Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23,295 100.0 45,309 100.0 8,888 100.0 610
Single modes 18,803 80.7 32,271 71.2 8,147 91.7 303
Truck 17,532 75.3 23,626 52.1 6,751 76.0 171
For-hire truck 10,209 43.8 9,110 20.1 5,107 57.5 908
Private truck 7,151 30.7 14,483 32.0 1,618 18.2 70
Rail 400 1.7 S S 1,371 15.4 639
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 504 2.2 4 10 0.1 2,866
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,679 15.8 182 0.4 194 2.2 1,173
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,228 13.9 119 0.3 136 1.5 1,173
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,432
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 15
Other and unknown modes 814 3.5 12,855 28.4 546 6.1 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,060
Single modes S S S S S S 1,957
Truck S S S S S S 1,957
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,955
Private truck S S S S S S 2,010
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.3 2,091
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.3 2,091
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 531
Single modes S S S S S S 623
Truck S S S S S S 623
For-hire truck S S S S S S 623
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 667
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 667
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 371

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 117 100.0 S S S S 1,301
Single modes 58 49.2 S S S S 1,321
Truck 58 49.1 S S S S 1,323
For-hire truck 58 49.1 S S S S 1,323
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,266
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 1 0.1 1,300
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 1 0.1 1,300
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,248

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 37 100.0 66 100.0 1,459
Single modes 57 35.6 32 86.2 57 86.8 1,791
Truck 52 32.7 21 56.6 36 54.9 1,783
For-hire truck 48 30.3 15 41.3 25 38.6 1,783
Private truck S S S S S S 1,792
Rail S S S S S S 1,900
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,970
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,445
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,445
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,791 100.0 S S S S 1,832
Single modes 1,428 79.7 S S S S 2,671
Truck 1,366 76.3 S S S S 1,316
For-hire truck 1,156 64.5 S S S S 1,313
Private truck 205 11.5 54 7.7 67 7.5 1,327
Rail S S S S S S 1,346
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 3 0.3 3,292
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 218 12.2 7 1.0 9 1.0 1,173
Parcel, USPS or courier 217 12.1 7 1.0 8 0.9 1,173
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,612
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,066

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,004 100.0 S S 299 100.0 790
Single modes 772 76.9 S S 295 98.5 812
Truck 704 70.1 S S S S 669
For-hire truck 434 43.2 S S S S 665
Private truck 270 26.9 86 18.3 50 16.6 691
Rail S S S S S S 865
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,269
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 229 22.8 5 1.1 4 1.3 781
Parcel, USPS or courier 229 22.8 5 1.1 4 1.3 781
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 570

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,321
Single modes S S S S S S 2,292
Truck S S S S S S 2,292
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,291
Private truck S S S S S S 2,313
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,325
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,325
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,192

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17 100.0 5 100.0 11 100.0 2,346
Single modes S S S S S S 2,237
Truck S S S S S S 2,245
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,245
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,224
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,347
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,347
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,170

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,255
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,255
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,255
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 159 100.0 S S S S 2,541
Single modes 93 58.6 S S S S 2,521
Truck S S 8 6.4 19 5.9 2,499
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,523
Private truck S S S S S S 2,567
Rail S S S S S S 2,712
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 66 41.4 S S S S 2,541
Parcel, USPS or courier 66 41.4 S S S S 2,541
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 123 100.0 42 100.0 93 100.0 2,102
Single modes 109 89.3 42 98.0 92 98.2 2,051
Truck 109 89.3 42 98.0 92 98.2 2,051
For-hire truck 94 76.7 S S S S 1,999
Private truck S S S S S S 2,190
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 10.7 S S S S 2,112
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 10.7 S S S S 2,112
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 282 100.0 681 100.0 228 100.0 569
Single modes 255 90.3 672 98.7 225 98.3 655
Truck 238 84.2 648 95.1 208 91.0 343
For-hire truck 132 46.8 370 54.3 122 53.4 368
Private truck 105 37.4 278 40.8 86 37.5 311
Rail S S S S S S 676
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,173
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 8.6 S S 1 0.3 461
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 8.6 S S 1 0.3 461
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 448

