Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40,756 100.0 44,210 100.0 8,695 100.0 536
Single modes 30,165 74.0 41,420 93.7 8,452 97.2 316
Truck3 27,748 68.1 37,957 85.9 5,477 63.0 172
For-hire Truck 16,286 40.0 10,243 23.2 3,843 44.2 769
Private Truck 11,305 27.7 27,289 61.7 1,472 16.9 36
Rail 484 1.2 3,444 7.8 2,924 33.6 1,528
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,931 4.7 19 S S 2,296
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,879 24.2 285 0.6 194 2.2 865
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,854 24.2 160 0.4 131 1.5 864
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,155
Truck and water 16 S S S S 2,586
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 711 1.7 2,504 5.7 49 0.6 133

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 38
Rail S S S S S S 2,087
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,860
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,860
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 323
Single modes S S S S S S 43
Truck3 S S S S S S 43
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 223
Private Truck S S S S S S 31
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 480
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 480
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 477 100.0 169 100.0 5 100.0 S
Single modes 472 98.8 168 99.2 5 96.7 S
Truck3 472 98.8 168 99.2 5 96.7 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 401
Private Truck 454 95.0 166 98.0 3 50.8 22
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 625
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 625
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 344 100.0 186 100.0 41 100.0 S
Single modes 308 89.4 166 89.2 41 99.0 S
Truck3 300 87.2 163 87.7 34 82.5 S
For-hire Truck 54 15.8 24 12.7 29 70.8 1,040
Private Truck 246 71.4 140 75.0 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,363
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 473
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 473
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,180 100.0 1,936 100.0 668 100.0 S
Single modes 2,101 96.4 1,878 97.0 643 96.3 S
Truck3 2,099 96.3 1,877 96.9 640 95.9 S
For-hire Truck 1,097 50.3 825 42.6 576 86.3 654
Private Truck 999 45.8 1,049 54.2 S S 32
Rail S S S S S S 2,246
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,525
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 48 2.2 S S S S 813
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 1.7 S S 1 0.1 809
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,299
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,775
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 66

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,005 100.0 463 100.0 10 100.0 21
Single modes 985 98.0 454 98.1 10 99.2 21
Truck3 985 98.0 454 98.1 10 99.2 21
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,562
Private Truck 984 97.9 450 97.3 7 67.1 17
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 88
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 88
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 44
Single modes S S S S S S 48
Truck3 S S S S S S 48
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 48
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 9 100.0 S S 11
Single modes S S 8 85.7 S S 13
Truck3 S S 8 85.7 S S 13
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S 8 85.7 S S 13
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25 100.0 1,982 100.0 328 100.0 79
Single modes 25 99.5 1,971 99.5 328 99.9 81
Truck3 16 64.6 1,550 78.2 103 31.3 56
For-hire Truck 6 21.7 327 16.5 92 27.9 268
Private Truck S S S S 11 3.3 S
Rail 9 34.9 421 21.2 225 68.6 539
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 22
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 22
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 104 100.0 16,236 100.0 S S S
Single modes 92 88.3 13,946 85.9 S S S
Truck3 84 81.0 13,903 85.6 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 68 65.8 11,739 72.3 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,287
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 18
Truck and water S S S S S S 6
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 2,225 13.7 S S 11

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 47 100.0 558 100.0 439 100.0 534
Single modes 46 97.1 555 99.6 438 99.7 535
Truck3 33 70.3 339 60.7 170 38.8 401
For-hire Truck 24 51.6 192 34.4 141 32.1 876
Private Truck 9 18.7 S S 30 6.7 S
Rail 13 26.8 217 38.9 267 60.9 1,329
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 379

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 280 100.0 71 100.0 59 100.0 653
Single modes 197 70.4 55 77.0 56 93.8 658
Truck3 197 70.4 55 77.0 56 93.8 658
For-hire Truck S S 38 52.9 S S 1,225
Private Truck 67 23.8 17 24.1 9 14.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 225

