Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 52,477 100.0 114,810 100.0 23,903 100.0 418
Single modes 44,213 84.3 113,254 98.6 23,519 98.4 217
Truck 40,480 77.1 86,122 75.0 11,708 49.0 186
For-hire truck 24,293 46.3 39,094 34.1 8,404 35.2 443
Private truck 16,143 30.8 46,976 40.9 3,283 13.7 95
Rail 2,052 3.9 24,650 21.5 11,075 46.3 784
Water S S S S S S 968
Shallow draft S S S S S S 968
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,228 2.3 4 6 1,546
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,469 12.3 345 0.3 232 1.0 718
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,120 11.7 164 0.1 110 0.5 718
Truck and Rail 340 0.6 178 0.2 120 0.5 755
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,062
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,796 3.4 S S S S S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 272 100.0 276 100.0 274 100.0 1,083
Single modes 256 94.1 276 99.9 273 99.9 1,007
Truck 248 91.2 221 79.8 220 80.5 1,008
For-hire truck 224 82.5 S S S S 1,015
Private truck S S S S S S 864
Rail S S S S S S 957
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1,104
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1,104
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,294
Single modes S S S S S S 1,455
Truck 20 10.6 S S S S 1,355
For-hire truck 20 10.5 S S S S 1,351
Private truck S S S S S S 1,410
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,152
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 9.2 S S 1,266
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 9.2 S S 1,266
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 587 100.0 S S S S 533
Single modes 500 85.2 S S S S 614
Truck 495 84.4 S S S S 613
For-hire truck 384 65.5 202 35.5 112 29.3 573
Private truck S S S S S S 706
Rail S S S S S S 782
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 505
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 505
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 960
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 566

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,022 100.0 224 100.0 348 100.0 1,583
Single modes 582 57.0 213 95.2 331 95.0 1,706
Truck 477 46.7 119 53.2 188 54.1 1,459
For-hire truck 322 31.5 86 38.5 139 39.9 1,464
Private truck S S S S S S 1,443
Rail S S S S S S 1,826
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 84 8.2 S S S S 2,521
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 429 42.0 9 4.0 14 4.1 1,537
Parcel, USPS or courier 429 42.0 9 4.0 14 4.1 1,537
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,561

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,478 100.0 1,438 100.0 457 100.0 403
Single modes 1,272 86.1 1,430 99.5 455 99.5 404
Truck 1,223 82.7 1,377 95.8 419 91.7 305
For-hire truck 861 58.3 1,169 81.3 351 76.7 331
Private truck 332 22.5 189 13.2 S S 275
Rail S S S S S S 645
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 29 2.0 1 1,560
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 203 13.7 4 0.2 1 0.3 404
Parcel, USPS or courier 203 13.7 4 0.2 1 0.3 404
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 252

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 3 100.0 5 100.0 1,393
Single modes S S 3 82.4 4 83.0 1,384
Truck S S 3 81.6 4 82.2 1,381
For-hire truck S S 3 81.6 4 82.2 1,381
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,407
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 47.7 1 17.4 1 16.9 1,395
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 47.7 1 17.4 1 16.9 1,395
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,383

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10 100.0 S S S S 1,397
Single modes S S S S S S 1,492
Truck S S S S S S 1,310
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,304
Private truck S S S S S S 1,315
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,636
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 0.1 1,306
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 0.1 1,306
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,315

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,315
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,315
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,315
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 259 100.0 197 100.0 321 100.0 1,600
Single modes 98 37.8 193 98.0 315 98.2 1,647
Truck 72 27.9 S S S S 1,628
For-hire truck 70 27.0 S S S S 1,616
Private truck S S S S S S 1,670
Rail 23 8.9 166 84.6 276 86.0 1,646
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 1.1 S S S S 1,717
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 160 62.0 3 1.7 5 1.7 1,593
Parcel, USPS or courier 159 61.3 2 1.2 3 1.1 1,593
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,751
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,107

