Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61,797 100.0 101,684 100.0 33,226 100.0 371
Single modes 52,888 85.6 100,231 98.6 32,938 99.1 212
Truck3 49,569 80.2 79,225 77.9 14,059 42.3 171
For-hire Truck 35,074 56.8 36,202 35.6 11,245 33.8 436
Private Truck 14,408 23.3 43,014 42.3 2,805 8.4 82
Rail 3,015 4.9 20,778 20.4 18,869 56.8 1,015
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 293 0.5 6 8 1,346
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,259 11.7 179 0.2 137 0.4 687
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,119 11.5 162 0.2 108 0.3 687
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,631
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,100
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,649 2.7 S S 151 0.5 49

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,035 100.0 30,287 100.0 7,919 100.0 S
Single modes 3,035 100.0 30,287 100.0 7,919 100.0 S
Truck3 2,245 74.0 20,908 69.0 2,280 28.8 S
For-hire Truck 1,457 48.0 10,940 36.1 S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S 5,639 71.2 854
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,960 100.0 8,938 100.0 S S 105
Single modes 1,917 97.8 8,923 99.8 S S 120
Truck3 1,123 57.3 S S S S 118
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 133
Private Truck S S S S S S 86
Rail S S S S S S 1,296
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 351
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 351
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,639 100.0 7,121 100.0 3,169 100.0 S
Single modes 2,596 98.4 7,030 98.7 3,147 99.3 S
Truck3 2,419 91.7 6,185 86.9 1,876 59.2 S
For-hire Truck S S 4,556 64.0 S S 464
Private Truck 569 21.6 1,628 22.9 170 5.4 S
Rail 175 6.6 845 11.9 1,271 40.1 1,494
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,213
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 164
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 164
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 201

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,116 100.0 4,227 100.0 2,862 100.0 519
Single modes 13,104 99.9 4,218 99.8 2,862 100.0 520
Truck3 13,090 99.8 4,188 99.1 2,807 98.1 518
For-hire Truck 12,899 98.3 4,073 96.4 2,739 95.7 602
Private Truck 191 1.5 116 2.7 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,860
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 47

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 747 100.0 1,259 100.0 S S 460
Single modes 744 99.6 1,257 99.9 S S 471
Truck3 539 72.2 441 35.0 387 28.9 397
For-hire Truck S S 352 28.0 299 22.3 532
Private Truck S S S S S S 273
Rail S S S S S S 1,143
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 648
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 576
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,316
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,949 100.0 4,955 100.0 4,292 100.0 314
Single modes 1,949 100.0 4,955 100.0 4,292 100.0 316
Truck3 1,346 69.0 1,814 36.6 703 16.4 271
For-hire Truck S S 1,191 24.0 618 14.4 716
Private Truck 581 29.8 623 12.6 86 2.0 S
Rail 603 31.0 3,141 63.4 S S 1,171
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 452
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 452
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 610 100.0 S S S S 57
Single modes 610 100.0 S S S S 57
Truck3 455 74.5 334 43.9 S S 52
For-hire Truck 178 29.1 S S S S 76
Private Truck 277 45.4 216 28.4 S S 40
Rail S S S S S S 1,057
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 157
Single modes S S S S S S 157
Truck3 S S S S S S 157
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 157
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 24
Single modes S S S S S S 24
Truck3 S S S S S S 24
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 11
Private Truck S S S S S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 98 100.0 19,305 100.0 602 100.0 29
Single modes 95 96.6 18,552 96.1 595 98.9 29
Truck3 95 96.6 18,552 96.1 595 98.9 29
For-hire Truck 14 13.8 2,407 12.5 33 5.5 13
Private Truck 81 82.8 16,145 83.6 562 93.4 33
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 132
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,162
Single modes S S S S S S 1,098
Truck3 S S S S S S 1,098
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,098
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,237
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,237
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,217