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 70
Single modes S S S S S S 70
Truck3 S S S S S S 70
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 75
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 176 100.0 S S 17 100.0 23
Single modes 176 100.0 S S 17 100.0 S
Truck3 176 100.0 S S 17 100.0 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 29
Private Truck S S S S 11 65.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 90.1 S
Truck3 S S S S 90.1 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 208
Private Truck S S S S 77.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 423 100.0 1,504 100.0 393 100.0 903
Single modes 283 66.9 1,491 99.1 391 99.5 326
Truck3 230 54.4 1,094 72.7 146 37.2 S
For-hire Truck 145 34.3 514 34.2 112 28.4 314
Private Truck S S S S S S 41
Rail S S S S S S 613
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,125
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,451
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,452
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 44

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,866 100.0 17 100.0 18 100.0 666
Single modes 4,951 62.9 13 74.1 15 83.7 S
Truck3 4,270 54.3 12 68.9 S S S
For-hire Truck 4,052 51.5 S S S S 1,400
Private Truck S S S S S S 16
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,589
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 3 16.3 790
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 3 16.0 789
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,655
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 171
Single modes S S S S S S 181
Truck3 S S S S S S 88
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 140
Private Truck S S S S S S 66
Rail S S S S S S 1,305
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 762 100.0 187 100.0 34 100.0 195
Single modes 687 90.1 182 97.2 31 93.5 S
Truck3 682 89.4 182 97.1 31 92.4 S
For-hire Truck 483 63.4 37 19.9 21 61.6 574
Private Truck 199 26.1 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,344
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 69 9.1 4 2.2 2 6.5 424
Parcel, USPS or courier 69 9.1 4 2.2 2 6.5 424
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,844 100.0 1,032 100.0 395 100.0 483
Single modes 1,734 94.1 1,021 98.9 389 98.6 354
Truck3 1,716 93.1 1,019 98.8 387 98.1 347
For-hire Truck 912 49.5 308 29.8 208 52.8 494
Private Truck 729 39.5 619 60.0 S S 47
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 2 0.5 S
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 96 5.2 7 0.7 5 1.4 843
Parcel, USPS or courier 96 5.2 7 0.7 5 1.4 843
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,791
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 13 0.7 S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 18
Single modes S S S S S S 21
Truck3 S S S S S S 21
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 21
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 316 100.0 383 100.0 26 100.0 150
Single modes 302 95.6 376 98.2 24 90.5 S
Truck3 302 95.6 376 98.2 24 90.5 S
For-hire Truck 56 17.8 66 17.2 11 43.6 259
Private Truck 246 77.8 310 81.0 12 46.9 16
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 543
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 543
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 248 100.0 S S 161 100.0 138
Single modes 247 99.8 S S 161 100.0 129
Truck3 246 99.3 S S 146 90.9 127
For-hire Truck 163 65.8 S S 132 82.4 597
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,737
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 990
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,140
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 328 100.0 S S S S 232
Single modes 299 91.2 S S S S S
Truck3 297 90.5 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 126 38.5 S S S S 309
Private Truck 170 51.9 111 24.3 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 994
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,137
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 25 7.7 3 0.7 2 0.9 766
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 7.7 3 0.7 2 0.9 766
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 993

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 927 100.0 S S S S 538
Single modes 678 73.2 S S S S 420
Truck3 645 69.6 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 326 35.2 S S 271 36.3 662
Private Truck 319 34.5 S S S S 42
Rail S S S S S S 1,152
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,409
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 221 23.9 18 1.2 20 2.7 611
Parcel, USPS or courier 218 23.5 13 0.9 7 0.9 608
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,658
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27 2.9 S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,166 100.0 155 100.0 146 100.0 871
Single modes 2,931 70.4 107 69.2 108 73.5 1,297
Truck3 2,920 70.1 107 69.1 S S 1,025
For-hire Truck 2,819 67.7 99 64.1 S S 1,435
Private Truck 101 2.4 8 5.0 S S 117
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,578
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,158 27.8 43 27.6 37 25.5 864
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,158 27.8 43 27.6 37 25.5 864
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 67

