Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 61,797 100.0 101,684 100.0 33,226 100.0 371
Less than 50 lbs 6,313 10.2 108 0.1 46 0.1 438
50 to 99 lbs 1,747 2.8 91 29 323
100 to 499 lbs 3,226 5.2 479 0.5 118 0.4 253
500 to 749 lbs 1,187 1.9 225 0.2 49 0.1 213
750 to 999 lbs 747 1.2 212 0.2 53 0.2 249
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,596 15.5 4,026 4.0 1,079 3.2 265
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 30,685 49.7 24,478 24.1 9,343 28.1 360
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,866 6.3 35,002 34.4 2,757 8.3 80
100,000 lbs or more 4,431 7.2 37,063 36.4 19,752 59.4 613

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 52,888 100.0 100,231 100.0 32,938 100.0 212
Less than 50 lbs 1,073 2.0 39 6 203
50 to 99 lbs 380 0.7 56 8 139
100 to 499 lbs 2,353 4.4 403 0.4 80 0.2 181
500 to 749 lbs 1,000 1.9 206 0.2 44 0.1 210
750 to 999 lbs 688 1.3 203 0.2 47 0.1 229
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,011 17.0 3,905 3.9 1,058 3.2 266
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 30,106 56.9 24,077 24.0 9,222 28.0 361
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,863 7.3 34,948 34.9 2,756 8.4 80
100,000 lbs or more 4,414 8.3 36,394 36.3 19,718 59.9 622

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 49,569 100.0 79,225 100.0 14,059 100.0 171
Less than 50 lbs 934 1.9 39 5 111
50 to 99 lbs 364 0.7 55 8 132
100 to 499 lbs 2,297 4.6 402 0.5 78 0.6 178
500 to 749 lbs 982 2.0 205 0.3 43 0.3 208
750 to 999 lbs 683 1.4 203 0.3 46 0.3 229
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,949 18.1 3,901 4.9 1,053 7.5 265
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 30,071 60.7 23,984 30.3 9,196 65.4 361
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,807 7.7 34,661 43.8 2,637 18.8 78
100,000 lbs or more 1,481 3.0 15,775 19.9 993 7.1 99

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 35,074 100.0 36,202 100.0 11,245 100.0 436
Less than 50 lbs 188 0.5 S S S S 409
50 to 99 lbs 68 0.2 7 2 358
100 to 499 lbs 1,084 3.1 97 0.3 44 0.4 435
500 to 749 lbs 517 1.5 61 0.2 30 0.3 503
750 to 999 lbs 420 1.2 61 0.2 34 0.3 549
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,237 14.9 1,081 3.0 646 5.7 608
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 24,343 69.4 13,577 37.5 8,153 72.5 600
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,593 7.4 19,452 53.7 1,962 17.4 104
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 370 3.3 330

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 14,408 100.0 43,014 100.0 2,805 100.0 82
Less than 50 lbs 745 5.2 32 2 49
50 to 99 lbs 296 2.1 49 0.1 S S 101
100 to 499 lbs 1,210 8.4 305 0.7 34 1.2 102
500 to 749 lbs 465 3.2 144 0.3 13 0.5 88
750 to 999 lbs 263 1.8 142 0.3 13 0.5 94
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,628 25.2 2,811 6.5 S S 145
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 5,728 39.8 10,407 24.2 1,042 37.2 112
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,214 8.4 15,209 35.4 675 24.1 45
100,000 lbs or more S S 13,916 32.4 S S 57

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,015 100.0 20,778 100.0 18,869 100.0 1,015
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,065
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 32 1.0 S S 24 0.1 660
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 968
100,000 lbs or more 2,933 97.3 20,619 99.2 18,725 99.2 1,024

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 293 100.0 6 100.0 8 100.0 1,346
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 11.4 1 12.2 1,350
50 to 99 lbs 15 5.3 7.0 5.9 1,115
100 to 499 lbs 56 19.1 1 19.2 2 20.1 1,459
500 to 749 lbs S S 1 10.0 1 8.3 1,114
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,012
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 59 20.3 2 31.5 2 24.0 1,053
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,038
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,259 100.0 179 100.0 137 100.0 687
Less than 50 lbs 4,979 68.6 61 33.9 39 28.6 684
50 to 99 lbs 1,316 18.1 30 16.7 21 15.3 722
100 to 499 lbs 716 9.9 56 31.2 37 27.2 682
500 to 749 lbs 61 0.8 9 5.1 4 3.1 468
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,010
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,648
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,622
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,119 100.0 162 100.0 108 100.0 687
Less than 50 lbs 4,979 69.9 61 37.5 39 36.4 684
50 to 99 lbs 1,316 18.5 30 18.5 21 19.5 721
100 to 499 lbs 715 10.0 56 34.6 37 34.5 679
500 to 749 lbs 61 0.9 9 5.7 4 3.9 468
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,010
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,631
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,648
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,622
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 4,100
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,100
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,100
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,649 100.0 S S 151 100.0 49
Less than 50 lbs 261 15.8 8 0.6 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 51 3.1 6 0.4 23
100 to 499 lbs 157 9.5 20 1.6 1 0.6 38
500 to 749 lbs S S 10 0.8 S S 55
750 to 999 lbs 12 0.7 S S S S 42
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 556 33.7 119 9.3 18 11.8 218
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 466 28.3 386 30.3 96 63.2 222
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.