Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61,797 100.0 101,684 100.0 33,226 100.0 371
Single modes 52,888 85.6 100,231 98.6 32,938 99.1 212
Truck 49,569 80.2 79,225 77.9 14,059 42.3 171
For-hire truck 35,074 56.8 36,202 35.6 11,245 33.8 436
Private truck 14,408 23.3 43,014 42.3 2,805 8.4 82
Rail 3,015 4.9 20,778 20.4 18,869 56.8 1,015
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 293 0.5 6 8 1,346
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,259 11.7 179 0.2 137 0.4 687
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,119 11.5 162 0.2 108 0.3 687
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,631
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,100
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,649 2.7 S S 151 0.5 49

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 869 100.0 S S S S 1,153
Single modes 845 97.2 S S S S 1,043
Truck 556 64.0 S S S S 1,039
For-hire truck 532 61.2 S S S S 1,041
Private truck S S S S S S 1,000
Rail S S S S S S 1,157
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,693
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 2.8 1,192
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 2.8 1,192
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,289
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,289
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,289
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 382 100.0 S S S S 1,137
Single modes 346 90.5 S S S S 1,343
Truck 263 68.9 152 37.4 S S 1,329
For-hire truck 253 66.2 150 37.0 S S 1,329
Private truck S S S S S S 1,369
Rail S S S S S S 1,502
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 8.9 2 0.5 2 0.4 1,095
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 8.9 2 0.5 2 0.4 1,095
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,389

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 210 100.0 S S S S 653
Single modes 189 89.8 S S S S 654
Truck 148 70.3 S S S S 655
For-hire truck 136 64.6 S S S S 669
Private truck S S S S S S 529
Rail S S S S S S 570
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 623
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 10.2 1 0.1 0.1 653
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 10.2 1 0.1 0.1 653
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,785 100.0 2,522 100.0 4,279 100.0 1,395
Single modes 2,423 87.0 2,493 98.8 4,231 98.9 1,641
Truck 2,120 76.1 961 38.1 1,451 33.9 1,535
For-hire truck 2,026 72.8 917 36.3 1,382 32.3 1,530
Private truck 94 3.4 S S S S 1,617
Rail 283 10.2 1,532 60.7 2,780 65.0 1,833
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 2,283
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 345 12.4 20 0.8 S S 1,354
Parcel, USPS or courier 248 8.9 9 0.3 12 0.3 1,354
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,986
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,546

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,453 100.0 1,112 100.0 507 100.0 617
Single modes 1,388 95.6 1,100 99.0 501 98.9 882
Truck 1,267 87.2 809 72.7 337 66.4 397
For-hire truck 1,001 68.9 705 63.4 297 58.5 430
Private truck S S 104 9.3 40 7.9 351
Rail S S S S S S 565
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,407
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 60 4.1 S S S S 383
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 4.1 S S S S 383
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 4 0.3 S S S S 506

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 133 100.0 28 100.0 39 100.0 1,413
Single modes 103 77.3 27 97.4 38 97.4 1,409
Truck 103 77.3 27 97.4 38 97.4 1,409
For-hire truck 102 76.7 27 96.8 38 96.9 1,416
Private truck S S S S S S 1,295
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,414
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,414
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 43 100.0 57 100.0 1,302
Single modes 106 96.2 42 97.9 56 97.9 1,293
Truck 106 96.2 42 97.9 56 97.9 1,293
For-hire truck 93 84.9 40 93.5 53 93.7 1,324
Private truck S S S S S S 1,289
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 2.3 S S S S 1,317
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 2.3 S S S S 1,317
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,338

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,169
Single modes S S S S S S 1,194
Truck S S S S S S 1,194
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,194
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,167
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,167
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 821 100.0 386 100.0 622 100.0 1,546
Single modes 715 87.1 383 99.4 619 99.4 1,613
Truck 693 84.5 310 80.5 478 76.8 1,507
For-hire truck 687 83.7 307 79.6 472 75.9 1,506
Private truck S S S S S S 1,538
Rail S S S S S S 1,926
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,055
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 106 12.9 2 0.6 3 0.5 1,517
Parcel, USPS or courier 106 12.9 2 0.6 3 0.5 1,517
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,645