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 317 100.0 S S 310 100.0 1,094
Single modes 245 77.5 S S 304 98.1 1,097
Truck 218 69.0 S S S S 1,079
For-hire truck 192 60.6 S S S S 1,046
Private truck 27 8.4 S S S S 1,261
Rail S S S S S S 1,469
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,384
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 57 18.0 2 0.9 3 0.9 1,092
Parcel, USPS or courier 57 18.0 2 0.9 3 0.9 1,092
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,146

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,163
Single modes S S S S S S 4,292
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,292
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,149
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,149
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 113 100.0 130 100.0 1,116
Single modes 58 94.1 113 99.7 129 99.8 1,349
Truck 29 46.7 48 42.2 49 37.5 1,006
For-hire truck 25 40.5 40 35.2 43 33.0 1,061
Private truck S S S S S S 860
Rail 24 38.9 65 57.5 81 62.2 1,287
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,064
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.1 1,020
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.1 1,020
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,247

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,472 100.0 1,757 100.0 941 100.0 553
Single modes 2,143 86.7 1,727 98.3 926 98.4 509
Truck 2,052 83.0 806 45.9 420 44.6 508
For-hire truck 1,810 73.2 731 41.6 382 40.6 508
Private truck 243 9.8 75 4.3 38 4.1 521
Rail S S S S S S 533
Water S S S S S S 610
Shallow draft S S S S S S 610
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 640
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 318 12.8 26 1.5 13 1.4 572
Parcel, USPS or courier 317 12.8 26 1.5 13 1.4 572
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 667
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 498

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,147 100.0 1,165 100.0 888 100.0 708
Single modes S S 1,126 96.7 851 95.9 712
Truck S S S S S S 711
For-hire truck S S S S S S 680
Private truck S S 70 6.0 52 5.8 743
Rail
Water S S S S S S 985
Shallow draft S S S S S S 985
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 415 19.3 8 0.7 6 0.6 708
Parcel, USPS or courier 415 19.3 8 0.7 6 0.6 708
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 878

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,192 100.0 7,364 100.0 968 100.0 169
Single modes 4,093 97.6 7,358 99.9 967 99.9 150
Truck 3,677 87.7 7,136 96.9 910 94.0 149
For-hire truck 2,033 48.5 3,071 41.7 327 33.8 179
Private truck 1,644 39.2 4,065 55.2 583 60.2 143
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 244
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 1 277
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 1 277
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 4 3 1 111

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,011 100.0 2,951 100.0 993 100.0 289
Single modes 1,879 93.5 2,944 99.8 990 99.8 291
Truck 1,857 92.4 2,835 96.1 944 95.1 274
For-hire truck 771 38.3 2,029 68.8 726 73.2 315
Private truck 1,086 54.0 806 27.3 218 22.0 242
Rail 9 0.5 109 3.7 46 4.6 438
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 420
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 120 6.0 4 0.1 1 0.1 291
Parcel, USPS or courier 120 6.0 4 0.1 1 0.1 291
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 167

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 344 100.0 111 100.0 82 100.0 803
Single modes 228 66.3 104 94.2 77 93.7 785
Truck 227 65.8 92 82.6 68 82.3 784
For-hire truck 211 61.4 76 68.7 56 67.7 784
Private truck 15 4.5 S S S S 789
Rail S S S S S S 795
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 805
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 805
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 745

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 122 100.0 445 100.0 440 100.0 989
Single modes 112 92.0 428 96.3 421 95.6 1,011
Truck 64 52.7 59 13.3 54 12.2 979
For-hire truck 59 48.7 34 7.7 30 6.8 982
Private truck S S S S S S 953
Rail S S S S S S 1,202
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9 7.0 S S S S 981
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 7.0 S S S S 981
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,173

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 52 100.0 S S S S 1,599
Single modes 21 40.4 S S S S 1,673
Truck S S S S S S 1,671
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,671
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,741
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 13.1 S S S S 1,590
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 9.1 0.3 0.3 1,593
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 916
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,586