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 604 100.0 123 100.0 169 100.0 1,467
Single modes 500 82.7 118 96.6 163 96.5 1,359
Truck 477 78.8 108 88.1 146 86.3 1,355
For-hire truck 475 78.5 107 87.4 145 85.8 1,331
Private truck S S S S S S 1,377
Rail S S S S S S 1,623
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,955
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 104 17.3 4 3.4 6 3.5 1,479
Parcel, USPS or courier 104 17.3 4 3.4 6 3.5 1,479
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 87 100.0 133 100.0 1,529
Single modes S S 85 98.0 130 98.1 1,516
Truck S S 85 98.0 130 98.1 1,516
For-hire truck S S 71 81.8 107 81.0 1,510
Private truck S S S S S S 1,674
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 6.8 S S S S 1,532
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 6.8 S S S S 1,532
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 522 100.0 156 100.0 179 100.0 1,199
Single modes 489 93.7 154 99.1 177 99.1 1,146
Truck 488 93.4 152 97.7 174 97.2 1,146
For-hire truck 467 89.5 137 87.6 157 87.5 1,162
Private truck 21 4.0 16 10.0 S S 1,038
Rail S S S S S S 1,527
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.7 1 0.7 1,225
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.7 1 0.7 1,225
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 802

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 205 100.0 69 100.0 84 100.0 1,094
Single modes 167 81.4 67 97.3 82 97.4 1,287
Truck 164 80.0 41 59.2 49 58.5 1,171
For-hire truck 152 74.4 31 45.3 39 45.9 1,172
Private truck S S S S S S 1,106
Rail S S S S S S 1,242
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,393
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 37 18.0 1 2.0 2 2.1 1,050
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 18.0 1 2.0 2 2.1 1,050
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,057

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 109 100.0 S S S S 1,750
Single modes 82 75.3 S S S S 1,845
Truck 77 70.5 S S S S 1,714
For-hire truck 76 69.1 S S S S 1,712
Private truck S S S S S S 1,882
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,917
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 24.7 1 3.3 1 3.5 1,723
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 24.7 1 3.3 1 3.5 1,723
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,075
Single modes S S S S S S 2,053
Truck S S S S S S 1,990
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,990
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,927
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,477
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,075
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,075
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,183

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,657
Single modes S S S S S S 2,544
Truck S S S S S S 2,544
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,544
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,659
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,659
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,469

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 2 100.0 3 100.0 2,159
Single modes 7 33.4 1 34.4 1 34.7 2,097
Truck 7 30.8 S S S S 2,109
For-hire truck 7 30.8 S S S S 2,109
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,085
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 65.6 2 65.3 2,162
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 65.6 2 65.3 2,162
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,397
Single modes S S S S S S 2,400
Truck S S S S S S 2,442
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,454
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,153
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,395
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,395
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,616

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 246 100.0 36 100.0 56 100.0 1,670
Single modes 79 32.2 S S 37 67.4 1,599
Truck 64 26.0 S S 37 67.4 1,592
For-hire truck 63 25.8 S S S S 1,593
Private truck S S S S S S 1,508
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,096
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,674
Parcel, USPS or courier 67 27.2 4 11.0 6 11.4 1,675
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,580
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 280 100.0 S S S S 1,016
Single modes 154 54.8 64 58.4 58 51.4 1,083
Truck 153 54.7 64 58.4 58 51.4 1,078
For-hire truck 138 49.3 40 36.7 39 34.2 1,042
Private truck 15 5.4 S S S S 1,141
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,539
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 93 33.3 6 5.5 6 4.9 1,006
Parcel, USPS or courier 93 33.3 6 5.5 6 4.9 1,006
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,258

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 37 100.0 S S S S 1,811
Single modes 26 70.8 S S S S 1,856
Truck 26 70.8 S S S S 1,856
For-hire truck 26 69.3 S S S S 1,837
Private truck S S S S S S 1,991
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.2 1,749
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.2 1,749
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,091

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 355 100.0 70 100.0 95 100.0 1,334
Single modes 334 94.2 70 99.1 94 99.0 1,172
Truck 334 94.2 70 99.1 94 99.0 1,172
For-hire truck 164 46.3 45 63.3 61 64.5 1,155
Private truck S S S S S S 1,257
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 5.8 1 0.9 1 1.0 1,376
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 5.8 1 0.9 1 1.0 1,376
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,033 100.0 37,076 100.0 1,529 100.0 47
Single modes 6,267 89.1 24,463 66.0 1,191 77.9 38
Truck 5,716 81.3 17,205 46.4 932 61.0 38
For-hire truck 1,200 17.1 4,297 11.6 346 22.7 100
Private truck 4,512 64.2 12,907 34.8 586 38.3 36
Rail 181 2.6 S S 243 15.9 161
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 344
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 375 5.3 51 0.1 S S 144
Parcel, USPS or courier 356 5.1 20 3 0.2 145
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 320
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 15
Other and unknown modes 391 5.6 S S S S 28

