S 2,159
Rail S S S S S S 2,387
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,831
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 42.4 0.2 0.2 2,105
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 42.4 0.2 0.2 2,105
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 314 100.0 S S S S 650
Single modes 263 83.9 S S S S 713
Truck 190 60.6 369 18.7 S S 558
For-hire truck 144 45.9 290 14.7 154 7.7 530
Private truck 46 14.7 S S S S 577
Rail 72 23.0 S S S S 908
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,628
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 49 15.5 1 1 619
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 15.5 1 1 619
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 0.7 392

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4 100.0 S S S S 1,972
Single modes S S S S S S 1,912
Truck S S S S S S 1,978
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,978
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,875
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,980
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,980
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,623

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 269 100.0 13,454 100.0 14,302 100.0 1,311
Single modes 259 95.9 13,454 100.0 14,302 100.0 1,237
Truck 25 9.2 73 0.5 95 0.7 1,184
For-hire truck 21 7.7 62 0.5 84 0.6 1,358
Private truck S S S S S S 1,093
Rail 234 86.8 13,380 99.5 14,207 99.3 1,285
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,198
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 4.0 1,334
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 4.0 1,334
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,141

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 639 100.0 888 100.0 283 100.0 242
Single modes 557 87.1 884 99.6 282 99.7 228
Truck 556 87.0 872 98.2 273 96.7 227
For-hire truck 97 15.2 152 17.2 45 15.8 244
Private truck 446 69.7 676 76.1 S S 221
Rail S S S S S S 724
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,688
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 67 10.4 3 0.4 1 0.3 268
Parcel, USPS or courier 67 10.4 3 0.4 1 0.3 268
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 131

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.