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 722 100.0 S S S S 1,054
Single modes 678 93.9 S S S S 1,114
Truck 582 80.7 444 56.4 477 51.6 1,097
For-hire truck 572 79.3 S S S S 1,098
Private truck S S S S S S 1,058
Rail S S S S S S 1,304
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,244
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 5.9 1 0.1 1 1,020
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 5.9 1 0.1 1 1,020
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,067

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2 100.0 100.0 1 100.0 4,130
Single modes S S S S S S 4,401
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,401
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 91.6 98.6 1 98.5 4,118
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,119
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,100
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 193 100.0 85 100.0 94 100.0 957
Single modes 151 78.2 83 97.7 92 98.2 1,162
Truck 148 77.0 61 71.1 62 66.4 1,146
For-hire truck 148 77.0 61 71.1 62 66.4 1,146
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,314
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,881
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 1.8 932
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 1.8 932
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,060

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,718 100.0 3,071 100.0 1,740 100.0 556
Single modes 3,414 91.8 3,055 99.5 1,732 99.5 532
Truck 3,076 82.7 1,199 39.0 606 34.8 508
For-hire truck 3,056 82.2 1,195 38.9 604 34.7 509
Private truck 18 0.5 4 0.1 2 0.1 467
Rail 271 7.3 1,854 60.4 1,124 64.6 573
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,074
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 220 5.9 8 0.3 4 0.3 569
Parcel, USPS or courier 220 5.9 8 0.3 4 0.3 569
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 528

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,058 100.0 437 100.0 313 100.0 735
Single modes 939 88.8 434 99.2 310 99.2 678
Truck 928 87.8 402 92.0 286 91.5 677
For-hire truck 892 84.3 396 90.6 282 90.2 683
Private truck 37 3.5 S S S S 606
Rail S S S S S S 769
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,002
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 116 11.0 3 0.8 S S 758
Parcel, USPS or courier 116 11.0 3 0.8 S S 758
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 686

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,386 100.0 3,874 100.0 566 100.0 162
Single modes 3,749 69.6 3,811 98.4 555 98.0 156
Truck 3,729 69.2 3,675 94.9 535 94.6 120
For-hire truck 2,795 51.9 2,058 53.1 399 70.4 169
Private truck 934 17.3 1,617 41.7 137 24.1 85
Rail 16 0.3 136 3.5 S S 125
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 827
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,571 29.2 20 0.5 4 0.7 178
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,571 29.2 20 0.5 4 0.7 178
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 66 1.2 43 1.1 7 1.3 S

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,481 100.0 2,223 100.0 S S 249
Single modes 1,359 91.8 2,213 99.6 S S 237
Truck 1,274 86.0 1,168 52.5 251 38.0 217
For-hire truck 792 53.5 602 27.1 141 21.4 250
Private truck 482 32.5 566 25.4 110 16.7 198
Rail S S S S S S 359
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 813
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 120 8.1 S S S S 263
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 7.6 S S S S 263
Truck and rail S S S S S S 256
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 0.1 S S 120

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 445 100.0 105 100.0 88 100.0 796
Single modes 399 89.6 104 98.9 87 98.9 811
Truck 399 89.6 104 98.9 87 98.9 811
For-hire truck 392 88.2 102 97.0 86 97.1 816
Private truck 6 1.4 2 1.9 2 1.8 738
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 46 10.4 1 1.1 1 1.1 787
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 10.4 1 1.1 1 1.1 787
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 736

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 158 100.0 188 100.0 202 100.0 1,032
Single modes 132 83.7 187 99.7 202 99.7 995
Truck 116 73.3 S S S S 989
For-hire truck 115 73.0 S S S S 989
Private truck S S S S S S 983
Rail S S S S S S 1,066
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,342
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 16.3 1 0.3 1 0.3 1,043
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 16.3 1 0.3 1 0.3 1,043
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 3 100.0 6 100.0 1,559
Single modes 12 92.6 3 99.3 6 99.3 1,689
Truck 12 92.6 3 99.3 6 99.3 1,689
For-hire truck 10 75.3 S S 5 82.2 1,705
Private truck S S S S S S 1,638
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.7 0.7 1,543
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.7 0.7 1,543
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 268 100.0 57 100.0 70 100.0 1,199
Single modes 254 94.6 56 99.1 69 99.1 1,218
Truck 254 94.6 56 99.1 69 99.1 1,218
For-hire truck 192 71.6 32 56.7 41 59.1 1,219
Private truck S S S S S S 1,168
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,268
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 5.3 S S S S 1,189
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 5.3 S S S S 1,189
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,263

