Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 40,756 100.0 44,210 100.0 8,695 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,366 25.4 29,501 66.7 423 4.9
50 to 99 miles 1,030 2.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 6,667 16.4 5,505 12.5 1,423 16.4
250 to 499 miles 8,256 20.3 4,780 10.8 2,524 29.0
500 to 749 miles 3,023 7.4 1,687 3.8 1,633 18.8
750 to 999 miles 1,553 3.8 211 0.5 244 2.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,273 8.0 632 1.4 922 10.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,348 8.2 435 1.0 884 10.2
2,000 miles or more 3,240 7.9 198 0.4 521 6.0

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 30,165 100.0 41,420 100.0 8,452 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,532 31.6 26,974 65.1 394 4.7
50 to 99 miles 829 2.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 5,109 16.9 5,444 13.1 1,409 16.7
250 to 499 miles 5,632 18.7 4,674 11.3 2,466 29.2
500 to 749 miles 1,840 6.1 1,668 4.0 1,619 19.2
750 to 999 miles S S 201 0.5 233 2.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,723 5.7 620 1.5 902 10.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,509 8.3 418 1.0 851 10.1
2,000 miles or more 2,165 7.2 175 0.4 460 5.4

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 27,748 100.0 37,957 100.0 5,477 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,532 34.4 26,974 71.1 394 7.2
50 to 99 miles 829 3.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 4,917 17.7 5,115 13.5 1,300 23.7
250 to 499 miles 5,081 18.3 2,928 7.7 1,348 24.6
500 to 749 miles 1,753 6.3 561 1.5 469 8.6
750 to 999 miles S S 182 0.5 203 3.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,326 4.8 S S 650 11.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,811 6.5 308 0.8 604 11.0
2,000 miles or more 1,694 6.1 151 0.4 388 7.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,286 100.0 10,243 100.0 3,843 100.0
Less than 50 miles 802 4.9 3,590 35.0 58 1.5
50 to 99 miles 77 0.5 148 1.4 14 0.4
100 to 249 miles 3,676 22.6 2,682 26.2 685 17.8
250 to 499 miles 4,502 27.6 2,410 23.5 1,115 29.0
500 to 749 miles 1,689 10.4 402 3.9 317 8.2
750 to 999 miles S S 162 1.6 182 4.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,293 7.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,773 10.9 258 2.5 507 13.2
2,000 miles or more 1,682 10.3 148 1.4 380 9.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 11,305 100.0 27,289 100.0 1,472 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,725 77.2 23,067 84.5 331 22.5
50 to 99 miles 752 6.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,181 10.4 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 564 5.0 515 1.9 232 15.8
500 to 749 miles 64 0.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 484 100.0 3,444 100.0 2,924 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S 328 9.5 109 3.7
250 to 499 miles 148 30.5 1,744 50.6 1,115 38.1
500 to 749 miles 59 12.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1 0.3 18 0.5 28 1.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 125 3.6 244 8.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 76 15.8 104 3.0 226 7.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,931 100.0 19 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 92 4.8 1 4.2 0.6
250 to 499 miles 403 20.9 2 11.0 2 4.6
500 to 749 miles 27 1.4 S S 2 3.5
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 621 32.2 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 6 30.1 18 34.7

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,879 100.0 285 100.0 194 100.0
Less than 50 miles 389 3.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 189 1.9 4 1.4 0.2
100 to 249 miles 1,428 14.5 33 11.5 8 3.9
250 to 499 miles 2,535 25.7 86 30.2 48 24.8
500 to 749 miles 1,182 12.0 19 6.6 15 7.5
750 to 999 miles 725 7.3 10 3.5 11 5.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 12 4.3 20 10.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 824 8.3 16 5.6 32 16.5
2,000 miles or more 1,061 10.7 22 7.7 59 30.4

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,854 100.0 160 100.0 131 100.0
Less than 50 miles 389 3.9 10 6.2 0.1
50 to 99 miles 189 1.9 4 2.5 0.4
100 to 249 miles 1,427 14.5 33 20.4 8 5.8
250 to 499 miles 2,529 25.7 49 30.5 24 18.4
500 to 749 miles 1,182 12.0 19 11.7 15 11.2
750 to 999 miles 725 7.4 10 6.3 11 8.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 11 6.7 17 13.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 822 8.3 15 9.1 29 22.0
2,000 miles or more 1,045 10.6 10 6.4 27 20.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 16 95.8 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 711 100.0 2,504 100.0 49 100.0
Less than 50 miles 445 62.6 2,444 97.6 28 57.5
50 to 99 miles 13 1.8 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 20 0.8 10 20.6
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 1 2 3.6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.