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 162 100.0 S S 51 100.0 864
Single modes 142 87.6 S S 50 98.4 971
Truck 137 84.7 S S 50 98.1 1,016
For-hire truck 121 75.0 S S S S 1,018
Private truck S S S S S S 856
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 12.4 1 1.7 1 1.6 843
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 12.4 1 1.7 1 1.6 843
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 273 100.0 90 100.0 82 100.0 1,115
Single modes S S 87 97.2 79 96.8 1,199
Truck S S 87 97.2 79 96.8 874
For-hire truck S S 78 86.3 71 86.3 867
Private truck 3 1.1 S S S S 974
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,662
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 2.8 3 3.2 1,076
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 2.8 3 3.2 1,076
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24 100.0 100.0 1 100.0 2,349
Single modes S S S S S S 2,470
Truck S S S S S S 2,470
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,470
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 63.0 47.4 1 47.8 2,349
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 63.0 47.4 1 47.8 2,349
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,201
Single modes S S S S S S 2,234
Truck S S S S S S 2,241
For-hire truck 46 40.1 S S S S 2,235
Private truck S S S S S S 2,252
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,133
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2.9 1 3.1 2,194
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2.9 1 3.1 2,194
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16 100.0 S S S S 1,398
Single modes S S S S S S 1,573
Truck S S S S S S 994
For-hire truck S S S S S S 994
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,577
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,605
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,264
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,264
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 241 100.0 S S S S 2,248
Single modes 57 23.6 S S S S 2,087
Truck 57 23.6 S S S S 2,087
For-hire truck 57 23.6 S S S S 2,087
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,347
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 183 76.1 S S S S 2,272
Parcel, USPS or courier 183 76.1 S S S S 2,272
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,383

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 127 100.0 S S S S 2,107
Single modes 112 88.0 S S S S 2,253
Truck 100 78.6 31 42.2 68 38.0 2,253
For-hire truck 92 72.3 27 35.8 58 32.7 2,255
Private truck S S S S S S 2,021
Rail S S S S S S 2,585
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,933
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 12.0 1 0.7 1 0.6 2,077
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 12.0 1 0.7 1 0.6 2,077
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 398 100.0 289 100.0 131 100.0 270
Single modes 328 82.5 285 98.7 129 98.4 195
Truck 323 81.1 212 73.2 72 55.0 194
For-hire truck 118 29.7 100 34.7 49 37.3 266
Private truck 205 51.4 111 38.5 23 17.7 185
Rail 6 1.4 73 25.4 57 43.4 776
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 64 16.0 2 0.7 1 0.5 383
Parcel, USPS or courier 64 16.0 2 0.7 1 0.5 383
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 665

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,683
Single modes S S S S S S 1,745
Truck S S S S S S 1,742
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,744
Private truck S S S S S S 1,706
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,872
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 67 6.8 2 0.7 4 0.7 1,665
Parcel, USPS or courier 67 6.8 2 0.7 4 0.7 1,665
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 76 100.0 113 100.0 1,464
Single modes S S 72 94.7 108 95.2 1,547
Truck S S 70 91.4 104 91.4 1,534
For-hire truck 160 26.6 40 52.1 62 54.4 1,562
Private truck S S S S S S 1,499
Rail S S S S S S 1,676
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,483
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,423
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,423
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,292

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 584 100.0 294 100.0 209 100.0 1,194
Single modes 441 75.5 287 97.7 202 96.8 1,889
Truck 424 72.5 262 89.3 181 86.6 712
For-hire truck 311 53.3 205 69.7 136 65.1 745
Private truck 112 19.2 57 19.5 45 21.5 637
Rail S S S S S S 904
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,020
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 143 24.4 S S S S 943
Parcel, USPS or courier 143 24.4 S S S S 943
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 597

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 277 100.0 33 100.0 69 100.0 2,072
Single modes 179 64.6 31 94.1 65 94.2 2,027
Truck 177 63.8 22 64.6 44 64.5 2,026
For-hire truck 158 57.2 19 56.8 39 56.6 2,025
Private truck S S S S S S 2,108
Rail S S S S S S 2,072
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 5.4 4 5.4 2,076
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 5.4 4 5.4 2,076
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,014