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 427 100.0 264 100.0 402 100.0 1,639
Single modes 396 92.7 262 99.2 399 99.2 1,573
Truck 365 85.4 107 40.6 161 40.0 1,525
For-hire truck 359 84.0 107 40.4 160 39.9 1,535
Private truck S S S S S S 1,463
Rail S S S S S S 1,629
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,688
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,646
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,646
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,225 100.0 778 100.0 652 100.0 921
Single modes 2,011 90.4 771 99.0 645 98.8 803
Truck 1,966 88.4 532 68.3 440 67.5 782
For-hire truck 1,894 85.1 513 66.0 425 65.1 783
Private truck S S S S S S 774
Rail S S S S S S 854
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 16 0.7 1,014
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 0.4 2 0.4 962
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.4 2 0.4 962
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 872

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 820 100.0 478 100.0 198 100.0 555
Single modes 693 84.4 466 97.5 193 97.8 494
Truck 679 82.8 439 91.8 181 91.6 388
For-hire truck 537 65.5 391 81.6 165 83.3 388
Private truck S S S S S S 382
Rail S S S S S S 446
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 898
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 127 15.4 S S S S 575
Parcel, USPS or courier 127 15.4 S S S S 575
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 331

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 153 100.0 72 100.0 67 100.0 977
Single modes 146 95.2 72 98.9 66 98.7 931
Truck 142 92.4 49 67.2 S S 931
For-hire truck 93 60.8 S S S S 938
Private truck S S S S S S 876
Rail S S S S S S 894
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 4.7 0.6 0.6 993
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 4.7 0.6 0.6 993
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,145

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,746 100.0 1,140 100.0 379 100.0 392
Single modes 1,592 91.2 1,130 99.1 375 99.0 396
Truck 1,589 91.0 1,126 98.7 372 98.1 334
For-hire truck 1,069 61.2 701 61.5 252 66.5 402
Private truck 520 29.8 425 37.2 120 31.6 266
Rail S S S S S S 769
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 829
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 150 8.6 S S S S 388
Parcel, USPS or courier 150 8.6 S S S S 388
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 186

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 162 100.0 S S 51 100.0 864
Single modes 142 87.6 S S 50 98.4 971
Truck 137 84.7 S S 50 98.1 1,016
For-hire truck 121 75.0 S S S S 1,018
Private truck S S S S S S 856
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 12.4 1 1.7 1 1.6 843
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 12.4 1 1.7 1 1.6 843
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,741 100.0 67,667 100.0 3,099 100.0 49
Single modes 17,366 83.7 66,571 98.4 3,076 99.3 41
Truck 16,881 81.4 61,910 91.5 2,758 89.0 41
For-hire truck 7,302 35.2 23,136 34.2 1,706 55.1 87
Private truck 9,578 46.2 38,774 57.3 1,052 33.9 33
Rail S S S S S S 79
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,106 10.2 26 4 0.1 115
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,105 10.1 26 4 0.1 115
Truck and rail S S S S S S 91
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,268 6.1 S S 19 0.6 22

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 210 100.0 S S S S 1,200
Single modes 187 89.3 S S S S 1,281
Truck 121 57.7 S S S S 1,247
For-hire truck 121 57.6 S S S S 1,247
Private truck S S S S S S 1,240
Rail S S S S S S 1,339
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,143
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 10.7 S S S S 1,167
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 10.7 S S S S 1,167
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,547
Single modes S S S S S S 1,635
Truck S S S S S S 1,483
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,505
Private truck S S S S S S 1,429
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,336
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,533
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,533
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,407 100.0 559 100.0 738 100.0 1,316
Single modes 1,341 95.3 552 98.9 730 98.9 1,319
Truck 1,340 95.3 552 98.9 730 98.9 1,315
For-hire truck 901 64.1 197 35.3 270 36.6 1,321
Private truck S S S S S S 1,314
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,805
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 4.6 S S S S 1,314
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 4.6 S S S S 1,314
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,252