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,311
Single modes S S S S S S 1,298
Truck S S S S S S 1,228
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,228
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,756
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4.0 4.3 1,313
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4.0 4.3 1,313
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 11 100.0 19 100.0 1,615
Single modes S S 10 89.5 S S 1,525
Truck S S 10 89.2 S S 1,517
For-hire truck S S 10 89.2 S S 1,517
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,563
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 16.4 1 10.5 2 9.5 1,632
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 16.4 1 10.5 2 9.5 1,632
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 830 100.0 392 100.0 281 100.0 785
Single modes 429 51.6 364 93.0 259 92.3 716
Truck 417 50.3 257 65.7 178 63.3 707
For-hire truck 358 43.1 237 60.3 160 56.8 700
Private truck S S S S S S 801
Rail 11 1.3 107 27.3 81 29.0 766
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,227
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 392 47.2 S S S S 796
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.3 1 0.3 797
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 774
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 921

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,581 100.0 2,541 100.0 956 100.0 450
Single modes 1,404 88.8 2,528 99.5 950 99.3 413
Truck 1,188 75.2 1,035 40.7 327 34.2 394
For-hire truck 1,056 66.8 928 36.5 285 29.8 390
Private truck 133 8.4 107 4.2 42 4.4 415
Rail S S S S S S 412
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 25 1.6 S S 672
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 174 11.0 12 0.5 S S 461
Parcel, USPS or courier 174 11.0 12 0.5 S S 461
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 486

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 123 100.0 108 100.0 100 100.0 796
Single modes 120 97.5 107 98.6 99 99.0 766
Truck 111 90.3 54 49.6 53 53.0 764
For-hire truck 109 88.5 52 47.9 52 51.5 769
Private truck S S S S S S 738
Rail S S S S S S 861
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 1.5 S S S S 893
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 1.5 S S S S 893
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 665

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,891 100.0 5,788 100.0 1,868 100.0 334
Single modes 3,483 89.5 5,755 99.4 1,860 99.6 291
Truck 3,095 79.5 1,914 33.1 528 28.2 275
For-hire truck 1,783 45.8 1,513 26.1 384 20.5 297
Private truck 1,312 33.7 401 6.9 144 7.7 259
Rail S S S S S S 363
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,062
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 362 9.3 S S 6 0.3 388
Parcel, USPS or courier 355 9.1 10 0.2 4 0.2 388
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 158
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 310

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 92 100.0 92 100.0 676
Single modes 43 79.4 92 99.8 92 99.7 559
Truck 37 68.5 50 54.5 46 49.6 549
For-hire truck S S 45 48.8 43 46.9 924
Private truck 11 20.1 S S 3 2.7 457
Rail S S S S S S 1,107
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 S S 887
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 S S 887
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 963

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,741 100.0 67,667 100.0 3,099 100.0 49
Single modes 17,366 83.7 66,571 98.4 3,076 99.3 41
Truck 16,881 81.4 61,910 91.5 2,758 89.0 41
For-hire truck 7,302 35.2 23,136 34.2 1,706 55.1 87
Private truck 9,578 46.2 38,774 57.3 1,052 33.9 33
Rail S S S S S S 79
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,106 10.2 26 4 0.1 115
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,105 10.1 26 4 0.1 115
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 91
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,268 6.1 S S 19 0.6 22

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,051
Single modes S S S S S S 2,788
Truck 9 9.1 S S S S 1,268
For-hire truck 9 8.7 S S S S 1,264
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.4 1.0 2,927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3.8 4.1 1,433
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3.8 4.1 1,433
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 3 100.0 4 100.0 1,514
Single modes 13 50.7 S S S S 1,511
Truck S S S S S S 1,497
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,494
Private truck S S S S S S 1,543
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,586
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 11.7 12.2 1,516
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 11.7 12.2 1,516
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,399

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 222 100.0 29 100.0 37 100.0 1,336
Single modes 121 54.6 25 88.1 33 87.0 1,298
Truck 121 54.4 25 87.6 32 86.5 1,299
For-hire truck 88 39.4 22 75.8 28 74.6 1,288
Private truck S S S S S S 1,314
Rail S S S S S S 1,424
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,264
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 82 36.8 S S S S 1,342
Parcel, USPS or courier 82 36.8 S S S S 1,342
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,246