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,503
Single modes S S S S S S 2,292
Truck S S S S S S 2,338
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,338
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,087
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 6.9 7.2 2,527
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6.9 7.2 2,527
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,411

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 16 100.0 37 100.0 2,165
Single modes 27 80.5 16 97.7 37 97.7 2,198
Truck 27 80.5 16 97.7 37 97.7 2,201
For-hire truck S S 3 20.3 7 19.3 2,155
Private truck S S S S S S 2,363
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,947
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 19.4 S S S S 2,134
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 19.4 S S S S 2,134
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,354

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 64 100.0 45 100.0 31 100.0 713
Single modes 34 52.9 45 98.7 30 98.7 814
Truck 34 52.2 45 98.6 30 98.7 803
For-hire truck 25 38.4 21 46.7 16 51.4 762
Private truck 9 13.8 S S S S 853
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,080
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 47.1 1 1.3 1.3 700
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 47.1 1 1.3 1.3 700
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 556 100.0 54 100.0 97 100.0 1,948
Single modes 545 98.0 53 99.4 97 99.4 1,954
Truck 257 46.1 53 99.0 96 98.9 1,858
For-hire truck 252 45.4 S S 94 96.8 1,857
Private truck S S S S S S 1,865
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,001
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 2.0 0.6 1 0.6 1,941
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 2.0 0.6 1 0.6 1,941
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,227 100.0 413 100.0 751 100.0 1,753
Single modes 1,066 86.9 409 98.9 743 99.0 1,750
Truck 991 80.8 367 88.8 665 88.6 1,733
For-hire truck 918 74.8 241 58.3 441 58.8 1,718
Private truck 73 5.9 126 30.5 S S 1,857
Rail S S 42 10.2 78 10.4 1,750
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,681
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 159 13.0 S S S S 1,756
Parcel, USPS or courier 159 13.0 S S S S 1,756
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1,493

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 924 100.0 710 100.0 470 100.0 613
Single modes 714 77.3 707 99.5 468 99.6 644
Truck 712 77.1 634 89.3 412 87.6 562
For-hire truck 560 60.7 467 65.7 323 68.8 575
Private truck S S S S S S 487
Rail S S S S S S 999
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,018
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 206 22.3 3 0.4 1 0.3 598
Parcel, USPS or courier 204 22.1 2 0.3 1 0.3 590
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,143
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 466

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17 100.0 S S S S 2,393
Single modes S S S S S S 2,429
Truck S S S S S S 2,429
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,460
Private truck S S S S S S 2,334
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 87.8 1 56.5 3 57.7 2,393
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 87.8 1 56.5 3 57.7 2,393
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,164
Single modes S S S S S S 1,914
Truck S S S S S S 2,057
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,053
Private truck S S S S S S 2,069
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,877
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 8.6 1 2.4 1 2.6 2,241
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 8.6 1 2.4 1 2.6 2,241
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,687 100.0 1,131 100.0 540 100.0 545
Single modes 1,409 83.5 917 81.1 438 81.1 563
Truck 1,391 82.5 844 74.6 366 67.9 384
For-hire truck 554 32.8 489 43.2 256 47.4 424
Private truck 703 41.7 332 29.4 102 18.9 372
Rail S S S S S S 840
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,546
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 247 14.6 S S 5 1.0 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 247 14.6 S S 5 1.0 522
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 441

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3 100.0 S S S S 1,953
Single modes S S S S S S 1,861
Truck S S S S S S 1,820
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,820
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,166
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,993
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,993
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 134 100.0 166 100.0 1,292
Single modes 221 36.7 107 80.2 126 75.8 1,403
Truck 200 33.2 69 51.4 82 49.5 1,238
For-hire truck 182 30.2 51 38.1 64 38.5 1,264
Private truck S S S S S S 1,173
Rail S S S S S S 1,117
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 19 3.2 0.1 1,960
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,264
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 8.4 1 1.0 2 1.1 1,255
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,539
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 182 100.0 1,329 100.0 425 100.0 517
Single modes 161 88.2 1,326 99.8 424 99.8 381
Truck 149 81.7 533 40.1 178 42.0 294
For-hire truck 90 49.1 401 30.2 147 34.5 324
Private truck 57 31.5 133 10.0 32 7.5 268
Rail S S S S S S 411
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,827
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 11.3 1 0.1 567
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 11.3 1 0.1 567
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 518

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.