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,247 100.0 10,978 100.0 S S S
Single modes 1,204 96.6 10,926 99.5 S S S
Truck3 1,124 90.2 9,546 87.0 1,594 60.0 S
For-hire Truck 413 33.1 3,426 31.2 1,321 49.7 S
Private Truck 711 57.0 6,120 55.7 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 823
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,744
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 642
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 320 100.0 S S 44 100.0 250
Single modes 300 93.7 S S 43 98.6 177
Truck3 299 93.4 S S 43 97.8 162
For-hire Truck 119 37.1 45 10.4 26 59.8 974
Private Truck 177 55.4 S S S S 46
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,119
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 672
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 673
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 5 1.5 1 0.2 S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,068 100.0 382 100.0 110 100.0 751
Single modes 695 65.0 358 93.6 92 83.3 753
Truck3 666 62.3 358 93.5 91 82.8 497
For-hire Truck 411 38.5 150 39.1 81 73.6 1,048
Private Truck 255 23.8 S S S S 90
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,403
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 346 32.4 16 4.2 17 15.2 821
Parcel, USPS or courier 345 32.3 S S S S 821
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,743
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27 2.6 8 2.2 S S 12

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,288 100.0 98 100.0 S S 501
Single modes 926 71.9 85 87.5 S S 353
Truck3 917 71.2 85 87.3 S S 315
For-hire Truck 580 45.0 59 60.7 S S 939
Private Truck 327 25.4 25 25.6 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 0.7 0.2 0.6 2,275
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 306 23.8 S S S S 687
Parcel, USPS or courier 306 23.8 S S S S 687
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 3 3.0 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,630 100.0 81 100.0 50 100.0 1,045
Single modes 1,305 28.2 57 69.9 27 54.3 806
Truck3 1,121 24.2 55 67.9 S S 640
For-hire Truck 532 11.5 20 24.4 S S 1,730
Private Truck S S S S 1 1.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,082
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,797
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,286 71.0 S S 22 43.3 1,156
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,286 71.0 S S 22 43.3 1,155
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,771
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 38 0.8 2 2.5 S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,818 100.0 221 100.0 154 100.0 878
Single modes 2,428 86.2 198 89.7 144 93.5 868
Truck3 1,876 66.6 185 83.6 108 70.2 331
For-hire Truck 1,392 49.4 135 61.1 99 64.5 734
Private Truck 424 15.0 40 18.2 6 4.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,814
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,278
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 9 4.1 9 5.9 982
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 9 4.0 9 5.6 983
Truck and rail S S S S S S 821
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,717
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 123

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 1 100.0 1,693
Single modes S S S S S S 1,342
Truck3 S S S S S S 903
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 903
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,483
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 71.5 71.6 1,703
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 71.5 71.6 1,703
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 406 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 333
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 214
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 256 63.1 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 256 63.1 S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 127

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 2 100.0 710
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,271
Private Truck S S S S S S 44
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 25 9.0 1 4.0 1 57.0 908
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 9.0 1 4.0 1 57.0 908
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 46

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,000 100.0 556 100.0 86 100.0 516
Single modes 2,703 90.1 S S 76 87.9 S
Truck3 2,068 68.9 S S 75 87.5 S
For-hire Truck 1,396 46.5 89 16.1 69 79.9 788
Private Truck S S S S 7 7.6 17
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 635 21.2 1 0.1 0.4 1,907
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 257 8.6 9 1.7 9 10.4 781
Parcel, USPS or courier 257 8.6 9 1.7 9 10.4 780
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,640
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,115

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 417
Single modes S S S S S S 417
Truck3 S S S S S S 225
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 278
Private Truck S S S S S S 39
Rail S S S S S S 805
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 413

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,572 100.0 647 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 614 94.8 S S S
Truck3 S S 613 94.8 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 682
Private Truck 1,440 56.0 482 74.5 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 5 0.2 S S S S 3,027
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 261 10.2 11 1.6 7 6.6 643
Parcel, USPS or courier 260 10.1 10 1.6 7 6.2 631
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,601
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 46 100.0 104 100.0 S S 475
Single modes 35 76.9 104 99.6 S S 532
Truck3 33 72.6 103 99.4 S S S
For-hire Truck 9 19.2 S S S S 537
Private Truck 24 53.4 S S S S 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,349
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 10 22.8 0.4 0.5 420
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 22.8 0.4 0.5 420
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.