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38 100.0 103 100.0 92 100.0 832
Single modes 37 95.3 103 100.0 92 100.0 782
Truck 34 88.1 66 64.3 54 58.3 777
For-hire truck S S 18 17.5 13 13.7 757
Private truck 5 12.5 48 46.8 41 44.6 910
Rail S S S S S S 1,045
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 915
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 915
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 362 100.0 S S S S 1,235
Single modes 302 83.4 S S S S 1,250
Truck 302 83.4 S S S S 1,250
For-hire truck 279 77.0 S S S S 1,259
Private truck 21 5.7 S S S S 1,068
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,312
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 60 16.5 1 0.9 2 0.9 1,226
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 16.5 1 0.9 2 0.9 1,226
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,123

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 527 100.0 134 100.0 185 100.0 1,212
Single modes 486 92.3 132 98.5 183 98.7 1,211
Truck 406 77.0 116 86.3 155 83.8 1,211
For-hire truck 369 70.0 107 79.9 S S 1,240
Private truck 37 7.0 9 6.4 10 5.4 1,189
Rail S S S S S S 1,721
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,043
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 7.7 2 1.4 2 1.2 1,212
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 7.7 2 1.4 2 1.2 1,212
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,314

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 163 100.0 281 100.0 162 100.0 517
Single modes 150 92.3 280 99.9 162 99.9 488
Truck 135 82.8 193 68.6 101 62.6 477
For-hire truck S S 182 64.7 95 59.0 513
Private truck 22 13.7 S S S S 445
Rail S S 88 31.3 60 37.3 691
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 0.1 532
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 0.1 532
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 511

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 935 100.0 347 100.0 289 100.0 847
Single modes 754 80.7 329 94.9 273 94.6 850
Truck 697 74.5 216 62.3 179 62.0 842
For-hire truck 508 54.3 177 51.0 147 51.1 857
Private truck S S S S S S 802
Rail 56 6.0 S S S S 833
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,076
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 152 16.2 7 1.9 6 2.0 845
Parcel, USPS or courier 152 16.2 7 1.9 6 2.0 845
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 882

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 584 100.0 1,289 100.0 713 100.0 451
Single modes 521 89.1 1,163 90.2 633 88.7 477
Truck 401 68.6 446 34.6 204 28.6 463
For-hire truck 251 43.0 300 23.3 S S 459
Private truck 150 25.7 146 11.3 68 9.6 470
Rail 70 11.9 707 54.8 425 59.6 605
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 418
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 61 10.4 S S S S 443
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 8.6 S S S S 441
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 655
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 405

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 287 100.0 124 100.0 209 100.0 1,602
Single modes S S 123 99.5 208 99.5 1,676
Truck S S 28 23.0 47 22.3 1,626
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,627
Private truck S S S S S S 1,570
Rail S S S S S S 1,740
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,932
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 9.1 S S S S 1,606
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 9.1 S S S S 1,606
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,547

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 467 100.0 150 100.0 164 100.0 1,192
Single modes 375 80.3 147 98.0 160 97.8 1,241
Truck 317 67.8 130 86.8 140 85.3 1,243
For-hire truck 289 61.9 127 85.0 137 83.2 1,112
Private truck 27 5.9 S S S S 1,337
Rail S S S S S S 1,226
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,162
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 92 19.7 3 2.0 4 2.2 1,175
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 19.7 3 2.0 4 2.2 1,175
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,251