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 422 100.0 1,245 100.0 69 100.0 24
Single modes 422 100.0 1,245 100.0 69 100.0 24
Truck3 422 100.0 1,245 100.0 69 100.0 24
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 55
Private Truck 232 55.0 600 48.2 S S 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 892 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 892 100.0 S S S S S
Truck3 892 100.0 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 57
Private Truck 401 45.0 1,330 37.9 31 19.9 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 290 100.0 392 100.0 36 100.0 99
Single modes 278 95.9 390 99.5 36 98.5 90
Truck3 277 95.8 389 99.2 S S 90
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 196
Private Truck 187 64.7 238 60.7 S S 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,038
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 259
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 259
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 491
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,058 100.0 S S S S 491
Single modes 2,727 38.6 S S S S 665
Truck3 2,727 38.6 S S S S 665
For-hire Truck 2,517 35.7 S S S S 697
Private Truck S S S S S S 336
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,331 61.4 24 5.6 11 4.4 480
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,331 61.4 24 5.6 11 4.4 480
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 769 100.0 4,319 100.0 S S S
Single modes 766 99.6 4,303 99.6 S S S
Truck3 736 95.7 4,058 94.0 193 66.7 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 309
Private Truck 675 87.7 3,880 89.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 382
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 766 100.0 113 100.0 S S 311
Single modes 661 86.3 106 93.2 S S 202
Truck3 657 85.8 105 92.2 S S 201
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 768
Private Truck S S 43 38.2 S S 43
Rail S S S S S S 1,903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 826
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 826
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,792 100.0 720 100.0 482 100.0 373
Single modes 1,675 93.5 707 98.2 476 98.7 244
Truck3 1,674 93.4 707 98.2 476 98.6 243
For-hire Truck 1,280 71.4 574 79.7 445 92.2 611
Private Truck 394 22.0 133 18.5 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,411
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 90 5.0 5 0.7 4 0.8 825
Parcel, USPS or courier 90 5.0 5 0.7 4 0.8 825
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27 1.5 8 1.1 S S 24

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 406
Single modes S S S S S S 406
Truck3 S S S S S S 406
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 773
Private Truck S S S S S S 150
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 650 100.0 S S 878
Single modes S S S S S S 935
Truck3 S S S S S S 935
For-hire Truck 104 9.4 100 15.4 S S 406
Private Truck S S S S S S 954
Rail S S S S S S 26
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 397
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 397
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 8 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 253 100.0 72 100.0 25 100.0 S
Single modes 247 97.6 71 99.5 25 99.8 S
Truck3 247 97.6 71 99.5 25 99.8 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 499
Private Truck S S 48 66.8 2 8.8 40
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 428 100.0 329 100.0 90 100.0 174
Single modes 406 94.9 327 99.3 89 99.0 S
Truck3 406 94.8 327 99.2 89 98.9 S
For-hire Truck 336 78.4 276 83.8 85 94.4 243
Private Truck S S 51 15.4 4 4.5 41
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,370
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 422
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 422
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 858 100.0 205 100.0 137 100.0 703
Single modes 507 59.1 179 87.2 128 93.0 367
Truck3 498 58.0 178 87.1 127 92.9 313
For-hire Truck 409 47.6 129 63.2 127 92.6 774
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,604
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 285 33.3 12 5.8 9 6.3 904
Parcel, USPS or courier 285 33.2 12 5.8 9 6.3 903
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,100
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 416 100.0 S S S S 884
Single modes 324 78.0 S S S S 646
Truck3 322 77.4 S S S S 624
For-hire Truck 178 42.7 S S S S 873
Private Truck 144 34.7 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,801
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 56 13.5 2 2.5 2 3.0 1,025
Parcel, USPS or courier 56 13.5 2 2.5 2 3.0 1,025
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2,790 100.0 S S 37
Single modes S S 2,790 100.0 S S 36
Truck3 S S 2,790 100.0 S S 36
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 130
Private Truck S S 2,405 86.2 S S 29
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 612
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 612
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,450 100.0 1,673 100.0 683 100.0 204
Single modes 1,409 97.1 1,668 99.7 680 99.7 S
Truck3 1,284 88.6 1,289 77.0 571 83.7 S
For-hire Truck 947 65.3 800 47.8 503 73.8 645
Private Truck 337 23.3 S S S S 31
Rail 124 8.5 379 22.7 109 16.0 376
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,874
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 1 0.2 747
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1 0.2 747
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,488 100.0 1,295 100.0 614 100.0 261
Single modes 1,295 87.0 1,195 92.3 583 94.9 166
Truck3 1,280 86.0 1,006 77.6 493 80.3 164
For-hire Truck 826 55.5 714 55.1 422 68.6 454
Private Truck S S 292 22.5 71 11.6 48
Rail S S S S S S 486
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,571
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 54 3.7 5 0.4 4 0.6 628
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 3.1 4 0.3 S S 628
Truck and rail S S S S S S 463
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,927 100.0 731 100.0 299 100.0 192
Single modes 3,371 85.9 662 90.6 290 96.9 167
Truck3 3,322 84.6 658 90.1 286 95.7 162
For-hire Truck 1,814 46.2 305 41.8 231 77.4 596
Private Truck 1,424 36.3 S S S S 50
Rail S S S S S S 1,059
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,546
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 208 5.3 7 1.0 4 1.2 368
Parcel, USPS or courier 208 5.3 7 1.0 4 1.2 368
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 347 8.8 62 8.5 6 1.9 S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,006 100.0 234 100.0 171 100.0 476
Single modes 1,957 65.1 199 84.7 132 76.8 S
Truck3 1,813 60.3 196 83.6 128 74.9 S
For-hire Truck 1,313 43.7 112 47.6 112 65.3 705
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 145 4.8 3 1.1 3 1.9 1,475
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 972 32.3 27 11.4 S S 740
Parcel, USPS or courier 896 29.8 17 7.4 12 7.0 738
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,979
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,100
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 45

