Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 5.9 19.7 10.9 20.1
Single modes 6.3 1.9 18.0 9.2 10.5 1.9 45.3
Truck 6.5 2.3 11.6 9.9 13.5 4.0 40.9
For-hire truck 8.8 2.1 12.7 4.9 17.3 4.0 5.7
Private truck 7.4 2.3 16.9 6.8 6.6 1.8 40.8
Rail 24.6 0.4 S S 20.5 3.4 31.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35.9 0.7 31.0 30.7 7.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 14.4 2.0 17.3 0.1 23.9 0.3 5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 9.1 1.3 11.0 0.1 12.8 0.2 5.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 38.0 1.1 49.1 9.2 32.5 1.8 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.9
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 39.0 15.7 40.0 15.8 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 39.0 15.7 40.0 15.8 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 26.1
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.9 S S S S 3.2
Single modes 45.5 12.6 S S S S 10.8
Truck 45.5 12.6 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck 45.5 12.6 S S S S 10.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 39.9 12.0 41.4 12.0 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 39.9 12.0 41.4 12.0 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 25.2 25.3 5.6
Single modes 34.7 17.7 31.1 13.4 31.1 13.4 15.4
Truck 38.5 16.3 33.7 14.6 32.3 14.8 15.5
For-hire truck 41.4 15.1 45.3 14.8 44.5 15.1 15.5
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.5 S S S S 11.3
Single modes 35.8 8.0 S S S S 14.2
Truck 35.7 7.4 S S S S 1.7
For-hire truck 35.7 7.1 S S S S 2.7
Private truck 46.6 3.2 47.6 4.5 46.4 4.6 2.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 47.7 0.1 48.6 0.4 19.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 14.8 4.6 28.3 0.8 29.0 0.7 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 14.8 4.6 28.6 0.8 29.4 0.7 2.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.1

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.8 S S 47.5 5.5
Single modes 25.4 6.5 S S 48.4 2.7 7.2
Truck 23.9 8.1 S S S S 2.6
For-hire truck 25.7 9.0 S S S S 2.6
Private truck 41.7 8.6 37.8 11.7 34.9 11.6 16.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.1 6.6 39.3 2.8 38.7 2.7 5.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.1 6.6 39.3 2.8 38.7 2.7 5.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.1 45.9 45.6 11.0
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.6 S S S S 1.9
Single modes 44.7 12.2 S S S S 2.1
Truck S S 41.5 19.6 41.6 19.7 10.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.8 12.2 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.8 12.2 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.4 42.9 43.8 2.1
Single modes 36.7 9.6 44.1 9.9 44.9 10.0 2.7
Truck 36.7 9.6 44.1 9.9 44.9 10.0 2.7
For-hire truck 38.0 11.2 S S S S 3.1
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.4 9.6 S S S S 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.4 9.6 S S S S 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.3 22.7 17.0 11.8
Single modes 13.8 4.0 23.1 1.2 17.2 1.1 14.1
Truck 14.0 4.9 24.1 3.3 17.9 4.8 7.6
For-hire truck 24.3 7.3 24.9 9.4 16.3 10.5 8.1
Private truck 20.9 6.5 47.6 9.0 42.8 9.5 16.0
Rail S S S S S S 30.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 34.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.5 3.6 S S 43.8 0.1 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.5 3.6 S S 43.8 0.1 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.1 37.9 36.0 2.7
Single modes 25.4 9.6 39.2 3.4 37.3 2.9 2.1
Truck 26.0 9.3 44.1 7.9 42.8 8.1 2.1
For-hire truck 26.0 9.3 44.4 7.9 43.1 8.1 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.1 9.6 46.0 3.4 47.0 2.9 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.1 9.6 46.0 3.4 47.0 2.9 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 45.1 43.3 1.9
Single modes S S 45.4 12.2 43.6 12.0 10.8
Truck S S 45.4 12.2 43.6 12.0 10.8
For-hire truck S S 48.9 11.5 46.4 11.4 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.2 12.3 S S S S 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.2 12.3 S S S S 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.1 32.6 30.2 3.0
Single modes 25.4 8.4 33.0 7.4 30.5 6.8 3.8
Truck 25.5 8.4 33.6 7.4 31.3 7.0 3.8
For-hire truck 26.0 8.2 34.9 7.7 32.3 7.3 3.8
Private truck 49.4 1.6 49.6 4.7 S S 21.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 45.0 7.4 48.6 6.9 6.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.0 7.4 48.6 6.9 6.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.0

