Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 40,756 100.0 44,210 100.0 8,695 100.0 536
Less than 50 lbs 7,783 19.1 137 0.3 71 0.8 689
50 to 99 lbs 2,966 7.3 103 0.2 41 0.5 402
100 to 499 lbs 8,498 20.9 631 1.4 183 2.1 309
500 to 749 lbs 2,007 4.9 234 0.5 38 0.4 162
750 to 999 lbs 950 2.3 194 0.4 27 0.3 139
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,976 22.0 2,943 6.7 400 4.6 130
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 8,134 20.0 21,249 48.1 3,867 44.5 178
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 823 2.0 11,847 26.8 1,207 13.9 104
100,000 lbs or more 620 1.5 6,871 15.5 2,862 32.9 505

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 30,165 100.0 41,420 100.0 8,452 100.0 316
Less than 50 lbs 1,576 5.2 63 0.2 17 0.2 455
50 to 99 lbs 628 2.1 66 0.2 14 0.2 213
100 to 499 lbs 7,028 23.3 547 1.3 136 1.6 261
500 to 749 lbs 1,931 6.4 218 0.5 32 0.4 148
750 to 999 lbs 888 2.9 186 0.4 26 0.3 140
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,672 28.7 2,827 6.8 387 4.6 129
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 8,092 26.8 19,840 47.9 3,789 44.8 185
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 818 2.7 10,997 26.6 1,195 14.1 111
100,000 lbs or more 531 1.8 6,675 16.1 2,856 33.8 520

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 27,748 100.0 37,957 100.0 5,477 100.0 172
Less than 50 lbs 1,086 3.9 58 0.2 8 0.1 187
50 to 99 lbs 536 1.9 64 0.2 6 0.1 106
100 to 499 lbs 6,133 22.1 537 1.4 103 1.9 203
500 to 749 lbs 1,615 5.8 217 0.6 31 0.6 141
750 to 999 lbs 887 3.2 186 0.5 25 0.5 140
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,307 29.9 2,826 7.4 385 7.0 129
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 8,053 29.0 19,778 52.1 3,663 66.9 180
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 811 2.9 10,864 28.6 1,064 19.4 102
100,000 lbs or more 320 1.2 3,426 9.0 191 3.5 55

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,286 100.0 10,243 100.0 3,843 100.0 769
Less than 50 lbs 223 1.4 S S S S 1,036
50 to 99 lbs 145 0.9 9 5 0.1 536
100 to 499 lbs 4,352 26.7 124 1.2 89 2.3 698
500 to 749 lbs 975 6.0 29 0.3 26 0.7 921
750 to 999 lbs 259 1.6 26 0.3 21 0.6 843
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,625 28.4 487 4.8 292 7.6 582
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 5,324 32.7 5,490 53.6 2,778 72.3 534
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 295 1.8 2,462 24.0 510 13.3 228
100,000 lbs or more 88 0.5 S S S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 11,305 100.0 27,289 100.0 1,472 100.0 36
Less than 50 lbs 855 7.6 50 0.2 2 0.1 36
50 to 99 lbs 387 3.4 54 0.2 2 0.1 30
100 to 499 lbs 1,777 15.7 412 1.5 14 0.9 36
500 to 749 lbs 639 5.7 188 0.7 5 0.3 25
750 to 999 lbs 628 5.6 160 0.6 4 0.3 25
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,609 31.9 2,325 8.5 82 5.6 39
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,665 23.6 14,004 51.3 737 50.1 51
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 515 4.6 8,278 30.3 S S 63
100,000 lbs or more 232 2.1 1,817 6.7 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 484 100.0 3,444 100.0 2,924 100.0 1,528
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,796
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,946
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 949
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,007
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 39 8.0 62 1.8 126 4.3 2,008
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7 1.5 S S S S 951
100,000 lbs or more 212 43.8 3,248 94.3 2,665 91.1 853

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,931 100.0 19 100.0 S S 2,296
Less than 50 lbs 456 23.6 4 21.5 9 17.0 2,211
50 to 99 lbs 74 3.8 3 13.7 7 13.8 2,598
100 to 499 lbs 892 46.2 S S S S 2,992
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 0.9 2,298
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,822
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 365 18.9 1 5.8 S S 1,522
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,879 100.0 285 100.0 194 100.0 865
Less than 50 lbs 6,076 61.5 69 24.0 53 27.3 869
50 to 99 lbs S S 32 11.3 27 13.9 813
100 to 499 lbs 1,380 14.0 52 18.3 46 23.5 843
500 to 749 lbs 63 0.6 5 1.6 5 2.6 1,096
750 to 999 lbs 31 0.3 2 0.8 1 0.4 355
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,677
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 6

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,854 100.0 160 100.0 131 100.0 864
Less than 50 lbs 6,076 61.7 69 42.9 53 40.5 869
50 to 99 lbs S S 32 20.2 27 20.5 811
100 to 499 lbs 1,376 14.0 52 32.7 45 34.6 840
500 to 749 lbs 63 0.6 5 2.8 5 3.7 1,075
750 to 999 lbs 31 0.3 2 1.5 1 0.6 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,155
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,801
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16 100.0 S S S S 2,586
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,565
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,589
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,762
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,860
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,677
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,629
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 6

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 711 100.0 2,504 100.0 49 100.0 133
Less than 50 lbs 130 18.3 6 0.2 S S 181
50 to 99 lbs 30 4.3 4 0.2 S S 152
100 to 499 lbs 90 12.7 32 1.3 1 2.6 42
500 to 749 lbs 12 1.8 S S 0.6 S
750 to 999 lbs S S 6 0.2 S S 23
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 302 42.5 114 4.6 9 18.8 136
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 23 3.2 S S 20 39.8 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.