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,672 100.0 773 100.0 361 100.0 184
Single modes 3,988 85.4 719 93.0 354 98.0 S
Truck3 3,973 85.0 716 92.6 351 97.1 S
For-hire Truck 2,229 47.7 386 49.9 314 86.8 439
Private Truck 1,743 37.3 330 42.7 37 10.3 56
Rail S S S S S S 1,423
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,415
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 146 3.1 7 1.0 6 1.6 366
Parcel, USPS or courier 126 2.7 5 0.7 2 0.5 366
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,737
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 538 11.5 47 6.1 2 0.5 23

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 132 100.0 S S S S 860
Single modes S S S S S S 791
Truck3 S S S S S S 766
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 766
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,519
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,012
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 801
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,730
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,039 100.0 62 100.0 41 100.0 614
Single modes 875 84.2 61 98.2 40 98.7 836
Truck3 781 75.1 60 97.0 39 95.8 S
For-hire Truck 567 54.5 56 90.4 38 93.0 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,818
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,327
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 1.4 1.2 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1.4 1.2 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 3 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S S S 201
Truck3 S S S S S S 201
For-hire Truck 111 22.6 12 22.9 1 35.7 283
Private Truck S S S S S S 36
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 430
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 430
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,889 100.0 401 100.0 165 100.0 783
Single modes 1,254 66.4 329 82.1 115 69.6 204
Truck3 1,245 65.9 329 82.1 115 69.5 196
For-hire Truck 749 39.7 194 48.4 69 41.9 332
Private Truck 496 26.2 135 33.6 46 27.6 104
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,006
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 477 25.3 S S S S 885
Parcel, USPS or courier 477 25.3 S S S S 885
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 454

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 567
Single modes S S S S S S 567
Truck3 S S S S S S 444
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 444
Private Truck
Rail S S S S S S 863
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,881 100.0 883 100.0 183 100.0 340
Single modes 2,593 90.0 867 98.2 169 92.6 190
Truck3 2,586 89.8 863 97.7 166 90.7 184
For-hire Truck 927 32.2 262 29.7 79 43.1 467
Private Truck 1,659 57.6 601 68.0 87 47.5 106
Rail S S S S S S 769
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 934
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 738
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 738
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 16 0.6 2 0.2 S S 30

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 493
Private Truck S S 1 0.7 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 160
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,537
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 8

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.