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.6 39.7 40.0 4.5
Single modes 37.1 8.0 41.0 7.1 41.3 7.0 10.1
Truck 38.1 8.5 32.7 11.9 32.5 12.0 4.1
For-hire truck 38.1 10.7 39.5 13.0 40.2 13.0 11.5
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.3 7.7 41.5 5.7 42.0 5.8 6.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.3 7.7 41.5 5.7 42.0 5.8 6.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.6 S S S S 1.9
Single modes 40.4 15.6 S S S S 15.2
Truck 44.3 16.0 S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck 43.9 15.6 S S S S 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.1 15.6 33.1 17.8 32.8 17.8 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.1 15.6 33.1 17.8 32.8 17.8 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 23.7
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.9 30.0 29.8 10.7
Single modes 38.8 12.9 47.4 12.7 47.6 12.7 18.3
Truck 43.8 11.7 S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck 43.8 11.7 S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 45.2 12.7 45.0 12.7 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.2 12.7 45.0 12.7 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.7
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.9 36.4 35.9 2.7
Single modes 47.6 13.0 S S 49.9 12.2 2.8
Truck 40.7 12.9 S S 49.9 12.2 2.8
For-hire truck 40.8 12.9 S S S S 2.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.5 13.1 40.2 11.9 40.1 11.8 2.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.5 S S S S 3.3
Single modes 27.4 6.9 33.2 11.2 28.5 13.2 5.1
Truck 27.5 7.0 33.2 11.2 28.5 13.2 5.0
For-hire truck 30.5 7.2 29.6 13.9 27.6 14.4 3.6
Private truck 36.0 3.5 S S S S 19.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.8 7.2 45.9 4.4 42.1 4.4 4.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.8 7.2 45.9 4.4 42.1 4.4 4.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.3

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.4 S S S S 11.1
Single modes 37.3 10.3 S S S S 15.1
Truck 37.3 10.3 S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck 38.7 11.7 S S S S 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 42.8 10.5 41.0 10.5 21.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 42.8 10.5 41.0 10.5 21.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.4 28.8 30.2 4.6
Single modes 39.4 12.9 29.2 8.1 30.6 8.4 6.3
Truck 39.4 12.9 29.2 8.1 30.6 8.4 6.3
For-hire truck 49.6 13.0 44.8 13.7 45.6 13.9 13.1
Private truck S S S S S S 23.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.4 12.9 29.0 8.1 29.9 8.4 4.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.4 12.9 29.0 8.1 29.9 8.4 4.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.6 23.7 19.9 22.3
Single modes 7.0 1.7 23.3 10.8 14.9 6.8 22.5
Truck 7.8 3.6 15.6 11.5 13.8 7.2 22.1
For-hire truck 20.9 2.9 25.5 3.4 15.3 4.0 12.5
Private truck 8.4 3.5 18.6 10.0 17.9 5.7 22.1
Rail 34.0 1.0 S S 38.3 4.7 24.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.0
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 32.5 1.8 48.8 S S 12.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.5 1.8 35.2 36.9 0.2 12.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 18.6 0.9 S S S S 28.6

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 S S 47.4 5.1
Single modes 26.1 5.1 S S 47.9 3.4 2.9
Truck 27.8 7.9 S S 48.1 3.5 3.4
For-hire truck 30.5 8.1 S S S S 3.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.5 5.1 38.6 3.7 38.0 3.4 12.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.5 5.1 38.6 3.7 38.0 3.4 12.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.1 23.7 23.1 5.2
Single modes S S 24.4 1.6 23.8 1.6 12.1
Truck S S 24.4 1.6 23.8 1.6 3.3
For-hire truck S S 30.1 11.6 29.6 11.8 3.4
Private truck 44.5 1.2 S S S S 18.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 26.2 1.6 25.7 1.6 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 26.2 1.6 25.7 1.6 3.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.5 35.8 35.0 2.3
Single modes S S S S S S 21.2
Truck S S S S S S 21.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.2
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.8 14.3 43.1 13.8 42.7 13.7 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.8 14.3 43.1 13.8 42.7 13.7 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.7
Single modes S S S S S S 15.0
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck 45.6 13.2 S S S S 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 28.3 17.5 29.6 17.5 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 28.3 17.5 29.6 17.5 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.2 S S S S 12.0
Single modes S S S S S S 23.9
Truck S S S S S S 26.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 26.3
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.9 S S S S 2.3
Single modes 48.6 12.8 S S S S 10.6
Truck 48.6 12.8 S S S S 15.0
For-hire truck 48.6 12.8 S S S S 15.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.7 12.8 S S S S 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.7 12.8 S S S S 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.1 S S S S 2.6
Single modes 35.0 6.0 S S S S 2.3
Truck 38.1 7.9 38.4 17.8 37.6 19.0 2.5
For-hire truck 37.9 7.4 36.4 17.6 36.0 18.5 2.4
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.8 6.0 42.7 1.9 42.7 1.9 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.8 6.0 42.7 1.9 42.7 1.9 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 17.3 20.0 15.6
Single modes 28.8 7.9 17.6 0.8 20.4 1.0 16.2
Truck 29.5 7.9 22.8 8.1 16.9 11.1 16.1
For-hire truck 48.6 7.6 21.6 9.2 22.9 10.2 31.5
Private truck 26.1 9.2 49.6 9.6 33.6 9.4 25.8
Rail 42.6 2.4 49.2 8.4 48.6 11.5 21.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.5 7.4 48.7 0.4 37.0 0.4 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.5 7.4 48.7 0.4 37.0 0.4 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.6