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 1,566
Single modes S S S S S S 1,414
Truck S S S S S S 1,646
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,646
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,380
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 71.6 1 70.4 1,575
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 71.6 1 70.4 1,575
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100 100.0 19 100.0 24 100.0 1,205
Single modes 61 60.9 19 98.4 24 98.6 1,270
Truck 61 60.3 19 98.4 24 98.5 1,262
For-hire truck 59 59.0 16 81.7 21 83.8 1,263
Private truck S S S S S S 1,157
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,319
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,176
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,176
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 647 100.0 2,029 100.0 511 100.0 263
Single modes 524 81.0 2,019 99.5 508 99.6 241
Truck 510 78.9 2,019 99.5 508 99.6 241
For-hire truck 298 46.1 1,342 66.1 S S 312
Private truck 212 32.8 S S 71 13.9 174
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 284
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 88 13.6 2 0.1 1 0.1 310
Parcel, USPS or courier 88 13.6 2 0.1 1 0.1 310
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 108

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 924 100.0 197 100.0 159 100.0 831
Single modes 848 91.8 191 97.0 154 96.7 878
Truck 672 72.7 154 78.0 120 75.6 792
For-hire truck 637 68.9 139 70.5 109 68.6 804
Private truck S S 15 7.5 11 7.0 709
Rail S S 37 18.9 33 21.0 894
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 1,086
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 73 8.0 5 2.5 S S 813
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 7.0 3 1.4 2 1.5 808
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,062
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 732

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,127 100.0 762 100.0 615 100.0 821
Single modes 775 68.8 753 98.9 608 98.9 987
Truck 670 59.4 443 58.2 332 54.1 785
For-hire truck 600 53.2 398 52.3 300 48.8 788
Private truck S S S S 28 4.6 701
Rail 77 6.9 310 40.7 275 44.8 884
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,609
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 274 24.3 8 1.0 6 1.0 764
Parcel, USPS or courier 270 23.9 6 0.8 4 0.7 764
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 880
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 660

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 151 100.0 229 100.0 165 100.0 881
Single modes 132 87.4 226 99.0 163 98.7 860
Truck 120 79.3 140 61.2 95 57.8 758
For-hire truck S S S S S S 731
Private truck 26 17.5 S S S S 822
Rail S S S S S S 795
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,819
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 12.6 S S S S 884
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 12.6 S S S S 884
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10 100.0 S S S S 1,438
Single modes 6 57.2 S S S S 1,441
Truck 6 57.2 S S S S 1,441
For-hire truck 6 56.0 S S S S 1,441
Private truck S S S S S S 1,441
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 42.1 S S S S 1,437
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 42.1 S S S S 1,437
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,441

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 315 100.0 65 100.0 79 100.0 1,213
Single modes 274 86.9 64 98.4 77 98.3 1,180
Truck 202 64.0 64 98.2 77 98.2 1,253
For-hire truck 181 57.4 37 56.6 47 60.2 1,265
Private truck S S S S S S 1,119
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,103
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 13.1 1 1.5 1 1.6 1,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 13.1 1 1.5 1 1.6 1,219
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,270

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 139 100.0 S S S S 1,610
Single modes 106 76.1 S S S S 1,689
Truck 105 75.8 S S S S 1,664
For-hire truck 105 75.8 S S S S 1,664
Private truck S S S S S S 1,642
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,929
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 23.9 S S S S 1,587
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 23.9 S S S S 1,587
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 69 100.0 S S S S 1,240
Single modes 67 96.3 S S S S 1,028
Truck S S S S S S 1,036
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,036
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 995
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,313
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,313
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,500 100.0 S S S S 563
Single modes 1,403 93.6 S S S S 545
Truck 1,151 76.8 1,244 38.1 648 37.7 527
For-hire truck 771 51.4 842 25.8 439 25.5 541
Private truck 380 25.3 S S S S 472
Rail S S S S S S 539
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,169
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 86 5.8 5 0.2 3 0.1 573
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 5.8 5 0.2 3 0.1 573
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 597

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 585 100.0 11,948 100.0 5,349 100.0 258
Single modes 561 95.9 11,947 100.0 5,349 100.0 193
Truck 60 10.2 S S S S 175
For-hire truck 36 6.2 S S S S 279
Private truck 23 3.9 S S S S 128
Rail 131 22.3 9,387 78.6 4,965 92.8 506
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 425
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 425
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.