Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 12,447 12,250 1.6 89,547 86,777 3.2 61,984 67,362 −8 169 185 −9
Single modes 10,909 10,528 3.6 75,072 73,749 1.8 58,967 66,490 −11.3 74 111 −33.2
Truck 8,281 7,251 14.2 22,292 18,850 18.3 4,814 3,418 40.8 65 85 −23.8
Rail 1,865 2,793 −33.2 51,400 52,789 −2.6 54,069 62,939 −14.1 1,233 1,136 8.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) 396 S S 34 S S 68 S S 1,968 1,603 22.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,089 1,105 −1.5 S 661 S S 535 S 650 628 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,037 886 17 39 25 59 23 15 55.1 650 629 3.4
Truck and Rail S 188 S 87 549 −84.2 129 520 −75.1 1,173 1,265 −7.2
Other multiple modes S S S S 87 S S S S S 10 S
Other and unknown modes 450 616 −27.1 S 12,367 S 349 S S 58 38 53.6

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 799 1,157 −31 4,355 5,015 −13.2 3,205 3,177 0.9 S S S
Single modes 785 953 −17.7 4,317 3,680 17.3 3,202 2,659 20.4 S S S
Truck 499 575 −13.2 2,190 1,053 108.1 549 315 74.6 S S S
Rail 279 377 −26 2,123 2,609 −18.6 S 2,345 S 1,272 819 55.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,295
Pipeline S 1 S S 18 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 850 710 19.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,018 651 56.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 912
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 15
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 72 S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,031 1,255 −17.9 1,325 1,605 −17.4 511 715 −28.6 106 84 25.4
Single modes 1,019 1,197 −14.9 1,309 1,553 −15.7 510 698 −26.9 82 85 −3.3
Truck 948 1,100 −13.9 1,134 1,304 −13 335 424 −21.1 81 84 −3.3
Rail 60 97 −37.8 131 249 −47.4 175 274 −36.1 1,389 1,108 25.3
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5 S S S S S S S S 1,156 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 S S S S S S S 1,156 116 897.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 944
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 101 61 66.2

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 315 434 −27.4 6,560 2,448 168 S 1,049 S S S S
Single modes 287 395 −27.3 6,486 2,319 179.7 S 993 S S S S
Truck 153 155 −1.5 3,020 1,808 67 818 318 157.3 S S S
Rail 41 238 −83 S 511 S S 675 S 1,686 1,301 29.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,998 1,200 66.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 38 S 70 93 −24.5 S 55 S 1,151 824 39.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,332
Truck and Rail S 38 S 70 93 −24.5 S 55 S 1,151 751 53.2
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 11 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,476 3,324 4.6 68,946 67,874 1.6 43,553 56,036 −22.3 75 124 −39.3
Single modes 3,365 3,181 5.8 54,738 56,677 −3.4 40,720 56,026 −27.3 74 134 −44.9
Truck 2,357 2,077 13.5 10,464 8,725 19.9 733 1,066 −31.3 59 92 −35
Rail 653 712 −8.2 42,975 45,934 −6.4 39,971 54,929 −27.2 925 1,036 −10.7
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 32 S S 87 S S S S 878 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 861 595 44.6
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S 87 S S S S 1,416 10 S
Other and unknown modes S 111 S S 11,110 S S 9 S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 563 847 −33.5 1,044 1,805 −42.2 662 1,156 −42.7 237 260 −8.7
Single modes 449 749 −40.1 1,035 1,788 −42.1 655 1,151 −43 115 145 −21
Truck 440 714 −38.4 695 1,296 −46.4 S 156 S 101 95 6.8
Rail S 11 S S 455 S S 993 S 1,495 2,190 −31.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,939 1,653 17.3
Pipeline S 9 S S 37 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 84 66 26.7 6 3 87 5 3 79 498 793 −37.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 84 66 26.5 6 3 85.7 5 3 74.4 497 793 −37.4
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,534
Other and unknown modes 30 31 −3.2 4 14 −73.2 2 2 −27.6 S 24 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,857 1,690 9.9 4,441 3,825 16.1 4,552 4,077 11.6 578 394 46.7
Single modes 1,616 1,572 2.8 4,361 3,700 17.9 4,504 3,912 15.1 371 207 79.5
Truck 914 729 25.4 2,540 1,639 55 1,672 809 106.8 306 124 147.2
Rail 697 842 −17.3 1,821 2,061 −11.6 2,832 3,103 −8.8 1,520 1,507 0.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,758 2,527 −30.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 202 93 116.6 S 117 S S 163 S 803 1,049 −23.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 188 61 206.8 S 3 S 4 3 32.1 802 1,045 −23.2
Truck and Rail S 32 S S S S S 160 S 1,268 1,658 −23.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,322
Other and unknown modes 39 25 58.5 S S S S S S 139 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,160 1,592 −27.1 1,965 3,019 −34.9 648 901 −28 S 184 S
Single modes 918 1,235 −25.7 1,947 2,880 −32.4 645 808 −20.2 S 155 S
Truck 785 710 10.6 1,389 2,381 −41.7 276 163 68.9 S 102 S
Rail 127 491 −74.2 558 463 20.4 369 545 −32.3 629 1,176 −46.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,232 1,595 −22.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 136 247 −45 6 58 −89 2 52 −95.3 459 332 38.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 136 167 −18.9 6 7 −11.2 2 2 −0.1 459 330 38.9
Truck and Rail 79 51 S S 1,373
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 107 110 −2.8 11 81 −86 S S S 64 59 9.4

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,074 865 24.1 126 83 51.2 17 18 −5.9 S 168 S
Single modes 577 496 16.3 105 64 63 13 15 −11.2 S 81 S
Truck 575 470 22.4 105 64 64.2 13 14 −7.1 S 54 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) 1 26 −94.5 S S S S S S 2,904 1,464 98.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 357 273 31 6 5 32 3 3 2.1 724 564 28.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 357 273 31 6 5 32 3 3 2.1 724 564 28.4
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 140 97 44.9 S 14 S 1 1 77.6 S 34 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,153 1,064 102.3 768 S S 313 S S 415 484 −14.3
Single modes 1,878 737 154.9 758 S S 306 S S 213 179 19.2
Truck 1,595 712 124.1 738 558 32.3 267 152 74.9 202 172 17.3
Rail S S S S S S 144
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,275 2,138 6.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 262 308 −14.8 9 3 172.8 7 3 155.9 654 914 −28.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 262 308 −14.8 9 3 172.8 7 3 155.9 654 914 −28.4
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 13 S S 1 S S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 21 S 16 S S S 3 S 229 165 38.5
Single modes 14 12 21.6 16 S S S S S 116 S S
Truck 14 9 62.9 16 S S S S S 116 S S
Rail S S S S S S 798
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,107
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 6 S S S S S S S 479 238 101.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S 6 S S S S S S S 479 238 101.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.