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.2
Single modes S S S S S S 1.3
Truck S S S S S S 1.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.0 7.9 28.2 2.2 29.3 2.2 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.0 7.9 28.2 2.2 29.3 2.2 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 34.0 33.6 1.8
Single modes S S 37.0 13.8 36.3 13.7 10.6
Truck S S 38.7 13.9 38.2 13.9 10.6
For-hire truck 40.7 13.8 32.2 11.8 31.7 11.6 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.5 21.8 19.7 14.1
Single modes 19.6 5.0 22.5 2.4 20.8 3.7 17.9
Truck 19.4 5.0 26.8 9.3 25.3 9.5 7.3
For-hire truck 19.2 4.7 34.4 11.9 34.7 11.9 7.0
Private truck 30.0 3.8 25.2 10.5 28.7 10.8 8.0
Rail S S S S S S 30.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.5 5.0 S S S S 6.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.5 5.0 S S S S 6.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.2 33.6 33.5 1.2
Single modes 39.8 10.7 36.2 12.2 36.1 12.1 10.7
Truck 40.5 10.7 37.7 12.0 37.6 12.0 10.7
For-hire truck 46.5 11.8 44.2 12.9 44.2 12.9 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 40.9 12.3 42.0 12.2 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.9 12.3 42.0 12.2 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 45.2 13.5 44.8 13.5 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.2 13.5 44.8 13.5 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.0 47.9 48.3 10.7
Single modes 35.1 12.9 49.2 15.3 49.6 15.2 18.3
Truck 35.2 12.9 49.2 15.3 49.6 15.2 18.3
For-hire truck S S 49.0 14.6 49.1 14.8 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.5 13.0 S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.5 13.0 S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.8 28.3 29.9 6.6
Single modes 21.9 8.7 28.8 6.4 30.4 5.3 4.8
Truck 22.7 9.3 28.8 6.4 30.4 5.3 4.6
For-hire truck 32.6 8.6 47.7 13.5 46.7 13.1 9.2
Private truck 39.4 6.0 S S S S 22.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.8 8.7 39.0 6.4 40.0 5.3 7.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.8 8.7 39.0 6.4 40.0 5.3 7.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.1 49.2 47.8 2.5
Single modes 31.6 3.7 49.3 2.4 47.9 2.5 3.3
Truck 39.1 12.2 49.4 2.4 48.0 2.5 2.6
For-hire truck 39.6 12.0 S S 49.3 4.1 2.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.6 3.7 38.3 2.4 39.1 2.5 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.6 3.7 38.3 2.4 39.1 2.5 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.5 21.4 22.5 2.1
Single modes 35.8 6.3 21.5 0.5 22.6 0.5 2.7
Truck 38.8 7.2 22.8 6.1 24.6 6.9 2.7
For-hire truck 41.5 8.1 25.2 11.8 26.7 11.7 2.7
Private truck 43.4 3.2 50.0 10.1 S S 23.8
Rail S S 37.2 5.9 38.2 6.6 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.7 6.3 S S S S 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.7 6.3 S S S S 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 40.9 41.8 26.1

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.2 22.2 26.8 4.5
Single modes 16.1 5.2 22.3 0.2 26.9 0.2 13.1
Truck 16.2 5.2 23.3 5.0 29.0 5.6 2.8
For-hire truck 20.2 7.5 21.2 8.8 31.9 8.6 3.1
Private truck S S S S S S 8.3
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.0 5.2 17.3 0.2 16.6 0.3 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.1 5.1 17.7 0.2 17.2 0.3 3.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.3

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.6 S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.2 4.8 42.1 13.5 43.6 13.3 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.2 4.8 42.1 13.5 43.6 13.3 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.4
Single modes S S S S S S 3.5
Truck S S S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 21.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.2 9.8 33.7 10.4 33.8 10.5 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.2 9.8 33.7 10.4 33.8 10.5 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.4 23.0 26.8 14.5
Single modes 14.7 3.1 22.8 7.8 29.8 8.4 25.4
Truck 15.0 3.3 25.5 9.0 33.4 10.5 7.0
For-hire truck 21.5 4.3 42.5 9.3 48.6 9.5 8.1
Private truck 15.4 2.6 30.7 8.5 23.7 8.9 7.9
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.3 3.1 S S 43.3 0.7 10.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.3 3.1 S S 43.3 0.7 10.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.7 S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 28.0
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 24.0 25.5 4.7
Single modes 34.5 15.3 30.2 12.8 30.8 12.8 11.6
Truck 36.1 14.6 33.8 14.3 34.5 14.5 10.7
For-hire truck 40.2 13.3 41.1 12.8 41.3 12.8 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 21.3
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 47.9 2.7 41.1 0.1 41.3 0.2 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.1 12.5 25.9 10.6 26.0 10.6 2.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.2 48.9 43.0 10.0
Single modes 18.0 3.7 49.0 0.4 43.1 0.2 21.8
Truck 17.6 4.7 18.6 14.5 18.7 13.7 4.2
For-hire truck 22.5 6.4 19.3 11.4 19.7 11.9 6.9
Private truck 24.2 5.5 20.3 5.0 23.7 3.5 6.6
Rail S S S S S S 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.6 3.7 31.7 38.8 9.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.6 3.7 31.7 38.8 9.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.2

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.