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 130 100.0 71 100.0 54 100.0 810
Single modes 114 87.9 51 71.4 41 76.3 945
Truck 114 87.9 51 71.4 41 76.3 940
For-hire truck 112 86.0 41 58.5 35 65.5 950
Private truck S S S S S S 801
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,512
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.4 0.5 762
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 0.5 762
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 627

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,011 100.0 193 100.0 245 100.0 1,351
Single modes 953 94.3 190 98.5 242 98.5 1,255
Truck 908 89.9 187 96.8 238 97.0 1,237
For-hire truck 859 85.0 170 88.2 217 88.4 1,235
Private truck S S S S S S 1,273
Rail S S S S S S 1,059
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 1 0.2 1,477
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 58 5.7 2 1.2 3 1.3 1,372
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 5.7 2 1.2 3 1.3 1,372
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,263

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 590 100.0 180 100.0 236 100.0 1,272
Single modes 524 88.9 173 96.2 227 96.2 1,315
Truck 522 88.6 173 96.2 227 96.1 1,319
For-hire truck 514 87.1 172 95.9 227 95.8 1,319
Private truck S S S S S S 1,289
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,174
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 10.8 3 1.8 4 1.7 1,255
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 10.8 3 1.8 4 1.7 1,255
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,246

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 149 100.0 91 100.0 51 100.0 559
Single modes 134 89.9 91 99.6 51 99.6 644
Truck 134 89.9 91 99.6 51 99.6 644
For-hire truck 113 75.7 83 90.5 46 90.2 659
Private truck S S S S S S 521
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 10.1 0.4 0.4 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 10.1 0.4 0.4 522
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,175 100.0 416 100.0 363 100.0 838
Single modes 855 72.8 412 98.9 359 98.9 863
Truck 822 70.0 340 81.6 292 80.2 841
For-hire truck 666 56.7 272 65.4 237 65.3 846
Private truck S S S S S S 807
Rail 23 2.0 71 17.2 68 18.6 946
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 10 0.9 S S S S 973
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 830
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 830
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 467 100.0 587 100.0 303 100.0 537
Single modes 392 84.0 585 99.6 302 99.6 484
Truck 351 75.2 332 56.6 148 48.9 457
For-hire truck 336 71.9 258 44.0 122 40.2 461
Private truck S S S S S S 395
Rail S S S S S S 631
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,426
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 71 15.3 S S S S 507
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 15.3 S S S S 507
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 710

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 266 100.0 249 100.0 403 100.0 1,423
Single modes 222 83.7 247 99.2 400 99.2 1,616
Truck 214 80.5 S S S S 1,578
For-hire truck 204 76.7 S S S S 1,579
Private truck S S S S S S 1,643
Rail S S S S S S 1,809
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,315
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 16.3 2 0.8 3 0.8 1,400
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 16.3 2 0.8 3 0.8 1,400
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,751 100.0 634 100.0 801 100.0 1,223
Single modes 1,397 79.8 623 98.2 787 98.3 1,243
Truck 1,373 78.4 477 75.2 585 73.0 1,242
For-hire truck 866 49.5 252 39.7 299 37.4 1,213
Private truck S S S S S S 1,260
Rail S S S S S S 1,315
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,463
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 287 16.4 5 0.9 7 0.8 1,217
Parcel, USPS or courier 284 16.2 4 0.6 4 0.5 1,217
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,316
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,031

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,452
Single modes S S S S S S 1,487
Truck S S S S S S 1,487
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,491
Private truck S S S S S S 1,469
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,444
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,444
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 214 100.0 135 100.0 177 100.0 1,396
Single modes 191 89.5 129 95.8 170 95.6 1,579
Truck 188 87.9 S S S S 1,313
For-hire truck 182 85.2 S S S S 1,256
Private truck S S S S S S 1,416
Rail S S S S S S 1,442
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 0.3 S S S S 1,912
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 4.0 S S S S 1,200
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 4.0 S S S S 1,200
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,392

