Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 61,797 100.0 101,684 100.0 33,226 100.0
Less than 50 miles 14,865 24.1 57,019 56.1 1,279 3.8
50 to 99 miles 5,287 8.6 8,846 8.7 777 2.3
100 to 249 miles 7,937 12.8 5,558 5.5 1,122 3.4
250 to 499 miles 9,471 15.3 9,911 9.7 4,694 14.1
500 to 749 miles 6,905 11.2 3,020 3.0 2,271 6.8
750 to 999 miles 6,088 9.9 7,999 7.9 9,023 27.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,219 18.2 9,327 9.2 14,053 42.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 20 4 7
2,000 miles or more 4 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 52,888 100.0 100,231 100.0 32,938 100.0
Less than 50 miles 13,063 24.7 56,001 55.9 1,268 3.8
50 to 99 miles 4,038 7.6 8,766 8.7 769 2.3
100 to 249 miles 5,847 11.1 5,461 5.4 1,102 3.3
250 to 499 miles 8,350 15.8 9,845 9.8 4,665 14.2
500 to 749 miles 6,003 11.4 2,953 2.9 2,225 6.8
750 to 999 miles 5,572 10.5 7,973 8.0 8,995 27.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,000 18.9 9,228 9.2 13,908 42.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 15 3 S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 49,569 100.0 79,225 100.0 14,059 100.0
Less than 50 miles 12,602 25.4 51,425 64.9 989 7.0
50 to 99 miles 4,025 8.1 8,726 11.0 764 5.4
100 to 249 miles 5,795 11.7 5,173 6.5 1,033 7.3
250 to 499 miles 7,710 15.6 6,056 7.6 2,615 18.6
500 to 749 miles 5,874 11.8 2,411 3.0 1,760 12.5
750 to 999 miles 4,685 9.5 2,004 2.5 2,046 14.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,864 17.9 3,427 4.3 4,847 34.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 15 3 S S
2,000 miles or more

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 35,074 100.0 36,202 100.0 11,245 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,633 13.2 15,564 43.0 369 3.3
50 to 99 miles 2,359 6.7 5,318 14.7 432 3.8
100 to 249 miles 3,617 10.3 3,234 8.9 678 6.0
250 to 499 miles 7,034 20.1 5,362 14.8 2,349 20.9
500 to 749 miles 5,400 15.4 2,103 5.8 1,541 13.7
750 to 999 miles 4,383 12.5 1,858 5.1 1,899 16.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,632 21.8 2,760 7.6 3,970 35.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 15 3 S S
2,000 miles or more

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14,408 100.0 43,014 100.0 2,805 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,969 55.3 35,861 83.4 620 22.1
50 to 99 miles 1,666 11.6 3,407 7.9 332 11.8
100 to 249 miles 2,178 15.1 1,939 4.5 355 12.7
250 to 499 miles 658 4.6 693 1.6 265 9.4
500 to 749 miles 471 3.3 308 0.7 219 7.8
750 to 999 miles 275 1.9 142 0.3 143 5.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,015 100.0 20,778 100.0 18,869 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 32 1.1 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 510 16.9 3,787 18.2 2,049 10.9
500 to 749 miles 89 3.0 541 2.6 464 2.5
750 to 999 miles 849 28.2 5,969 28.7 6,948 36.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,074 35.6 5,799 27.9 9,058 48.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 293 100.0 6 100.0 8 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S 3.9
250 to 499 miles 131 44.6 2 28.6 2 23.6
500 to 749 miles 40 13.7 1 12.5 1 9.6
750 to 999 miles 39 13.3 1 12.5 1 12.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 61 20.8 2 35.7 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,259 100.0 179 100.0 137 100.0
Less than 50 miles 864 11.9 11 5.9 0.2
50 to 99 miles 903 12.4 10 5.7 1 0.7
100 to 249 miles 1,984 27.3 32 18.0 7 5.2
250 to 499 miles 1,021 14.1 36 20.2 15 11.2
500 to 749 miles 861 11.9 22 12.2 16 11.8
750 to 999 miles 474 6.5 18 9.9 19 13.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,145 15.8 50 27.9 77 56.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4 0.2
2,000 miles or more 4 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,119 100.0 162 100.0 108 100.0
Less than 50 miles 864 12.1 11 6.5 0.2
50 to 99 miles 902 12.7 10 6.0 1 0.9
100 to 249 miles 1,976 27.8 31 19.3 7 6.4
250 to 499 miles 1,021 14.3 36 22.4 15 14.2
500 to 749 miles 861 12.1 22 13.5 16 15.0
750 to 999 miles 474 6.7 18 11.0 19 17.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,013 14.2 34 21.0 48 44.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4 0.2
2,000 miles or more 3 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,649 100.0 S S 151 100.0
Less than 50 miles 939 56.9 S S 11 7.5
50 to 99 miles 346 21.0 70 5.5 7 4.4
100 to 249 miles S S 65 5.1 13 8.7
250 to 499 miles S S 30 2.4 14 9.0
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 49 3.9 67 44.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.