Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 61,797 58,074 6.4 101,684 120,087 −15.3 33,226 47,565 −30.1 371 641 −42.1
Single modes 52,888 50,437 4.9 100,231 116,626 −14.1 32,938 46,289 −28.8 212 161 31.2
Truck 49,569 46,329 7 79,225 93,547 −15.3 14,059 17,427 −19.3 171 130 31.1
Rail 3,015 3,521 −14.4 20,778 22,749 −8.7 18,869 28,324 −33.4 1,015 1,066 −4.8
Water S S S S S S 1,601
Air (including truck and air) 293 543 −46.1 6 S S 8 S S 1,346 1,481 −9.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,259 6,103 18.9 179 S S 137 S S 687 933 −26.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,119 5,802 22.7 162 192 −15.6 108 147 −26.7 687 932 −26.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,631 1,211 34.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,100 S S
Other and unknown modes 1,649 1,534 7.5 S 2,538 S 151 298 −49.2 49 S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 20,750 20,496 1.2 50,573 57,845 −12.6 20,114 33,740 −40.4 198 185 7.4
Single modes 20,652 20,202 2.2 50,458 57,027 −11.5 20,091 33,337 −39.7 203 169 19.8
Truck 18,878 17,482 8 35,712 37,722 −5.3 7,278 7,265 0.2 191 157 21.5
Rail 1,772 2,674 −33.7 14,746 19,016 −22.5 12,813 25,609 −50 1,082 1,248 −13.3
Water S S S S S S 1,601
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,213 1,210 0.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 179 1,248 −85.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 179 1,237 −85.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,395
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,410
Other and unknown modes 94 S S 114 S S 22 S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,337 5,046 −33.9 6,975 6,567 6.2 S 3,712 S 189 97 96
Single modes 3,334 4,924 −32.3 6,974 6,056 15.2 S 3,237 S 189 93 102.9
Truck 2,370 4,434 −46.6 2,590 4,476 −42.1 1,108 1,298 −14.6 160 87 83.8
Rail S 490 S S 1,580 S S 1,939 S 1,154 1,207 −4.4
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 602 922 −34.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 544 887 −38.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,316 973 35.3
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 21 S S 9 S S S S 5 S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 113 168 −32.4 20,242 21,278 −4.9 714 892 −19.9 S 225 S
Single modes 108 158 −31.5 19,401 20,038 −3.2 677 854 −20.7 31 S S
Truck 108 153 −29.3 19,401 19,245 0.8 677 796 −14.9 31 S S
Rail S S S S S S S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,060
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,237 1,104 12
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,237 1,104 12
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,604 1,793 −10.5 5,143 6,539 −21.4 259 459 −43.6 48 29 65.6
Single modes 1,592 1,745 −8.8 5,141 6,399 −19.7 258 S S 45 33 36.9
Truck 1,592 1,745 −8.8 5,140 6,399 −19.7 S S S 44 33 36.5
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,038 831 145.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 259 469 −44.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 259 570 −54.5
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 7 18 −59.9

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 11,295 6,120 84.6 6,658 4,593 45 1,377 897 53.5 344 729 −52.8
Single modes 6,719 5,058 32.9 6,597 4,431 48.9 1,356 812 67 170 105 61.8
Truck 6,672 4,959 34.5 6,128 3,948 55.2 1,256 506 148 169 103 64.5
Rail S 93 S S 482 S S 305 S 411 557 −26.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,411 1,255 12.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,490 954 370.9 33 S S 18 S S 566 957 −40.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,490 862 420.6 33 25 33.7 18 13 41.3 566 957 −40.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,378
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 86 S S S S S S S S 21 23 −6.5

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,077 5,103 −39.7 1,435 1,652 −13.1 857 409 109.4 652 882 −26
Single modes 2,592 3,716 −30.3 1,371 1,435 −4.5 811 346 134.1 480 157 204.7
Truck 2,579 S S 1,370 1,435 −4.5 810 345 134.6 472 109 331.5
Rail S S S S S S 26
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 14 S S 1 S S 1 S 1,674 1,384 20.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 375 1,309 −71.3 17 58 −71 12 45 −73.9 906 959 −5.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 375 1,309 −71.3 17 58 −71 12 45 −74.1 906 959 −5.5
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,100
Other and unknown modes 110 S S 47 S S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,262 6,026 20.5 6,490 17,173 −62.2 1,665 S S 207 520 −60.1
Single modes 6,470 5,170 25.2 6,316 16,996 −62.8 1,623 S S 160 263 −39.3
Truck 6,282 4,937 27.2 5,743 16,615 −65.4 1,420 S S 155 257 −39.5
Rail 165 204 −19.2 S 365 S S S S 412 632 −34.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 29 S S S S 1 S S 1,632 1,403 16.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 282 682 −58.6 14 25 −43.6 9 17 −50.5 482 792 −39.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 274 679 −59.7 12 24 −49 8 17 −51.3 482 792 −39.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 463 1,963 −76.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,314
Other and unknown modes 509 175 191.7 S 152 S S S S 29 S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,849 6,621 33.6 1,083 783 38.3 586 467 25.5 421 556 −24.2
Single modes 6,924 4,014 72.5 990 656 50.9 535 409 30.7 332 195 70.5
Truck 6,669 3,625 84 983 648 51.8 527 397 32.7 S 95 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,464 1,086 34.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) 238 387 −38.5 3 8 −61.3 4 11 −67 1,347 1,489 −9.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,309 1,818 −28 37 34 7.2 40 26 54.3 570 853 −33.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,185 1,788 −33.7 23 32 −26.8 14 21 −32.8 568 853 −33.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,813 1,914 −5.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,100
Other and unknown modes 616 789 −22 56 S S S S S 30 84 −65

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,383 6,569 −18.1 S 3,077 S S 1,039 S 581 772 −24.7
Single modes 4,381 5,324 −17.7 S 3,008 S S 976 S 202 226 −10.4
Truck 4,303 5,168 −16.7 2,022 2,482 −18.5 S 758 S 192 157 22.7
Rail S 54 S S 525 S S 216 S 863 441 95.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 S S 2 S 953 1,522 −37.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 775 1,150 −32.6 S 50 S S 50 S 845 959 −11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 775 1,150 −32.6 S 50 S S 50 S 845 959 −11.9
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 226 94 141.8 27 18 50.5 S S S 187 S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 133 S S S S S 87 S S 340 S
Single modes S 126 S S S S S 87 S S 335 S
Truck S 123 S S S S S 84 S S 276 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,158
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 7 S S S S S S 429 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 7 S S S S S 160 429 −62.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,537
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S 8 23 −64.5

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.