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 924 100.0 492 100.0 118 100.0 297
Single modes 667 72.3 461 93.6 112 94.7 267
Truck 648 70.1 430 87.3 96 81.3 255
For-hire truck 260 28.1 187 38.1 43 36.0 269
Private truck 388 42.0 242 49.2 54 45.3 243
Rail S S S S S S 517
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 680
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 0.6 1 0.8 327
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.6 1 0.8 327
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 176

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,041 100.0 403 100.0 307 100.0 834
Single modes 1,002 96.3 399 98.9 302 98.4 734
Truck 982 94.4 347 86.1 260 84.7 732
For-hire truck 789 75.8 178 44.2 145 47.3 757
Private truck S S S S S S 678
Rail S S S S S S 813
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,218
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 3.7 1 0.3 1 0.3 891
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 3.7 1 0.3 1 0.3 891
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,290

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,322 100.0 7,368 100.0 8,920 100.0 869
Single modes 3,103 93.4 7,341 99.6 8,899 99.8 918
Truck 2,242 67.5 986 13.4 778 8.7 804
For-hire truck 2,142 64.5 898 12.2 704 7.9 797
Private truck 89 2.7 S S S S 849
Rail S S 6,354 86.2 8,121 91.0 1,207
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,751
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 202 6.1 6 5 848
Parcel, USPS or courier 202 6.1 6 5 848
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 17 0.5 S S S S 810

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 263 100.0 317 100.0 310 100.0 874
Single modes 255 96.9 316 99.8 309 99.9 952
Truck 198 75.3 97 30.6 84 27.1 927
For-hire truck 191 72.7 95 30.0 82 26.6 920
Private truck S S S S S S 1,084
Rail S S S S S S 1,023
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,925
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 3.1 1 0.2 0.1 845
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 3.1 1 0.2 0.1 845
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,458
Single modes S S S S S S 1,538
Truck S S S S S S 1,538
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,538
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,397
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,397
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 284 100.0 83 100.0 109 100.0 1,277
Single modes 222 78.3 76 91.5 99 91.1 1,248
Truck 222 78.0 75 90.8 98 90.3 1,246
For-hire truck 202 71.0 73 87.4 95 86.8 1,248
Private truck S S S S S S 1,202
Rail S S S S S S 1,562
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,324
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 21.7 6 7.4 8 7.8 1,281
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 10.5 S S S S 1,280
Truck and rail S S 3 3.6 5 4.2 1,524
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,374

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 697 100.0 660 100.0 1,154 100.0 1,527
Single modes 564 80.9 640 97.0 S S 1,685
Truck 473 67.8 157 23.9 253 21.9 1,610
For-hire truck 400 57.4 151 22.9 242 21.0 1,609
Private truck S S 3 0.5 6 0.5 1,625
Rail S S S S S S 1,774
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.2 S S S S 2,727
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 133 19.0 3 0.4 4 0.4 1,497
Parcel, USPS or courier 133 19.0 3 0.4 4 0.4 1,497
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,516

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 71 100.0 S S S S 1,228
Single modes S S S S S S 1,087
Truck S S S S S S 1,087
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,088
Private truck S S S S S S 996
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.0 1.0 1,247
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.0 1.0 1,247
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 960 100.0 491 100.0 282 100.0 770
Single modes 858 89.4 474 96.6 272 96.4 1,000
Truck 830 86.5 400 81.5 228 80.7 581
For-hire truck 787 82.0 381 77.7 217 77.0 582
Private truck 41 4.3 18 3.8 10 3.6 561
Rail S S S S S S 601
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,218
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 73 7.6 3 0.6 2 0.6 625
Parcel, USPS or courier 73 7.6 3 0.6 2 0.6 625
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 608

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 215 100.0 50 100.0 18 100.0 587
Single modes 141 65.9 47 94.4 18 97.8 1,161
Truck 137 63.9 47 94.4 18 97.4 220
For-hire truck 52 24.3 24 48.2 S S 467
Private truck S S S S 4 23.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,044
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 280
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 280
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 49

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.